The Language and Reality of Time
Clarendon Press, 11/05/2006 - 222 من الصفحات
Thomas Sattig's book develops a comprehensive framework for doing philosophy of time. He brings together a variety of different perspectives, linking our ordinary conception of time with the physicist's conception, and linking questions about time addressed in metaphysics with questions addressed in the philosophy of language. Within this framework, Sattig explores the temporal dimension of the material world in relation to the temporal dimension of our ordinary discourse about theworld.The discussion is centred around the dispute between three-dimensionalists and four-dimensionalists about whether the temporal profile of ordinary objects mirrors their spatial profile. Are ordinary objects extended in time in the same way in which they are extended in space? Do they have temporal as well as spatial parts? Four-dimensionalists say 'yes', three-dimensionalists say 'no'. Sattig develops an original three-dimensionalist picture of the material world, and argues that this pictureis preferable to its four-dimensionalists rivals if ordinary thought and talk are taken seriously. Among the issues that Sattig discusses are the metaphysics of persistence, change, composition, location, coincidence, and relativity; the ontology of past, present, and future; and the semantics ofpredication, tense, temporal modifiers, and sortal terms.
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account of spatiotemporal account of temporal adverbialism B-theory Charlie complex predicate cross-temporal distinct endurantism extended temporal extreme four-dimensionalism F simpliciter facts about spacetime facts of temporal four-dimensionalist genidentity happy at t1 hence hyperplanes identical instantaneous spacetime regions instantaneous temporal intensional account intuitive logical form logically supervene lump of clay metalanguage metaphysical Minkowski spacetime modal monism notion occupies a member-region occupies a region occupies a spacetime ordinary conception ordinary facts ordinary object occupies ordinary space perdurantism person possible worlds problem of temporal relational account relativistic relativized representational account Romanesque sad at t2 semantic shapes sortal spacetime conception spacetime facts spacetime points spatial spatiotemporal instantiation spatiotemporal location statue supervene on facts supervenience base t1 and sad t1 and t2 temporal counterparts temporal dimension temporal instantiation temporal predication temporal supervenience temporal-parts account temporal-regions account temporal-sorts view temporally modified tenseless tenser theory of temporal thesis three-dimensionalism three-dimensionalist truth conditions TS3D TS4D unextended variation