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Containing HISTORICAL REMARKS on the

Disposition and Behaviour of the Natives of
this Inand, in regard to Foreigners; occasioned
by the Rejection of the lare NATURALIZATION
Bili.

By JOSIAH TUCKER, M. A.

Rector of St Stephen's in BRISTOL,

A N D

Chaplain to the Right Reverend the

Lord Bishop of BRISTOL.

L O N D ON:
Printed for T. Trye, near Grays-Inn Gate, Holborn.

M.DCC.LI.
[Price One Shilling.]

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THE

PREFACE. As

S the Author of the following Treatise bas al-, ready appeared in Publick on a Subje&t of Com

merce,* and undergone some Censures for engaging in Enquiries, seemingly beside his Profesion; he begs Leave to offer fome Reasons for his interfering in these Matters, and, at the same Time, to vindicate himself from the Supposition of baving deserved the ill Treatment be þas met with. If it hall appear then, that he has not been wanting in bis Endeavours to discharge bis Clerical Duties puntually, as be hopes it would appear, if Enquiry were made in bis Parish (in which, though large and populous, be performs all the Offices of bis Function himself, according to the best of his Abilities:) If, in this particular, he is not found negleeful, and these Enquiries, which be prosecutes at his leisure Hours, are not, in their Tendency, inconsistent with Piety to God, and good Offices to Man,-be flatters himself, that as long as be follows these Studies, without neglecting bis other Engagements, and delivers his Opinion in an inoffensive Manner, be spall be excused in the Judgment of all candid

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Persons * A brief Esay on the Advantages and Disadvantages which respectively attend France and Great Britain with regard to Trade: With some Proposals for removing the principal Difadwantages of Great Britain, in a new Method. The Second Edition, corrected, with large Additions. London, printed for T. Trye, in Holborn, 1750

Perfons, tho' the Warmth of Party Zeal, or the Race sentment of those, whose Interest clashes with that of the Publick, may excite them to vilify and infult bim, It batb been thaught excufable for a Clergyman to write on Subjeets of Amusement, or on curious Points of Learning; and therefore, it may not be reckoned

ti abfurd in a Clergyman, to form a Judgment (and deliver it modestly) on Subjects, by which, not only national Wealth and Prosperity, and the external BlesFings of Life are encreased; but, by which, Industry, Frugality, and Sobriety are promoted, -and promoted too, by protecting persecuted and conscientious Cbriftians.

INDEED, it might be observed, that every Plan, by which the Praètice of social Duties is advanced, which contributes to make Men more Sober, Juft, and Frugal, (which is the Fund of Charity) is not foreign to, but intimately connected with the Clerical Chacaster. And to deter the Clergy from such Enquiries, is to confine, in a great Degree, their Abilities of doing Good. Or again, To propose any Expedient, by which the Encrease of wilful ard corrupt Perjury may be prevented, is not unbecoming a Minister of that God, who will not hold him guiltless, that taketh his Name in vain. Pet this would be pre- : vented, in the two GREAT Sources of it, by avoiding the Oaths now taken at Custom-Houses, and those by Freemen of Towns. A Scheme was bumbly offered by the Author of these Sheets, in an Effay on Trade, to avoid the former; and his present Attempt is, to point out the true Causes and Origin of the latter; together with such Remedies for these Evils, 4s appear to him the most effi&iual. And, though be may be mistaken in the Means prepojed, yet be is per Swaded, that all serious Christians will join with

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