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A. D. 33.

MATT. XXIII. 28-33.

A. D. 33.

For thy

and according to the fruit of his doings, Wherefore ye be a witnesses unto yourJer. xvii. 9, 10. And be said unto them, selves, that bye are the children of them Ye are they which justify yourselves which killed ihe prophets. before men; but God knoweth your a And Joshua said unto the people, hearts: for that which is highly es- Ye are witnesses against yourselves teemed among men is abomination in that ye have chosen you the Lord, to the sight of God, Luke xvi. 15.

serve him. And they said, We are bo generation of vipers, how can

witnesses, Josh. xxiv. 22. ye, being evil, speak good things ? for mouth uttereth thine iniquity, and out of the abundance of the heart the thou choosest the tongue of the crafty. mouth speaketh. A good man out of Thine own mouth condemneth thee, the good treasure of his heart bring and not I: yea, thine own lips testify eth forth good things: and an evil against thee, Job xv. 5, 6. So they man out of the evil treasure bringeth shall make their own tongue to fall forth evil things, Matt. xii. 34, 35. upon themselves: all that see them For out of the heart proceed evil shall flee away, Psal. lxiv. 8. And thoughts, murders, adulteries, forni- he saith unto him, Out of thine cations, thefts, false witness, blasphe- own mouth will l judge thee, thou mies : These are the things which de- wicked servant. Thou knewest that file a man : but to eat with unwashen I was an austere man, taking up that hands defileth not a man, xv. 19, 20. I laid not down, and reaping that I For from within,out of the heart of men, did not sow, Luke xix. 22. proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, for- b Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised nications, murders, Thefts, covetous. in heart and ears, ye do always reness, wickedness, deceit, lascivious- sist the Holy Ghost : as your fathers ness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, did, so do ye. Which of the prophets foolishness: All these evil things come have not your fathers persecuted? from within, and defile the man, Mark and they have slain them which vii. 21-23.

shewed before of the coming of the VER. 29.

Just One; of whom ye have been Ουαί υμίν, Γραμματείς και Φαρισαίοι, now the betrayers and murderers, υποκριται· ότι οικοδομείτε τους τάφους των | Acts vii. 51, 52. Who both killed προφητών, και κοσμείτε τα μνημεία των | the Lord Jesus, and their own proδικαίων:

phets, and have persecuted us; and Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, they please not God, and are contrary hypocrites! because a ye build the tombs to all men: Forbidding us to speak of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres to the Gentiles that they might be of the righteous,

saved, to fill up their sins alway: for a Woe unto you! for ye build the the wrath is come upon them to the sepulchres of the prophets, and your uttermost, 1 Thess. ii. 15, 16. fathers killed them. "Truly ye bear

VER. 32. witness that ye allow the deeds of

Και υμείς πληρώσατε το μέτρον των your fathers : for they indeed killed

πατέρων υμών. them, and ye build their sepulchres, Luke xi. 47, 48.

Fill ye up then a the measure of your

fathers. VER. 30. Και λέγετε: Eί ήμεν εν ταις ημέραις

a But in the fourth generation they Tão Fatépwv mpeão, o'n av husy nouvwvol shall come hither again : for the ini. αυτών εν τω αίματι των προφητών.

quity of the Amorites is not yet full, And say, If we had been in the days Gen. xv. 16. And, behold, ye are of our fathers, we would not have been risen up in your fathers' stead, an partakers with them in a the blood of the increase of sinful men, to augment yet prophets.

the fierce anger of the LORD toward a See on chap. xxi. ver. 35.

Israel, Numb. xxxii. 14.

VER. 33. VER. 31. “Ωστε μαρτυρείτε εαυτοίς, ότι υιοί εστε "Οφεις, γεννήματα έχιδνών, πώς φύγετε των φονευσάντων τους προφήτας. από της κρίσεως της γεέννης,

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A. D. 33.
MATT. XXIII. 33, 34.

A.D. 33. Ye a serpents, ye generation of vipers, his name among all nations, beginning b how can ye escape the dumnation of at Jerusalem, xxiv. 47. Then said hell ?

Jesus to them again, Peace be unto a See on chap. iii. ver. 7. clause 2.

you: as my Father hath sent me, even b Woe unto you, Scribes and Pha- so send I you, John xx. 21. But ye risees, hypocrites! for ye devour wi. shall receive power, after that tắe dows' houses, and for a pretence make Holy Ghost is come upon you : and ye long prayer: therefore ye shall re

shall be witnesses unto me both in ceive the greater damnation, ver.

Jerusalem, and in all Judæa, and in 14. How shall we escape, if we

Samaria, and unto the uttermost part neglect so great salvation; which of the earth, Acts i. 8. Wherefore I at first began to be spoken by the give you to understand, that no man Lord, and was confirmed unto us by speaking by the Spirit of God calleth them that heard him, Heb. ii. 3. of Jesus accursed : and that no man can how much sorer punishment, suppose say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the ye, shall he be thought worthy, who Holy Ghost. Now there are diversihath trodden under foot the son of ties of gifts, but the same Spirit. And God, and hath counted the blood of there are differences of administrathe covenant, wherewith he was sanc

tions, but the same Lord. And there tified, an unholy thing, and hath done are diversities of operations, but it is despite unto the Spirit of grace? x.

the same God which worketh all in all. 29." See that ye refuse not him that But the manifestation of the Spirit is speaketh. For if they escaped not given to every man to profit withal. who

refused him that spake on earth, For to one is given by the Spirit the much more shall not we escape, if we

word of wisdom; to another the word turn away from him that speaketh from of knowledge by the same Spirit; To heaven, xii. 25.

another faith by the same Spirit; to

another the gifts of healing by the VER. 34.

same Spirit; to another the working Alà TOīTO, idoù,éyè morténiw ogós of miracles; to another prophecy; υμάς προφήτας, και σοφούς, και epappea

to another discerning of spirits ; to τείς και εξ αυτών αποκτενείτε και σταυ

another divers kinds of tongues; to ρώσετε, και εξ αυτών μαστιγώσετε εν ταϊς another the interpretation of tongues : συναγωγαίς υμών, και διώξετε από σόλεως But all these worketh that one and εις πόλιν»

the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every Wherefore, behold, a I send unto you 3–11. Wherefore, he saith, When

man severally as he will, 1 Cor. xii. b prophets, and wise men, and d scribes : he ascended up on high, he led cap

and some of them ye shall kill and cru- tivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. cify; and some of them shall ye scourge in (Now that he ascended, what is it your synagogues, and persecute them but that he also descended first into from city to city :

the lower parts of the earth? He that a Behold, I send you forth as sheep descended is the same also that in the midst of wolves : be ye there ascended up far above all heavens, fore wise as serpents, and harmless that he might fill all things.) And he as doves, Matt. x. 16. Go ye there- gave some, apostles; and some, profore, and teach all nations, baptizing phets ; and some, evangelists; and them in the name of the Father, and some, pastors and teachers; For the of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost : perfecting of the saints, for the work Teaching them to observe all things of the ministry, for the edifying of the whatsoever I have commanded you : body of Christ, Eph. iv. 8—12. and, lo, I am with you alway, even un- b And in these days came prophets to the end of the world. Amen, xxviii. from Jerusalem unto Antioch, Acts xi. 19, 20. Therefore also said the wis- 27. Now there were in the church dom of God, I will send them pro- that was at Antioch certain prophets phets and apostles, and some of them and teachers; as Barnabas, and Sithey shall slay and persecute, Luke meon that was called Niger, and Luxi. 49. And that repentance and re- cius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which mission of sins should be preached in / bad been brought up with Herod the

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A. D. 33.
MATT. XXII. 34, 35.

A. D. 33. tetrarch, and Saul, xiii. 1. And Judas | thou hast redeemed, and lay not inand Silas, being prophets also them- nocent blood unto thy people Israel's selves, exhorted the brethren with charge. And the blood shall be for. many words, and confirmed them, xv. given them, Deut. xxi, 7, 8. More. 32.

over Manasseh shed innocent blood c The fruit of the righteous is a tree very much, till he had filled Jerusalem of life ; and he that winneth souls is from one end to another; beside his wise, Prov. xi. 30. Howbeit wespeak sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, wisdom among them that are perfect: in doing that which was evil in the yet not the wisdom of this world, nor sight of the LORD, 2 Kings xxi. 16. of the princes of this world, that come And also for the innocent blood that to nought, 1 Cor. ii. 6. According to he shed : for he filled Jerusalem the grace of God which is given un- with innocent blood ; which the LORD to me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have would not pardon, xxiv. 4. For, belaid the foundation, and another build- hold, the LORD cometh out of his eth thereon. But let every man take place to punish the inhabitants of the heed how he buildeth thereupon, iii.10. earth for their iniquity a the earth alWhom we preach, warning every man, so shall disclose her blood, and shall and teaching every man in all wisdom; no more cover her slain, Isa. xxvi. 21. that we may present every man perfect In vain have I smitten your children in Christ Jesus, Col. i. 28.

they received no correction : your own d Then said he unto them, There- sword hath devoured your prophets, fore every scribe which is instructed like a destroying lion, Jer. ii. 30. unto the kingdom of heaven, is like Also in thy skirts is found the blood unto a man that is an householder, of the souls of the poor innocents : I which bringeth forth out of his trea- have not found it by secret search, sure things new and old, Matt. xiii. 52. but upon all these, 34.

But know ye • See on chap. x. ver. 17. and ver. for certain, that if ye put me to death 23. clause 1.

ye shall surely bring innocent blood VER. 35.

upon yourselves, and upon this city, "Οπως έλθη εφ' υμάς σαν αίμα δίκαιον, for of a truth the LORD hath sent me

and upon the inhabitants thereof; εκχυνόμενον επί της γης

, από του αίματος unto you to speak all these words in "Aex tou dixais, iwc aluatos Zaxa. your ears, xxvi. 15. And they fetchρίου υιού Βαραχίου, δν εφονεύσατε μεταξύ | ed forth Urijah out of Egypt, and του ναού και του θυσιαστηρίου.

brought him unto Jehoiakim the king; That a upon you may come all the who slew him with the sword, and righteous blood shed upon the earth, from cast his dead body into the graves of b the blood of righteous Abel unto the the common people, 23. For the sins blood of Zacharias, son of Barachias, whom of her prophets, and the iniquities of ye slew between the temple and the altar. her priests, that have shed the blood

a And surely your blood of your of the just in the midst of her. They lives will I require ; at the hand of have wandered as blind men in the every beast will I require it, and at streets, they have polluted themselves the hand of man; at the hand of every with blood, so that men could not man's brother will I require the life touch their garments, Lam. iv. 13, 14. of man. Whoso sheddeth man's And in her was found the blood of blood, by man shall his blood be shed : prophets, and of saints, and of all that for in the image of God made he man, were slain upon the earth, Rev. xviii. Gen. ix. 5, 6. So ye shall not pol- 24. lute the land wherein ye are : for blood And Cain talked with Abel his. it defileth the land and the land brother: and it came to pass, when cannot be cleansed of the blood that they were in the field, that Cain rose is shed therein, but by the blood of up against Abel his brother, and slew him that shed it, Numb. xxxv. 33. him, Gen. iv. 8. For this is the mes. And they shall answer and say, Our sage that ye heard from the beginhands have not shed this blood, neither ning, that we should love one another. have our eyes seen it. Be merciful, Not as Cain, who was of that wicked O LORD, unto thy people Israel, whom I one, and slew big brother. And where

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXIII. 35-37.

A. D. 33.


fore slew he him? because his own | strange god be in thee; neither shalt works were evil, and his brother's thou worship any strange god. I am righteous, 1 John iii. 11, 12.

the LORD thy God which brought thee

out of the land of Egypt; open thy VER. 36.

mouth wide, and I will fill it. But my 'Αμήν λέγω υμίν, ήξει ταύτα πάντα

people would not hearken to my επί την γενεάν ταύτην.

voice; and Israel would none of me, Verily I say unto you, a All these Psal. Ixxxi. 8—11. Thus saith the things shall come upon ihis generation. LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see,

a Verily I say unto you, This genera- and ask ye for the old paths, where is tion shall not pass, till all these things the good way, and walk therein, and be fulfilled, Matt. xxiv. 34. Verily I ye shall find rest for your souls. But say unto you, that this generation they said, We will not walk thereshall not pass, till all these things be in. Also I set watchmen over you, done. Heaven and earth shall pass saying, Hearken to the sound of the away : but my words shall not pass trumpet. But they said, We will not away, Mark xiii. 30, 31,

hearken, Jer. vi. 16, 17. For I earVER. 37.

nestly protested unto your fathers in Ιερουσαλήμ, Ιερουσαλήμ, και αποκτείνου- the land of Egypt, even unto this day

the day that I brought them up out of σα τους προφήτας, και λιθοβολούσα τους rising early and protesting, saying, återtaimévous angos aithy, woráxus noé. Obey my voice. Yet they obeyed not, λησα επισυναγαγείν τα τέκνα

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nor inclined their ear, but walked πον επισυνάγει όρνις τα νοσσία εαυτής υπό τας πτέρυγας, και ουκ ήθελήσατε ;

every one in the imagination of their

evil heart: therefore I will bring upon O a Jerusalem, Jerusalem, b thou that them all the words of this covenant, killest the prophets, and stonest them which which I commanded them to do; but are sent unto thee, c how often would I they did them not, xi. 7,8. From the have gathered thy children together, thirteenth year of Josiah the son of d even as a hen gathereth her chickens Amon king of Judah, even unto this under her wings, and ye would not !

day, that is the three and twentieth a O Jerusalem, wash thine heart year, the word of the Lord hath from wickedness, that thou mayest be come unto me, and I have spoken saved. How long shall thy vain unto you, rising early and speaking; thoughts lodge within thee? Jer. iv. but ye have not hearkened. And the 14. Be thou instructed, 0 Jerusalem, Lord hath sent unto you all his serlest my soul depart from thee; lest I vants the prophets, rising early and make thee desolate, a land not inha. sending them ; but ye have not hearkbited, vi. 8. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, ened, nor inclined your ear to hear. which killest the prophets, and stonest They said, Turn ye again now every them that are sent unto thee; how one from his evil way, and from the often would I have gathered thy chil. evil of your doings, and dwell in the dren together, as a hen doch gather her land that the LORD hath given unto brood under her wings, and ye would you and to your fathers, for ever and not! Luke xiii. 34.

And go not after other gods b See on chap. xxi. ver. 35. to serve them and to worship them,

© And the LORD God of their fathers and provoke me not to anger with the sent to them by his messengers, ris- works of your hands; and I will do ing up betimes and sending ; because you no hurt. Yet ye have not hearkhe had compassion on his people, ened unto me, saith the LORD, that and on his dwellingplace. But they ye might provoke me to anger with mocked the messengers of God, and the works of your hands to your despised his words, and misused his own hurt, xxv. 3–7. I have sent prophets, until the wrath of the LORD also unto you all my servants the arose against his people, till there was prophets, rising up early and sending no remedy, 2 Chron. xxxvi. 15, 16. them, saying, Return ye now every Hear, O my people, and I will testify man from his evil way, and amend unto thee: 0 Israel, if thou wilt your doings, and go not after other hearken unto me; There shall no gods to serve them, and ye shall dwell



A. D. 33.
MATT. XX111. 37, 38.

A. D. 33. in the land which I have given to you e See on chap. xxii. ver. 3. clause 3. and to your fathers. But ye have not

VER. 38. inclined

your ear, nor hearkened unto me, xxxv. 15. And said unto them,

'Ιδού, αφίεται υμίν ο οίκος υμών έρημος. Thus saith the Lord, the God of Behold, a your house is left unto you Israel, unto whom

sent me to


present your supplication before him ; If a And Jesus said unto them, See ye ye will still abide in this land, then not all these things ? verily I say will I build you and not pull you unto you, There shall not be left here down, and I will plant you and not one stone upon another, that shall pluck you up: for I repent me of the not be thrown down, Matt. xxiv.2. evil that I have done unto you. Be not Then will I pluck them up by the afraid of the king of Babylon, of whom roots out of my land which I have ye are afraid ; be not afraid of him, given them; and this house which I saith the Lord: for I am with you have sanctified for my name, will I to save you, and to deliver you from cast out of my sight, and will make his hand. And I will shew mercies it to be a proverb and a byword among unto you, that he may have mercy all nations. And this house which is upon you, and cause you to return to high, shall be an astonishment to your own land. But if ye say, We every one that passeth by it; so that will not dwell in this land, neither he shall say, Why hath the LORD obey the voice of the Lord your God, done thus unto this land, and unto xlii. 9—13. Howbeit I sent unto you this house? 2 Chron.vii. 20, 21. Pour all my servants the prophets, rising out thine indignation upon them, and early and sending them, saying, Oh, do let thy wrathful anger take hold of not this abominable thing that I hate, them. Let their habitation be desoxliv. 4. Be not as your fathers, unto late; and let none dwell in their tents, whom the former prophets have cried, Psal. Ixix. 24, 25. Thy holy cities saying, Thus saith the Lord of hosts : are a wilderness, Zion is a wilderTurn ye now from your evil ways, and ness, Jerusalem a desolation. Our from your evil doings: but they did holy and our beautiful house, where not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith our fathers praised thee, is burned up the LORD, Zech. i. 4.

with fire: and all our pleasant things d As an eagle stirreth up her nest, are laid waste. Wilt thou refrain Auttereth over her young, spreadeth thyself for these things, O LORD? abroad her wings, taketh them, bear- wilt thou hold thy peace, and afflict eth them on her wings, Deut. xxxii. us very sore? Isa. Ixiv. 10–12. And 11. The Lord recompense thy work, after threescore and two weeks shall and a full reward be given thee of Messiah be cut off, but not for himthe Lord God of Israel, under whose self: and the people of the prince wings thou art come to trust, Ruth ii. that shall come shall destroy the city 12. Keep me as the apple of the eye, and the sanctuary; and the end therehide me under the shadow of thy of shall be with a flood, and unto the wings, Psal. xvii. 8. How excellent end of the war desolations are deteris thy loving-kindness, O God ! there- mined. And he shall confirm the fore the children of men put their covenant with many for one week : trust under the shadow of thy wings, and in the midst of the week he shall Xxxvi. 7. Be merciful unto me, o cause the sacrifice and the oblation to God, be merciful unto me: for my cease, and for the overspreading of soul trusteth in thee : yea, in the sha- abominations he shall make it desodow of thy wings will I make my re- late even until the consummation, and fuge, until these calamities be over- that determined shall be poured upon past, lvii. 1. Because thou hast been the desolate, Dan. ix. 26, 27 Open my help, therefore in the shadow of thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire thy wings will I rejoice, lxiii. 7. He may devour thy cedars. Howl, fir shall cover thee with his feathers, tree ; for the cedar is fallen; because and under his wings shalt thou trust : the mighty is spoiled : howl, Oye his truth shall be thy shield and buck- oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the ler, xci. 4.

vintage is come down, Zech. xi. 1, 2.

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