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mercies', judgments", light of nature", conviction of conscience », publick or private admonition ", censures of the church ?, civil punishments a; and our prayers, purposes,




anto them, they had not had sin; have made their faces harder than a but now they have no cloak for their rock, they have refused to return. sin.

w Rom. i. 26. For this cause God (Isa. i. 3. The ox knoweth his gave them up unto vile affections: owner, and the ass his master's crib; for even their women did change the but Israel doth not know, my people natural use into that which is against doth not consider. Deut. xxxii. 6. nature : Ver. 27. And likewise also Do ye thus requite the Lord, O the men, leaving the natural use of foolish people and unwise? is not he the woman, burned in their lust one thy father that hath bought thee? toward another, men with men hath he not made thee, and establish working that which is unseemly, and ed thee?

receiving in themselves that recomu Amos iv. 8. So two or three pence of their error which was cities wandered unto one city to drink meet. water ; but they were not satisfied : Rom. i. 32. Who knowing the yet have ye not returned unto me, judgment of God, (that they which saith the Lord. Ver. 9. I have commit such things are worthy of smitten you with blasting and mil. death,) not only do the same, but dew; when your gardens, and your have pleasure in them that do them. vineyards, and your fig-trees, and Dan. v. 22. And thou his son, O your olive-trees, increased, the palm Belshazzar, hast not humbled thine mer-worm devoured them : yet have heart, though thou knewest all this. ye not returned unto me, saith the Tit. ii. 10. A man that is an heLord. Ver. 10. I have sent among retick, after the first and second adyou the pestilence after the manner monition, reject: Ver. 11. Knowing of Egypt: your young men have I that he that is such is subverted, and slain with the sword, and have taken sinneth, being condemned of himaway your horses; and I have made self. the stink of your camps to come up

y Prov. xxix. 1. He that, being unto your nostrils : yet have ye not often reproved, hardeneth his neck, returned unto me, saith the Lord. shall suddenly be destroyed, and that Ver. 11. I have overthrown some of without remedy. you, as God overthrew Sodom and 2 Tit. iii. 10. A man that is an heGomorrah, and ye were as a fire- retick, after the first and second ad. brand plucked out of the burning: monition, reject. Mat. xviii. 17. yet have ye not returned unto me, And if he shall neglect to hear them, saith the Lord. Jer. v. 3. O Lord, tell it unto the church: but if he are not thine eyes upon the truth? neglect to hear the church, let him thou hast stricken them, but they be unto thee as an heathen


and have not grieved; thou hast con- a publican. sumed them, but they have re- * Prov. xxvii. 22. Though thou fused to receive correction ; they shouldest bray a fool in a mortar

P 2


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promises t, vows', covenantsd, and engagements to God or meno: if done deliberately ', wilfully , presumptuously",


unto you.


among wheat with a pestle, yet will voice of the Lord your God, nor any not his foolishness depart from him. thing for the which he hath sent me Prov. xxiii. 35. They have stricken me, shalt thou say, and I was not C Eccl. v. 4. When thou vowest a sick ; they have beaten me, and I felt vow unto God, defer not to pay it : it not: when shall I awake ? I will for he hath no pleasure in fools; pay seek it yet again.

that which thou hast vowed. Ver. 5. b Psal. lxxviii. 34. When he slew Better is it that thou shouldest not them, then they sought him : and vow, than that thou shouldest vow they returned and enquired early and not pay. Ver. 6. Suffer not thy after God. Ver. 35. And they re- mouth to cause thy flesh tosin; membered that God was their rock, neither say thou before the angel and the high God their redeemer. that it was an

wherefore Ver. 36. Nevertheless they did flat- should God be angry at thy voice, ter him with their mouth, and they and destroy the work of thine hands? lied unto him with their tongues.

Prov. xx. 25. It is a snare to the man Ver. 37. For their heart was not who devoureth that which is holy, right with him, neither were they and after vows to make enquiry. stedfast in his covenant. Jer. ii. 20. d Lev. xxvi. 25. And I will bring For of old time I have broken thy a sword upon you, that shall avenge yoke, and burst thy bands, and thou the quarrel of my covenant:saidst, I will not transgress; when e Prov. ii. 17. Which forsaketh upon every high hill, and under the guide of her youth, and forgetevery green tree, thou wanderest, teth the covenant of her God. Ezek playing the harlot. Jer. xlii. 5. Then xvii. 18. Seeing he despised the oath they said to Jeremiah, The Lord be by breaking the covenant, (when, a true and faithful witness between lo, he had given his hand,) and us, if we do not even according to hath done all these things, he shall all things for which the Lord thy not escape. Ver. 19. Therefore thus God shall send thee to us. Ver. 6. saith the Lord God, As I live, sure. Whether it be good, or whether it ly mine oath that he hath despised, be evil, we will obey the voice of

covenant that he hath the Lord our God, to whom we send broken, even it will I recompense thee.-Ver. 20. For ye dissembled in upon his own head. your hearts, when ye sent me unto f Psal. xxxvi. 4. He deviseth mis. the Lord your God, saying, Pray chief upon his bed; he setteth him. for us unto the Lord our God: and self in a way that is not good; he ab. according unto all that the Lord our horreth not evil. God shall say, so declare unto us, 8 Jer. vi. 16. Thus saith the and we will do it. Ver. 21. And Lord, Stand ye in the ways, and how I have this day declared it to see, and ask for the old paths, you; but ye have not obeyed the where is the good way, and walk


and my

impudently ', boastinglyk, maliciously ', frequently m,

m, obstinately ", with delight, continuance p, or relapsing after repentance,

4. From

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way of his heart.

therein, and ye shall find rest for former prophets; therefore came a your souls. But they said, We will great wrath from the Lord of hosts. not walk therein.

Prov. ii. 14. Who rejoice to do h Numb. xv. 30. But the soul evil, and delight in the frowardness that doeth ought presumptuously, of the wicked. (whether he be born in the land or P Isa. Ivii. 17. For the iniquity of a stranger,) the same reproacheth his covetousness was I wroth, and the Lord; and that soul shall be cut smote him ; I hid


and was wroth, off from anong his, people. Exod. and he went on frowardly in the xxi. 14. But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour to slay 9 Jer. xxxiv. 8. This is the word him with guile; thou shalt take him that came unto Jeremiah from the from mine altar, that he may die. Lord, after that the king Zedekiah

i Jer. iii. 3. Therefore the showers had made a covenant with all the have been withholden, and there people which were at Jerusalem, to hath been no latter rain; and thou proclaim liberty unto them; Ver. 9. hadst a whore's forehead, thou re- That every man should let his manfusedst to be ashamed. Prov. vii. 13. servant, and every man his maid-serSo she caught him, and kissed him, vant, being an Hebrew or an He. and with an impudent face said unto brewess, go free, that none should him,

serye himself of then, to wit, of a k Psal. lii. 1. Why boastest thou Jew. his brother. Ver. 10. Now, thyself in mischief, O mighty man? when all the princes, and all the peo

13 John, Ver. 10. Wherefore if ple, which had entered into the coveI come, I will remember his deeds nant, heard that every one should let which he doeth, prating against us his man-servant and every one his with malicious words :

maid-servant go free, that none should m Numb. xiv. 22. Because all those serve themselves of them any more, men which have seen my glory, and then they obeyed, and let them go. my miracles, which I did in Egypt, Ver. 11. But afterwards they turned and in the wilderness, have tempted and caused the servants, and the me now these ten times, and have handmaids, whom they had let go not hearkened to my voice.

free, to return, and brought them inn Zech. vü. 11. But they refused to subjection for servants, and for to hearken, and pulled away the handmaids. 2 Pet. ii. 20. For if af. shoulder, and stopped their ears, that ter they have escaped the pollutions they should not hear. Ver. 12. Yea, of the world, through the knowledge they made their hearts as an adamant of the Lord and Saviour Jesus stone, lest they should hear the law, Christ, they are again entangled and the words which the Lord of therein, and overcome; the latter end hosts hath sent in his Spirit by the is worse with them than the begin.



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4. From circumstances of time and place if on the Lord's day', or other times of divine worship"; or immediately before w or after these“, or other helps to prevent or



ning. Ver. 21. For it had been bet. u Isa. lviii. 3. Wherefore have we ter for them not to have known the fasted, say they, and thou seest not? way of righteousness, than, after they wherefore have we afflicted our soul, have known it, to turn from the holy and thou takest no knowledge ? Becommandment delivered unto them. hold, in the day of your fast ye find Ver. 22. But it is happened unto pleasure, and exact all your labours. them according to the true proverb, Ver. 4. Behold, ye fast for strife and The dog is turned to his own vomit debate, and to smite with the fist of again; and, The sow that was wash- wickedness; ye shall not fast as ye do ed to her wallowing in the mire. this day, to make your voice to be.

r 2 Kings v. 26. And he said unto heard on high. Ver. 5. Is it such a him, (Gehazi,) Went not mine heart fast that I have chosen ? a day for a with thee, when the man turned man to afflict his soul ? is it to bow again from his chariot to meet thee? down his head as a bulrush, and to Is it a time to receive money, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? receive garments, and olive-yards, and wilt thou call this a fast, and an acvineyards, and sheep, and oxen, and ceptable day to the Lord ? Numb. men-servants, and maid-servants? xxv. 6. And, behold, one of the chil

s Jer, vii. 10. And come and stand dren of Israel came and brought unto before me in this house, which is his brethren a Midianitish woman, in called by my name, and say, We are the sight of Moses, and in the sight delivered to do all these abominations. of all the congregation of the children Isa. xxvi, 10. Let favour be shewed of Israel, who were weeping before to the wicked, yet will he not learn the door of the tabernacle of the conrighteousness : in the land of up- gregation. Ver. 7. And when Phirightness will he deal unjustly, and nehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of will not behold the majesty of the Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up Lord.

from among the congregation, and Ezek. xxiii. 37. That they have took a javelin in his hand. committed adultery, and blood is in wi Cor. xi. 20. When ye come their hands, and with their idols have together therefore into one place, they committed adultery ;-Ver. 38.

this is not to eat the Lord's supper. Moreover, this they have done unto Ver. 21. For in eating every one tako me: they have defiled my sanctuary

eth before other his own supper : in the same day, and have profaned and one is hungry, and another is Ver. 39. For when

drunken. they had slain their children to their * Jer. vii. 8. Behold, ye trust in idols, then they came the same day lying words, that cannot profit, into my sanctuary to profane it; and, Ver. 9. Will ye steal, murder, and lo, thus have they done in the midst commit adultery, and swear falseof mine house,

ly, and burn incense unto Baal,


my sabbaths.

remedy such miscarriages: if in publick, or in the presence of others, who are thereby likely to be provoked or defiled .

Q. 152. What doth every sin deserve at the hands of God?

A. Every sin, even the least, being against the sovereignty, goodness, and holiness of God", and against his righteous


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and walk after other gods whom ye to them, Why do ye such things ? for know not; Ver. 10. And come and I hear of your evil dealings by all stand before me in this house, which this people. Ver. 24. Nay, my sons; is called by my name, and say, We for it is no good report that I hear; are delivered to do all these abomi. ye make the Lord's people to transnations? Prov, vii. 14. I have peace- gress. offerings with me; this day have I 152. ^ James ii. 10. For whosoever paid my vows. Ver. 15. Therefore shall keep the whole law, and yet of. came I forth to meet thee, diligently fend in one point, he is guilty of all. to seek thy face, and I have found Ver. 1l. For he that said, Do not thee. John xiii. 27. And after the commit adultery, said also, Do not sop Satan entered into him. Then

kill. said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, b Exod. xx. 1. God spake all these do quickly. Ver. 30. He then, hav- words, saying, Ver. 2. I am the Lord ing received the sop, went im- thy God, which have brought thee mediately out :

out of the land of Egypt, out of the y Ezra ix. 13. And after all that is house of bondage. come upon us for our evil deeds, and c Hab. i. 13. Thou art of purer for our great trespass, seeing that eyes than to behold evil, and canst thou our God hast punished us less not look on iniquity : wherefore lookthan our iniquities deserve, and hast est thou upon them that deal treagiven us such deliverance as this; cherously, and holdest thy tongue Ver. 14. Should we again break thy when the wicked devoureth the man commandments, and join in affinity that is more righteous than he ? Lev. with the people of those abomina- X. 3. Then Moses said unto Aaron, tions? wouldest not thou be angry

This is it that the Lord spake, saying, with us till thou hadst consumed I will be sanctified in them that come

nigh me, and before all the people I 2 2 Sam. xvi. 22. So they spread will be glorified. --Lev. xi. 44. For I Absalom a tent upon the top of the am the Lord your God: ye shall therehouse, and Absalom went in unto his fore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be father's concubines in the sight of all holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye Israel. 1 Sam. ii. 22. Now Eli was defile yourselves with any manner of very old, and heard all that his sons creeping thing that creepeth upon the did unto all Israel, and how they lay earth. Ver. 45. For I am the Lord with the women that assembled at that bringeth you up out of the land the door of the tabernacle of the con- of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall gregation. Ver. 23. And he said un- therefore be holy; for I anı holy.


di John



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