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thy work ; but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy Ged: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-sertant, nor ihy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the
sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and hallowcd it.
Q. 116. What is required in the fourth commandment ?
A. The fourth commandment requireth of all men the sanctifying or keeping holy to God such set times. as he hath appointed in his word, expressly one whole day in seven ; which was the seventh from the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, and the first day of the week ever since, and so to continue to the end of the world ; which is the Christian sabbath', and in the New Testament called The Lord's day?
Q. 117. Hon
he knoweth ; because his sons made work which God created and madeon themselves vile, and he restrained 1 Cor. xvi 1. Now concerning the them not.
collection for the saints, as I have 115. * Exod. xx. 8,
given order to the churches of Gala116. ' Deut. v. 12. Keep the sab. tia, even so do ye. Ver. 2. Upon bath-day to sanctify it, as the Lord the first day of the week let every thy God hath commanded thee. one of you lay by him in store, as Ver. 13. days thou shalt labour, God hath prospered him, that there and do all thy work : Ver. 14. But be no gatherings when I the seventh day is the sabbath of the Acts xx. 7. And upon the first day of Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not the week, when the disciples came do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor together to break bread, Paul preachthy daughter, nor thy nian-servant, ed unto them, ready to depart on nor thy maid-servant, nor thine ox, the morrow, and continued his speech nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, until midnight. Mat. v. 17. Think nor the stranger that is within thy not that I am come to destroy the gates; that thy man-servant and thy law or the prophets : I am not come maid-servant may rest as well as thou. to destroy, but to fulfil, Ver. 18, Gen. ii. 2. And on the seventh day For verily I say unto you, Till heaGod ended his work which he had ven and earth pass, one jot or one made: and lie rested on the seventh titele shall in uo wise pass from the day from all his work which he liad law, till all be fulfilled. Isa. Ivi. 2. made. Ver. 3. And God blessed the Blessed is the man that doeth this, seventh day, and sanctified it : because and the son of man that layeth hold that in it he had rested from all bis on it: that keepeth the sabbath from
2. 117. How is the sabbath or the Lord's day to be sanctified?
1. The sabbath or Lord's day is to be sanctified by an holy resting all the day, not only from such works as are at all times sinful, but even from such worldly employments and recreations as are on other days lawful b; and making it our delight to spend the
polluting it, and keepeth his hand unto Moses, How long refuse ye to from doing any evil. Ver. 4. For keep, my coinmandments and my thus saith the Lord unto the eunuchs laws? Neh, xii. 15. In those days that keep my sabbaths, and choose saw I in Judah some treading winethe things that please me, and take presses on the sabbath, and bringing hold of my covenant. Ver. 6. Also in sheaves, and lading asses; as also the sons of the stranger, that join wine, grapes, and figs, and all manthemselves to the Lord, to serve him, ner of burdens, which they brought and to love the name of the Lord, to into Jerusalem on the sabbath-day : be his servants, every one that keep- and I testified against them in the ieth the sabbath from polluting it, day wherein they sold victuals. Ver. and taketh hold of my covenant : 16. There dwelt näen of Tyre also Ver. 7. Even them will I bring to my therein, which brought fish, and all holy mountain, and make them joy- manner of ware, and sold on the sabe ful in my house of prayer: their burnt- bath unto the children of Judah, and offerings and their sacrifices shall be in Jerusalem. Ver. 17. Then I conaccepted upon mine altar; for mine tended with the nobles of Judah, house shall be called an house of and said unto them, What evil thing prayer for all people.
is this that ye do, and profane the Rev. i. 10. I was in the Spirit on sabbath-day? Ver. 18. Did not your the Lord's day, and heard behind me fathers thus, and did not our God a great voice, as of a trumpet, bring all this evil upon us, and upon
117. a Exod. xx. 8. Remember the this city yet ye bring more wrath sabbath-day, to keep it holy --Ver. upon Israel by profaning the sabbatho 10. But the seventh day is the sabbath Ver. 19. And it carne to pass, that of the Lord thy God: in it chou shalt when the gates of Jerusalem begap not do any work, thou, nor thy son, to be dark before the sabbath, I comC.
manded that the gates should be shut, b Exod. xvi. 25. And Moses said, and charged that they should not be Eat that to-day; for to-day is a sabe opened till after the sabbath; and some bath unto the Lord: to-day ye shall of my servants set I at the gates, that not find it in the field. Ver. 26. Six there should no burden be brought in days ye shall gather it; but on the on the sabbath-day. Ver. 20. So the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in merchants, and sellers of all kind of it there shall be none. Ver. 27. And ware, lodged without Jerusalem once it canie to pass, that there went out or twice. Ver. 21. Then I testified some of the people on the seventh against them, and said unto them, Why day for to gather, and they found lodge ye about the wall? If ye do so Ver. 28. And the Lord said again, I will lay hands on you. From
whole time (except so much of it as is to be taken up in works of necessity and mercy) in the publick and private exercises of God's worship d: and, to that end, we are to prepare our hearts, and with such foresight, diligence, and moderation, to dispose and ,
, seasonably dispatch our worldly business, that we may be the more free and fit for the duties of that day.
Q. 118. Why
that time forth came they no more And upon the first day of the week, on the sabbath. Ver. 22. And I when the disciples came together to commanded the Levites, that they break bread, Paul preached unto should cleanse themselves, and that them, ready to depart on the morthey should come and keep the gates,
1 Cor. xvi. 1. Now concern. to sanctify the sabbath-day. Re. ing the collection for the saints, as I member my God, concerning have given order to the churches of this also, and spare me according to Galatia, even so do ye. Ver. 2. Upthe greatness of thy mercy. Jer. on the first day of the week let every xvii. 21 Thus saith the Lord, Take one of you lay by him in store, as heed to yourselves, and bear no bur- God hath prospered him, that there den on the sabbath-day, nor bring it be no gatherings when I come. Psal. in by the gates of Jerusalem. Ver. xcii. (title, A psalm or song for the 22. Neither carry forth a burden out sabbath-day.] Isa, lxvi. 23. And it of your house on the sabbath-day, shall come to pass, that from one neither do ye any work, but hallow new moon to another, and from one ye the sabbath-day, as I commanded sabbath to another, shall all flesh your fathers.
conie to worship before me, saith the C Mat. xii. from Verse 1. to 13. Lord. Lev. xxiii. 3. Six days shall At that time Jesus went on the sab. work be done, but the seventh day bath-day through the corn, and his is the sabbath of rest, an holy convodisciples were an hungered, and be- cation; ye shall do no work therein: gan to pluck the ears of corn, and to it is the sabbath of the Lord in all eat. Ver. 2. But when the Phari.
your dwellings. sees saw it, &*c.
Exod. xx. 8. Remember the sáb. d Isa. lviii, 13. If thou turn away bath-day, to keep it holy. Luke thy foot from the sabbath, from do. xxiii. 54. And that day was the preing thy pleasure on ny holy day, and paration, and the sabbath drew on. call the sabbath a delight, the holy Ver. 56. And they returned, and of the Lord, honourable, and shalt prepared spices and ointments; and honour him, not doing thine own rested the sabbath-day, according to ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, the commandment. Exod. xvi. 22. nor speaking thine own words. Luke And it came to pass, that on the iv. 16. And he came to Nazareth, sixth day they gathered twice as where he had been brought up: and, much bread, two omers for one man: as his custom was, he went into the and all the rulers of the congregasynagogue on the sabbath-day, and tion came and told Moses. Ver. 25. stood up for to read. Acts XX. 7. 'And Moses said, Eat thaf to-day;
Q. 118. Why is the charge of keeping the sabbath more specially directed to governors of families, and other superiors ?
A. The charge of keeping the sabbath is more specially directed to governors of families, and other superiors, because they are bound not only to keep it themselves, but to see that it be observed by all those that are under their charge; and because they are prone oft-times to hinder them by employments of their own".
Q. 119. What are the sins forbidden in the fourth commandment?
A. The sins forbidden in the fourth commandment are, all omissions of the duties required, all careless, negligent, and unprofitable performing of them, and being weary of them";
for to-day is a sabbath unto the Lord: dah, and all the inhabitants of Jeruto-day ye shall not find it in the salem, that enter in by these gates. field. Ver. 26. Six days ye shall ga- Ver. 21, 22. (See above in b.] Exod. ther it; but on the seventh day, xxiii. 12. Six days thou shalt do thy which is the sabbath, in it there shall work, and on the seventh day thou
Ver. 29. See, for that the shalt rest : that thine ox and thine ass Lord hath given you the sabbath, may rest, and the son of thy handtherefore he giveth you on the sixth maid and the stranger may be reday the bread of two days : abide ye freshed. every man in his place, let no man go 119. & Ezek, xxii. 26. Her priests out of his place on the seventh day. have violated my law, and have proNeh. xiii. 19. (See letter b.]
faned mine holy things: they have 118. f Exod. xx. 10. But the put no difference between the holy seventh day is the sabbath of the and profane, neither have they shew. Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not ed difference between the unclean do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor and the clean, and have hid their thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor eyes from my sabbaths, and I am thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor profaned among them. thy stranger that is within thy gates. h Acts xx. 7. And upon the first Josh. xxiv. 15. And if it seem evil day of the week, when the disciples unto you to serve the Lord, choose came together to break bread, Paul you this day whom ye will serve; preached unto them, ready to depart whether the gods which your fathers on the morrow, and continued his served, that were on the other side of speech until midnight. Ver. 9. And the food, or the gods of the Amo- there sat in a window a certain young rites, in whose land ye dwell: but as man named Eutychus, being fallen for me and my house, we will serve into a deep sleep : and as Paul was the Lord. Neh. xiii. 15, 17. [See long preaching, he sunk down with abode in b.] Jer. xvii. 20. And say sleep, and fell down from the third unto theni, Hear ye the word of the loft, and was taken up dead. 'Ezek. Lord, ye kings of Judah, and all Ju- xxxiii. 30. Also, thou son of man, the
all profaning the day by idleness, and doing that which is in itself sinfuls; and by all needless works, words, and thoughts, about our worldly employments and recreationsk,
Q. 120. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to enforce it?
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to enforce it, are taken from the equity of it, God allowing us six days of seven for our own affairs, and reserving but one for himself, in these words, Sir days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work': from God's challenging a special propriety in that day, The seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God": from the example of God, who in sir days made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and
children of thy people still are talk- cept this of your hands ? saith the ing against thee by the walls, and in Lord. the doors of the houses, and speak i Ezek. xxiii. 38. Moreover, this one to another, every one to his bro- they have done unto me; they have ther, saying, Come, I pray you, and defiled my sanctuary in the same hear what is the word that cometh day, and have profaned my sabe forth from the Lord. Ver. 31. And baths. they come unto thee as the people k Jer, xvii. 24. And it shall come cometh, and they sit before thee as pass,
if ye diligently hearken unto my people, and they hear thy words, me, saith the Lord, to bring in no but they will not do them; for with burden through the gates of this city their mouth they shew much love, on the sabbath day, but hallow the but their heart goeth after their co- sabbath-day, to do no work therein. vetousness. Ver. 32. And, lo, thou Ver. 27. But if ye will not bearken art unto them as a very lovely song unto me to hallow the sabbath-day, of one that hath a pleasant voice, and and not to bear a burden, even encan play well on an instrument : fostering in at the gates of Jerusalem they hear thy words, but they do on the sabbath-day; then will I them not. Amos viï. 5. Saying, kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and it When will the new moon be gone, shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, that we may sell corn? and the sab. and it shall not be quenched. bath, that we may set forth wheat, lviii. 13. If thou turn away thy foot making the ephah small, and the from the sabbath, from doing thy shekel great, and falsifying the ba- pleasure on ny holy day, and call the lances by deceit ? Mal
. i. 13. Ye sabbath a delight, the holy of the said also, Behold, what a weari- Lord, honourable, and shalt honour ness is it! and ye have snuffed at him, pot doing thine own ways, nor it, saith the Lord of hosts; and ye finding thine own pleasure, nos brought that which was torn, and speaking thine own words. the lame, and the sick; thus ye 120.1 Exod. xx. 9. brought an offering : should I aco.. m Exod. xx. 10.