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the great


over you; for ye are not under law, count of sin, in the likeness of a CHAP. but under a covenant of favour. sinful body, condemned sin by that VIII. What then, shall we sin because body which was preserved holy and the at- we are not under the law, but un- and undefiled; that the righteous 4 tainment of der a covenant of favour? By no precepts of the law may be fully est moral means. Know ye not, that to performed by us, who walk not af goodness. whom ye yield yourselves servants ter the flesh, but after the spirit; to obey, his servants ye are whom and this righteousness cannot be 5 16 ye obey; whether of sin unto death, fulfilled in others, for they of the or of obedience unto justification; flesh, mind the things of the flesh; 17 but thanks be to God, that though and they of the spirit, the things of ye were the servants of sin, ye are the spirit; for to be carnally mind- 6 become obedient from the heart to ed is death, but to be spiritually a form of doctrine unto which ye minded is life and peace because 7 18 were transferred; and have left the the inclinations of the flesh are at service of sin to become the ser- enmity with God, since they do 19 vants of righteousness; (I speak not submit themselves to the law of in the familiar language of men, God; nor indeed can they ; so that 8 because of the weakness of your they of the flesh cannot please God. flesh): for to continue the same me- However, ye are not of the flesh, but 9 thod of speaking, as ye have yield- of the spirit ; in as much as the spied your members servants of un-rit of God dwelleth in you. But if cleanness to iniquity, so now ye any one hath not the spirit of God, have made your members servants he is none of his. But if Christ be 10 20 of righteousness unto holiness. For in you, the body is dead as to sin, when ye were the servants of sin, but the spirit is life as to righteousye were free with regard to righte-ness. Now, if the spirit of him 11 21 ousness. Now, what fruit had ус who raised Jesus from the dead, from those things at that time, of dwell in you, he who raised Christ which ye are now ashamed? for the from the dead will also give life to 22 end of those things is death. But, your mortal bodies, through his spinow ye have been made free from rit that dwelleth in you. the service of sin, and are become So then, brethren, we are not 12 servants to God, ye have your fruit debtors to the flesh, to live after the and leading unto holiness, and the end ever-flesh; for if ye live after the flesh, to immor 23 lasting life; for the wages of sin ye must die hereafter but if ye will be death, but the gracious gift mortify the deeds of the body by of God will be everlasting life the spirit, ye will live; for as ma- 14 through Jesus Christ our Lord. ny as are led by the spirit of God, these are the sons of God: for ye 15 have not received again the spirit of bondage, as at Mount Sinai, unto fear, but a spirit of adoption, by which we cry out unto God, O my Father. This very spirit beareth 16 testimony with our spirit, that we are childrenof God; but if children,


There is, therefore, now no condemnation to them that are in Blessedness Christ Jesus; for the spiritual law of a Chris of life hath made me free from the tian tem- law of sin and death. For what the promoting law could not do, because it was weak holiness in through the flesh, God hath done, this life; who by sending his own son on ac

per, in

And therefore bound by stronger ties of gratitude, to be obedient.


Your carnal, unenlightened minds. • Future punishment.

The law of Moses, which from the difficulty of obeying it, occasioned sin, and threatened death as the penalty.

tal glory.

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Present persecutions, no

ing sons and heirs of God.

18 Now, I look upon the suffer-
ings of this present time, as of no
consequence with respect to the



called, he also justified by pardon- CHAP.
ing all their past offences; and
those whom he justified, he hath in
purpose glorified also.

What shall we say then to these 31 things? If God be for us, who whom noshall be against us? He who spar- thing shall objection glory that is going to be displayed not his own son, but permitted their duty. to our be- ed to us. For the creation is look- him to be delivered up for us all, ing out with an anxious expecta- how will he not also with him freetion for this' discovery to the sons ly give us all things? Shall any 33 20 of God; for though the creation one bring an accusation against the hath become subject to vanity, (not chosen people of God? God will willingly, but through him who acquit them. Shall any condemn 34 21 subjected it) it is in hope, that this them? Christ hath died for us, or very creation will be set free from rather hath been raised again; he is this bondage of corruption by the also at the right hand of God; he glorious liberty of the children of manageth our concerns for us, by 22 God; for we know that the whole the spirit which he hath poured creation groaneth, and travaileth in upon us. Who shall separate us 35 23 pain until now; nay, not only so, from the love of Christ? Shall but we too, who have received the tribulation, or imprisonment, or first fruits of the spirit, even we our-persecution, or famine, or nakedselves groan within ourselves, look-ness, or danger of the sword? (As ing for our adoption, even the re-it is written, "For thy sake we 36 demption of our body from cor- are killed all the day long: we are Palm 24 ruption; for we are saved in hope accounted as sheep for the slaughonly but hope which is attained ter.") Nay, in all these things we 37 is not hope for how can a man are more than conquerors through hope for what he hath attained? God that loved us, For I am per- 38 25 So then, as we can hope only for suaded that neither fear of death, what we have not attained, let us nor desire of life, nor angels, nor wait with patience. principalities, nor any of the powNow, we know that all things ers of this world, nor things preThe bless- work together for good, to those sent, nor things to come, ings of the who love God, who are called ac- height of prosperity, nor depth of meant only cording to his purpose of admitting adversity, nor any other thing will for the well all mankind into the Christian co-be able to separate us from the love disposed; venant. For those whom he fore- of God, in Jesus Christ our Lord. 29 knew to be sincere and well dis- I say then, hath God wholly re- CHAP. posed, he foreordained also to bejected his own people? By no conformed to the resemblance of means. Have they stumbled so as Temporary his son, that this son might be a to fall irrecoverably? By no means: the Jews. 30 first-born of many brethren; more- but by their stumbling, salvation is over those whom he foreordained, come to the Gentiles, to provoke he also called by the preachers of Israel to jealousy. Now, if their 12 the gospel, and those whom he stumbling be an advantage to the



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xliv. 22.

nor 39

That love which we have for God, in consideration of his great goodness in the religion of Christ.


apostacy of




lix. 20.

CHAP. world, and their loss a gain to the may these natural branches be CHAP. Gentiles, how much more will their grafted into their own olive tree. 13 future full conversion be. (For I For I wish you to understand, bre- 25 speak to you, Gentiles and in-thren, this hitherto hidden truth, deed as I am the apostle of the lest ye be wise in your own con14 Gentiles, I honour my ministry; if ceits, that blindness hath happenby any means I may provoke my ed to part of Israel, but will conJewish brethren to jealousy, and tinue only until the fulness of the 15 save some of them.) For if the re- Gentiles be come in; and then all 26 jection of them be the reconcilia- Israel will be saved, as it is writtion of the world, what will the ten, "The deliverer will come out Isaiah, acceptance of them be, but life of Sion, and turn away ungodliness Isaiah, 16 from the dead? Now, if the first from Jacob." "And this is my xxvii. 9. fruits be holy, so likewise is the covenant with them, when I take 27 lump; and if the root be holy, so away their sins." So then as to 28 17 are the branches. And if some of the gospel, the Israelites are in the the branches have been broken off, condition of enemies for your and thou, a wild olive, hast been sakes; but as to the choice of God grafted in, and become a partaker are beloved for their fathers' sakes, of the root and fatness of the olive because the kindness of God to 29 tree, boast not over these branch- them and their calling by him are es; for though thou shouldst boast not repented of. For as ye also were 30 over them, thou bearest not the once disobedient to God, but have root, but the root thee. now obtained mercy during their disobedience, so have they now dis- 31 obeyed the mercy shown to you, and will hereafter obtain mercy. For God hath, in the course of his 32 dispensations to mankind, suffered all, both Jews and Gentiles, to be alike included in unbelief, that he may have mercy upon all, in their conversion to Christianity.


Gentiles must not



Thou wilt say then, "The branches were broken off, that I triumph might be grafted on. Well they over the were broken off for their want of ,faith, and thou standest by thy faith. Be not high-minded, but 21 afraid. For if God spared not the natural branches, perhaps he will 22 not spare thee. Behold, therefore, the kindness and severity of God: towards those who fell, severity; but kindness towards thee, if thou persevere under that kindness; otherwise thou also wilt be cut off.

the divine

O! the deep riches of wisdom 33 and knowledge, that are in God! Inscruta How unsearchable are his determi- bility of nations, and his ways not to be councils. traced out! for who hath known 34 the mind of the Lord? or who And they also, if they continue hath been his counsellor? And who 35 not in unbelief,will be grafted in; for hath given him first, so as to receive God is able to graft them in again; only a recompence in return? to Christi- for if thou wert cut out of thy na- For of him as the source of all be- 36 tural wild olive tree, and hast been ing, and through him as the origi 24 grafted against thy nature, into anal cause of all things, and to him good olive tree, how much more as subservient to his will, are all


who will one day be converted



The venerable pious ancestors of the


The whole bread of the land was consecrated by offering the first of the dough to God. Numb. xv. 20, 21.

3. Converted to Christianity.

* For your benefit, or so as that you reap
the benefit of becoming Christians sooner
than if the Jews had not rejected it.
5 What he has a right to.

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should at

duties of his station.


For by the authority which hath Every one been graciously given unto me, I tend procharge every one among you not perly to the to think of himself more highly peculiar than he ought to think, but to think with sober mindedness, as God hath distributed to each his measure of 4 spiritual gifts for as we have many members in one body, but all these members have not the same 5 office; so we, though many, are but one body in Christ, and all of us severally fellow-members there6 of. And as we have different gifts according to the favour shown unto us, if our gift be to explain the scripture, let it be exercised agree7 ably to the measure of it; if it be a ministering to others, let us attend to this ministry: let the 8 teacher attend to his teaching, he that exhorteth, to his exhortation; let him that bestoweth, bestow liberally; him, that ruleth, rule with diligence; him that showeth mercy, show it with cheerfulness. 9 Let your love be without dissiEnumera- mulation, abhor evil, cleave to that tion of va- which is good; let your affection tian duties. for each other be the fondness of 10 abrother; strive to be more forward than each other in mutual re11 spect; not slothful in matters of serious concern, of an active mind,


As they are manifestly for the good of mankind, they may fairly be supposed to be agreeable to the will of God.


using opportunity wisely, rejoicing CHAP. in hope, patient in tribulation, constant in prayer, sharing the neces- 13 sities of the saints, seeking occasions of hospitality to the poor and friendless. Give good words to 14 them who rail at you; give good words, and curse not. Rejoice 15 with the joyful, and weep with them that weep, having the same dispositions to each other. Set not your 16 mind on high things, but be guided by humility. Be not wise in your 17 own conceits. Render no one evil for evil. Attend, if ye can, to what is honourable in the sight of all men. As much as lieth in you, be 18 at peace with all men. Beloved, 19 avenge not yourselves, but give way to the anger of another; for it is written, Vengeance belongeth Deut. unto me, I will repay, saith the xxxii. 35 Lord." Therefore, if thy enemy 20 be hungry, give him food, if he be thirsty, give him drink; for by doing thus, thou mayest heap coals of fire on his head, and melt him down to kindness. Be not over- 21 come by evil, but overcome evil with good.

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and the

Let every man submit himself to CHAP. the supreme powers; for as there is no power but from God, these pow- Duties of ers are appointed by God. Who- governors ' soever therefore setteth himself governed. against the power, he opposeth the 2 appointment of God; and such opposers will bring merited punishment upon themselves. For rulers 3 are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Dost thou wish therefore not to be afraid of their power? Do what is right, and thou wilt have praise from it; for a ruler is 4 a minister of God to thee for good; but if thou do evil, be afraid, because he beareth not the sword in vain; but is an avenging minister

• Opposition to the civil power, and to the abuse of it, are two very different things; the former is here forbidden,



CHAP. of God for the punishment of every | were written that we, through sub- CHAP. wicked person; wherefore it is ne- mission to the exhortation of those 5 cessary that ye submit yourselves, scriptures, might have hope. Now Exhorta not only because of punishment, may the divine author of this sub- tion to unity. 6 but even for conscience sake. And mission and this exhortation, grant, for the same reason, ye pay tribute that ye may be so disposed to each 5 also, for they who attend to this other, after the example of Jesus business are public servants of God. Christ, that with one mind and 6. 7 Render, therefore, to all their dues; one mouth, ye may glorify the God tribute, to whom tribute is due, and Father of our Lord Jesus custom to whom custom, reve-Christ. rence to whom reverence, honour to whom honour is due.

ensure the




he had used;

And I myself am also persuaded 14 of you, my brethren, that ye are The apostle apoloOwe no one any thing but mu- even of yourselves full of goodness, gizes for Love will tual love; for he who loveth his filled with all knowledge, able also the freeright perneighbour hath fulfilled an import- to admonish one another. Never- dom which formance ant branch of the law. For these theless, brethren, by way of reof all du- commandments, "Thou shalt not minding you, I have written to commit adultery," "Thou shalt you rather freely upon some points, 15 9 do no murder," "Thou shalt not through the authority given me by steal," "Thou shalt not bear false God, in making me a public ser- 16 witness," and every other such com-vant of Jesus Christ unto the Genmandment, is comprehended in this tiles, a ministering priest of this precept, "Thou shalt love thy gospel of God, that the offering of 10 neighbour as thyself." As love the Gentiles may be acceptable, then doeth no ill to its neigh-sanctified by holiness of spirit. I17 bour, it is the fulfilling of the law, have, therefore, cause of boasting relating to our fellow creatures. in Christ Jesus towards God; for I 18 11 And we should do this consider. will only presume to speak of what The gospel ing the season, that it is now time Christ hath done through me, for affords the to arise from sleep, for our deli-the conviction of the Gentiles, by motives to verance from the present world word and deed, by mighty signs liness, is nearer than we first believed. and wonders, by a powerful display 12 The night is far spent, and the of the spirit of God; so that from 19 day is at hand; let us lay aside Jerusalem, and round about even therefore the works of darkness, to 'Illyricum, I have fully preachand put upon us the garments of ed the gospel of Christ. So am- 20 13 light. Let us walk orderly, as in bitious have I been in publishing the day-time; not in revellings and the gospel; not where the name of drunkenness, not in wantonness Christ had already reached, lest and impurities, not in strife and I should build upon the founda14 envying; but put on yourselves the tion of another, but as it is written, 21 Lord Jesus Christ, and make not" They who have not been told provision for the flesh to fulfil the of him shall sce, and they who lusts of it. have not heard shall understand."





Whatsoever things were written aforetime for our instruction, they

A tax levied on merchandize.
Not even in omitting to do him the
kind offices which are in our power,

The dark state of this world, in which |

Therefore, though I have been 22

the good and the bad are promiscuously
blended together.

A country on the eastern coast of the
Adriatic sea.

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