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no man


lates Paul's case to

CHAL: ness, and temperance, and a judg. 1 now standing at the judgment-seat CHAP.
XXV. ment to come, Felix was alarmed, of Cesar, where I ought to be

and said, “ Go thy ways for the tried. To the Jews I have done
present, and when I find an op- no wrong, as thou also knowest

portunity, I will send for thee.” | very well. For if I have done 11
26 He hoped also, that money would wrong, or have committed any

have been given him by Paul for his thing worthy of death, I refuse not
liberty; and for this reason, he to die ; but if there be nothing in

sent for him oftener, and conversed what they accuse me,
27 with him. But after two years should give me up to gratify them.

Felix was succeeded by Porcius 1 appeal unto Cesar.” Then Fes- 12
Festus ; and Felix wishing to gra- tus, after a conference with the
tify the Jews, left Paul bound. council, answered, “ Thou hast

Now when Festus came into the appealed unto Cesar; unto Cesar

province, after three days he went shalt thou go. Festus re- up from Cesarea to Jerusalem. Now in the course of some days, 13 fuses to have hinn

Then the high priest, and the chief king ' Agrippa and "Bernice came Festus re: brought to of the Jews, brought an accusation to Cesarea, to pay their respects to Jerusalem. before him against Paul, and en- Festus; and as they continued Agrippa.

3 treated him to favour them by there several days, Festus laid

sending for Paul to Jerusalem, in- Paul's case before the king, say.

tending to lie in wait on the road ing, “ There is a man left in 15 4 to kill him. But Festus answered, prison by Felix, against whoin,

that Paul was in custody at Cesarea, when I was at Jerusalem, the chief

and that himself was going thither priests and elders laid an informa5 from Jerusalem very soon.

“Let tion, requiring his condemnation. those of you, therefore,” said he, To whom I answered, that it is 16 “ who are able to bring any charge not a custom with the Romans to

against this man, go down with gratify any man with the condem-
6 me to accuse him." So after a nation of another; but that the

stay of eight or ten days longer, he accused must have the accusers
went down to Cesarea ; and ihe face to face, and have an oppor-
very next day, sat on the judgment- tunity of making his defence, con-

seat, and commanded Paul to be cerning the crime laid to his charge.
7 brought. And when he appeared, Accordingly they came hither, and 17

the Jews who had come down from the day after, without loss of time,
Jerusalem stood round, and brought I sat on the judgment-seat, and
many and heavy accusations against ordered the man to be brought ;

Paul, which they could not prove; against whom, his accusers, on 18
9 whilst he answered for himself, their appearance, brought no ca-

“ Neither against the law of the pital charge, as I expected ; but 19
Jews, nor against the teinple, nor had against him some questions
against . Cesar, have I done any concerning their own religion,

and concerning one Jesus, who

But Festus, wishing to gratify had died, but was affirmed by Paul

the Jews, said to Paul, “ Art thou to be alive. peals to Cesar.

willing to go up to Jerusalem, and 6. Now because I was doubtful 20

there be tried for these things be- about an enquiry into such mat10 fore mc ?” But Paul said, I am ters, I asked, if he were willing


Paui ap

Son of tha: Herod Agrippa who is mentioned xii. 1.

• Sister to king Agrippa, with whom she is said to have lived in a state of incest.


Paul is


CUAPto go to Jerusalem, and there be Now as to my life; since my youth, CHAP XXVI. tried for these things. But as Paul which I spent from the first among 21 appealed to be reserved for the demine own nation, at Jerusalem, all 4

termination of the august emperor, these Jews, who were acquainted 5

I commanded him to be kept until with nie many years ago, know, if 22 I could send him to Cesar.” Then they would own it, that after the

Agrippa said to Festus, “ I also strictest sect of our religion, I lived could have liked to hear this man a Pharisee. And now I stand to G niyself." To-morrow,” said be judged for the hope of that 'pro

he, “ thou shalt hear him.” mise, which God made to our fa23 Accordingly, on the morrow, thers; which our twelve tribes, 7

Agrippa and Bernice came with serving God with earnestness day

. fore Festus, great pomp, and entered the judg- and night, hope to obtain. On Agrippa

ment-hall with the commanders, account of this hope, king Agripand Bernice and principal men of the city, pa, I am accused by the Jews. being pre- when Festus gave orders for Paul What! It is esteemed then among s

to be brought. And Festus said, you a thing incredible that God 24 " King Agrippa, and all ye that should raise the dead! And I in-9

are here present, behold this man, deed was of opinion once, that I against whom the whole multitude ought to make great opposition to of the Jews applied to me both at the name of Jesus of Nazareth, Jerusalem, and here also, crying who taught this doctrine from

out that he ought not to live any God; and afier procuring the au- 10 25 longer. But when I found that he thority of the chief priests, I shut

had done nothing worthy of death, up many of the saints in prison,
and he himself appealed to the au- and gave my vote against those

gust emperor, I determined to send who were put to death ; and by 11 26 him thither, and as I have nothing punishing them throughout the

certain to write to our sovereign, synagogues, I often compelled
I have brought him forth before ihem to revile the name of Jesus ;
you, and especially before thee king and through excessive rage against

Agrippa, that after examination I them, even to madaess, I pursued
27 may have something to write ; for I them to foreign cities also.

think it foolish to send a prisoner, As I was going to Damascus 1.2 without signifying also the charges upon this business, with the autholaid against him.'

rity and permission of the chief Upon this, Agrippa said to Paul, priests, at mid-day, as I was on the 13 66 Thou art permitted to speak for road, i saw, O) king! a light from thyself.” Then Paul stretched forth heaven, above the brightness of the

his hand, and began his defence : sun, shine around me, and my fel2“I think myself happy, king Agrip-| low-travellers. And after we had 14

pa, in making my defence before all fallen to the earth, I heard a thee this day, against all the ac-voice speaking unto me and say3 cusations of the Jews; especially as ing, in the Hebrew tongue, “Saul,

thou art acquainted with all the Saul, why persecutest thou me? customs and questions which are it is hard for thee to kick against among the Jews ; wherefore, I be- goads.' Then I said, Who art 15 scech thee to hear me patiently. thou, Sir?' and he said, 'Iam Jesus,


His detence.

I Of being raised from the dead.

by which they are driven, and thus wound * A manner of speaking taken from re- themselves more deeply, fractory oxen, who kick against the goads,

feels a sude


CHAP. whom thou persecutest; but arise, hath not been done in a corner. CHAP. XXVI.

and stand upon thy feet; for I have King Agrippa, believest thou the XXVII. 16 appeared unto thee for this purpose, prophets? I know that thou be- 27

to appoint thee a minister, and a lievest them."

witness of what thou hast seen, and Then Agrippa said to Paul : 28 17 of what I will show thee ; and I “ Thou almost persuadest me to Agrippa will deliver thee from this people, become a Christian.” And Paul

den imand from the Gentiles, unto whom said, " I would to God, that not pulse of 18 I am now sending thee, to open only thou, but all likewise who conviction, their

eyes, that they may turn from hear me this day, were both aldarkness unto light, and from the most, and altogether, such as I am, power of Satan unto God; that except these bonds. And when 30 they may receive forgiveness of Paul had thus spoken, the king, sins, and inheritance among those and the governor, and Bernice, and

that are sanctified by faith in me.' those who were sitting with them, 19 Wherefore, king Agrippa! I was went aside, and conferred with

not disobedient to the heavenly vi- each other, saying, “ This man is 31
20 sion, but declared first to those in doing nothing worthy of death or

Damascus, and in Jerusalem, and of bonds." Then Agrippa said 32
through all the country of Judea; unto Festus, “ This man might
and ihen to the Gentiles, that they have been set at liberty, if he had
should repent, and turn to God by not appealed unto Cesar.”
doing works worthy of repent- Now, when it was determined CHAP.

Because of these things, the that we should sail to Italy, Paul XXVII.
Jews, in a body, seized me in the and some other prisoners were de- Paul and

temple, and were preparing to kill livered to a centurion of the Au- his friends 22 me; but having obtained help gustan 'band, named Julius ; and Cesarea.

from God, I continue to this day having gone on board a ship of 9
witnessing both to small and great, Adramyttium, with a view of coast-
saying nothing but what the pro- ing by Asia, we bore away, with

phets and Moses spake of, as about Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thes-
23 to come, that the Christ would salonica, in our company. And 3

suffer death, and would be the first the next day we reached 2 Sidon ;
to proclaim salvation to the people and Julius treated Paul with much
of the Jews, and to the Gentiles, kindness, and gave him leave to

by a resurrection from the dead." go to his friends for refreshment.
24 Now whilst he was in this part And we bore away thence, and 4

of his defence, Festus said with a sailed under Cyprus, because the plies to

loud voice, “ Paul thou art beside winds were contrary; and when 5 charge of thyself ; much learning hath made we had sailed over the sea of Cimadness. thee mad.” But Paul said, “ I am licia, and Pamphylia, we came to

25 not mad, most excellent Festus, Myra, a city of Lvcia; and the 6

but utter the words of truth and of centurion finding there a ship of
26 a sound mind: for these things are Alexandria bound for Italy; put

well understood by the king, be- us on board, and after sailing 7
fore whom, for this reason, I speak slowly for many days, and having
with confidence; and I persuade scarcely come over against Cnidus,
myself that none of these things are the wind not suffering us, we sail-
unknown to him; for this affaired under Crete, by Salmone; and S

21 ance.

Paul re


· A cohort of the Augustan legion.
• For this and the other places men-

tioned in this chapter, the reader is re-
quested to consult his map.



to take courage;

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CHAP having passed by with difficulty, all hopes of safety at length fail- CHAP:

we came to a place called Faired us.
havens, near which was a city But after long abstinence, Paul 21
named Lasea.

stood up in the midst of them, and Paul ex. 9 Now, as much time had been said, “Sirs, ye should have follow-horts them Passing spent, and sailing was become dan ed my advice, and not have loosed the north, gerous at this season (for the Jere- from Crete, to get this damage and they come ish fast was now ended) Paul ad- loss; now, however, I exhort you 22 to Crete. vised them, saying, " Sirs, I per- to take courage: for there will be

10 ceive that this voyage will be at- no loss of life among you, but of

tended with damage, and great loss, the ship only ; for an angel of that 23

not to the lading and the ship on-God to whom I belong, and whom 11 ly, but to ourselves.” But the 1 serve, stood by me this very

centurion paid more regard to the night, and said, • Fear not, Paul?

pilot and the master of the ship, thou must be brought before Cesar ; 24
12 than to the advice of Paul. Now, and behold! God hath graciously

this harbour of Fairhavens, being given thee the lives of all that are
unfit to winter in, the greater part sailing with thee.' Wherefore, 25
advised to bear away thence also, if Sirs, be of good courage ; for I
by any means they might reach trust God that it will be as I was
Phenice, to winter there, a haven of told. However, we must be cast 26
Crete lying toward the south-west on a certain island.”
and west.

So, on the fourteenth night, as we 27 13 Accordingly, upon the springing were driven backwards, and for- assures the Soon after up of a gentle south wind, suppos- wards in the Adriatic sea, about centurion,

that they should obtain their midnight, the sailors began to sus- sailors left Crete, they

ing are over.' purpose, they weighed anchor, and pect that they were drawing near to the ship, esken by a passed close by Crete. But not some land, and upon sounding them could

long after, a tempestuous wind, found twenty fachoms depth of be saved.

called Euroclydon, beat against water, and sounding again soon af-
15 them; so the ship being forced ter, found fifteen fathoms, Then, 29

away with it, and unable to face being afraid of falling upon rocks,

the wind, we gave her up, and they cast four anchors astern, and
16 were driven along. Now as we wished for day. Now, the sailors 30

ran under a little island called being desirous to quit the ship, and
Clauda, we were scarcely able to letting down the boat into the sea,

make ourselves masters of the boat: under pretence of casting out an-
17 but at last the sailors took her, chors from the foreship, Paul 31

and employed all in assisting to said to the centurion, and to the

undergird the ship, and being soldiers, “ Unless these stay in the
afraid of striking on the quick ship, ye cannot be saved," then 32

sands, slackened sail, and thus the soldiers cut off the ropes of the
18 were driven ; but on the next day, boat, and let her go.

the teinpest continuing very vio- Now, while the day was coming 33

lent, we began to lighten the ship; on, Paul exhorted thein all to take By his ad 19 and on the third day, cast out with some nourishinent, saying, “ It is vice, and

our own hands the lading of the the fourteenth day of ihe tempest, example, 20 ship. Then, as neither sun, nor during which ye have remained in they take

stars had appeared for several days, suspence, almost without food : refreshand no small tempest lay upon us, wherefore I exhort you to partake


violent tempest.

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The day of atonement, in September. Ler, xvi. 29,

With cables, or chains brought round, to prevent the sides from starting.



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The ves

jel is

put the

CHAP. of food, for this concerns your

% Melita, and the barbarians showed CHAP. XXVIII.

XXVIII. safety ; and not a hair shall fall us no common humanity, for they from the head of any among you,

kindled a fire, and brought us all to They are 35 So, when he had thus spoken, he it, because of the present rain, and kindly

took bread, and gave thanks to because of the cold. And when the natives God in the presence of them all, Paul had gathered a bundle of of Melita.

and broke it, and began to eat : sticks, and laid it on the fire, a vi- 3 36 then were all encouraged, and took per, driven out by the heat, fasten37 nourishment themselves. Now we ed on his hand. Now, when the 4

were in the ship two hundred barbarians saw the viper hanging

three score and sixteen persons. from his hand, they said to each
38 And when they had satisfied them- other, “No doubt this is

selves with food, they began to murderer ; and though he hath
lighten the ship, by casting out the escaped from the sea, vengeance
corn into the sea.

will not suffer him to live.'

But 5 39 And when it was day, they knew he shook off the viper into the fire,

not the land, but observed a bay and felt no harm, while they were 6 wrecked,

with an even shore ; in which they expecting that he was going to

resolved, if possible, to save the swell, or to fall down dead suddencrew saved. ship. So they cut away, the an-ly: after waiting, however, a good

40 chors, and left them in the sea, and while, and seeing nothing amiss be

loosing the bands of the 'rudders fall him, they changed their minds,
at the same time, and hoisting up and said that he was a god.

the main sail to the wind, they Now, in the neighbourhood of 7
41 made toward shore. But having that place, were possessions of the

reached a place, where two currents chief man of the island, whose
met, they ran the ship aground, and name was Publius ; who received
the fore part stuck fast, and re- us, and entertained us kindly. And 8
mained immoveable, but the stern it happened that the father of Publius

was broken with the violence of lay sick of a fever, and a bloody
42 the winds. Now it was the advice flux : into whose house Paul went,

of the soldiers to kill the prisoners, and prayed, and laid his hands on

lest any of them should swim away him, and cured him; and upon 9
43 and escape; but the centurion this, others also in the island, who

wishing to preserve Paul, kept had diseases, came to Paul, and
them from their purpose, and or- were cured ; and they showed us 10
dered those who could swim, to great respect, and when we set sail,
throw themselves first from the put for us necessaries on board.

vessel into the sea, and get to land: Now, after three months, we put 11
44 and the rest to place themselves, to sea in a ship of Alexandria, that They get

on planks, and some on had wintered in the island, the sign things belonging to the ship. And of which vessel was · Castor and thus they all contrived to escape Pollux ; and having landed at Sy- 12 safe to Jand.

racuse, we remained there three After they had thus escaped, they days, and thence we coasted round, 13 knew that the island was called and came to Rhegium ; and a day




i Which had been fastened when the ves- • In the Adriatic sea, between Corcyra and sel was left to drive before the wind. These Illyria. were now loosed in order to steer the ship. 3 Imaginary sons of Jupiter, images of The ships of those tin:es had usually two whom were fixed on the prow of the ship. rudders,

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