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Whether of peremptory Reprobation unto everlasting torments, the first and adequated object be, "all and only unbe"lievers dying in their unbelief, as such; or certain "particular persons (the greatest part of mankind,) not at "all considered as impenitent, unbelievers and disobedient, as "such."
See the Texts fore-cited for Respective and against Irrespective and Absolute Reprobation: (pages 98-110) to which you may add Isaiah xxvii, 11. "Because this people have no understanding, therefore," &c. Ezek. xviii, 13, 23.
THE SECOND ARTICLE CONTROVERTED,
THE UNIVERSALITY OF CHRIST'S DEATH.
WHAT THE REMONSTRANTS HOLD.
THEY hold, that the price of Redemption which Christ tendered unto his Father, was not only in itself SUFFICIENT for the Redemption of all mankind, but was also (according to the decree, the will, and the grace of God the Father,) PAID FOR ALL and EVERY MAN.
PROOFS OUT OF SCRIPTURE.
"The price of Redemption Christ paid for all and every man."] For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself a ransom for all: 1 Tim. ii, 5, 6.—We trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men. iv, 10.-Behold the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world. John iii 16; i, 29.-We have an Advocate
with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous, and he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. 1 John ii, 2. See John vi, 33, 51.He tasted death for every man: Heb. ii, 9.-For the unjust: 1 Pet. iii, 18, &c.-For the ungodly, for sinners, for his enemies. Rom. v, 6, 8, 10.-See the places cited before for Christ's satisfaction. (Page 96.)
"According to the decree, the will, and the grace of God," &c.] So God loved the world, &c. John iii, 16.-We have seen and do testify, that the Father sent the Son, to be the Saviour of the world. 1 John iv, 14.-He spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all. Rom. viii, 32.—In this was manifested the love of God towards us, because that God sent his onlybegotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us; and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. 1 John iv, 9, 10.-For God sent not his Son into the world, to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved: John iii, 17.-That He by the grace of God should taste death for every man. Heb. ii, 9.-It pleased the Father......... by him to reconcile all things to Himself. Col. i, 19, 20, 21.—After that the kindness and pity of God our Saviour towards man appeared. Tit. iii, 4.-For I came, not to judge the world, but to save the world. John xii, 47.-Greater love hath no man than this,—that a man lay down his life for his friend. John xv, 13. He loved us and washed us from our sins in his own blood. Rev. i, 5.-The love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, &c. 2 Cor. v, 14, 15.
They hold, that Christ by the merit of his death, hath so far forth reconciled God the Father to all mankind, that the Father, by reason of his Son's merit, both could, and would, and did enter [into] and establish a new and gracious covenant with sinful man liable to condemnation.
PROOFS OUT OF HOLY SCRIPTURE.
God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them. 2 Cor. v, 19.—And you that were sometimes alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled, in the body of his flesh through death. Col. i, 21, 22.—I will give thee for a Covenant of the people. "That is, a Mediator and Foundation of the Covenant of Grace." DIODATI's Annot. Isai. xlix, 8.-When thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his
seed......... and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hands: By his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many. Isai. liii, the whole chapter, 10, 11, 12.-To him give all the Prophets witness, that through his name, whosoever believeth in him, shall receive remission of sins. Acts x, 43. He is the Mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises, viz. I will put my laws into their mind and I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, &c. See Jer. xxxi, 31, 34; xxxiii, 8; Micah vii, 18, 19, 20; Heb. viii, 6, &c.-How much more shall the blood of Christ.........and for this cause he is the Mediator of the new Testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first Testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. Heb. ix, 14, 15, &c. -See Heb. x, the whole chapter; vii, 22; xii, 24, 25.
They hold, that though Christ hath merited reconciliation with God and pardon of sins for all and every man, yet, according to the tenor of the new and gracious Covenant, none is indeed made partaker of the benefits purchased by the death of Christ, otherwise than by faith: Nor are a man's sins pardoned, before he actually believes in Christ.
PROOFS OUT OF HOLY SCRIPTURE.
"None made partakers of Christ's benefits otherwise than by faith." Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Christ: whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood. Rom. iii, 24, 25.— But without faith it is impossible to please God. Heb. xi, 6.Whosoever believeth on him shall not be confounded. Rom. ix, 33.—He is the Saviour, specially of those that believe. 1 Tim. iv, 10.-For it pleased the Father by him to reconcile all things unto himself. And you hath he now reconciled-to present you holy and unblamable, and unreprovable in his sight, if ye continue in the faith, &c. Col. i, 19-23.-We are made partakers of Christ, if we hold fast &c. Heb. iii, 6, 14.-He is the Mediator,-that by means of death they which are called [cum eventu] might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. Heb. ix, 15.-But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name. John i, 12.-See Gal. iii, 22.
"Nor are a man's sins pardoned before he actually believes."] To him give all the Prophets witness, that through his name, whosoever believeth in him, shall receive remission of sins. Acts
x, 43.-See Acts xxvi, 18; xiii, 39; John iii, 36.-The righteousness of God, without the law, is manifested,-even the righteousness of God, which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe. Rom. iii, 21, 22.-Abraham believed God, and it was imputed to him for righteousness; and it shall be imputed to us also, if we believe. Rom. iv, 3, 24. See the whole chapter-We have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ. Gal. ii, 26.-The just shall live by faith. Gal. iii, 11,-See Gal. iii, 22.-Being justified by faith, we have peace with God. Rom. v, 1.-See Acts ii, 38; Isai. liii, 11.
They hold, that only they for whom Christ died are bound to believe, that Christ died for them; and if there were any for whom Christ died not, they should not be bound to believe he died for them, or condemned for not believing; yea, if there were any such Reprobates, they should rather be bound to believe, that he died NOT for them.
PROOFS OUT OF SCRIPTURE.
"Only they for whom Christ died bound to believe," &c.] Ye were redeemed with the precious blood of Christ, who was manifest for you, who by him do believe in God that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory, that your faith and hope might be in God. 1 Pet. i, 18, 19, 21.-Believe also in me. Why? I go to prepare a place for you, and I will receive you to myself. John xiv, 1, 2, 3.
See 1 Cor. xv, 2, 3, 14. Whence it follows, that "they for whose sins Christ died not, and for whose justification he rose not again, to them preaching is vain, and their faith is vain;" for they do but believe an untruth, and lean upon the staff of a broken reed. Accordingly (as was alleged above,) Maccovius saith, "A man must first believe Christ to be his Saviour [which he cannot be, unless he hath died for him, and that must be the reason why he placeth his faith in him."
"And such Reprobates should rather believe, that he died not for them." For those things which are revealed belong to us. Deut. xxix, 29.-O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the Prophets have spoken! Luke xxiv, 25.—If it be a REVEALED TRUTH, that "Christ died NOT for the Reprobates;" then are they bound to believe, he died not for them. But if it be NOT a truth revealed, why is it then preached and urged as an Article of faith?
WHAT THEY DO NOT HOLD, TOUCHING CHRIST'S DEATH.
They do utterly DENY, that "the price of Redemption, which Christ tendered unto God his Father, was not (according to the decree, will, and grace of God the Father,) paid for all and every man, that so the greatest part of mankind should, by an absolute and antecedent decree of God, be precisely shut out from the participation of the benefits of Christ's death."
1. Christ came to seek and to save that which was lost. Matt. xviii, 11; Luke xix, 10.-God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself. 2 Cor. v, 19.-He laid upon him the iniquity of us all. Isai. liii, 6.—And Christ died for all, for every man, for the world, for the whole world, for the unjust and disobedient, (finally such,) 1 Pet. iii, 18, 20;-for the ungodly, for sinners, for his enemies;-as was said above. (Page 96.)
2. Also for as many as died in Adam. 1 Cor. xv, 22.—As by the offence of one man, &c. Rom. v, 12, 18; 2 Cor. v, 14.
3. For as many as are bound to believe in him ;—as was declared above. (Page 117.)
4. For as many as are bound to adore and serve him.-Ye are bought with a price, therefore glorify God in your &c. 1 Cor. vi, 20.-We thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead and that he died for all, that he might be Lord of all, that they which live, should not henceforth live unto themselves but unto him which died for them. 2 Cor. v, 14, 15; Rom. xiv, 9. See Ephes. i, 12.
5. For as many as we are bound to pray for in Christ's name. I exhort, that supplications be made for all men-For there is one Mediator, who gave himself a ransom for all. 1 Tim. ii, 1, 5, 6.
6. For such as crucify him afresh to themselves. Heb. vi, 4, 5, 6; x, 29.—For such as deny him, and finally do perish. 2 Pet. ii, 1. See Rom. xiv, 15; 1 Cor. viii, 11.
They do utterly DENY, that "the immediate fruit of the death of Christ is the actual pardon of sins:" Or, (which is