The Middle East in the World Economy, 1800-1914

الغلاف الأمامي
I.B.Tauris, 15‏/09‏/1993 - 378 من الصفحات
Examines the growth and transformation of the Middle East economy during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The text looks at how the region's economic structures were fundamentally altered by the growing impact of European trade and finance, and by the internal reforms of the rulers of Egypt. It also examines in detail the impact of this process on the four central areas of the Middle East. The result, the author argues, was the creation of a fixed pattern of agricultural, industrial and financial activity. The states formed after the collapse of teh Ottoman Empire found that altering this pattern in their attempts to promote a less dependent form of development was frought with difficulty; and the problems they faced and their different approaches are still highly relevant to the Middle East's economic development today.
 

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المحتويات

The Middle East economy in the period of socalled
1
The Middle East economy in 1800
24
The economic consequences of the age of reforms 18001850
57
The expansion of trade with Europe 18001850
83
from foreign borrowing to bankruptcy
122
Export of Egypts principal crops 185079
136
The Egyptian industrial sector in 1873
149
Egypts import of selected manufactured goods via Alexandria 186679 750
150
Revenues ceded to the Ottoman PDA 18823191213
193
The Ottoman Empires revenues and expenditures 18878191112
197
provinces and sanjaks of Anatolia 190910
200
The value and volume of some of Izmirs major agricultural exports 18801912
201
Exports of cereals from Anatolia 18811911
202
The production and export of tobacco silk and cotton from certain districts of Anatolia 18811914
203
Changes in the average annual price of major Anatolian crops at Istanbul 18811908
204
The proportion of agricultural land in Anatolia held in properties of various sizes 190910
207

Egypts trade in sugar 186380 Alexandria only
151
the economic
153
The value of silk exports from Beirut and the price of Lebanese cocoons 18509
155
Syrian silk production 186180
156
British exports of cotton goods to SyriaPalestine 185272
160
Estimates of the value of Beiruts seaborne trade 185078
161
Exports of cereals from ports on the SyriaPalestine coast
168
Estimates of the number of textile looms at work in the main Syrian towns 186179
172
Estimates of the seaborne trade of Jaffa 185081
176
Estimates of the volume of agricultural exports from Jaffa Haifa and Acre 185780 777
177
The Iraqi provinces 18501880
180
The growth in Iraqs foreign trade 186480
182
Anatolia and Istanbul 18811914
189
Turkeys foreign trade 18801913 797
191
The Turkish industrial censuses of 1915 and 1921
210
The production of minerals in Anatolia 190910
213
The amount paid by the Ottoman government in kilometric guaran tees to foreign railway companies
214
The Egyptian economy 18821914
216
Egypts population and cultivated land 18821917 277
217
The distribution of Egypts agricultural land in properties of various sizes 18941913
218
Egyptian government revenues and expenditures 18811913
223
quantity indexes of major field
227
Mount Lebanon Syria and Palestine 18801914
244
The Iraqi provinces 18801914
273
conclusion
287
Bibliography of references cited
346
Index
371
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