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FAREHAM is a neat and airy little town, on an elevated situation, near the head of Portsmouth harbour. In Domesday-book this place is mentioned as having been, by its maritime situation, exposed to the invasions of the Danes. Sloops and small vessels are built here, and there is a trade in coals and corn. The population, in 1801, consisted of 3030 persons; in 1811, of 3325 perThe petty sessions are held here. The market is held on every alternate Monday, and it is the largest and best in the county for corn and cattle. The church was lately rebuilt, and it is now a handsome edifice. This vicarage is in the gift of the bishop of Winchester.


Proceeding towards Titchfield, about three miles distant, we observe, on the right, not far from that town, the ruins of TITCHFIELD HOUSE, misnamed, by many, Titchfield abbey. They are situated near the western bank of Titchfield river, on the spot where formerly stood an abbey of Præmonstratensian* canons, built, in 1231, by Peter de Rupibus, or de la Roche, bishop of Winchester, who obtained this manor of Henry III. It was dedicated to the virgin Mary; and, at the suppression, it had an abbot and twelve canons, with an annual revenue of about £280. It was granted, in the twenty-ninth year of Henry VIII. to Sir Thomas Wriothesly, then secretary of state; who, as it appears from Leland's Itinerary, on the site, and probably with the materials. of the monastery, erected this mansion. His

* This order was originally founded by St. Norbert, of a noble family in Cologne, in Germany, anno 1120, at a place said to be pointed out to him by the virgin Mary, and thence called præ monstratum, that is, "foreshown." They followed the rule of St. Augustine.-Rapin, i. 217, note.

words are:- Mr. Wriotheseley hath builded a right stately house, embateld, and having a goodeley gate, and a conducte castelid in the middle of the court of it, yn the very same place wher the late monasterie of the Præmonstratenses stoode, caullyd Tichefelde,"

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In March, 1445, Henry VI. received Margaret of Anjou at Titchfield abbey, and there renewed his marriage contract with her. She had landed at Portchester from the continent, where the earl of Suffolk, Henry's ambassador, had espoused her as his master's proxy.*

Edward VI. was entertained at this house, in the journey which he made for the benefit of his health. Here also Charles I. was concealed, in his flight from Hampton Court, in 1647. It was then one of the seats of the earl of Southampton, where his mother resided, with a small family. From this place the king was conducted to the isle of Wight, by Colonel Hammond.†

The present remains of this mansion are in a very dilapidated state; but enough of the front is still left, to show that it was once a handsome and stately building. Few of the apartments now remain; sixteen rooms having been demolished, some years ago, for the materials, one of which was an armory. From the leads we have a pleasing view of Titchfield, with the corn lands and pastures around it, and a distant prospect of the sea and part of the isle of Wight. At a little distance are the stables, which were every way suited to the dignity of the mansion.

We now arrive at TITCHFIELD, a small town, with

* Stow.-Milner's Winchester, i. 203.
+ Grose's Antiquities, vol. ii. and Supplement.

several neat houses. It has a charity school for educating twelve boys. The population, in 1801, consisted of 2949 persons; in 1811, of 3227 persons. The church is a roomy structure, very decently fitted up, and it has a neat organ. It is of different dates; the south side being, the oldest, the architecture of which appears to be Saxon. The north side is Gothic, and is said to have been the gift of William of Wykeham. The north chancel contains the communion-table. Here are several Gothic niches. The vicarage is under private patronage.

The body of the church belongs to the parishioners, and is by them kept in repair; the north chancel by the lord of the manor. The repairs of the south chancel are the concern of the duke of Portland This is not used for public worship, being separated from the rest of the building; but it contains a very fine monument, erected to the memory of Sir Thomas Wriothesly, first earl of Southampton, lady Jane his wife, and Henry their eldest


That part of the monument on which the lady reclines, is raised considerably above the rest: she is habited in the fashion of her time, according to the dignity of her rank she died in 1574. On her right, below, is the effigies of Sir Thomas, her husband; who, the inscription informs us, "for his virtue and worthiness, was created knight of the garter, baron of Titchfield, earl of Southampton, one of the especial chosen and trusted executors of the last will and testament of Henry VIII.” He died in 1551. On the left of his mother, is the repre

So the inscription on the monument informs us. But Rapin,

sentation of Henry Wriothesly, the son, in armour, who died in the thirty-sixth year of his age, but the date of the year of his death is omitted. In one of the side ailes is another monument, of a child of the same family.

Were the characters of many to be collected only from their epitaphs, they would literally form an exhibition of faultless monsters whom the world ne'er saw." Whatever "virtue and worthiness" in domestic life, the lord chancellor Wriothesly might have possessed, history will dispute his title to any great share of them, as a public man. His religious opinions are said to have been entirely repugnant to the Reformation. "He was extremely ambitious, very conceited of his own merit, haughty, imperious, and very angry that his advice was not always followed. This made him extremely troublesome in the council, where no one could oppose his opinion, without being liable to be treated with bitter and offensive language."* A foul spot rests on his character, in the affair of the amiable martyr Anne Askew ; and there seems little reason to doubt the truth of the charge. It is said that the chancellor went to the tower, where this lady was imprisoned, to endeavour to extort from her a confession which would have proved prejudicial to some of her friends; that he or

quoting Stowe's Annals, says, that he died at his house called Lincoln place, (afterward Southampton house,) in Holborn, July 30, 1550, and was buried in St. Andrew's, where a fair monument was erected to his memory.-Rapin, vol. ii. p. 19, note 2 -There are

evidently imperfections in the dates of the Titchfield monument. The late Mr. Gough suggested to the author, that the monument was erected by Henry, second earl of Southampton, (who died in 1581,) who removed his father's body from St. Andrew's, Holborn. Rapin, i. 845. Hume, iii. 278, 279.

Rapin, ii. 4.

dered her to be put to the rack, and, with inquisitorial cruelty, was himself present at the torture: and when he saw that the executioner, moved with pity to a suffering female, forbore to exercise her with the severest pain, he is said to have so far forgotten both his manhood and his nobility, as to have put his own hand to the rack, stretching it so violently as almost to tear her limbs asunder. No tortures, however, could shake the firmness of this heroic woman: her faith and constancy remained stedfast. Her support was from on high: and, to the last breath, whether on the rack, or amidst the flames, the "glorious sufferer" could by no means be prevailed on to dishonour her Redeemer, by recanting his truth, or to injure her friends, by betraying their confidence.*

In 1662, the Rev. Urian Oakes was ejected from the vicarage of Titchfield. He is said to have been a man of great talents, as well as of Christian deportment. After his ejectment, he was invited to America, where he died in 1681, after having been president of the col

In a corner of the church is an inscription to the memory of Lucie Quinbe Bromfeld, who died in 1610; in which, amidst other encomiums, the disconsolate husband thus extols his departed spouse: "If any fault, she loved me too much :

Ah! pardon that; for there are too few such!"

There is also a curious monument of W. Chamberlayne, esq. of Beaulieu, Hants, and Margaret his wife, with their two sons and daughters, who died early in the seventeenth century.

In the great scarcity of appropriate or impressive sentiment to be met with in our church-yards, the following is not without merit : "Time was, I stood where thou dost now,

And look'd, as now thou look'st on me :

Soon thou shalt lie as low as I,

And others stand and look on thee."

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