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bodies in New-Zealand."


In the Friendly Islands some of the Missionaries and their families have been visited by affliction, which will probably render necessary their removal to a more salubrious climate. To this painful topic considerable prominence, of course, is given. And information is also communicated respecting the interruption which has been experienced in the Training Institution, the buildings in which it had been commenced having been twice levelled to the ground by destructive hurricanes. These discouraging circumstances exercise the faith and patience of the Missionaries; and, at the same time, give them a strong claim upon the sympathy of the friends and supporters of the Society at home. But the local Reports from the District exhibit also a bright side of the question. From Tonga the Missionaries write, that they realise the gracious promise of the Saviour to His faithful servants in the ministry of the Gospel, "Lo, I am with you alway;" and that this cheers them in the difficulties and trials with which they have to contend....... .The Mission-work in the important District of Feejee has suffered serious interruptions from the diminution which has taken place in the number of faithful labourers, male and female, chiefly by the visitations of disease and death. The Committee have made arrangements for supplying, in part, the vacancies which have thus been created, by directing that three new Missionaries should be sent, as soon as possible, from Australia to Feejee; but considerable time must necessarily elapse before they can acquire the language, and thus be able to enter upon the work in full efficiency. The brethren who have been left in the District, under the accumu lated burden of cares and labours, which will continue to press upon them until they obtain adequate help, especially need all the aid which can be afforded by the sympathy and prayers of the friends of the Society. The official Reports from the District contain much information, which is thus partly of a painful character, but, on the whole, warrants the most cheering anticipations as to the ultimate triumph of Christianity throughout dark and cannibal Feejee. The inhabitants of the town in which the Missionaries reside in the Nandy Circuit, and those of another town about three miles distant, are all Christians. Like all the other Christian natives in Feejee, they highly prize such portions of the holy Scriptures as they possess. "One of the young men," write the

Missionaries, "to whom we gave a copy of the New Testament, pressed the blessed treasure to his heart, and literally danced for joy." A letter recently received from the Rev. James Calvert, of Vewa, furnishes a most remarkable instance of Christian heroism displayed by two Missionaries' wives,-one of whom was his own wife, and the other the wife of his colleague, Mr. Lyth-in an attempt to save some native females from destruction at a cannibal feast. Visiters had arrived at Bau, and, according to the native custom, human beings must be procured for their entertainment. A war-party was accordingly sent out, under the sanction of the Priest, and returned with a number of females whom they had captured. Mr. Calvert says:"Before their arrival the report of their success had reached Bau. All was glee and triumph. Food is procured! A great thing has been accomplished! The canoes were awaited with anxious anticipation. In the meantime, the report reached Vewa also. Mrs. Lyth and Mrs. Calvert were all alone. Fourteen women are to arrive at Bau to-morro, who are to be killed and cooked for the Butone people!' Female sympathy and female courage were excited and raised to the uttermost. They resolved to go! A canoe was procured. Trembling from head to foot, they were poled along to the bloody city. As they went, canoes with streamers were seen approaching, muskets were fired in triumph, the shrieks of some of the murdered were heard as they were brought ashore! Alas! we 're too late!' However, they urged their way. On the beach they were met by a Christian Bau Chief, who dared boldly to join our wives, and urged them onward. Make haste. Some are dead; but some are alive.' With a whale's tooth in each hand, they approached his cannibal Majesty, Tanoa, and besought him to spare the lives of the women. The unfeeling heart, one would think, felt then; but that dark mind, it is to be feared, continued grossly dark. However, he issued his orders: "Those who are dead are dead; but those who are still alive shall live only.' With haste a messenger went to Nga Vinde, the chief of the fishermen, and speedily returned to report that five were still alive. Our wives, however, could not hastily return. They went to the house of the murderer. There he sat in state, in full dress, with an admirably dressed head of hair, but manifestly now ashamed of what no one dared formerly to reprove him for. Our wives reproved him and

exhorted him. He vainly excused, and professed his love to the lotu. Many of the chief and other women blessed our wives for their efforts, even amidst the general rejoicings of Bau, on that, to them, festival day."

The account of the Missions in SOUTH AFRICA commenced with the Cape of Good Hope District. The Report from Cape-Town is very satisfactory. During the year a gracious visitation from above has been experienced, and the labours of the Missionaries have been attended with much success. A considerable number of individuals, having experienced the saving power of the Gospel, have become consistent members of our religious Society. A net increase of ten church-members has taken place at Khamies-Berg, in Little Namaqualand. From Nisbett- Bath, in Great Namaqualand, the Missionary reports that they have had many indications of good in the Circuit during the year. Some of the parents are endeavouring to instruct their children, and "train them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord." A number of young persons are making pleasing progress in reading, and "evince a strong desire to be instructed in the things of God." There is consequently a great demand for copies of the New Testament, of a convenient size for them to carry in their pockets while attending to their flocks and herds in the fields; which demand the Missionary regrets he has not yet been able properly to supply..........The review of Missionary operations in the Albany and Kaffraria District, during the last year, is highly encouraging. The Mission stations which were suspended during the war, have been, so far as pecuniary means would allow, resumed under very auspicious circumstances. An influence appears to rest upon the minds of many of the Chiefs and people highly favourable to the Mission cause.

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pation of most important resuls might now be reasonably indulged. At Faku's great place, (in the Buntingville Circuit,) a public religious service is now held every fortnight, under encouraging circumstances. One of the brothers of Faku died some time since, as it is believed, "in the Lord." He had become a resident near the station, and invited the Missionaries to make his village one of their regular preaching-places. He became much afflicted, and in his afflictin called upon God. He often sent for the Missionary and Native Preachers to converse with him about "that Saviour who died for sinners." For three days the principal men of his tribe endeavoured to persuade him to send for the "Witch-Doctor," to ascertain the cause of his illness, with the view of having those murdered on whom the charge of bewitching him should be fixed; "but no argument could induce him to consent;" and a little before he died, he charged his sons to take care that no man should be killed on his account; "for," he said, "I am a man of the word of God.". .The Mission in the Bechuana District has been exposed to severe trials. Discontent has arisen between some of the native tribes and the Colonial Government, and in the eastern part war has prevailed among the natives. Thaba-Unchu, the Missionaries thank fully report, partly in consequence of its distance from the scene of hostilities, and partly from the pacific disposition of the Chief, has been preserved in peace. The members of Society at that station have maintained their integrity amidst the temptations to which they were exposed. Regular in their attendance upon the ordinances of religion, and assiduously endeavouring to improve in experimental and practical godliness, "many of our native Christians might be pointed out as patterns worthy of imitation." The meekness with which they receive admonition or reproof is particularly mentioned, as a striking feature in their character. In the course of the year accessions have been made to the church. Some have been received by baptism, after suitable preparation, and a few of the number have experienced the efficacy of converting grace.


In WESTERN AFRICA, the important Mission at Sierra-Leone continues to enjoy much prosperity. Through the blessing of God accompanying the appointed ordinances of religion, the work both deepens and extends. There is an evident improvement in the tone of personal piety among our people, and there

has been a net increase of three hundred and fifty-eight in the number of full and accredited church-members during the last year.

The most serious difficulty

which is now experienced at this Mission, has resulted from the rapid increase which has taken place; in consequence of which, there is not chapel-room sufficient for the accommodation of the people; nor could a sufficient amount of subscriptions be raised upon the spot, to erect large new chapels to meet the exigency which has arisen. The number of church-members and scholars connected with the Bathurst-street chapel at Free-Town is eleven hundred and seventysix; but the chapel will not accommodate more than six hundred persons. The Grass-Field chapel will only contain seven hundred; but the church-members and scholars alone amount to thirteen hundred and seventy-nine: and the Gibraltar chapel, also, is not half large enough to contain the congregation. Exertions have been making, for some time, to raise a sufficient fund for the building of the proposed new Buxton chapel, and the sum of £700 has been contributed towards it by the people; but the amount received from all sources is not yet sufficient to meet the expense of the erection. The Missionaries write upon the subject with great feeling and earnestness, apprehensive that the work must eventually suffer, if sufficient chapel-accommodation cannot be provided for our religious societies and congregations. In the education department, progress is made. "We are using," the Missionaries report, "the best agency of which we can avail ourselves; and, upon the whole, the class of Teachers now employed are superior to any we have ever before had in the service of the Mission." The Missionaries refer to the Training Institution in a very encouraging strain. They say, "The young men of this and kindred Institutions are our hope. We look to them as the future instruments, under God, of spreading the knowledge of the Redeemer throughout this vast continent; and we trust that, by prayerfulness and diligence on our part, and with God's blessing on the work of our hands, they will be prepared to sow the precious seed of the word in the hearts of their benighted countrymen, which shall spring up unto everlasting life.".........On the Gambia, the promising state of things at St. Mary's, which Mr. Badger reported last year, continues to realise the expectations which were then formed. The work has advanced. There has been a decided improvement

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in the tone of piety among our people; and a considerable addition to the number of church-members has been made. A general interest in the Mission is manifested by all classes. The subscriptions to the General Mission- Fund have considerably increased; and the chapel has been enlarged, and a gallery put up for the accommodation of the schoolchildren at public worship, the expense of which has been nearly met by local subscriptions. The station at Macarthy's Island has been placed in disadvantageous circumstances, owing to the ravages of the small-pox, and the war which took place between the Mandingoes and the local Government. Mr. May, whose appointment was reported last year, has been assiduous in his endeavours, and a corresponding measure of success has been his reward. At George-Town he reports:-"Our Society is rapidly improving; and although many of its members are poor, and wanting regular employment, yet they are diligent in business,' when they have work to do, and 'fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.' Many of the people who have been unconcerned about religion, and had not, I am told, been seen in a place of worship for years, are now found regularly worshipping in the house of God, and receiving instruction in the Sabbath-schools. Some have come to me, deeply convinced of their sins, and, with tears, have asked my help. Of those who have been recently converted, there are eight persons now in my class, three of whom are Jalloofs. One of the latter is a convert from Mahomedanism." ....The local Reports from that interesting field of labour, the Gold-Coast, are generally of a gratifying character. "In this District," writes one of the Missionaries, "God is at work in our behalf. We see it in the new and encouraging spheres of usefulness which are opening before us; in the increasing moral influence which the Mission is diffusing in every direction; in the large and attentive congregations which listen to our ministry; in the prosperous state of our schools; in the earnest prayers of our church members for a larger outpouring of the Holy Spirit; in the giving way of Fetish prejudices and customs;-and we feel it, too, in our own hearts, in that burning love for the souls of our perishing fellow-men which only God can inspire and sustain." In addition to the encouraging circumstances enumerated in this general view, the gratifying fact must be noticed, that six of the native converts have been recommended as sufficiently quali

fed to act as Catechists in the service of the Society......... A very pleasing testimony in favour of the Society's Mission in Ashanti has been given by Sir William Winniett, the Governor of the GoldCoast, in the Journal of his recent Visit to Kumasi, contained in a Despatch addressed to the Right Honourable Earl Grey, and printed by order of the House of Commons during the last session of Parliament. After describing the barbaric pomp displayed at his public reception by the King, in a large open space in the capital, his Excellency remarks:-"Immediately after the procession had closed, we repaired to the Wesleyan Mission-house, where we found comfortable arrangements made by the Rev. Mr. Hillard, the resident Missionary in Kumasi, for convenient quarters during our stay. Greatly as I had been interested with the manner in which the King received me, the appearance of such a vast number of uncivilised men under such entire control, the new style of building exhibited, and its pretty contrast with the ever-fresh and pleasing green of the bany an-trees, I was equally interested and excited at the appearance of the Wesleyan Mission-house,—a neat cottage, built chiefly with the teak or edoom wood of the country. As I sat Cown in the airy, spacious hall, in the cool of the evening, after all the toils and excitement of the day, and contemplated this little European establishment, planted in the midst of barbarism, two hundred miles into the interior of Africa, exhibiting to thousands of untutored Pagans the comforts and conveniences of civilised life, and the worship of the true God, I could not but think deeply and feelingly on the great triumph thus achieved by Christianity and civilisation." In the subsequent part of the Journal, his Excellency, in describing a visit which he received from the King, observes:"He came to the street in the beautiful little phaeton presented to him by the Wesleyan Missionary Society, in 1841; and I was pleased to observe, from the excellent condition of the phaeton, the great care which he has taken of so valuable and appropriate a present." Remarking upon a conversation with the King on another occasion, his Excellency adds," Matters relative to the Wesleyan Mission in Kumasi were then referred to; and I was much gratified to find how completely the Mission has secured his confidence and esteem." In the course of the last year, an arrangement has taken place, which may have an important bearing on the cause of

Christianity in Ashanti. John Ansal, a nephew of the present King, has been placed at Kumasi, the capital, in the character of a Christian Teacher. This young man and his cousin were educated in England, and were sent back to Africa with the Niger Expedition. After spending some time at Kumasi, he went down again to Cape-Coast, where he became a regular attendant at our Mission-chapel, and an earnest seeker of the salvation which the Gospel offers. Having at length experienced the saving power of Christianity, the public profession of which he had previously assumed, he became an agent of this Society; and, in the offices of Interpreter, Class-Leader, and Local Preacher, has continued to give such proof of sincere piety and devotedness to the work of the Mission, that he has been sent, by the unanimous voice of the Missionaries in the District, as a Catechist to Kumasi. On his arrival there, in his new capacity as an agent of the Wesleyan Missionary Society, "he was very kindly received by the King, his uncle, and is now enjoying his confidence and esteem." An extract of a letter addressed by him to the Rev. Thomas B. Freeman, the General Superintendent, affectingly indicates the spirit in which he has entered upon his new and important sphere of labour. "I feel my helplessness, and unworthiness of the present position I am placed in respecting my connexion with the Mission. I look for help from Him whose promise is, 'According to thy day, so shall thy strength be.' I assure you, my dear father in Christ, all my mind is, that my life may be spent in the service of Christ. The general aspect of the work here is encouraging. The people attentively hear the word of God. I preach in the public street every Sabbath-day, and they crowd to hear of the way of salvation, and I am encouraged to preach to them earnestly. The Chiefs, too, with whom I have had conversation, seem to be seri usly impressed. doubt there are some in this town who will like to come forward to join Christ's church, but are atraid, perhaps, on their masters' account. I trust that that fear will be soon done away. You will be glad to hear how fond the King's children are of me: they are crowding into the Mission-house every day, for which I bless the Lord; for it gives me an opportunity to impress on their tender minds the importance of the religion of Christ. I think good days are beginning to come upon the Ashantis. May the Lord hasten them soon, that these


poor souls here may know the true and living God, and Jesus Christ, his Son our Lord! Our little church is going on well. The members are earnest for their salvation. I am very glad to hear of the prosperous state of the church at Cape-Coast. Respecting the charge of this station, I humbly submit to the appointment you have given me, believing that it is the sphere in which the kind providence of God intends me to labour."

-The friends of Christian Missions will not fail to offer prayer to Almighty God in behalf of this interesting young man ; that he may be graciously enabled to maintain his integrity, to be a faithful witness for Christ at the court of his royal relative, and "to testify" to both the Princes and the people of Ashanti "the Gospel of the grace of God." In consequence of the reduction which has taken place in the number of English Missionaries in the Slave-Coast District, Badagry and Abbeokuta have been left at present under the care of an Assistant Missionary and other Native Assist


ber of church-members in the British West Indies is the painful result.

The Missions in WESTERN CANADA-divided into two classes-those emibracing the new settlements, and those for the benefit of the Indians-were next favourably noticed; and also the Missions in NEWFOUNDLAND.


The Report concluded as follows:The position now occupied by the Wesleyan Missionary Society, it is evident from the preceding survey, is a subject which demands the most thoughtful and prayerful consideration of all its friends and supporters. The Society does not appear employed in extensive preparation for some novel and arduous enterprise. It is beheld as actually engaged in the execution of "a great work" of Christian philanthropy. The Committee have not the task of presenting a Report which might startle and captivate, by its announcement of arrangements in progress for commencing upon a large scale other Missions altogether new. It is theirs rather to point to an already-occupied sphere of effort, which not merely brightens with the promise of hope, but stimulates to persevering effort by the encouragement of a large amount of realised success. examination of the actual position of the Society is important in a practical point of view, as it cannot fail to suggest what is its primary duty. The first point is to maintain the ground already won, and effectually secure the results of past years of labour, and annual expenditure of funds. It would be desirable to enter other openings for usefulness among heathen people which the Society's Agents have not yet approached; but such a step could not be consistently taken, without a due regard to existing claims and obligations. The Society has had its attention providentially directed, in past years, to an extensive portion of the moral wilderness of the world; its persevering endeavours to cultivate it, and turn it into "a fruitful field," have been marked with the Divine sanction and blessing, and most hopeful progress has been made; but the application of a certain amount of means the several Districts, there is much that is still necessary for the full attainment is encouraging. In many places there of the desired object; and were this is a gracious work in progress, and the withheld, not only would the full attainefficacy of the Gospel ministry in the ment of that object be frustrated, but the conversion of sinners from the error of half-cultivated region might fall back their ways is delightfully apparent; but into its desert state, and the whole the good which has been effected has amount of expense and labour which has been so overbalanced by the oppressive been incurred would thus be thrown evils which prevail, that a very consider- away. The task devolving upon this able diminution in the aggregate num- and other Missionary Societies, in the

The Society's Missions in the BRITISH WEST INDIES continue to present an unfavourable aspect. The deteriorating influences which have been at work in these colonies, since the alteration in the duties on sugar, still prove a serious counteraction to Missionary operations. Increasing poverty is injurious to the spiritual interests of the people, by ab sorbing many of them to such an extent in cares and anxieties respecting outward things, that they become negligent of the public ordinances of religion; and, from the same cause, the pecuniary receipts of the Missions are so considerably diminished, as to render it necessary to contract the sphere of Missionary effort just at the juncture when the peculiar circumstances of the people require for them increased, instead of diminished, pastoral attention and care. The Committee have made as liberal grants towards supplying the deficiency in the local receipts as the state of the Society's funds would allow; but they are not able wholly to meet the emergency of the case. In the local Reports from

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