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Mofeley's "Address to the Reader" is entitled to praise for its early and confident eftimation of Milton's poetic powers, and would have merited more distinction, had not a fimilar laud been lavished upon Cartwright, before whofe Poems, in 1651, is a copy of verses addressed to the ftationer by Jo. Leigh, enumerating the various English poets whose works had been published by Moseley, but omitting to name thofe of Milton.

R. Fletcher seems to glance in the opposite paffage in a Preface before his " Ex otio negotium," 1656. "I am not of that number that dares challenge the fharpe fighted cenfure of the times; and conceive their papers as their perfons, beyond fault or defection."

1660, Jan. 31, Hum. Mofeley, the bookfeller, died in St. Paul's Churchyard; buried, 4 Feb. Smith's Catalogue.

At the fale of Sir Wm. Mufgrave's duplicates, in Feb. 1798, this head of Milton, by Marshall, fold for 47. 18s. Manfon is faid to have purchased it for the collection of Mr. Towneley. See Warton's description of this print in Milton's Poems, p. 529.

P. 23. Picture of Marchionefs of Winchester and her husband, are in the dining-room at the Duke of Bolton's, Hackwood, Hants. See Warton's Milton, p. 301.

Epitaph on him by Dryden; on her by Milton.

P. 27. "The epitaph on the admirable dramatic poet, W. Shakespeare," is the first of Milton's poems that was published: it was prefixed to the second folio of the plays, 1632, without name or initials.

P. 57. Jufta Edwardo King naufrago ab amicis morentibus. Camb. 1638. 4to. This contains the first publication of Milton's

Lycidas.

P. lxv. "Mrs. Katharine Milton, wife to John Milton, Efq. was buried in St. Margaret's Church, in Westminster, Feb. 10, 1657. Reg. Book. Milton then lived in a new house in Petty France, when Mr. Harvey, fon of Dr. Harvey, of Petty France, Westminster, told me, Nov. 14, 1770, that old Mr. Lownde affured him, that when Mr. Milton buried his wife, he had the coffin fhut down with twelve several locks, that had twelve feveral keys, and that he gave the keys to twelve feveral friends, and defired the coffin might not be opened till they all met together. Kennet."-Wood's Ath. Ox. vol. ii. col. 486.

P. lxvi. "The late Reverend Mr. Thomas Bradbury, an eminent diffenting minifter, ufed to fay, that Jer. White, who had been chaplain to O. Cromwell, and whom he personally knew, had often told him that Milton was allowed by the Parliament a weekly table for the entertainment of foreign minifters and perfons of learning, fuch especially as came from Protestant states,

which allowance was alfo continued by Cromwell."-Hollis's Note, fee Newton's Life, p. lvi.

P. lxxii. On " Alex. Morus ornatiffimus," fee Valcknaëri Opera Critica, vol. ii. p. 111.

P. lxxiii. The fame unfounded calumny was spread regarding Christina's treatment of Descartes, as that which has been mentioned of Salmafius. Madame de Motteville in her Memoirs, vol. i. p. 309, fays, "La Reine Christine au lieu de faire mourir d'amour les hommes, elle les faifoit mourir de dépit, et de honte; et fut, difoit on, depuis cause que le grand Philofophe Descartes perdit la vie de cette forte, parcequ'elle n'avoit pas approuvé fa manière de philofopher." "De pareils bruits étoient femés dans ce tems là, par les ennemis de Descartes. Le P. Sorbière rapporte dans deux de fes lettres qu'on foupçonnoit du poifon dans la maladie de Descartes." v. No. lxxii. p. 539, 632.

I will now extract a few paffages from fome contemporary works relating to this fubject, which ought not to have remained so long under great misconception, when fo much evidence was at hand to remove it. "Avant que de quitter la Suède, la Reine lui (M. de Saumaife) fit des offres avantageufes pour le retenir auprès d'elle, mais parcequ'il avoit donné fa parole aux curateurs de l' univerfité de Leyde d'y retourner, il partit de Stockholm au mois de Septembre 1651, comblé de graces, et de liberalités de Chriftine. Elle lui conferva dans la fuite fa bienveillance, et voici en quels termes elle lui écrivit environ deux ans après fon départ de Suède." v. Arckenholtz, Mémoires de Chriftine, vol. i. p. 232.

The letter alluded to contained thefe expreffions,-"Vous apprendrez du Sr. Bourdelot l'état ou je me trouve pour le prefent. Il vous informera des fentimens d'eftime que je conferve pour votre mérite. Je vous prie d'en être entièrement affuré, et de croire que les conferverai toute ma vie, comme vous les avez vû naitre par la connoiffance que j'ai eue de ce que vous valez. Confervez moi votre amitié, et foiez certain qu'il n'y a personne qui vous estime l'égal de moi. Stockholm, 6 Juin, 1653." Salmafius, it appears, was afraid of paffing into England, in his way to Sweden. Boinebourgh alfo writes to Linker,-"Manebit Salmafius in Suediâ quod propter defenfionem regiam fuam, nufquam tutus commorari poffe credatur nifi inter Reges."-v. Commerc. Epift. Leibnitz. Graberi Anecd. Boinebourgh. i. 13. G. Patin fays: "Saumaife lui avoit repondu, qu'il faifoit trop froid en Suède, et trop chaud en Angleterre." v. Lettres, vol. i. p. 91 and 256.

It appears that Nic. Heinfius threw into the fire an Elegy which he had written against Salmafius. Patin fays, " Sive hoc

fecerit philofophicè, et Chriftianè, five fecerit jubente et imperante Suedorum reginâ quæ Salmafium, tanquam magnum fidus, coluit et ferio reclamavit." v. Patin's Letters, lxxii. p. 382.

The only cause of misunderstanding between the Queen and the scholar was on account of Salmafius refufing to forgive Voffius, who had lent the son of Salmafius fome money, which the father refused to repay. There is a manuscript letter of Bochart to Voffius, 24 May, 1653. But on this fubject it is faid in Menagiana, i. 350, "Pour furcroit de malheur pour Voffius, Christine aiant appris qu'il venoit écrire contre Saumaise lui fit dire, qu'elle ne voulut plus le voir." I trust that this "vexata quæftio" is now fet at reft: and I shall end this note by extracting a temperate and altogether not unjust comparison between Salmafius and another great scholar of his day, which is to be found in a book of fome rarity, Vigneul Marville, tom. i. p. 9, 10. "Le Cardinal Richelieu difoit qu'il ne connoiffoit au monde que trois hommes fouverainement fçavans, c'eft à dire, M. de Saumaise, Grotius, et Bignon. Feu Monf. Peiresc difoit que Grotius valoit deux Saumaifes. M. Bafnage le nie, et dit, que Grotius égale feulement Scaliger et Saumaife. Je parierois bien pour M. Peiresc contre M. Bafnage, et il y auroit bien des gens entr'autres Monf. Colomies, qui feroit de moitié avec moi. M. de Saumaise avoit l'efprit très vif, et la mémoire prodigieufe. Autant de livres de fa façon, autant d'impromptu. Mais il ne digeroit pas affez les matières qu'il traitoit, ce qu'il donnoit au public, il le donnoit tout cru avec dédain, et comme tout en colère. Il fembloit jetter fon Grec, fon Latin, et toute sa science à la tête des gens. Grotius au contraire, confidère tout, digère tout l'ordonne, et la range fagement il refpecte et menage fon lecteur, fon érudition eft comme un grand fleuve, qui fe répand largement, et fait du bien à tout le monde. Autant d'ouvrages de Grotius, autant de chef d'œuvres en tout genre, ce qui eft fans exemple chez les Anciens, et chez les Modernes. Jamais auteur n'a mieux choifi fes fujets d'ecrire, il s'agrandit avec eux, et ils s'agrandiffent avec lui. Crefcit cum amplitudine rerum vis ingenii.”

The defect, perhaps the fole one, in this great scholar, has been alluded to in the laft extract, and is confirmed by more modern authority." Salmafius, in his exponendis rectum curfum tenere non potuit, non nunquam tamen, pro fuo more ad verum relapfus." v. Anecdota Hemfterhufiana ab J. Geel, p. 31.Again, "Vix dubito quin memoria cui quantumvis feliciffime fæpe nimis confidebat, viro magno fraudem fecerit." The critic is alluding to Salmafius giving the word Eungin as the title of one of the comedies of Menander.

P. lxxiv. To quote the Eulogies of Scholars on the erudition of Salmafius, would be to tranfcribe from almost every book of criticism from his day to the present. The reader however may be referred for the elder critics to the various Ana, and Baillet Jugemens des Savans, and Wolfii Confpectus Suppell. Epiftol. p. 93. 227. Nor has the judgment of modern fcholars withheld the palm of fuperiority fo willingly granted by his contemporaries. I obferve a late critic of eminence, in a letter on the Anthology, uses the language of the highest praise when he calls him " Čet Hercule littéraire qui pouvoit dompter tous les monftres et que perfonne ne revère plus que moi." (v. Melanges de Critique et Philologie par Chardon de la Rochette, tom. i. p. 297.) And the fame scholar fays, "Je raffemble depuis longtems tous les matériaux neceffaires pour donner une vie de Saumaife, je poffede deja le plus grand nombre et les plus precieux mais il me manque encore quelques articles importans."-Tom. iii. p. 308. See also Menage's Anti-Baillet, vol. xiv. p. 5. 9; ibid. vol. xv. p. 103. 268. 383. Merc. Grotianus, fays "Si fit aliquid quod nefciat Salmafius, id non homini, fed Scientiæ deeft:" and Balzac applies to him the description of Virgil's Jupiter,

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ego nec metas rerum, nec tempora pono, Ingenium fine fine dedi."* On the faults of Salmafius as a writer, fee Gefneri Ifagoge, vol. ii. p. 433. "Magnus Salmafius multis digreffionibus foedavit doctiffimos libros fuos, et fecit ut non legantur, &c. &c."

P. lxxvi. "There has not one great poet appeared in France fince the beginning of Cardinal Richelieu's miniftry, but he has been protected and encouraged, and his merit as faft as it could spread has been generally acknowledged. I wish I could as truly affirm the fame thing of England. The great qualities of Milton were not generally known among his countrymen till the Paradife Loft had been published more than thirty years; but when that admirable poet was among the Italians, the greatness of his genius was known to them in the very bloom of his youth, even thirty years before that incomparable poem was written."-Dennis's Letters, p. 78.

"More people comprehend the excellency of Homer, and Virgil, and Milton, than the beauties of Martial and Cowley, though perhaps there are not ten perfons living who know all the merit of Virgil, and Milton's Paradise Loft had been printed forty years before it was known to the greatest part of England that there barely was such a book."-Dennis's Letters, p. 173.

St. Austin said of St. Hierome's knowledge in divinity, “Quod Hieronymus nescivit, nullus mortalium unquam scivit,”

P. lxxvii. "Nor can I believe that feveral who pretend to be paffionate admirers of Milton would treat him if living in any other manner, for the following reafons.

"Because they are fo fond of nothing as of that foft and effeminate rhyme which makes the very reverse of the harmony, and of the manly and powerful and noble enthusiasm of Milton.

"Because the generality of poets and wits his contemporaries did not esteem him, though they were by no means inferior in understanding to his pretended living admirers. Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, never fo much as mentioned him in his Imitation of the Tenth Satire of the First Book of Horace. When he came to imitate that paffage, Forte epos acer ut nemo Varius ducit,' instead of Milton he names Waller; and when that noble peer was fome years afterwards afked by Dr. Burnet, fince Bishop of Salisbury, for which of the modern poets he had most esteem, he answered without the leaft hesitation, for Boileau among the French, and Cowley among the English poets. Mr. Rymer, in his First Book of Criticism, treated the Paradife Loft with contempt, and the generality of the readers of poetry, for twenty years after it was published, knew no more of that exalted poem than if it had been written in Arabic. Mr. Dryden, in his Preface before the State of Innocence, appears to have been the firft, those gentlemen excepted whofe verfes are before Milton's poem, who discovered in fo public a manner an extraordinary opinion of Milton's extraordinary merit. And yet Mr. Dryden at that time knew not half the extent of his excellence, as more than twenty years afterwards he confeffed to me, as is pretty plain from his writing the State of Innocence; for Mr. Dryden in that poem, which is founded on the Paradife Loft, falls fo infinitely fhort of those wonderful qualities, by which Milton has distinguished that noble poem from all other poems, that one of these two things must be granted; either that Mr. Dryden knew not the extent of Milton's great qualities, or that he defigned to be a foil to him. But they who knew Mr. Dryden know very well that he was not of a temper to defign to be a foil to any one."-Dennis's Letters, p. 76.

P. lxxviii. "The most wonderful teftimony in his [Bradfhawe's] favour is from Milton, who is faid to have been recommended by him to Cromwell for the place of Latin secretary. And in his Defenfio pro Populo Anglicano there extols him, &c." -Lord Campbell's Lives of Chief Justices, vol. i. p. 489.

P. lxxx. Jeanes, or Janes, published in the year 1651 an Answer to Milton's Iconoclaftes. In the year of the Restoration, 1660, this book was brought out again under the title of "Salmafius his Detection of the Diabolical Rebel Milton," intending thereby to pass it off as a tranflation of Salmafius's pofthumous

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