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elect persons, who are incapable of being outwardly called
, by the ministry of the word ".
IV. Others not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the word ”, and
have some conimon operations of the Spirit“, yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved': much less can men not professing the Christian religion be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do profess'; and to assert
where it listech, and thou hearest r John vi. 64: But there are soine. the sound thereof, but canst not tell of you that believe not. For Jesus whence it cometh, and whither it · knew from the beginni.g who they goeth : so is every one that is born were that believed not, and who of'the Spirit.
should betray hin. Ver. 65. And on John v. 12. He that hath the. he said, Therefore said I unto you, Son hath life ; and he that hath not That no man can come unto me, the Son of God hath not life. Acts except it were given unto him cf my iv. 12, Neither is there salvation in Father. Ver. 66. From that time any other : for there is none other many of his disciples went back, and name under heaven given among men
walked no more with him. John whereby we must be saved.
viii. 24. I said therefore unto you, IV. P Mat. xxii. 14. For many are That ye shall die in your sins : for if called, but fe:v are chosen.
ye believe not that I am he, ye shall. 9 Macth. vii. 22. Many will say
die in to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have Acts iv. 12. Neither is there salwe not prophesied in thy nanie? vation in any other : for there is and in thy nianie have cast out devils? none other name under heaven given and in thy name done many won- among men whereby we must be derful works? Matth. xii. 20. But saved. John xiv. 6. Jesus saith unto ke that received the seed into stony him, I am the way, and the truth, places, the same is he that heareth and the life : no man cometh unto the word, and anon with joy receiveth the Father but by me. Eph. ii. 12. it ; Ver. 21. Yet hath he not root That at that time ye were without in himself, but dureth for a while: Christ, being aliens from the comfor when tribulation or persecution monwealth of Israel, and strangers ariseth because of the word, by and fron the covenants of promise, havby he is offended. Heb. vi. 4. For ing no hope, and without God in it is impossible for those who were the world. * John iv. 22. Ye woronce enlightened, and have tasted of ship ye know not what: we know the heavenly gift, and were made what we worship: for salvation is of partakers of the Holy Ghost, Ver. 5. the Jews. John xvii. 3. And this is And have tasted the good word of life eternal, that they might know God, and the powers of the world thee the only true God, and Jesus
Christ whom thou hast sent.
( 2 John,
and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested
CHAP. XI. Of Justification. THOS "HOSE whom God effectually calleth he also freely
justifieth ~; not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous : not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Clirist's sake alone: not by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience, to them as their righteousness; but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them, they receiving and resting on him and his
+ 2 John, ver. 9. Whosoever transa he justified, them he also glorified. gresseth, and abideth not in the Ron. iii. 24. Being justified freely doctrine of Christ, hath not God : by his grace, through the redeniption he that abideth in the doctrine of that is in Christ Jesus. Christ, he hath both the Father and b Rom. iv. 5. But to him that the Son. Ver. 10. If there come worketh not, but believeth on him any unto you, and bring not this that justifieth the ungodly, his faith doctrine, receive him not into your is counted
for righteousness. Ver. 6. house, neither bid him God speed. Even as David also describeth the Ver. 11. For he that biddeth him blessedness of the man unto whom God speed is partaker of his evil God imputeth righteousness without deeds. 1 Cor. xvi. 22. If any nian works, Ver. 7. Saying, Blessed are love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let they whose iniquities are forgiven, him be Anathema Maranatha. Gal. and whose sins are covered. Ver. 8, i. 6. I marvel that ye are so soon Blessed is the man to whom the Lord removed from him that called you will not impute sin. 2 Cor. v. 19. into the grace of Christ unto another To wit, that God was in Christ, gospel : Ver. 7. Which is not ano- reconciling the world unto himself, ther; but there be some that trouble not imputing their trespasses unto you, and would pervert the gospel them; and hath committed unto us of Christ. Ver. 8. But though we, the word of reconciliation. Ver. 21. or an angel from heaven, preach For he hath made him to be sin for any other gospel unto you than that us, who knew no sin; that we might which we have preached unto you, be made the righteousness of God in let him be accursed.
him. Rom. iii. 22. Even the righ1.' a Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, teousness of God which is by faith whom he did predestinate, them he of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all also called ; and whom he called them that believe; for there is no them he also justified; and whom difference. Ver. 24. Being justified
righteousness by faith : which faith they have not of themselves; it is the gift of God.
II. Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and his righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification d;
freely by his grace, through the judgment came upon all men redemption that is in Jesus Christ; condemnation ;, even so by the righVer. 25. Whom God liath set forth teousness of one, the free gift came to be a propitiation through faith upon all men unto justification of in his blood, to declare his righ- life. Ver. 19. For as by one man's teousness for the remission of sins disobedience many were made sinthat are past, through the forbearance ners; so by the obedience of one of God. Ver. 27. Where is boasting shall many be made righteous. then? It is excluded. By what law? C Acts 1. 44. While Peter yet, of works? Nay; but by the law of spake these words, the Holy Ghost faith. Ver, 28. Therefore we con- fell on all them which heard the clude that a mian is justified by faith word. Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that without the deeds of the law. Tit. a man is not justified by the works üü. 5. Not by works of righteousness of the law, but by the faith of Jesus which we have done, but according Christ, even we have believed in to his mercy he saved us, by the Jesus Christ, that we might be justiwashing of regeneration, and renew- fied by the faith of Christ, and not ing of the Holy Ghost : Ver. 7. by the works of the law : for by That being justified by his grace, we
the works of the law shall no flesh should be made heirs according to be justified. Phil. iii, 9. And be the hope of eternal life. Eph. i. 7. In found in him, not having mine own whom we have redemption through righteousness, which is of the law, his blood, the forgiveness of sins, but that which is through the faith according to the riches of his grace. of Christ, the righteousness which Jer. xxii. 6. In his days Judah shall is of God by faith. Acts xiii. 38. be saved, and Israel shall dwell Be it known unto you therefore, safely: and this is his name whereby men and brethren, that through this he shall be called, THE LORD man is preached unto you the forOUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. I Cor. giveness of sins: Ver. 39. And by i. 30. But of him are ye in Christ him all that believe are justified Jesus, who of God is made unto from all things, from which ye us wisdom, and righteousness, and could not be justified by the law sanctification, and redemption: V.31. of Moses. Eph. ii. 7. That in the That, according as it is written, He ages to come he might shew the that glorieth, let him glory in the exceeding riches of his grace, in Lord. Rom. v. 17. For if by one his kindness towards us, through man's offence death reigned by one,
Christ Jesus. Ver. 8. For by grace much more they which receive are ye saved, through faith ; and abundance of grace, and of the gift that not of yourselves; it is the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life of God. by one, Jesus Christ. Ver. 18. II. d John i. 12. But as many Therefore as by the offence of one as. received him, to them gave he
yet' is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love
III. Christ, by his obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to his Father's justice in their behalff. Yet, in as much as he
power to become the sons of God, Christ Jesus: Ver. 6. Who gave even to them that believe on his himself a ransom for all, to be tes
Roin. iii. 28. Therefore we tified in due time. Heh. x. 10. By conclude that a man is justified the which will we are sanctified, by faith without the deeds of the through the offering of the body of law: Rom. v. 1. Therefore being Jesus Christ once for all. Ver. 14. justified by faith, we have peace For by one offering he hath perfected with God, through our Lord Jesus for ever them that are sanctified. Christ.
Dan. ix, 24, Seventy weeks are dee James ii. 17. Even so faith, if it termined upon thy people, and upon hath not works, is dead, being alone. thy holy city, to finish the transgresV. 22. Seest thou how faith wrought sion, and to make an end of sins, and with his works, and by works was to make reconciliation for iniquity, faith made perfect ? Ver. 26. For and to bring in everlasting righteous. as the body without the spirit is ness, and to seal up the vision and dead, so faith without works is dead prophecy, and to anoint the most alsr. Gal. v. 6. For in Jesus Christ holy. Ver. 26. And after threescore reither circumcision availeth any and two weeks shall Messiah be cut thirg, nor uncircumcision, but faith off, but not for himself: and the which worketh by love.
people of the pritice that shall come III. f Rom, v. 8. But God com- shall destroy the city, and the sancmendeth his love towards us, in tuary; and the end thereof shall be that while we were yet sinners with a flood; and unto'the end of Christ died for us. Ver. 9. Much the war desolations are determined. more then, being now justified by Isa, liii. 4. Surely he hath borne our his blood, we shall be saved from griefs, and carried our sorrows : yet wrath through him. Ver. 10. For we did esteem hin stricken, smitif, when we were enemies, we were ten of God, and afflicted. Ver, 5, reconciled to God by the death of But he was wounded for our transhis Son; much more, being reconciled, gressions, he was bruised for our we shall be saved by his life. V. 19. iniquities; the chastisement of our For as by one nian's disobedience
peace was upon him, and with his many were made sinners; so by the stripes we are healed. Ver. 6. All obedience of one shall many he we like sheep have gone astray; we made righteous. 1 Tim. i', 5. For have turned every one to his own there is one God, and one Mediator way,
and the Lord hath laid on between God and
was given by the Father for them, and his obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead", and both freely, not for any thing in them, their justification is only of free grace i ; that both the exact ju: tice and rich grace of God. might be glərified in the justification of sinners k.
IV..God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect'; and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for their
Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise i Rom. iii. 24. Being justified, him; he hath put him to grief : freely by his grace, through the when thou shalt niake, his soul an redemption that is in Christ Jesus. offering for sin, he shall see his Eph. i. 7. In whom we have re. seed, he shall prolong his days, and demption through his blood, the the pleasure of the Lord shall pro- forgiveness of sins, according to the sper in his hard. Ver. 11. He shall
riches of his grace. see of the travail of his soul, and k Rom. iii. 26. To declare, I say, shall be satisfied: by his knowledge, at this time his righteousness; that shall my righteous servant justify he might be just, and the justitier many ; for he shall bear their ini. of him which believeth in Jesus. quities. Ver. 12. Therefore will Eph. ii. 7. That in the ages to I divide him a portion with the come he might shew the exceedgreat, and he shall divide the spoil ing riches of his grace, in his with the strong ; because he hath kindness towards us through Christ poured out his soul unto death :
Jesus. and he was numbered with the IV.1 Gal. iii. 8. And the scripture transgressors; and he bare the sin foreseeing that God would justify of many, and made intercession for the heathen through faith, preached the transgressors.
before the gospel unto Abraham, & Rom. viii. 32. He that spared saying, In thee shall all nations be not his own Son, but delivered blessed. 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect accord. him up for us all, how shall he ing to the foreknow!élge of God not with him also freely give us the Father, through · sanctification all things?
of the Spirit unto- obedience, and h 2 Cor. v.
21. For he hath sprinkling of the blood of Jesus made him to be sin for us, who Christ. Ver. 19. But with the knew no sin ; that we might be precious blood of Christ, as of a made the righteousness of God in lamb without blemish and without him. Matth. ii. '17. And, lo, a spot : Ver. 20. Who verily was fore. voice from heaven, saying, This is ordained before the foundation of my beloved Son, in whom I am the world, but was manifest in these well pleased. Eph. v. 2, And last tinies for you.
Ronz, viii. 30. walk in love, as Christ also hath Moreover, whom he did predesti. loved us, and hath given hiniself nate, then he also called ; and. for us, an offering and a sacrifice. whom he called, then he also to God for a sweet-ymelling sao justified ; and whom he justified, vour,
them he also glorified.