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salvation d; so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good, and dead in sin, is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto &
IV. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin", and by his grace alone enables him freely to ,
III. d Rom. a 6. For when we the children of disobedience. Ver. 3. were yet without strength, in due Among whom also we all had our time Christ died for the ungodly. conversation in times past, in the Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the demind is enmity against God: for it sires of the flesh and of the mind; is not subject to the law of God, and were by nature the children of neither indeed can be. John xv. 5. wrath, even as others. Ver. 4. But I am the vine, ye are the branches : God, who is rich in mercy, for his he that abideth in me, and I in him, great love wherewith he loved us, the same bringeth forth much fruit: Ver. 5. Even when we were dead in for without me ye can do nothing. sins, hath quickened us together with
* Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, Christ, (by grace ye are saved.) There is none righteous, no, not one. 1 Cor. ii. 14. But the natural man Ver. 12. They are all gone out of receivech not the things of the Spithe way, they are together become rit of God; for they are foolishness unprofitable, there is none that doeth unto him: neither can he know good, no, not one.
them, because they are spiritual disf Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he cerned. Tit. iii. 3. For we ourselves quickened, who were dead in tres- also were sometimes foolish, disobepasses and sins. Ver. 5. Even when dient, deceived, serving divers lusts we were dead in sins, hath quick and pleasures, living in malice and ened us together with Christ, (by envy, hateful, and hating one anograce ye are saved.) Col. ii. 13. And
Ver. 4. But after that the you, being dead in your sins, and the kindness and love of God our Savi. uncircuncision of your flesh, hath he our toward man appeared, Ver. 5. quickened together with him, having Not by works of righteousness which forgiven you
we have done, but according to his 8 John vi. 44. No man can come mercy he saved us, by the washing to me, except the Father which of regeneration, and renewing of the hath sent me draw him: and I will Holy Ghost. raise him up at the last day. Ver. 65. IV. h Col. i. 13. Who hath deAnd he said. Therefore said I urto livered us from the power of darkyou, That no man can come unto ness, and hath translated us into the me, except it were given unto him kingdom of his dear Son, John viii. 34. of my Father. Eph. ii. 2. Wherein Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, in time past ye walked according to I say unto you, Whosoever commit. the course of this world, according teth sin, is the servant of sin. Ver. 36. to the prince of the power of the If the Son therefore shall make you air, the spirit that now worketh in free, ye shall be free indeed.
or will and to do that which is spiritually good '; yet so as
that, by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly nor only will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evilk.
V. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably - free to do good alone in the state of glory only'.
CHAP. X. Of Effectual Calling. ALL
LL those whom God hath predestinated unto life,
and those only, he is pleased, in his appointed and, accepted time, effectually to call', by his word and Spi
i Phil. ii. 13. For it is God which to the law of sin, which is in my worketh in you, both to will and members. to do of his good pleasure. V. 1 Eph. iv. 13. Till we all conie Rom. vi. 18. Being then made free in the unity of the faith, and of the from sin, ye became the servants of knowledge of the Son of God, unto righteousness. Ver. 22. But now, a perfect man, unto the measure of being made free from sin, and be- the stature of the fulness of Christ. come servants to God, ye have your Heb. xii. 23. To the general assembly fruit unto holiness, and the end ever- and church of the first-born, which lasting life.
are written in heaven, and to God k Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth the Judge of all, and to the spirits against the Spirit, and the Spirit of just men made perfect. 1 John against the flesh: and these are con- iii. 2. Beloved, now are we the sons trary the one to the other; so that of God; and it doth not yet appear ye cannot do the things that ye what we shall be : but we know, would. Rom. vii. 15. For that which that when he shall appear, we shall I do, I allow not; for what I would, be like him ; for we shall see him as that do I not; but what I hate, that he is. Jude, ver. 24. Now unto him do 1. Yer. 18. For I know, that in that is able to keep you from falling, me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no and to present you faultless before good thing: for to will is present the presence of his glory with ex
with me, but how to perform that ceeding joy. Ot! which is good I find not. Ver. 19. 1. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover,
For the good that I would, I do whom he did predestinate, them he not; but the evil which I would also called ; and whom he called, not, that I do. Ver. 21. I find thien them he also justified; and whomi. a law, that when I would do good, he justified, them he also glorified. evil is present with me. Ver. 23. Rom xi. 7. What then? Israel hath But I see another law in my mem- rot obtained that which he seeketh bers warrirg against the law of my for ; but the election hath obtainmind, and bringing me into captivitý ed it, and the rest were blirded,
rit", out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ; enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God"; taking away their heart of
for his great
Eph. i. 10. That in the dispensation of conversation in times past, in the the fulness of times, he might gather lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires together in one all things in Christ, of the flesh and of the mind; and both which are in heaven, and which were by nature the children of wrath, are on earth, even in him. Ver. 11.
even as others. Ver. 4. But God, In whom also we have obtained an
who is rich in mercy, inheritance, being predestinated ac- love wherewith he loved us, Ver. 5. cording to the purpose of him who Even when we were dead in sins, worketh all things after the counsel hath quickened us together with of his own will.
Christ, (by grace ye are saved.) b 2 Thess. ii. 13. But we 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath saved us, bound to give thanks alway to God and called us with an holy calling, for you, brethren, beloved of the not according to our works, but Lord; because God hath from the according to his own purpose and beginning chosen you to salvation, grace, which was given us in Christ through sanctification of the Spirit, Jesus, before the world began ; and belief of the truth: Ver. 14. Ver. 10. But is now made manifest Whereunto he called you by our by the appearing of our Saviour gospel, to the obtaining of the glory Jesus Christ, who hath abolished of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Cor. death, and hath brought life and iii. 3. Forasmuch as ye are manifestly immortality to light through the declared to be the epistle of Christ, gospel. mninistered by us, written not with d Acts xxvi. 18. To open their ink, but with the Spirit of the living eyes, and to turn them from darkGod; not in tables of stone, but in ness to light, and from the power of fleshly tables of the heart. Ver. 6. Satan unto God, that they may receive Who also niade us able ministers of forgiveness of sins, and inheritance the new testament; not of the letter, among them which are sanctified by but of the Spirit; for the letter killeth, faith that is in me. 1 Cor. ii. jo. but the Spirit giveth life.
But God hath revealed them unto Rom. viii. 2. For the law of the us by his Spirit: for the Spirit Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath searcheth all things, yea, the deep made me free from the law of sin things of God. Ver. 12. Now we and death. Eph. ii. 1. And you have received, not the spirit of the hath he quickened, who were dead in world, but the Spirit which is of trespasses and sins. Ver. 2. Wherein
God; that we might know the in time past ye walked according to things that are freely given to us the course of this world, according of God. Eph. i. 17. That the God to the prince of the power of the of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father air, the spirit that now worketh in of glory, may give unto you the the children of disobedience. Ver. S. Spirit of wisdom and revelation in Among whom also we all had our the knowledge of him : Ver. 18.
stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh ; renewing their wills, and by his almighty power determining them to that which is good"; and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ & ; yet so as they come most freely, being made willing by his grace".
II. This effectual call is of God's free and special grace alone, not from any thing at all foreseen in mani; who is
eyes of your understanding being shall be all taught of God. Every enlightened ; that ye may know man therefore that hath heard, and what is the hope of his calling, and hath learned of the Father, cometh what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints.
h Cant. i. 4. Draw me, we will e Ezek. Xxxvi. 26. A new heart run after thee.
Psal. cx. 3. Thy also will I give you, and a new people shall be willing in the day spirit will I put within you ; and I of thy power, in the beauties of will take away the stony heart out holiness from the womb of the of
your flesh, and I will give you an morning ; thou hast the dew of thy heart of flesh.
youth. John vi. 37. All that the f Ezek. xi. 19. And I will give Father giveth me shall come to me; them one heart, and I will put a
and him that cometh to me I will new spirit within you; and I will in no wise cast out. Rom. vi. 16. take the stony heart out of their Know ye not, that to whom ye flesh, and will give them an heart yield yourselves servants to obey, of flesh. Phil. ii. 13. For it is God his servants ye are to whom ye which worketh in you, both to will obey; whether of sin unto death, and to do of his good pleasure. or of obedience unto righteousness? Deut. xxx. 6. And the Lord thy God Ver. 17. But God be thanked that will circumcise thine heart, and the ye were the servants of sin; but ye heart of thy seed, to love the Lord have obeyed from the heart that thy God with all thine heart, and form of doctrine which was delivered with all thy soul, that thou mayest you. Ver. 18. Being then made free live. Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will from sin, ye became the servants of put my Spirit within you, and cause righteousness. you to walk in my statutes, and ye II. i 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath saved shall keep my judgments, and do us, and called us with an holy callthem.
ing, not according to our works, but & Eph. i. 19. And what is the according to his own purpose and exceeding greatness of his power to grace, which was given us in Christ us-ward who believe, according to
jesus before the world began. Tit. the working of his mighty power.
iii. 4. But after that the kindness John vi. 44. Na man can come to and love of God our Saviour toward me, except the Father which hath
man appeared, Ver. 5. Not by works sent me draw him; and I will raise of righteousness which we have done, him up at the last day. Ver. 45. It but according to his mercy he saved is written in the prophets, And they us, by the washing of regeneration,
altogether passive therein, until, being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit", he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it!
III. Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit", who worketh when, and where, and how he pleaseth". So also are all other
and renewing of the Holy Ghost. hour is coming, and now is, when Eph. ii. 4. But God, who is rich in the dead hall hear the voice of the mercy, for his great love wherewith Son of God: and they that hear he loved us, Ver. 5. Even when we shall live. were dead in sins, hath quickened III. m Luko xviii. 15. And they us together with Christ, (by grace brought unto him also infants, that ye are saved.) Ver. 8. For by grace he would touch them : but when are ye saved, through faith ; and his disciples saw it, they rebuked that not of yourselves ; it is the them. Ver. 16. But Jesus called gift of God: Ver. 9. Not of works, then unto him, and said, Suffer Jest any man should boast. Rom. little children to come unto me,
and ix. 11. For the children being not forbid theni not: for of such is the yet born, neither having done any kingdom of God.
And Acts ii. 38, good or evil, that the purpose of
Then Peter said unto them, Repent, God according to election night and be baptized every one of you stand, not of works, but of him that in the name of Jesus Christ for the calleth.
remission of sins, and ye shall receive ki Cor. ii. 14. But the natural the gist of the Holy Ghost. Ver. 39. man receiveth not the things of For the promise is unto you, and to The Spirit of God; for they are your children, and to all that are foolishness unto him : neither can afar off, even as many as the Lord he know them, because they are our God shall call. And John iii. 3. spiritually discerned. Rom. viii. 7. Jesus answered and said unto him, Because the carnal mind is enmity Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except against : God: for it is not subject a man be born again, he cannot see to the law of God, neither indeed the kingdom of God. Ver. 5. Jesus can be. Eph. ii 5. Even when we answered, Verily, verily, I say unto were dead in sins, hath quickened thee, Except a man be born of water us together with Christ, (by grace and of the Spirit, he cannot enter ye are saved.)
into the kingdom of God. And 1 John 1 John vi. 37. All that the Father v. 12 He that hath the Son hath life; giveth me' shall come to me; and and he that hath not the Son of God him that cometh to me I will in hath not life. And Rom. viï. 9 no wise cast out. Ezek. xxxvi. 27. But ye are not in the flesh, but in And I will put niy Spirit within the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of you, and cause you to walk in my God dwell in you. Now, if
any man statutes, and ye shall keep my judg- have not the Spirit of Christ, he is ments, and do them.
John v. 25. none of his. [Compared together.] Verily, verily, I say unto you, The - John iij. 8. The wind bloweth