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unjust inclosures and depopulationso; ingrossing commodities to enhance the price P; unlawful callings', and all other unjust or sinful ways of taking or withholding from our neighbour what belongs to him, or of enriching ourselves'; covetousness $; inordinate prizing and affecting worldly goods'; distrustful and distracting cares and studies in getting, keeping, and using them"; envying at the prosperity,


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rather suffer yourselves to be de- F Job xx. 19. Because he bath opfrauded ? Ver. 8. Nay, ye do wrong, pressed, and hath forsaken the poor; and defraud, and that your brethren. because he hath violently taken Prov. iii. 29. Devise not evil against away an house which he buikled not. thy neighbour, seeing he dwelleth James v. 4. Behold, the hire of the securely by thee. Ver. 30. Strive labourers, which have reaped down not with a man without cause, if he your fields, which is of you kept have done thee no harm.

back by fraud, crieth; and the cries, ° Isa. v. 8. Woe unto them that of them which have reaped are en. join house to house, that lay field tered into the ears of the Lord of to field, till there be no place, that sabaoth. Prov. xxi. 6. The getting they may be placed alone in the of treasures by a lying tongue is a midst of the earth! Micah ii. 2. vanity tossed to and fro of them that And they covet fields, and take them seek death. by violence; and houses, and take SLuke xii. 15. And he said unto them away: so they oppress a man them, Take heed, and beware of and his house, even a man and his covetousness: for'a man's life conheritage.

sisteth not in the abundance of the Prov. xi. 26. He that withhold- things wnicu ne puwww

seth. eth

corn, the people shall curse him : ti Tim. vi. 5. Perverse disputings but blessing shall be upon the head of men of corrupt minds, and destiof him that selleth it.

tute of the truth, supposing that gain 9 Acts xix. 19. Many also of them is godliness : from such withdraw which used curious arts brought thyself. Col. iii. 2. Set your affece their books together, and burned 'tion on things above, not on things then before all men ; and they on the earth. Prov, xxiii. 5. Wilt counted the price of them, and found thou set thine eyes upon that which it fifty thousand pieces of silver. is not ? for riches certainly make Ver. 24. Por a certain man, named themselves wings, they fly away as Demetrius, a silver-smith, which an eagle towards heaven. Psal. made silver shrines for Diana, Ixii. 10.-If riches increase, set not brought no small gain unto the your heart upon them. craftsmen; Ver. 25. Whom he call. u Mat. vi. 25. Therefore I

say ed together, with the workmen of unto you, Take no thought for like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye your life, what ye shall eat, or know that by this craft we have our what ye shall drink; nor yet for

· your body, what ye shall put on: O4



of others"; as likewise idleness *, prodigality, wasteful gaming; and all other ways whereby we do unduly prejudice our own outward estate y, and defrauding ourselves of the due use and comfort of that estate which God hath given us”.

Q. 143. Which is the ninth commandment ? A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour ".

Q. 144. What are the duties required in the ninth commandment?

A. The duties required in the ninth commandment are, the preserving and promoting of truth between man and man', and the good name of our neighbour, as well as our

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with rags.

is not the life more than meat, and that loveth wine and oil shall not be the body than raiment? Ver. 31. rich. Prov. xxiii. 20. Be not among Therefore take no thought, saying, wine-bibbers; among riotous eaters What shall we eat ? --Ver. 34. of flesh. Ver. 21. For the drunkard Take therefore no thought for the and the glutton shall come to poverty; morrow: for the morrow shall take and drowsiness shall clothe a man thought for the things of itself:

Prov. xxvii. 19. He sufficient unto the day is the evil that tilleth his land shall have plenty thereof. Eccl. v. 12. The sleep of of bread; but he that followeth after a labouring man is sweet, whether vain persons shall have poverty he eat little or much : but the enough. abundance of the rich will not suffer 2 Eccl. iv. 8. There is one alone, him to sleep.

and there is not a second; yea, he W Psal. lxxiii. 3. For I was envious hath neither child nor brother : yet at the foolish, when I saw the is there no end of all his labour, neiprosperity of the wicked. Psal. ther is his eyes satisfied with riches, xxxvii. 1. Fret not thyself because neither saith he, For whom do I laof evil-doers, neither be thou envious bour, and bereave my soul of good? against the workers of iniquity. This is also vanity; yea, it is a sore Ver. 7. Rest in the Lord, and wait travail. Eccl. vi. 2. A man to whom patiently for him: fret not thyself God hath given riches, wealth, and because of him who prospereth in his honour, so that he wanteth nothing way, because of the man who bring- for his soul of all that he desireth, eth wicked devices to pass.

yet God giveth him not power to X 2 Thess. iii. 11. For we hear eat thereof, but a stranger eateth it: that there are

some which walk this is vanity, and it is an evil disease. among you disorderly, working not 1 Tim. v. 8. But if any provide not at all, but are busy-bodies. Prov. for his own, and specially for those xviii. 9. He also that is slothful in of his own house, he hath denied the his work is brother to him that is a faith, and is worse than an infidel great waster.

143, a Exod. xx. 16. y Prov. xxi. 17. He that loveth 144. b Zech. viii. 16. These are pleasure shall be a poor man : he the things that ye shall do, Speak



owno: appearing and standing for the truth"; and from the heart, sincerely , freely 5, clearly 5, and fully', speaking the truth, and only the truth, in matters of judgment and justice”, and in all other things whatsoever"; a charitable



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ye every man the truth to his neigh- and tell me now what thou hast bour: execute the judgment of truth done, hide it not from mę. and peace in your gates.

i2 Sam. xiv. 18. Then the king c3 John, Ver. 12. Demetrius hath answered and said unto the woman, good report of all men, and of the Hide not from me, I pray thee, the truth itself: yea, and we also bear thing that I shall ask thee. And record, and ye know that our record the woman' said, Let my lord the is true.

king now speak. Ver. 19. And the d Prov. xxxi. 8. Open thy mouth king said, Is not the hand of Joab for the dumb in the cause of all such with thee in all this? And the wo

are appointed to destruction. man answered and said, As thy soul Ver. 9. Open thy mouth, judge righ- liveth, my lord the king, none can teously, and plead the cause of the turn to the right hand or to the left poor and needy.

from ought that my lord the king e Psal. xv. 2. He that walketh hath spoken: for thy servant-Joab, uprightly, and worketh righteous. he bade me, and he put all these ness, and speaketh the truth in his words in the mouth of thine hand. heart.

maid. Ver. 20. To fetch about this. f 2 Chron. xix. 9. And he charged form of speech hath thy servant them, saying, Thus shall ye do in Joab done this thing: and my lord. the fear of the Lord, faithfully, and is wise, with a perfect heart.

k Lev. xix. 15. Ye shall do no uno $ 1 Sam. xix. 4. And Jonathan righteousness in judgment : thou: spake good of David unto Saul his shalt not respect the person of the father, and said unto him, Let not poor, nor honour the person of the the king sin against his servant, mighty; but in righteousness shalt. against David; because he hath not thou judge thy neighbour. Prov. . sinned against thee, and because his xiv. 5. A faithful witness will not works have been to thee-ward very lie; but a false witness will utter good. Ver. 5. For he did put his lies. Ver. 25. A true witness.de life in his hand, and slew the Phili- livereth souls: but a deceitful wit.. stine, and the Lord wrought a great ness speaketh lies. salvation for all Israel: thou sawest 1-2 Cor. i. 17. When I therefore it, and didst rejoice : wherefore was thus minded, did I use lightness? then wilt thou sin against innocent or the things that I purpose, do I blood, to slay David without a cause? purpose according to the Aesh, that

h Josh. vii. 19. And Joshua said with me there should be yea, yea, , unto Achan, My son, give, I pray. and nay,, nay? Ver. 18. But as thee, glory to the Lord God of Is-. God is true, our word toward you rael, and make confession unto him;. was not yea and nay. Eph. iv. 25.

05. Wherefore,

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esteem of our neighbours "; loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good name"; sorrowing for°, and covering of their infirmities P; freely acknowledging of their gifts and graces”, defending their innocency"; a ready receiving of a good report', and unwillingness to admit of an evil report'; con


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very friends.

Wherefore, putting away lying, P Prov. xvii. 9. He that covereth speak every man truth with his a transgression seeketh love; but he neighbour : for we are members one that repeateth a matter separateth of another.

1 Pet. iv. 8. And m Heb. vi. 9. But, beloved, we above all things have fervent charity are persuaded better things of you, among yourselves: for charity shall and things that accompany salvation, cover the multitude of sins. though we thus speak. 1 Cor. 91 Cor. i. 4. I thank my God xiii. 7. (Charity) beareth all things, always in your behalf, for the grace believeth all things, hopeth all things, of God which is given you by Jesus endureth all things.

Christ; Ver. 5. That in every thing n Rom. i. 8. First, I thank my ye are enriched by him, in all utterGod through Jesus Christ for you ance, and in all knowledge. Ver. 7. all, that your faith is spoken of So that ye come behind in no gift; throughout the whole

world. waiting for the coming of our Lord 9 John, Ver. 4. I rejoiced greatly Jesus Christ. 2 Tim. i. 4. Greatly that I found of thy children walking desiring to see thee, being mindful in truth, as we have received a of thy tears, that I may be filled commandment from the Father. with joy ; Ver. 5. When I call to re3 John, Ver. 3. For I rejoiced great- membrance the unfeigned faith that. ly when the brethren came and testi. is in thee, which dwelt first in thy fied of the truth that is in thee, even grandmother Lois, and thy mother as thou walkest in the truth. Ver. 4. Eunice; and I am persuaded that in I have no greater joy than to hear thee also. that my children walk in truth.

ri Sam. xxii. 14. Then Ahi0-2 Cor. ii. 4. For out of much melech answered the king, and said, affliction and anguish of heart I And who is so faithful among all thy wrote unto you with many tears; servants as David, which is the king's not that ye should be grieved, but son-in-law, and goeth at thy bid. that ye might know the love which ding, and is honourable in thine I have more abundantly unto you. house? 2 Cor. xii. 21. And lest, when I s. 1 Cor. xii. 6. (Charity) re. come again, my God will humble joiceth not in iniquity, but reme among you, and that I shall be joiceth in the truth : Ver. 7. Bearwail many which have sinned al- eth all things, believeth all things, ready, and have not repented of the hopeth all things, endureth all muncleanness, and fornication, and las- things. civiousness, which they have com- i Psal. xv. 3. He that backbiteth mitted.

not with bis tongue, nor doeth evil


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cerning them ; discouraging tale-bearers", flatterers w, and slanderers * ; love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requireth Y; keeping of lawful promises ? ; studying and practising of whatsoever things are true, honest, lovely, and of good report a.

Q 145. What are the sins forbidden in the ninth commande. ment ? A. The sins forbidden in the ninth commandment are,

all prejudising the truth, and the good name of our neighbours, as well as our own', especially in publick judicature; giving


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to his neighbour, nor taketh up a anger was kindled against David, reproach against his neighbour. and he said, Why camest thou down

u Proy. xxv. 23. The north wind hither ? and with whom hast thou driveth away rain : so deth an angry left those few sheep in the wildercountenance a backbiting tongue. ness? I know thy pride, and the

W Prov. xxvi. 24. He that hateth naughtiness of thine heart; for thou . dissembleth with his lips, and layeth art come down that thou mightest see up deceit within him. Ver. 25. the battle. 2 Sam. xvi. 3. And the · When he speaketħ fair, believe him king said, And where is thy master's not : for there are seven abomina- son? And Ziba said unto the king, tions in his heart.

Behold, he abideth at Jerusalem : for * Psal. ci. 5. Whoso privily slan. . he said, To-day shall the house of Ism dereth his neighbour, him will I cut rael restore me the kingdom of my off:

father. 2 Sam. i. 9. He said unto me y Prov. xxi. 1. A.good name is again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me,

I rather, to be chosen than great and slay me : for anguish is come riches, and loving favour rather upon me, because my life is yet than silver and gold. John viji. 49. whole. in me. Ver. 10. So I stood Jesus answered, I have not a devil; upon him, and slew him, because I: but I honour my Father, and ye do was sure that he could not live after dishonour me.

that he was fallen; and I took the 2 Psal. xv. 4.He that sweareth crown that was upon his head, and to his own hart, and changeth not..

the bracelet that was on his arm, ; a Phil. iv. 8. Finally, brethren, and have brought them hither unto whatsoever things are true, whatso my lord. Ver. 15. And David call. . ever things are honest, whatsoever ed one of the young nen, and said, things are just, .whatsoever things Go near, and fall upon him. And are pure, whatsoever things are love- he smote him that he died. Ver. 16. ly, whatsoever things are of good And David said unto hin, Thy. report; if there be any virtue, and blood be upon thy head; for thy if there be any praise, think on these mouth hath testified against thee, , things.

saying, I have slain the Lord's is 145. b i Sam. xvii. 28. And Eliab anointed. his eldest brother heard when he © Lev. xix. 15. Ye shall do no spake. unto the men; and Eliab's wwrighteousness in judgment : thou



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