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rested the seventh day: and from that blessing which God put upon that day, not only in sanctifying it to be a day for his service, but in ordaining it to be a means of blessing to us in our sanctifying it; Wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and hallowed it".

Q. 121. Why is the word Remember set in the beginning of the fourth commandment?

A. The word Remember is set in the beginning of the fourth commandmento, partly, because of the great benefit of remembering it, we being thereby helped in our preparation to keep it P, and, in keeping it, better to keep all the rest of the commandments, and to continue a thankful remembrance of the two great benefits of creation and redemption, which contain a short abridgment of religion";


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a Exod. xx. 11.

burden be brought in on the sab. 121. Exod. xx. 8. o

bath-day. PExod. xvi. 23. And he said unto 4 Psal. xcii. [title, A psalm or song them, This is that which the Lord for the sabbath-day:] Compared with hath said, To-morrow is the rest of Ver. 13. Those that be planted in the holy sabbath unto the Lord : the house of the Lord shall fourish bake that which ye will bake to-day, in the courts of our God. And and seethe that ye will seethe; and Ver. 14. They shall still bring forth that which remaineth over, lay up fruit in old age; they shall be fac for

you to be kept until the morning. and flourishing. Ezek. 12. Luke xxiii. 54. And that day was Moreover also, I gave them my sabthe preparation, and the salbath baths, to be a sign between me and Ver. 56. And they re- them, thac they

might know that I turned, and prepared spices and oint. am the Lord that sanctify them. ments; and rested the sabbath-day, Ver. 19. I am the Lord your God; according to the commandment. walk in my statutes, and keep my Compared with Mark xv. 42. And judgments, and do them. Ver. 20. now when the even was come, be- And hallow my sabbaths; and they cause it was the preparation, that is, shall be a sign between me and you, the day before the sabbath. Neh. that ye may know that I am the Lord xiii. 19. And it came to pass, that, your God. when the gates of Jerusalem began "Gen. ü. 2. And on the seventh day to be dark before the sabbath, I com- God ended his work which he had manded that the gates should be made; and he rested on the seventh shut, and arged that they should day from all his work which he had not be opened till after the sabbath : made. Ver. 3. And God blessed the and some of my servants set I at seventh day, and sanctified it: bethe gates, that there should no cause that in it he had rested fronı



and partly, because we are very ready to forget it', for that there is less light of nature for it', and yet it restraineth our natural liberty in things at other times lawfulu; that it cometh but once in seven days, and many worldly businesses come between, and too often take off our minds from thinking of it, either to prepare for it, or to sanctify it w; and that Satan with his instruments much labour to blot out the glory, and even the memory of it, to bring in : all irreligion and impiety *.

Q. 122. What

all his work, which God created and thou shalt rest : in earing-time and made. Psal. cxviii. 22. The stone in harvest thou shalt rest. which the builders refused is become W Deut. v. 14. But the seventh the head-stone of the corner. Ver. 24. day the sabbath of the Lord thy This is the day which the Lord hath God: in it thou shalt not do any made, we will rejoice and be glad . work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy in it. Compared with Acts iv. 10. daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor Be it know!) unto you all, and to all thy maid-servant, nor thine ox, nor the people of Israel, that by the name thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom thy stranger that is within thy gates; ye crucified, whom God raised from that thy man-servant and thy maid. the dead, even by him doth this man servant may rest as well as thou. stand diere before you whole. Ver. 11. Ver. 15. And remember that thou This is the stone which was set at wast a servant in the land of Egypt, nought of you builders, which is be- and that the Lord thy God brought cone the head of the corner. Rev. thee out thence, through a mighty i. 10. I was in the Spirit on the Lord's hand, and by a stretched-out arm: day, and heard behind me a great therefore the Lord thy God comvoice, as of a trumpet.

manded thee to keep the sabbath-day. Stak. xxii. 26. Her priests have Amos viii. 5. Saying, When will the violated any law, and have profaned new moon he gone, that we may sell mine hcly things: they have put no corn? and the sabbath, that we may difference between the holy and set forth wheat, making the ephah profane, neither have they shewed small, and the shikei great, and faldititrence between the unclean and sifying the balances by deceit? the clean, and have hid their eyes

* Lam. i. 7. Jerusalem reniemfrom my subbaths, and I am profaned bered in the days of her affliction,

and of her miseries, all her pleat Nel, ix. 14. And madest known sant things that she had in the days unto them thy holy sabbath, and of old, when her people fell into comnande«ist then precepts, sta- the hand of the enemy, and none tutts, and laws, by the hand of did help her; the adversaries saw Moses thy servant.

her, and did mock at her sabbaths. Exod. xxxiv. 21. Six days thou Jer, xvii. 21. Thus saith the Lord, shalt work, but on the seventh day Take heed to yourselves, and bear

among them.

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Q. 122. What is the sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man?

A. The sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man, is, to love our neighbour as ourselves, and to do to others what we would have them to do to us?.

Q. 123. Which is the fifth commandment ?

Ă. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother : that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee *.

a Q. 124. Who are meant by father and mother in the fifth commandment ?

A. By father and mother, in the fifth commandment, are meant, not only natural parents, but all superiors in age and giftsd; and especially such as, by God's ordinance, are


no burden on the sabbath-day, nor bring it in by the gates of Jerusalem. Ver. 22. Neither carry forth a burden out of your houses on the sabbath-day, neither do ye any work, but hallow ye the sabbath-day, as I commanded your fathers. Ver. 23. But they obeyed not, neither inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff, that they might not hear nor receive flstruction. Neh. xii. from Verse 15. to 23. In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine-presses on the sabbath-day.--[See in better b.]

192. Y Mat. xxii. 39. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

% Mat. vii. 12. Therefore all thinys whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.

129. a Exod. xx. 12.

124. b Prov. xxiii. 22 Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old. Ver. 25. Thy father and thy

mother shall be glad; and she that bare thee shall rejoice. Eph. vi. 1. Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. Ver. 2. Honour thy father and mother, (which is the first commandment with promise.)

Ci Tim. v. 1. Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father, and the younger nien as brethren: Ver. 2, The elder women as mothers, the younger as sisters, with all purity.

d Gen. iy. 20. And Adah bare Jabal : he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and

such as have cattle. Vör. 21. And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ. Ver. 22. And Zillah, she also bare Tubal-cain, an instructor of every

artificer in brass and iron. Gen. xlv. 8. So now it was not you that sent me hither, but God; and he hath made me

a father

to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.


€ 2 Kings


over us in place of authority, whether in family', church', or commonwealth %.

Q. 125. Why are superiors stiled Father and Mother?

A. Superiors are stiled Father and Mother, both to teach them in all duties towards their inferiors, like natural parents, to express love and tenderness to them, according to their several relations"; and to work inferiors to a greater willingness and cheerfulness in performing their duties to their superiors, as to their parents'

Q. 126. IVhat is the general scope of the fifth commandment? A. The general scope of the fifth commandment is, the



unto us.

€ 2 Kings v. 13. And his servants and admonition of the Lord. 2 Cor. came near, and spake unto him, and xii. 14.-For the children ought not said, My father, if the prophet had to lay up for the parents, but the bid thee do some great thing, would. parents for the children. 1 Thess. est thou not have done it? how ii. 7. But we were gentle among you, much rather then, when he saith to even as a nurse cherisheth her chil. thee, Wash, and be clean?

dren. Ver. 8. So, being affection. f 2 Kings ii. 12, And Elisha saw ately desirous of you, we it, and he cried, My father, my willing to have imparted unto you, father, the chariot of Israel, and the not the gospel of God only, but also horsemen thereof.—2 Kings xiii. 14. our own souls, because ye were dear Now Elisha was fallen sick, of his

Ver. 11. As ye know how sickness whereof he died; and Joash we exhorted, and comforted, and the king of Israel came down unto charged every one of you, as a father him, and wept over his face, and doth his children. Numb. xi. 11. said, O my father, my father, the And Moses said unto the Lord, chariot of Israel, and the horsemen Wherefore hast thou afflicted thy thereof! Gal. iv. 19. My little servant ? and wherefore have I not children, of whom I travail in found favour in thy sight, that thou birth again until Christ be formed layest the burden of all this people

upon me? Ver, 12. Have I conceived 8 Isa. xlix. 23. And kings shall be all this people? have I begotten thy nursing-fathers, and their queens them, that thou shouldest say unto thy nursing-mothers : they shall me, Carry them in thy bosom (as a bow down to thee with their face nursing-father beareth the sucking toward the earth, and lick up the child) unto the land which thou dust of thy feet, and thou shalt know swarest unto their fathers? that I am the Lord. for they shall i I Cor. iv, 14. I write not these not be ashamed that wait for me. things to shame you, but as my be

125. b Eph. vi. 4. And, ye fathers, loved sons I warn you. Ver. 15. For provoke not your children to wrath: though ye have ten thousand instruc. but bring them up in the nurture tors in Christ, yet have ye not many

fathers :

in you.


performance of those duties which we mutually owe in our several relations, as inferiors, superiors, or equals k.

Q. 127. What is the honour that inferiors owe to their superiors ?

A. The honour which inferiors owe to their superiors is, all due reverence in heart', word.", and behaviour"; prayer and thanksgiving forthemo; imitationof theirvirtues and graces p; willing obedience to their lawful commands and counsels 9;


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fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have for Adonijah; and the king rose up begotten you through the gospel. to meet her, and bowed himself un. Ver. 16. Wherefore I beseech you, to her, and sat down on his throne, be ye followers of me. 2 Kings

and caused a seat to be set for the v. 13. (See lettere.]

king's mother; and she sat on his 126. Eph. v. 21. Submitting right hand. yourselves one to another in the 01 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefear of God. 1 Pet. ii. 17. Honour fore, that, first of all, supplications, all men. Love the brotherhood. prayers, intercessions, and giving of Fear God. Honour the king. thanks, be made for all nen: Ver. 2. Rom, xii. 10. Be kindly affectioned For kings, and for all that are in one to another with brotherly love; authority; that we may lead a quiet in honour preferring one another. and peaceable life in all godliness

127. I Mal. i. 6. A son honoureth and honesty. his father, and a servant his master; P Heb. xii. 7. Remember them if then I be a father, where is mine which have the rule over you, who honour ? and if I be a master, where have spoken unto you the word of is my fear? saith the Lord of hosts God: whose faith follow, considering unto you, O priests, that despise my the end of their conversation. Phil. name: and ye say, Wherein have iii. 17. Brethren, be followers toge. we despised thy name? Lev. xix. 3. ther of me, and mark them which Ye shall fear every man his mother walk so, as ye have us for an ensample. and his father, and keep my sabbaths: 9 Eph. vi. 1. Children, obey your I am the Lord your God.

parents in the Lord; for this is m Prov. xxxi. 28. Her children right. Ver. 2. Honour thy father arise up, and call her blessed; her and mother, (which is the first comhusband also, and he praiseth her. mandment with promise.) Ver. 5. 1 Pet. iii, 6. Even as Sara obeyed Servants, be obedient to them that Abraham, calling him lord: whose are your masters according to the daughters ye are as long as ye do flesh, with fear and trembling, in well, and are not afraid with any singleness of your heart, as unto amazement.

Christ : Ver. 6. Not with eye-serA Lev. xix. 32. Thou shalt rise up vice, as men-pleasers, but as the before the hoary head, and honour servants of Christ, doing the will the face of the old man, and fear thy of God from the heart; Ver. 7. God: I am the Lord. 1 Kings With good-will doing service, as ü. 19. Bathsheba therefore went un. to the Lord, and not to king Solomon, to speak unto him 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves



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