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with it"; the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully which the will of God revealed in the law requireth to be done *.

CHAP. XX. Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience. THE liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers

under the gospel, consists in their freedom from the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, the curse of the moral lawa; and in their being delivered from this present evil world, bondage to Satan, and dominion of sin, from

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open unto their cry. Ver. 16. The write it in their hearts; and will face of the Lord is against them that be their God, and they shall be my do evil, to cut off the remembrance people. of them from the earth. Heb. 1. a Tit. ii. 14. Who gave himself xii. 28. Wherefore we receiving a for us, that he might redeem us from kingdon which cannot be moved, all iniquity, and purify unto himself let us have grace, whereby we may a peculiar people, zealous of good serve God acceptably, with reve- works. 1 Thess. i. 10. And to wait rence and godly fear. Ver. 29. For for his Son from heaven, whom he our God is a consuming fire.

raised from the dead, even Jesus, VII. W Gal. iii. 21. Is the law which delivered us from the wrath then against the promises of God? to come. Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath God forbid : for if there had been redeemed us from the curse of the a law given which could have gi- law, being made a curse for us: for ven life, verily righteousness should it is written, Cursed is every one have been by the law.

that hangeth on a tree. * Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will b Gal. i. 4. Who gave himself for put my Spirit within

you,
and cause

our sins, that he might deliver us you to walk in my statutes, and from this present evil world, accordye shall keep my judgments, and ing to the will of God and our Father. do them. Heb. viii. 10. For this Col. i. 13. Who hath delivered us is the covenant that I will make from the power of darkness, and with the house of Israel ; After hath translated us into the kingdom those days, saith the Lord, I will of his dear Son. Acts xxyi. 18. To put my laws into their mind, and open their eyes, and to turn them write them in their hearts; and I from darkness to light, and from the will be to them a God, and they power of Satan unto God, that they shall be to me a people.

With may receive forgiveness of sins, and Jer. xxxi. 33. But this shall be inheritance among them which are the covenant that I will make with sanctified by faith that is in me. the house of Israel; After those Rom. vi, 14. For sin shall not have days, saith the Lord, I will put dominion over you : for ye are not my law in their inward parts, and under the law, but under grace.

the evil of afflictions, the sting of death, the victory of the grave, and everlasting damnation"; as also in their free access to God', and their yielding obedience unto him, not out of slavish fear, but a child-like love, and willing mind. All which were common also to believers under the law; but under the new testament, the liberty of Christians is further enlarged in their freedom from the yoke of the ceremonial law, to which the Jewish church was subjected 5, and in

greater

on

Rom. viii. 28. We know that all received the Spirit of adoption, things work together for good to whereby we cry, Abha, Father. them that love God, to them who 1 John iv. 18. There is no fear in are the called according to his pur- love ; but perfect love casteth out pose.

Psal. cxix. 71. It is good fear : because fear hath torment; for me that I have been afflicted ; he that feareth is not made perthat I might learn thy statutes. fect in love. 1 Cor. xv. 54. So when this cor- f Gal. iii. 9. So then they which ruptible shall have put on incorrup- be of faith are blessed with faithful tion, and this mortal shall have Abraham. Ver. 14. That the blessput on immortality, then shall be ing of Abraham might come brought to pass the saying that the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; is written, Death is swallowed up that we might receive the promise in victory Ver. 55. O death, of the Spirit through faith. where is thy sting? O grave, where 8 Gal. iv. 1. Now 'I say, that the is thy victory ? Ver. 56. The sting heir, as long as he is a child, of death is sin; and the strength differeth nothing from a servant, of sin is the law; Ver. 57. But though he be lord of all; Ver. 2. thanks be to God, which giveth us

But is under tutors and governors, the victory, through our Lord Jesus until the time appointed of the faChrist. Rom. viii. 1. There is ther. Ver. 3. Even so we, when therefore now no condemnation to we were children, were in bondage them which are in Christ Jesus, under the elements of the world. who walk not after the flesh, but Ver. 6. And because ye are sons, after the Spirit.

God hath sent forth the Spirit of d Rom. v. 1. Therefore being jus- his Son into your hearts, crying, tified by faith, we have peace with Abba, Father. Ver. 7. Wherefore God, through our Lord Jesus Christ. thou art no more a servant, Ver. 2. By whom also we have ac- son; and if a son, then an heir of cess by faith into this grace wherein God through Christ. Gal. v. 1. we stand, and rejoice in hope of the Stand fast therefore in the liberty glory of God.

wherewith Christ hath made us e Rom. viii. 14. For as many as

free, and be not entangled again are led by the Spirit of God, they with the yoke of bondage. Acts are the sons of God. Ver. 15. For XV. 10. Now therefore why tempt ye have not received the spirit of ye God, to put a yoke upon the bondage again to fear; but ye have neck of the disciples, which neither

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greater boldness of access to the throne of grace", and in fuller communications of the free Spirit of God, than believers under the law did ordinarily partake ofi.

II. God alone is Lord of the conscience«, and hath left it free from the doctrines and commandments of men which are in any thing contrary to his word, or beside it, in matters of faith or worship! So that to believe

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our fathers nor we were able to the end of that which is abolished. bear? Ver. 11. But we believe, that Ver. 17. Now the Lord is that Spithrough the grace of the Lord Jesus rit: and where the Spirit of the Christ, we shall be saved, even as Lord is, there is liberty. Ver. 18. they.

But we all, with open face behold. 1 Heb. iv. 14. Seeing then that ing as in a glass the glory of the we have a great high priest, that Lord, are changed into the same is passed into the heavens, Jesus the image, from glory to glory, even Son of God, let us hold fast our as by the Spirit of the Lord. profession. Ver. . 16. Let us there. II. k Janies iv. 12. There is one fore come boldly unto the throne of lawgiver, who is able to save and grace, that we may obtain mercy, to destroy ; who art thou that judgand find grace to help in time of est another ? Rom. xiv. 4. Who art need. Heb. x. 19. Having there- thou that judgest another man's serfore, brethren, boldness to enter in- vant? to his own master he standto the holiest by the blood of Jesus, eth or fallech: yea, he shall be Ver. 20. By a new and living way, holden up: for God is able to make which he hath consecrated for us him stand. through the vail, that is to say, his 1 Acts iv. 19. But Peter and John Resh; Ver. 21. And having an high answered and said unto them, Whepriest over the house of God; Ver. 22. ther it be right in the sight of God Let us draw near with a true heart, to hearken unto you more than unin full assurance of faith, having our to God, judge ye.

Acts v. 29. hearts sprinkled from an evil con- Then Peter and the other apostles science, and our bodies washed with answered and said, We ought to pure water.

obey God rather than men. 1 Cor. i John vii. 38. He that believeth vii. 23. Ye are bought with a on me, as the scripture hath said, price, be not ye the servants of men. out of his belly shall flow rivers of Matth. xxiii. 8.

But be not ye living water.

Ver. 39. But this called Rabbi: for one is your Maspake he of the Spirit, which they ster, even Christ, and all ye are brethat believe on hin should receive : thren. Ver. 9. And call no man for the Holy Ghost was not yet your father upon the earth : for given, because that Jesus was not one is your Father, which is in yet glorified. 2 Cor. ii. 13. And heaven. Ver. 10. Neither be ye not as Moses, which put a vail called masters : for one is your over his face, that the children of Master, even Christ. 2 Cor. i. 24. Israel could not stedfastly look to Not for that we have dominion

over

şuch doctrines, `or to obey such commandments out of conscience, is to betray true liberty of conscience m; and the requiring of an implicit faith, and an absolute and blind obedience, is to destroy liberty of conscience, and reason also n.

III. They who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, do practise any sin, or cherish any lust, do thereby destroy the end of

Christian

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over your faith, but are helpers of And he that doubteth is damned if your joy : for by faith ye stand. he eat, because he eateth not of Matth. xv. 9. But in vain they do faith : for whatsoever is not of faith worship, me, teaching for doctrines is sin. Isa. viii. 20. To the law, the commandments of men.

and to the testimony: if they speak m Col. ii. 20. Wherefore, if ye not according to this word, it is be dead with Christ from the rudi- because there is no light in them. ments of the world, why, as though Acts xvii. 11. These were more living in the world, are ye subject noble than those in Thessalonica, in to ordinances, Ver. 22. (Which all that they received the word with are to perish with the using,) after all readiness of mind, and searched the commandments and doctrines of the scriptures daily, whether those men? Ver. 23. Which things have things were John iv. 22. Ye indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship ye know not what : we worship and humility, and neglect know what we worship; for salvaing of the body; not in any tion is of the Jews. Hos. v. 11. honour to the satisfying of the Ephraim is oppressed, and broken flesh. Gal. i. 10. For do I now in judgment; because he willingpersuade men, or God? or do I ly walked after the commandment. seek to please men ? for if I yet Rev. xiii. 12. And he exerciseth pleased men, I should not be the all the power of the first beast servant of Christ. Gal. i. 4. And before him, and causeth the earth, that because of false brethren un- and them which dwell therein, to awares brought in, who came in worship the first beast, whose deadprivily to spy our liberty ly wound was healed. Ver. 16, which we have in Christ Jesus, that And he causeth all, both small they might bring us into bondage. and great, rich and poor, free and Ver. 5. To whom we gave place bond, to receive a mark in their by subjection, no, not for an hour; right hand, or in their foreheads : that the truth of the gospel might Ver. 17. And that no man might continue with you.

Gal. v.

1. buy or sell, save he that had Stand fast therefore in the liberty the mark, or the name of the wherewith Christ hath niade us beast, or the number of his name. free, and be not entangled again Jer. viii. 9. The wise nien with the yoke of bondage.

ashamed, they are dismayed and n Rom. x.

17. So then, faith taken : lo, they have rejected the cometh by hearing, and hearing by word of the Lord, and what wisdom the word of God. Rom. xiv. 23, is in them?

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Christian liberty; which is, that, being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, we might serve the Lord without fear, in holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of

lifeo IV. And because the powers which God hath ordained, and the liberty which Christ hath purchased, are not intended by God to destroy, but mutually to uphold and preserve one another; they who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, shall oppose any lawful power, or the lawful exercise of it, whether it be civil or ecclesiastical, resist the ordinance of God P. And for their publishing of such opinions, or maintaining of such practices, as are contrary to the light of nature, or to the known principles of Christianity, whether concerning faith, worship, or conversation; or to the power of godliness; or such erroneous opinions or practices, as either in their own nature, or in the manner of publishing or maintai

or maintaining them, are destructive to the external peace and order which Christ hath established in the church; they may lawfully be call

ed

III. o Gal. v. 13. For, brethren, knew their thoughts, and said unye have been called unto liberty; to them, Every kingdom divided only use not liberty for an occasion against itself is brought to desolato the flesh, but by love serve one tion; and every city or house dianother. 1 Pet. ii. 16. As free, vided against itself shall not stand. and not using your liberty for a 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves to cloak of maliciousness, but as the every ordinance of man for the servants of God. 2 Pet. ii. 19. Lord's sake; whether it be to the While they promise them liberty, king, as supreme; Ver. 14. Or unthey themselves are the servants of to governors, as unto them that corruption : for of whom a man is are sent by him for the punishment overcome, of the same is he brought of evil doers, and for the praise of in bondage. John viii. 34. Jesus them that do well. Ver. 16. As answered them, Verily, verily, I free, and not using your liberty for say unto you, Whosoever commit- a cloak of maliciousness, but as the teth sin is the servant of sin. Luke servants of God. (Rom. xiii. 1. to i. 74. That he would grant unto the 8th Verse.] Heb. xiii. 17. Obey us, that we, being delivered out of them that have the rule over you, the hands of our enemies, might and submit yourselves: for they watch serve him without fear, Ver. 75. for your souls, as they that must. lo holiness and righteousness before give account: that they may do it him, all the days of our life. with joy, and not with grief; for IV. P Matth. xii. 25. And Jesus that is unprofitable for you. t

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