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tenced to make open confession of their faults-Cleremond, having been on the point of marriage with Leonora, had pressed her to wave the ceremony— she resented this highly, and enjoined him as a penance to kill his best friend-he had fought with his best friend, Montrose, but was worsted-a report was raised that he had killed Montrose-Cleremond, when accused of the murder, pleads that Leonora is more guilty than himself-the sentence of the court is, that they should be married-that Cleremond should be beheaded, and that Leonora should be confined in a small prison to be built over his grave-Montrose who had been brought in upon a bier as dead, starts up alive, and claims the hand of Bellisant, who, supposing him to be dead, had acknowledged her love for him-Cleremond's punishment is remitted-in many of our best old plays there are weak scenes, or superfluous charactersin this play there is nothing that does not contribute to the carrying on of the plot-that part of it which concerns Cleremond and Leonora has a striking resemblance to the serious part of Webster's Cure for a Cuckold-see Cure for a Cuckold, vol. 2 p. 90.
7. Roman Actor-this T. was printed with the cast-Domitianus Cæsar J. Lowin: Paris J. Taylor: Ælius Lamia T. Pollard: Junius Rusticus=Rob. Benfield: Palphurius Sura W. Patricke : Parthenius R. Sharpe: Aretinus E. Swanstone: Æsopus =R. Robinson: Latinus = C. Greville: Philargus A. Smith: Domitia =J. Tompson: Domitilla J. Hunnieman: Julia W. Trigge: Cænis= A. Gough for the plot see L. I. F. June 13 1722.
8. Great Duke of Florence-Giovanni, the nephew and heir of the Duke, had been 3 years under the tuition of Charomonte-he had fallen in love with Lidia, Charomonte's daughter—she had fallen in love with him--in the 1st act, Contarino comes to Charomonte's villa with an order from the Duke for Giovanni to repair to Court-Contarino makes a report to the Duke of Lidia's great beauty and accomplishments-the Duke sends his favourite, Sanazarro, to Charomonte's to ascertain the truth of Contarino's report-Sanazarro falls in love with Lidiathis induces him to represent Lidia to the Duke in a manner very different from what she really is-Sanazarro prevails on Giovanni to join him in the imposition practised on the Duke-the Duke suspects the truth of what Sanazarro and Giovanni have said --he goes to Charomonte's himself - Lidia had been previously informed by Giovanni of the Duke's intention-she makes her woman, Petronella, present herself to the Duke as Lidia-the Duke detects the imposture he is very angry with Sanazarro and Giovanni-he orders them to be confined in sepa rate apartments-at the conclusion he is prevailed on to forgive them-Sanazarro marries the Dutchess of Urbin-Giovanni marries Lidia this piece was printed in 1636-it had been acted at the Phoenix in D. L.-it is on the whole a good play-the serious scenes are very well written-there are some poor comic characters, but they occupy only a small part of the play-the plot is founded on the story of Athelwold and Elfrida.
9. Maid of Honour-see D. L. Jan. 27 1785. 10. Picture-this Play was printed with the castLadislaus R. Benfield: Ferdinand R. Sharpe : Eubulus = J. Lowin: Mathias J. Taylor: Ubaldo = T. Pollard: Ricardo E. Swanstone: Julio Baptista W. Pen: Hilario J. Shancke: Honoria =J. Thomson Sophia J. Hunnieman: Acanthe = A. Goffe : Corisca = W. Trigge :-for the plot see C. G. Nov. 8 1783.
11. Emperor of the East-this play was printed in 1632-it had been acted at Black Friars and the Globe-Pulcheria is sister to Theodosius, and Protectress of the Empire-Athanais is the daughter of a pagan philosopher, who had been deprived of her patrimony by her brothers- she appeals to Pulcheria for redress-Pulcheria not only takes her under her care, but presents her to the Emperor-he falls in love with her, and marries her almost immediately -she is however previously baptized, and has the name of Eudocia given to her-in the 3d act, Theodosius has assumed the reins of government-he signs all petitions without reading them-Pulcheria, to cure him of his folly, presents a paper by which the Emperor gives her his wife as a slave-Theodosius signs it-and Pulcheria's stratagem has the desired effect — thus far the plot proceeds well-the remainder of it is silly-a countryman presents Theodosius with a very fine apple-he sends it to Eudo
cia-she sends it to Paulinus-he sends it to Theodosius-the Emperor asks Eudocia what she has done with the apple-she solemnly declares that she has eaten it-Theodosius produces the apple, and Eudocia is disgraced, the Emperor suspecting her of an improper intimacy with Paulinus-in the last act, Eudocia confesses her sins to Theodosius, who is disguised as a Friar, but protests that she had never been unchaste-Theodosius is reconciled to her, and Paulinus turns out to be an Eunuch-many parts of this play are very well written-particularly those in which Pulcheria is concerned-but the Emperor of the East is on the whole very inferiour to the generality of Massinger's plays—for the history on which it is founded see Gibbon ch. 32-he observes that the celebrated story of the apple is fit only for the Arabian Nights, where something not very unlike it may be found-Massinger represents Paulinus as an elderly man-eaten up with the gout-Gibbon says
"the uncommon beauty of Paulinus encouraged "the secret rumour, that his guilt was that of a suc"cessful lover, but the Empress protested with her dying breath, that she had never transgressed the "bounds of innocence and friendship "- -In the 1st scene Paulinus says of Pulcheria
"She, by her example,
"Hath made the court a kind of academy."
Massinger seems to have pronounced the last word as it is pronounced in Greek and Latin, and as it ought to be in English-see Lee's Theodosius D. G. 1680.
12. Fatal Dowry-see Fair Penitent L. I. F. 1703. 13. New way to Pay Old Debts-see D. L. Oct. 19 1748.
14. City Madam-see D. L. April 29 1783. 15. Guardian-this play was licensed by the Master of the Revels in 1633, but not printed till 1655 -Severino, having killed his wife's brother in a quarrel, is banished-he becomes the captain of some banditti-Iölante and Calista, his wife and daughter, continue at Naples-Calista makes love to Adoriohe acknowledges her deserts, but protests against marriage--Caldoro makes honourable love to Calista —she treats him with civility, but gives him no hopes Durazzo, Caldoro's Guardian, is a merry old gentleman, who does every thing in his power to promote his ward's happiness-in the 2d act, Adorio becomes inclined to marry Calista-the time is fixed for her elopement with him-in the dark she elopes with Caldoro, mistaking him for Adorio-Adorio carries off Mirtilla, Calista's woman, mistaking her for Calista-Iölante falls in love with Laval-she prepares a banquet for him-Severino enters in disguise-he soon perceives that she expected a gallant-he binds her, and retires with the tapers to consider what vengeance he shall inflict on her-her confidant, Calipso places herself in Iölante's room-Severino returns in the dark-wounds Calipso in her arms, and cuts off her nose-he leaves her-Iölante resumes