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3 Who, being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself' purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:
4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
6 And again, when he bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
7 And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.b
above all angels.
Thy throne, O God is forever and ever; a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom;
a Hath in these last days of the Mosaic dispensation. The phrase last days not here being prophetic, does not signify the same, that it does 2
Tim. iii. I.
b But of the angels he saith nothing more, than that he made them spiritual beings, and ministers of the utmost activity in his service.
9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
10 And,Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:
11 They shall perish, but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old, as doth a garment;
12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed; but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.
13 But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?
8 But unto the Son he saith, 1 We ought to be obedient unto Christ Jesus, 5 and that because he vouchsafed to take our nature upon him. THEREFORE we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things, which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.
2 For if the word spoken
14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them, who shall be heirs of salvation?
We must be obedient
by angels was steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward;
3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him;
4 od also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will ?
5 For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.
6 But one in a certain place testified, a saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him?
7 Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands:
8 Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him:
9 But we see Jesus, who
to Christ, &c.
of God should taste death for every man.
10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bring ing many sons unto glory, to make the Captain of their sal vation perfect through sufferings.
was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the
a In a certain place, &c. Ps. viii. 4.
11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one ;b for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren;
12 Saying,c I will declare thy name unto my brethren; in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee.
13 And again,d I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.
14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the pow er of death, that is, the devil;
15 And deliver them, who, through fear of death, were all their life time subject to bondage.
16 For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham.
b For both he that sanctifieth, that is, Jesus Christ, and they, who are sancti fied, are, according to the flesh, all of one father, namely, Abraham, See verse 16.
c Saying, Ps. xxii. 22. d Again, Isa. viii. 17,
Christ more worthy
17 Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren; that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.
18 For in that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, he is able to succour them, that are tempted. CHAP. III.
6 But Christ as a Son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
7 Wherefore, (as the Holy Ghost saith,d To-day if ye will hear his voice,
8 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation,e in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
9 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.
10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do always err in their heart; and they have not known my ways.
11 So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)f
12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called, To-t day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
1 Christ is more worthy than Moses: therefore if we believe not in him, we shall be more worthy of punishment than hard hearted Israel. WHEREFORE, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession,a Christ Jesus;
2 Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house.
3 For this man b was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.
4 For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God.
5 And Moses verily was faithful in all his house c as a
a Of our profession, our religion. b This man, Jesus Christ. c House here means the Jewish church under Moses, which was designed as a testimony of those things, which were afterwards to be spoken by Jesus Christ and his apostles.
d As the Holy Ghost saith, Ps. xcv. 7. e Provocation. See Exod. xvi. 4, xvii. 2-9. xxxii. 10. Num. x. 33, & numerous other places, where we read, that the Israelites provoked God by their disobedience.
f Should not enter into my rest in Canaan, see Num. xiv. 28-35 and Ps. XCV. 7-II.
17 But with whom was he grieved forty years? was it . not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness ?
18 And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?
19 So we see that they could not enter in, because of unbelief.
4 The rest of Christians is at tained by faith. 12 The pow er of God's word. 14 By our High Priest Jesus the Son of God, subject to infirmities, but not sin, 10 we must and may go boldly to the throne of grace.
LET us, therefore, fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest,a any of you should seem to come short of it.
2 For unto us was the Gospel preached, as well as unto
g The beginning of our confidence, our faith, which we have begun to exer
a His rest in heaven.
Christian's rest, &c.
them; but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.
3 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, If they shall enter into my rest; although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.
4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.
5 And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest.
6 Seeing, therefore, it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:
7(Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To-day, if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
8 For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day.
9 There remaineth, therefore, a rest to the people of God.
10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceas ed from his own works, as God did from his.)b
b Verse 3-10. These verses are elliptical and obscure, but the meaning is, that since the rest promised to Abraham and his seed, according to
Rest is attained by faith. Chap. v. of Christ's priesthood.
The authority and honour of our Saviour's priesthood: 11 negligence in the knowledge thereof reproved. FOR every high priest, taken from among men, is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins:
2 Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity:
3 And by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself,to offer for sins.
4 And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron:
5 So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he,a that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to-day have I begotten thee.
6 As he saith also in another place, b Thou art a priest forever, after the order of Melchisedec :
7 Who,c in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications, with strong crying and tears, unto
a But it was be, that glorified him with that office, who said unto him, &c.
b In another place, Ps. cx. 4, which David, by inspiration, wrote concerning Christ.
c Who, that is, Christ, in the days,