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A. D. 31.
MATT. V. 30-33.
offend thee, cut them off, and cast them from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet to be cast into everlasting fire, Matt. xviii. 8. And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched, Mark ix. 43. See parallels on last clause of
Ἐῤῥέθη δὲ ὅτι ὃς ἂν ἀπολύσῃ τὴν γυναῖκα
αὑτοῦ δότω αὐτῇ ἀποστάσιον.
It hath been said, a Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:
a They say unto him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away? Matt. xix. 7. When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house, Deut. xxiv. i. And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him. And he answered and said unto them, What did Moses command you? And they said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put her away Mark. x. 2-4.
Ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν, ὅτι ὃς ἂν ἀπολύσῃ τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ, παρεκτὸς λόγου πορνεί‐ ας, ποιεῖ αὐτὴν μοιχᾶσθαι· καὶ ὃς ἐὰν ἀπολελυμένην γαμήσῃ μοιχᾶται.
But a I say unto you, That whoso ever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery.
a See parallels on clause 1, ver. 22. b He saith unto them, Moses because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so. And I say unto you, Whomsoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso mar
A. D. 31. rieth her which is put away doth commit adultery, Matt. xix. 8, 9. And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the Spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth. For the LORD, the God of Israel, saith that he hateth putting away, Mal. ii. 15, 16. And Jesus answered and said unto them, For the hardness of your heart he wrote you this precept: But from made them male and female. For the beginning of the creation God
this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife; and they twain shall be one flesh: so then they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. And in the house his disciples asked him again of the same matter. And he saith unto them, Whosoever shall put away his wife, and marry another, committeth adultery against her. And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery, Mark x. 5—12. Whosoever putteth away his wife, and marrieth another, committeth adultery: and whosoever marrieth her that is put away from her husband, committeth adultery, Luke xvi. 18. For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband. So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to she shall be called an
adulteress but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law ; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man, Rom. vii. 2, 3. And unto the married I command, yet not I, but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from her husband: But and if she depart, let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to her husband: and let not the husband put away his wife, 1 Cor. vii. 10, 11.
Πάλιν ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐῤῥέθη τοῖς ἀρχαίοις· Οὐκ ἐπιορκήσεις, ἀποδώσεις δὲ τῷ Κυρίῳ Toùs ögnous σoũ.
Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt
not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths:
* Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain, Exod. xx.
7. And ye shall not swear by my
oath to bind his soul with a bond; he
Ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν, μὴ ὀμέσαι ὅλως· μήτε ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ, ὅτι θρόνος ἐστὶ τοῦ Θεοῦ· But I say unto you, b Swear not at all; neither by the heaven; for it is God's throne:
a See parallels on clause 1. ver. 22. b But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea, and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation, James v. 12.
He that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon, Matt. xxiii. 22. Thus saith the LORD, The heaven is my throne, Isa. lxvi. 1.
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b But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there, 2 Chron. vi. 6. Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King, Ps. xlviii. 2. The LORD loveth' dwellings of Jacob. Glorious things the gates of Zion more than all the are spoken of thee, O city of God, lxxxvii. 2, 3. I am a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and my name is dreadful among the heathen, Mal. i.
Μέτε ἐν τῇ κεφαλῇ σου ὀμέσης, ὅτι οὐ δύνασαι μίαν τρίχα λευκὴν ἢ μέλαιναν ποι a.
Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, a because thou canst not make one hair white or black.
a Which of you by taking thought can add one cubit unto his stature? Matt. vi. 27.
τὸ δὲ περισσὸν τούτων ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ ἐστιν. Εστω δὲ ὁ λόγος ὑμῶν ναὶ, ναί· οὔ, οὔ
But let your communication b be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these e cometh of evil.
a What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad? Luke xxiv. 17. Be not deceived; evil communications corrupt good manners, 1 Cor. tion proceed out of your mouth, but xv. 33. Let no corrupt communicathat which is good to the use of edifythe hearers, Eph. iv. 29. But now ye ing, that it may minister grace unto also put off all these ; anger, wrath, tion out of your mouth, Col. iii. 8. malice, blasphemy, filthy communica
b When I therefore was thus minded, did I use lightness? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me there should be yea yea, and nay nay? But as God is true, our word toward you was not yea and nay. For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached vanus and Timotheus, was not yea among you by us, even by me and Siland nay, but in him was yea. For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us, 2 Cor. i. 17-20. But above all things, my brethren, swear G
not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation, James v. 12. Woe unto you, ye blind guides, which say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor! Ye fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifieth the gold? And, whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is guilty. Ye fools and blind for whether is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift? Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon. And whoso shail swear by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him that dwelleth therein. And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon, Matt. xxiii. 16-22. The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek after God: God is not in all his thoughts. His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue mischief and vanity, Psal. x. 4,7. Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be, James iii. 10.
But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false-witness, blasphemies these are the things which defile a man, Matt. xv. 18-20. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of father will do, John viii. 44. your That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts, Eph. iv. 22. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, ii. 2.
A. D. 31.
Ana eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth:
a Thou shalt give life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe, Exod. xxi. 23-25. If a man cause a blemish in his neighbour; as he hath done, so shall it be done to him; Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth: as he hath caused a blemish in a man, so shall it be done to him again, Lev. xxiv. 19, 20. Then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to have done unto his brother, Deut. xix. 19.
Ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν, μὴ ἀντιστῆναι τῷ πονηρῶ, ἀλλ ̓ ὅστις σε ραπίσει ἐπὶ τὴν δεξιάν σου σιαγόνα, στέψον αὐτῷ καὶ τὴν ἄλA
But I say unto you, b That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall © smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
a See parallels on clause 1. ver. 29. b Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, Lev. xix. 18. Say not thou, I will recompense evil; but wait on the LORD, and he shall save thee, Prov. xx. 22. Say not, I will do so to him as he hath done to me: I will render to the man according to his work, xxiv. 29. Recompense to no man evil for evil. Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord, Rom. xii. 17. 19. Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to law one with another. Why do ye not rather take wrong? Why do ye not rather suffer yourselves to be defrauded? 1 Cor. vi. 7. See that none render evil for evil unto any man; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men, 1 Thess. v. 15. Ye have condemned and killed the just; and he doth not resist you, James v. 6. Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but
Ηκούσατε ὅτι ἐῤῥέθην Οφθαλμὸν ἀντὶ contrariwise blessing, knowing that ἐφθαλμοῦ, καὶ ἰδόντα ἀντὶ ἰδόντος.
Ye have heard that it hath been said,
ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing, 1 Pet. iii. 9.
b But Zedekiah the son of Chenaa
nah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee? 1 Kings xxii. 24. They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully, Job xvi. 10. I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting, Isa. 1. 6. He giveth his cheek to him that smiteth him: he is filled full with reproach, Lam. iii. 30. Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek, Mic. v. 1. And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other, Luke vi. 29. And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee? xxii. 64. For this is thankworthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully. For what glory is it, if, when ye be buffetted for your faults, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with God. For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him who judgeth righteously, 1 Pet. ii. 19-23.
Καὶ τῷ θέλοντί σοι κριθῆναι, καὶ τὸν χι τῶνά σου λαβεῖν, ἄφες αὑτῷ καὶ τὸ ἱμάτιον. And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also."
* And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloak forbid not to take thy coat also, Luke vi. 29. If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men, Rom. xii. 18. Charity-endureth all things, 1 Cor. xiii. 7.
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And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain.
ἀπὸ σοῦ δανείσασθαι μὴ ἀποστραφῇς.
Τῷ αἰτοῦντί σε δίδου· καὶ τὸν θέλοντα
a Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would b borrow of thee turn not thou away.
a Beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought; and he cry unto the LORD against thee, and it be sin unto thee. Thou shalt surely give him, and thine heart shall not be grieved when thou givestunto him: because that for this thing the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thy works, and in all that thou puttest thine hand unto, Deut. xv. 9, 10. If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail; or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless have not eaten thereof; If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering; If his loins have not blessed me, and if he were not warmed with the fleece of my sheep;-Then let mine arm fall from my shoulder blade, and mine arm be broken from the bone, Job xxxi. 16-22. The righteous sheweth mercy, and giveth, Ps. xxxvii.21. He (the righteous) hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever, cxii. 9. Say not unto thy neighbour, Go, and come again, and to-morrow I will give; when thou hast it by thee, Prov. iii. 28. There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth, and there is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty. The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself, xi. 24, 25. eth unto the LORD; and that which He that hath pity upon the poor lendhe hath given will he pay him again, xix. 17. Cast thy bread upon the waters for thou shalt find it after many days. Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth, Eccles. xi. 1, 2. In the morning sow
Καὶ ὅστις σε ἀγγαρεύσει μίλιον ἓν, ὕπαγε thy seed, and in the evening withμετ ̓ αὐτοῦ δύο. hold not thine hand for thou know
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MATT. V. 42, 43.
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so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity for God loveth a cheerful giver, 2 Cor. ix. 6, 7. Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth, Eph. iv. 28. Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high-minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate, 1 Tim. vi. 17, 18. For God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye
have ministered to the saints, and do minister, Heb. vi. 10. But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased, xiii. 16. Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world, Jam. i. 27. Whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? 1 John iii. 17.
est not whether shall prosper, either | this or that, or whether they both shall be alike good, 6. Is not this the fast that I have chosen?-Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? When thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh? Isa. lviii. 6, 7. Wherefore, O king, let my countenance be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity, Dan. iv. 27. Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again. And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise. For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them. And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same. And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again. But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall b Thou shalt not harden thine heart, be the children of the Highest: for he nor shut thine hand from thy poor is kind unto the unthankful and to brother: But thou shalt open thine the evil. Be ye therefore merciful, as hand wide unto him, and shalt surely your Father also is merciful, Luke vi. lend him sufficient for his need, in 30-36. Give alms of such things as that which he wanteth, Deut. xv. 7, 8. ye have, xi. 41. When thou makest a Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, brother, xxiii. 19. He (the righteous) nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, is ever merciful, and lendeth; and nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also his seed is blessed, Psal. xxxvii. 26. bid thee again, and a recompense be A good man sheweth favour, and made thee. But when thou makest a lendeth, cxii. 5. But love ye your feast, call the poor, the maimed, the enemies, and do good, and lend, hoplame, the blind: And thou shalt being for nothing again; and your reblessed; for they cannot recompense thee for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just, xiv. 12-14. Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head, Rom. xii. 20. But this I say, He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully. Every man according as he purposeth in his heart,
ward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil, Luke vi. 35.
Ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐῤῥέθη· ̓Αγαπήσεις τὸν πλησίον σου καὶ μισήσεις τὸν ἐχθρόν σου.
Ye have heard that it hath been said, a thou shalt love thy neighbour, b and hate thine enemy.
a Thou shalt love thy neighbour as