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النشر الإلكتروني

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXVI. 38-41.

A. D. 33.

d But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him, We are able, Matt. xx. 22. Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into thy sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it? John xviii. 11.

him, 2 Cor. v. 21. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree, Gal. iii. 13. Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed, 1 Pet. ii. 24. For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quick-me commandment, even so I do. Arise, ened by the Spirit, iii. 18.

And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour? ver. 40. Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh, xxv. 13.

VER. 39.

Καὶ προελθὼν μικρὸν, ἔπεσεν ἐπὶ πρόσωστον αὑτοῦ, προσευχόμενος, καὶ λέγων· Πάτερ μου, εἰ δυνατόν ἐστι, παρελθέτω ἀπ' ἐμοῦ τὸ ἀποτήριον τοῦτο· πλὴν οὐχ ὡς ἐγὼ θέλω, ἀλλ ̓ ὡς σύ.

And he went a little farther, ^ and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.


a And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee, take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt, Mark xiv. 35, 36. And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed, Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this from me nevertheless cup not my will, but thine be done, Luke

xxii. 41, 42.

e But that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave

let us go hence, John xiv. 31. We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Let every one of us please his neighbour for his good to edification. For even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me, Rom. xv. 1-3. And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross, Phil. ii. 8.

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a And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy, ver. 43. While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept, them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, xxv. 5. And he cometh, and findeth Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch one hour? Mark xiv. 37. But Peter and they that were with him were heavy with sleep and when they were awake, they saw his glory, and the two men that stood with him, Luke ix. 39. And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleep

b Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour, John xii. 27. Seeing for sorrow, xxii. 45. also on chap. vii. ver. 21. clause 4.

c For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect, Matt. xxiv. 24. See also on chap. xxiv. ver. 24. clause 3.


VER. 41.

Γρηγορεῖτε, καὶ προσεύχεσθε, ἵνα μὴ εἰσέλθητε εἰς πειρασμόν. Τὸ μὲν πνεῦμα πρόθυμον, ἡ δὲ σὰρξ ἀσθενής.

a Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak,


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a See on chap. xxiv. ver. 42. clause 1. See on chap. vi. ver. 13. clause 1. c For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man: But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. Ο wretched man that I am who shall deliver me from the body of this death: I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin, Rom. vii. 18-25.

VER. 42.

Πάλιν ἐκ δευτέρου ἀπελθὼν προσηύξατο, λέγων· Πάτερ μου, εἰ οὐ δύναται τοῦτο τὸ ποτήριον παρελθεῖν ἀπ ̓ ἐμοῦ, ἐὰν μὴ αὐτὸ πίω, γενηθήτω τὸ θέλημά σου.

He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done.


And again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words. And when he returned, he found them asleep again, (for their eyes were heavy,) neither wist they what to answer him, Mark xiv. 39, 40. Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared; Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered, Heb. v. 7, 8.

VER. 43.

Καὶ ἐλθὼν εὑρίσκει αὐτοὺς πάλιν καθεύ δοντας· ἦσαν γὰρ αὐτῶν οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ βεβαρημένοι.

And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy.

a But Peter and they that were with him were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake, they saw his

A. D. 33.

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Τότε ἔρχεται πρὸς τοὺς μαθητὰς αὑτοῦ, καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς· Καθεύδετε τὸ λοιπὸν, καὶ ἀναπαύεσθε· ἰδοὺ, ἤγγικεν ἡ ὥρα, καὶ ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου παραδίδοται εἰς χεῖρας ἁμαρτωλῶν.

Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

a And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: it is enough, the is betrayed into the hands of sinners. hour is come; behold, the Son of man Rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand, Mark xiv. 41, 42. When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness, Luke xxii. 53. Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end, John xiii. 1. These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee, xvii. 1.

VER. 46.

Εγείρεσθε, ἄγωμεν, ἰδοῦ, ἤγγικεν ὁ παι ραδιδούς με.

Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.

a But I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I straitened till it be accomplished! Luke xii. 50. And he said unto them, With desire

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MATT. XXVI. 46-49.

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I have desired to eat this Passover | I am he, they went backward, and fell with you before I suffer, xxii. 15. But that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do, John xiv. 31. Then Paul answered, What mean ye to weep and to break mine heart? for I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus, Acts

xxi. 13.

VER. 47.

Καὶ ἔτι αὐτοῦ λαλοῦντος, ἰδοὺ, Ἰούδας εἷς τῶν δώδεκα ἦλθε, καὶ μετ ̓ αὐτοῦ ὄχλος πολὺς μετὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ ξύλων, ἀπὸ τῶν ἀρχιερέων καὶ πρεσβυτέρων τοῦ λαοῦ.

And while he yet spake, alo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the Chief Priests and elders of the people.

a In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me, ver. 55. And immediately while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the Chief Priests and the Scribes and the elders, Mark xiv. 43. And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him. But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss? Luke xxii. 47, 48. When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus oft times resorted thither with his disciples, Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the Chief Priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons. Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye? They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. As soon then as he had said unto them,

to the ground. Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he. If therefore ye seek me, let these go their way, John xviii. 1-8. Men and brethren, this Scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus, Acts i. 16.

VER. 48.

Ὁ δὲ παραδιδοὺς αὐτὸν, ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς σημεῖον, λέγων· ὃν ἂν φιλήσω, αὐτός ἐστι· κρατήσατε αὐτόν.

Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, a Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: bhold him fast.

a And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and • smote him there under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother, 2 Sam. iii. 27. And Joab said to Amasa, Art thou in health, my brother? and Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth rib, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri, xx. 9, 10. Draw me not away with the wicked, and with the workers of iniquity, which speak peace to their neighbours, but mischief is in their hearts, Psal. xxviii. 3. He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him he hath broken his covenant. The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords, ly. 20, 21.

And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely, Mark xiv. 44.

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a And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand : and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, king of the Jews! And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head, xxvii. 29, 30. And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews! Mark xv. 18. And said, Hail, King of the Jews! And they smote him with their hands, John xix. 3.

b Faithful are the wounds of a friend; but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful, Prov. xxvii. 6. And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, master; and kissed him. And they laid their hands on him, and took him, Mark xiv. 45, 46. Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman since the time I came in hath not ceased to kiss my feet, - Luke vii. 45. Greet all the brethren with an holy kiss, 1 Thess. v. 26.

VER. 50.

Ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν αὐτῷ· Εταῖρε, ἐφ ̓ ᾧ πάρει; Τότε προσελθόντες ἐπέβαλον τὰς χεῖρας ἐπὶ τὸν Ἰησοῦν, καὶ ἐκράτησαν αὐτόν.

And Jesus said unto him, aFriend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took


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A. D. 33.

of the High Priest, and cut off his ear, Mark xiv. 47. But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of, Luke ix. 55. Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the High Priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus. Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it? John xviii. 10, 11. Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews, 36. For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds, 2 Cor. x. 4.

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a Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath for it is written, Vengeance a But he answered one of them, and is mine; I will repay, saith the said, Friend, I do thee no wrong; didst Lord, Rom. xii. 19. For even herethou not agree with me for a penny? unto were ye called: because Christ xx. 13. Yea, mine own familiar also suffered for us, leaving us an exfriend, in whom I trusted, which did ample, that ye should follow his steps: eat of my bread, hath lifted up his Who did no sin, neither was guile heel against me, Psal. xli. 9. But it found in his mouth: Who, when he was thou, a man, mine equal, my was reviled, reviled not again; when guide, and mine acquaintance. We he suffered, he threatened not; but took sweet counsel together, and walk-committed himself to him that judgeth ed unto the house of God in company, righteously, 1 Pet. ii. 21-23. See Iv. 13, 14. But Jesus said unto him, also on chap. v. ver. 39. clause 2. Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss? Luke xxii. 48.

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b Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed for in the image of God made he man, Gen. ix. 6. But thou, Ο God, shalt bring bloody and deceitful men shall not them down into the pit of destruction: live out half their days ; but I will

trust in thee, Psal. lv. 23. Because thou hast had a perpetual hatred, and hast shed the blood of the children of Israel by the force of the sword in the time of their calamity, in the time that their iniquity had an end: Therefore, as I live, saith the Lord GOD, I

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will prepare thee unto blood, and blood shall pursue thee: sith thou hast not hated blood, even blood shall pursue thee, Ezek. xxxv. 5, 6. He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints, Rev. xiii. 10. For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy, xvi. 6.

VER. 53.

Η δοκεῖς ὅτι οὐ δύναμαι ἄρτι παρακαλέσαι τὸν πατέρα μου, καὶ παραστήσει μοι πλείους ἢ δώδεκα λεγεῶνας ἀγγέλων ; Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve b legions of angels?

a When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory, Matt. xxv. 31. And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, 1 pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha, 2 Kings vi. 17. A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousands times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened, Dan. vii. 10. And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, 2 Thess. i. 7. And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousand of his saints, Jude 14.

b And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? And he said, Legion because many devils were entered into him, Luke viii. 30.

VER. 54.

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A. D. 33.

while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the Scriptures. And said unto them, Thus is it written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day, Luke xxiv. 44-46. If he called them gods unto whom the word of God came, and the Scripture cannot be broken, John x. 35.

b See on ver. 24. clause 1.

VER. 55.

Ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ ὥρᾳ εἶπεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς τοῖς ὄχλοις· Ὡς ἐπὶ λῃστὴν ἐξήλθετε μετὰ μα χαιρῶν καὶ ξύλων συλλαβεῖν με, καθ ̓ ἡμέ ραν πρὸς ὑμᾶς ἐκαθεζόμην διδάσκων ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ, καὶ οὐκ ἐκρατήσατέ με.

In that same hour said Jesus to the

multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me.

a And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and with staves to take me? I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: but the Scriptures must be fulfilled. And they all forsook him, and fled, Mark xiv. 48-50. Then Jesus said unto the Chief Priests and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves? When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness, Luke xxii. 52, 53.

b And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the Scribes that Christ is the Son of David? Mark xii. 35. And in the day-time he was teaching in the temple; and at night he went out, and abode in the mount that is called the mount of Olives. And all the people

Πῶς οὖν πληρωθῶσιν αἱ γραφαι, ὅτι came early in the morning to him in οὕτω δεῖ γενέσθαι ;

But how then shall the Scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be.

a And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you,

the temple, for to hear him, Luke xxi. 37, 38. And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them, John viii. 2. Jesus answered him, I spake open

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