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النشر الإلكتروني

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXIV. 45-47.

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the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not. For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better, Phil. i. 21-23. For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand. I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith: Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing, 2 Tim. iv. 6-8. Yea, I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you up by putting you in remembrance; Knowing that shortly I must put off this my taber

love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep. He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep, John xxi. 1517. And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ. I have fed you with milk, and not with meat; for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able, 1 Cor. iii. 1, 2. And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers. For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the minis-nacle, even as our Lord Jesus Christ try, for the edifying of the body of Christ: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ, Eph. iv. 11-13. The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed. Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock, 1 Pet. v. 1-3.

VER. 46.

Μακάριος ὁ δοῦλος ἐκεῖνος, ὃν ἐλθὼν ὁ κύριος αὐτοῦ εὑρήσει ποιοῦντα οὕτως.

a Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.

a Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world, Matt. xxv. 54. Blessed are those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watch ing verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them, Luke xii. 37. Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing, 43. For to me to live, is Christ, and to die, is gain. But if I live in the flesh this is

hath shewed me. Moreover, I will endeavour that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance, 2 Pet. i. 1315. I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last to be more than the first, Rev. ii. 19. Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame, xvi. 15.

VER. 47.

̓Αμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν, ὅτι ἐπὶ πᾶσι τοῖς ὑπάρχουσιν αὑτοῦ καταστήσει αὐτόν. Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods.

a His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord, Matt. xxv. 21. 23. And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament: and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever, Dan. xii. 3. Blessed are those servants whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and shall make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them, Luke xii. 37. Of a truth I say

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MATT. XXIV. 47-49.

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shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, And saying, Where is the promise of his com

all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation. For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water, 2 Pet. iii. 3-5.

VER. 49.

ἐσθίειν δὲ καὶ πίνειν μετὰ τῶν μεθυόνταν· Καὶ ἄρξηται τύπτειν τοὺς συνδούλους,

unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath, 44. And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant because thou hast been faith-ing? for since the fathers fell asleep, ful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities, xix. 17. And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me: That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel, xxii. 29, 30. If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: any man serve me, him will my Father honour, John xii. 26. If we suffer we shall also reign with him: if we deny him, he also will deny us, 2 Tim. ii. 12. And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away, 1 Pet. v. 4. To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne, Rev. iii. 21. He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son,

xxi. 7.

VER. 48.

Ἐὰν δὲ εἴπῃ ὁ κακὸς δοῦλος ἐκεῖνος ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὑτοῦ· Χρονίζει ο κύριός μου ἐλθεῖν·

But and if that evil servant shall a say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming;

a For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, Mark vii. 21. But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming, Luke xii. 45. Repent therefore of this thy wickedness, and pray God, if perhaps the thought of thine heart may be forgiven thee, Acts viii. 22.

b Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil, Ec. viii. 11. Son of man, what is that proverb that ye have in the land of Israel, saying, The days are prolonged, and every vision faileth? Ezek. xii. 22. Son of man, behold, they of the house of Israel say, The vision that he seeth is for many days to come, and he prophesieth of the times that are far off, 27. Knowing this first, that there

And shall begin a to smite his fellowservants, band to eat and drink with the drunken ;

a Hear the word of the LORD, ye that tremble at his word; Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's sake, said, Let the LORD be glorified: but he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed, Isa. lxvi. 5. For ye suffer, if a man bring you into bondage, if a man devour you, if a man take of you, if a man exalt himself, if a man smite you on the face. 2 Cor. xi. 20. Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock, 1 Pet. v. 3. I wrote unto the Church: but

Diotrephes, who loveth to have the pre-eminence among them, receiveth us not. Wherefore, if I come, I will remember his deeds which he doeth, prating against us with malicious words and not content therewith, neither doth he himself receive the brethren, and forbiddeth them that would, and casteth them out of the Church, 3 John 9, 10. For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy, Rev. xvi. 6. And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration, xvii. 6. For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her forni. cations, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand, xix. 2.

b Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves, Matt. vii. 15. And the priest's custom with the people was, that when any man

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MATT. XXIV. 49-51.

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from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children, 2 Pet. ii. 13, 14. These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots, Jude 12.

VER. 50.

Ηξει ὁ κύριος τοῦ δούλου ἐκείνου ἐν ἡμέρᾳ ᾗ οὐ προσδοκᾷ, καὶ ἐν ὥρᾳ ᾗ οὐ γινώσκει·

The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of,

offered sacrifice, the priest's servant | of adultery, and that cannot cease came, while the flesh was in seething, with a flesh-hook of three teeth in his hand; And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or cauldron, or pot; all that the flesh-hook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither. Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw. And if any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and then take as much as thy soul desireth; then he would answer him, Nay; but thou shalt give it a Watch therefore: for ye know not me now: and if not, I will take it by what hour your Lord doth come, ver. force, 1 Sam. ii. 13-16. Wherefore 42. Therefore be ye also ready: for in kick ye at my sacrifice, and at mine such an hour as ye think not the Son offering, which I have commanded of man cometh, 44. He, that being in my habitation; and honourest thy often reproved hardeneth his neck, sons above me, to make yourselves shall suddenly be destroyed, and that fat with the chiefest of all the offer-without remedy, Prov. xxix. 1. For ings of Israel my people? 29. Come ye, say they, I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, and much more abundant, Isa. lvi. 12. Ye eat the fat, and ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill them that are fed : but ye feed not the flock, Ezek. xxxiv. 3. Thus saith the LORD concerning the prophets that make my people err, that bite with their teeth, and cry, Peace; and he that putteth not into their mouths, they even prepare war against him, Mic. iii. 5. For they

that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple, Rom. xvi. 18. Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things, Phil. iii. 19. Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake. One of themselves, even a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians are alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies, Tit. i. 11, 12. And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings, while they feast with you; Having eyes full

yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night, 1 Thess. v. 2. Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee, Rev. iii. 3.

VER. 51.

Καὶ διχοτομήσει αὐτὸν, καὶ τὸ μέρος αὐτοῦ μετὰ τῶν ὑποκριτῶν θήσει· ἐκεῖ ἐστ ται ὁ κλαυθμὸς καὶ ὁ βρυγμὸς τῶν ὀδόντων.

Anda shall cut him asunder, hand appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and

gnashing of teeth.

*Or, cut him off.

a And Samuel said, As thy sword hath made woman childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal, 1 Sam. xv. 33. Therefore I make a decree, that every people, nation, and language, which speak any thing amiss against the God of Shadrach, Meshech, and Abednego, shall be cut in pieces, Dan. iii. 29.

This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and the heritage appointed unto him by God, Job xx. 29. The sinners in Zion are afraid; fear

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXIV. 51.-xxv. 1, 2.

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fulness hath surprised the hypocrites. | lous over you with godly jealousy:

Who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire? who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings? Isa. xxxiii. 14. The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is 'not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers, Luke xii. 46.

See on chap. viii. ver. 12. clause 2.


Τότε ὁμοιωθήσεται ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐ φανῶν δέκα παρθένοις, αἵτινες λαβοῦσαι τὰς λαμπάδας αὑτῶν, ἐξῆλθον εἰς ἀπάντησιν τοῦ νυμφίου.


Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and © went forth to meet the bridegroom.

a See on chap. iii. ver. 2. clause 2. b Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven, Matt. v. 16. Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning; And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding; that when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately, Luke xii. 35, 36. That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world; Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain, Phil. ii. 15, 16. Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing, 2 Tim. iv. 8. Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ, Tit. ii. 13.

The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son, Matt. xxii. 2. For thy maker is thine husband; the LORD of hosts is his name: and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called, Isa. liv. 5. For I am jea.

for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ, 2 Cor. xi. 2. Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the Church, and gave himself for it; That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, That he might present it to himself a glorious Church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish. So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth hims self. For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the Church: For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones. For this

cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the Church. Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself; and the wife see that she reverence her husband, Eph. v. 25-33. Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the mar riage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready, Rev. xix. 7. See also chap. ix. ver. 15. clause 1.

VER. 2.

Πέντε δὲ ἦσαν ἐξ αὐτῶν φρόνιμοι, καὶ αἱ Tévre pogai.

And a five of them were wise, and five were foolish.

a Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not for it was founded upon a rock. And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell, and great was the fall of it, Matt. vii. 24—27. See also chap. xiii. ver. 47. clause 2.

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VER. 3.

MATT. XXV. 3-5.

Αἵτινες μωραὶ, λαβοῦσαι τὰς λαμπάδας ἑαυτων, οὐκ ἔλαβον μεθ ̓ ἑαυτῶν ἔλαιον· They that were a foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them:

a Woe unto you Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess. Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also, Matt. xxiii. 25, 26. Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah; which swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness. For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is his name, Isa. xlviii. 1, 2. Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of justice; they take delight in approaching to God, lviii. 2. And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them: for with their mouth they shew much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness, Ezek. xxxiii. 31. Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away, 2 Tim. iii. 5. Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble and thereby many be defiled, Heb. xii. 15. And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead, Rev. iii. 1. I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot I would thou wert cold or hot. So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth, 15, 16.

VER. 4.


Αἱ δὲ φρόνιμοι ἔλαβον ἔλαιον ἐν τοῖς ἀγ. γείοις αὐτῶν, μετὰ τῶν λαμπάδων αὐτῶν.

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But the wise took a oil in their vessels with their lamps.

a Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows, Psal. xlv. 7. John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was before me. And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace, John i. 15, 16. For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him, iii. S4. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his, Rom. viii. 9. Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts, 2 Cor. i. 22. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance: against such there is no law, Gal. v. 22, 23. But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things, 1 John ii. 20. But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him, 27. These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit, Jude 19.

VER. 5.

Χρονίζοντος δὲ τοῦ νυμφίου, ἐνύσταξαν πᾶσαι, καὶ ἐκάθευδον.


While a the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.

a After a long time the lord of those servants cometh, and reckoneth with them, ver. 19. But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming, xxiv. 48. For the vision is yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry, Hab. ii. 3. But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the men-servants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be

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