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and according to the fruit of his doings, Jer. xvii. 9, 10. And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God, Luke xvi. 15.

O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bring eth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things, Matt. xii. 34, 35. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies: These are the things which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man, xv. 19, 20. For from within,out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness: All these evil things come from within, and defile the man, Mark

vii. 21-23.

VER. 29.

Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, Γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι, ὑποκριταὶ· ὅτι οἰκοδομεῖτε τοὺς τάφους των προφητῶν, καὶ κοσμεῖτε τὰ μνημεῖα τῶν δικαίων·

Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because aye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous,

a Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres, Luke xi. 47, 48.

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Wherefore ye be a witnesses unto yourselves, that bye are the children of them which killed the prophets.

a And Joshua said unto the people, Ye are witnesses against yourselves that ye have chosen you the LORD, to serve him. And they said, We are witnesses, Josh. xxiv. 22. For thy mouth uttereth thine iniquity, and thou choosest the tongue of the crafty. Thine own mouth condemneth thee, and not I: yea, thine own lips testify against thee, Job xv. 5, 6. So they shall make their own tongue to fall themselves: all that see them shall flee away, Psal. Ixiv. 8. And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will 1 judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow, Luke xix. 22.


b Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye. Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers, Acts vii. 51, 52. Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men: Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost, 1 Thess. ii. 15, 16.

VER. 32. Καὶ ὑμεῖς πληρώσατε τὸ μέτρον τῶν πατέρων ὑμῶν.

Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

a But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the ini quity of the Amorites is not yet full, Gen. xv. 16. And, behold, ye are risen up in your fathers' stead, an increase of sinful men, to augment yet the fierce anger of the LORD toward Israel, Numb. xxxii. 14.

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MATT. XXIII. 33, 34.

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Ye a serpents, ye generation of vipers, | his name among all nations, beginning bhow can ye escape the damnation of hell?

a See on chap. iii. ver. 7. clause 2. b Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation, ver. 14. How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him, Heb. ii. 3. Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace? x. 29. See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven, xii. 25.

VER. 34.

Διὰ τοῦτο, ἰδοὺ, ἐγὼ ἀποστέλλω πρὸς ὑμᾶς προφήτας, καὶ σοφοὺς, καὶ γραμματ τεῖς· καὶ ἐξ αὐτῶν ἀποκτενεῖτε καὶ σταν ρώσετε, καὶ ἐξ αὐτῶν μαστιγώσετε ἐν ταῖς συναγωγαῖς ὑμῶν, καὶ διώξετε ἀπὸ πόλεως εἰς πόλιν·



Wherefore, behold, I send unto you b prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city:

a Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye there fore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves, Matt. x. 16. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen, xxviii. 19, 20. Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute, Luke xi. 49. And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in

at Jerusalem, xxiv. 47. Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even But ye so send I you, John xx. 21. shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye

shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judæa, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth, Acts i. 8. Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord. And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all. But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit; To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit; to another the working of miracles; to another prophecy ; to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues : But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will, 1 Cor. xii. 3-11. Wherefore, he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.) And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ, Eph. iv. 8-12.

b And in these days came prophets from Jerusalem unto Antioch, Acts xi. 27. Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the

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MATT. XXIII. 34, 35.

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tetrarch, and Saul, xiii. 1. And Judas | thou hast redeemed, and lay not in

and Silas, being prophets also themselves, exhorted the brethren with many words, and confirmed them, xv. 32.

c The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life; and he that winneth souls is wise, Prov. xi. 30. Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought, 1 Cor. ii. 6. According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon, iii.10. Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus, Col. i. 28.

d Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven, is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old, Matt. xiii. 52. See on chap. x. ver. 17. and ver. 23. clause 1.


VER. 35.

Ὅπως ἔλθῃ ἐφ ̓ ὑμᾶς πᾶν αἷμα δίκαιον, ἐκχυνόμενον ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, ἀπὸ τοῦ αἵματος "ACEX TOU dinais, Ews Tou alμaros Zaxaρίου υἱοῦ Βαραχίου, ὃν ἐφονεύσατε μεταξὺ τοῦ ναοῦ καὶ τοῦ θυσιαστηρίου.

That a upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from b the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar. a And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man. Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man, Gen. ix. 5, 6. So ye shall not pollute the land wherein ye are : for blood it defileth the land and the land cannot be cleansed of the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of him that shed it, Numb. xxxv. 33. And they shall answer and say, Our hands have not shed this blood, neither have our eyes seen it. Be merciful, O LORD, unto thy people Israel, whom

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nocent blood unto thy people Israel's charge. And the blood shall be forgiven them, Deut. xxi. 7, 8. Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, 2 Kings xxi. 16. And also for the innocent blood that he shed for he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood; which the LORD would not pardon, xxiv. 4. For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain, Isa. xxvi. 21. In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: your own sword hath devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion, Jer. ii. 30. Also in thy skirts is found the blood of the souls of the poor innocents: I have not found it by secret search, but upon all these, 34. But know ye for certain, that if ye put me to death ye shall surely bring innocent blood upon yourselves, and upon this city, for of a truth the Lonp hath sent me and upon the inhabitants thereof; unto you to speak all these words in your ears, xxvi. 15. And they fetched forth Urijah out of Egypt, and brought him unto Jehoiakim the king; who slew him with the sword, and cast his dead body into the graves of the common people, 23. For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her. They have wandered as blind men in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that men could not touch their garments, Lam. iv. 13, 14. And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth, Rev.xviii. 24.

b And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him, Gen. iv. 8. For this is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another. Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And where

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VER. 36.

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strange god be in thee; neither shalt thou worship any strange god. I am the LORD thy God which brought thee out of the land of Egypt; open thy

Αμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν, ἥξει ταῦτα πάντα mouth wide, and I will fl it. But my ἐπὶ τὴν γενεὰν ταύτην.

Verily I say unto you, a All these things shall come upon this generation.

a Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled, Matt. xxiv. 34. Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not pass, till all these things be done. Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away, Mark xiii. 30, 31.

VER. 37.

Ιερουσαλὴμ, Ιερουσαλὴμ, ἡ ἀποκτείνουσα τοὺς προφήτας, καὶ λιθοβολοῦσα τοὺς ἀπεσταλμένους πρὸς αὑτὴν, ποσάκις ἠθέλησα ἐπισυναγαγεῖν τὰ τέκνα σου, ὃν τρό πον ἐπισυνάγει ὅρνις τὰ νοσσία ἑαυτῆς ὑπὸ τὰς πτέρυγας, καὶ οὐκ ἠθελήσατε ;

O a Jerusalem, Jerusalem, b thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, deven as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!

a O Jerusalem, wash thine heart from wickedness, that thou mayest be saved. How long shall thy vain thoughts lodge within thee? Jer. iv. 14. Be thou instructed, O Jerusalem, lest my soul depart from thee; lest I make thee desolate, a land not inhabited, vi. 8. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen doth gather her brood under her wings, and ye would not! Luke xiii. 34.

b See on chap. xxi. ver. 35.

And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwellingplace. But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy, 2 Chron. xxxvi. 15, 16. Hear, O my people, and I will testify unto thee: O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto me; There shall no

people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me, Psal. lxxxi. 8-11. Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask ye for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ̧ ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein. Also I set watchmen over you, saying, Hearken to the sound of the trumpet. But they said, We will not hearken, Jer. vi. 16, 17. For I earnestly protested unto your fathers in the day that I brought them up out of the land of Egypt, even unto this day rising early and protesting, saying, Obey my voice. Yet they obeyed not,

nor inclined their ear, but walked every one in the imagination of their evil heart: therefore I will bring upon them all the words of this covenant, which I commanded them to do; but they did them not, xi. 7,8. From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened. And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear. They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers, for ever and ever. And go not after other gods to serve them and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt. Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD, that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt, xxv. 3-7. I have sent also unto you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying, Return ye now every man from his evil way, and amend your doings, and go not after other gods to serve them, and ye shall dwell

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in the land which I have given to you and to your fathers. But ye have not inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto me, xxxv. 15. And said unto them, Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, unto whom ye sent me to present your supplication before him; If ye will still abide in this land, then will I build you and not pull you down, and I will plant you and not pluck you up: for I repent me of the evil that I have done unto you. Be not afraid of the king of Babylon, of whom ye are afraid; be not afraid of him, saith the LORD: for I am with you to save you, and to deliver you from his hand. And I will shew mercies unto you, that he may have mercy upon you, and cause you to return to your own land. But if ye say, We will not dwell in this land, neither obey the voice of the LORD your God, xlii. 9-13. Howbeit I sent unto you all my servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, saying, Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate, xliv. 4. Be not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts: Turn ye now from your evil ways, and from your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the LORD, Zech. i. 4.

d As an eagle stirreth up her nest, fluttereth over her young, spreadeth abroad her wings, taketh them, beareth them on her wings, Deut. xxxii. 11. The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust, Ruth ii. 12. Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings, Psal. xvii. 8. How excellent is thy loving-kindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings, xxxvi. 7. Be merciful unto me, O God, be merciful unto me: for my soul trusteth in thee: yea, in the shadow of thy wings will I make my refuge, until these calamities be overpast, lvii. 1. Because thou hast been my help, therefore in the shadow of thy wings will I rejoice, Ixiii. 7. He shall cover thee with his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth shall be thy shield and buckler, xci. 4.

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e See on chap. xxii. ver. 3. clause 3. VER. 38.

Ἰδοὺ, ἀφίεται ὑμῖν ὁ οἶκος ὑμῶν ἔρημος. Behold, a your house is left unto you desolate.

a And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down, Matt. xxiv. 2. Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it to be a proverb and a byword among all nations. And this house which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house? 2 Chron. vii. 20, 21. Pour out thine indignation upon them, and let thy wrathful anger take hold of them. Let their habitation be desolate; and let none dwell in their tents, Psal. lxix. 24, 25. Thy holy cities are a wilderness, Zion is a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation. Our holy and our beautiful house, where our fathers praised thee, is burned up with fire: and all our pleasant things are laid waste. Wilt thou refrain thyself for these things, O LORD? wilt thou hold thy peace, and afflict us very sore? Isa. lxiv. 10-12. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are deter. mined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate, Dan. ix. 26, 27. Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars. Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty is spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down, Zech. xi. 1, 2.

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