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النشر الإلكتروني

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXII. 44, 45.

A. D. 33.

thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise | 21. And I saw an angel come down thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel, Gen. iii. 15. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron, thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel, Psal. ii. 8, 9. Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them, xxi. 9. Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righ. teousness, mighty to save. Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that, treadeth in the winefat? I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment. For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me. And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth, Isa. lxiii. 1-6. But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me, Luke xix. 27. And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army. And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth and all the fowls were filled with their flesh, Rev. xix. 19—

from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years. And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled and after that he must be loosed a little season, xx. 1-3. And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire, 11-15.


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VER. 45.

υἱὸς αὐτοῦ ἐστι ;
Εἰ οὖν Δαβὶδ καλεῖ αὐτὸν Κύριον, πῶς

If David then a call him Lord, how is he his son?

a Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am, John viii. 58. Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead, Rom. i. 3, 4. Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen, ix. 5. Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXII. 45, 46.-xxI. 1—3.

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humbled himself, and became obedi- | Jesus was left alone, and the woman

ent unto death, even the death of the cross, Phil. ii. 6-8. And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory, 1 Tim. iii. 16. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil, Heb. ii. 14. I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star, Rev. xxii. 16.

VER. 46.

Καὶ οὐδεὶς ἐδύνατο αὐτῷ ἀποκριθῆναι λόγον· οὐδὲ ἐτόλμησέ τις ἀπ ̓ ἐκείνης τῆς ἡμέρας ἐπερωτῆσαι αὐτὸν οὐκέτι.

And a no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.

And they answered Jesus, and said, We cannot tell. And he said unto them, Neither tell 1 you by what authority I do these things, Matt. xxi. 27. They were amazed, they answered no more they left off speaking. When I had waited, (for they spake not, but stood still, and answered no more), Job. xxxii. 15, 16. And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question, Mark xii. 34. And when he had said these things, all his adversaries were ashamed: and all the people rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by him, Luke xiii. 17. And they could not answer him again to these things, xiv. 6. And after that they durst not ask him any question at all, xx. 40. So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her. And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground. And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and

standing in the midst, John viii. 7—9. And beholding the man which was healed standing with them, they could say nothing against it, Acts iv. 14.

CHAP. XXIII.-VER. 1. Τότε ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐλάλησε τοῖς ὄχλοις καὶ Tois μantaïs AvToũ,

Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples,

a See on chap. iv. ver. 25. clause 1. VER. 2.

Λέγων· Ἐπὶ τῆς Μωσέως καθέδρας ἐκάθισαν οἱ Γραμματεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι.

Saying, a The Scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat:

a See on chap. ii. ver. 4. clause 2. See on chap. iii. ver. 7. clause 1. VER. 3.

Πάντα οὖν ὅσα ἂν εἴπωσιν ὑμῖν τηρεῖν, τηρεῖτε καὶ ποιεῖτε· κατὰ δὲ τὰ ἔργα αὐτῶν μὴ ποιεῖτε· λέγουσι γὰς, καὶ οὐ


All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; b but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.

a Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: be thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God: And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do, Exod. xviii. 19, 20. Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the LORD my God commanded me, that ye should do so in the land whither ye go to possess it, Deut. iv. 5. Go thou near, and hear all that the LORD our God shall say: and speak thou unto us all that the LORD our God shall speak unto thee; and we will hear it, and do it, v. 27. And thou shalt come unto the priests the Levites, and unto the Judge that shall be in those days, and enquire; and they shall shew thee the sentence of judgment: And thou shalt do according to the sentence, which they of that place which the LonD shall choose shall shew thee; and thou shalt observe to do acccording to all that they inform thee; According to the sentence of the law which they

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXI. 3-5.

A. D. 33.

shall teach thee, and according to | Gácranra, xai imitiðśaow iwi Toùs

the judgment which they shall tell thee, thou shalt do: thou shalt not decline from the sentence which they shall shew thee, to the right hand, nor to the left, xvii. 9-11. Also in Judah the hand of God was to give them one heart to do the commandment of the king and of the princes, by the word of the LORD, 2 Chron. xxx. 12. Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God, Rom. xiii. 1.

b See on chap. v. ver. 20. clause 1. And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir: and went not, Matt. xxi. 30. But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth? Seeing thou hatest instruction, and castest my words behind thee. When thou sawest a thief, then thou consentedst with him, and hast been partaker with adulterers. Thou givest thy mouth to evil, and thy tongue frameth deceit. Thou sittest and speakest against thy brother; thou slanderest thine own mother's son, Psal. l. 16— 20. And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness, An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law.

Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal? Thou that sayest a man should, not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that

abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege? Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God? For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written, Rom. ii. 19-24. Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away, 2 Tim. iii. 5. They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate, Tit. i. 16.

ὤμους τῶν ἀνθρώπων· τῷ δὲ δακτύλῳ αὐ τῶν οὐ θέλουσι κινῆσαι αὐτά,

For a they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.

a Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone, ver. 25. Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light, xi. 28-30. And he said, Woe unto you also, ye Lawyers! for ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one of your fingers, Luke xi. 46. Now therefore why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? Acts xv. 10. For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things, 28. VER. 5.

τὸ θεαθῆναι τοῖς ἀνθρώποις. Πλατύνουσι δὲ Πάντα δὲ τὰ ἔργα αὐτῶν ποιοῦσι πρὸς τὰ φυλακτήρια αὑτῶν, καὶ μεγαλύνουσι τὰ κράσπεδα τῶν ἱματίων αὑτῶν.

But a all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,

a See on chap. v. ver. 20. clause 1. b And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes, Deut. vi. 8. Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thine heart, Prov. iii. 3. Bind them continually upon thine heart, and tie them about thy neck. When thou goest, it shall lead thee; when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee; and when thou awakest, it shall talk with thee. For the commandment is a lamp; and Δεσμεύουσι γὰρ φορτία βαρέα καὶ δυσ. | the law is light; and reproofs of inVOL. I.

VER. 4.

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Φιλοῦσί τε τὴν πρωτοκλισίαν ἐν τοῖς δείπε νοις, καὶ τὰς πρωτοκαθεδρίας ἐν ταῖς συναγωγαῖς,

And a love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues.

VER. 8.

A. D. 33.

Ὑμεῖς δὲ μὴ κληθῆτε Ραββί· εἷς γάρ ἐστιν ὑμῶν ὁ καθηγητὴς, ὁ Χριστός· πάν τες δὲ ὑμεῖς ἀδελφοί ἐστε.


But a be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and call ye are brethren.

a Neither be ye called masters: for one is your master, even Christ, ver. 10. Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith ye stand, 2 Cor. i. 24. For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and sake, iv. 5. My brethren, be not ourselves your servants for Jesus' many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation, Jam. iii. 1. Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock, 1 Pet. v. 3.

a And he said unto her, 'What wilt thou? She saith unto him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left, in thy kingdom, Matt. xx. 21. Put not forth thyself in the presence of the king, and stand not in the place of great men: For better it is that it be said unto thee, Come up hither; than that thou shouldest be put lower in the presence of the prince whom thine eyes have seen, Prov. xxv. 6, 7. And he said unto them in his doctrine, he be as his master, and the servant as b It is enough for the disciple that Beware of the Scribes, which love to his lord. If they have called the masgo in long clothing, and love saluta-ter of the house Beelzebub, how much tions in the marketplaces, And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the hold? Matt. x. 25. more shall they call them of his houseWhile he yet uppermost rooms at feasts, Mark xii. spake, behold, a bright cloud overS8, 39. Woe unto you, Pharisees! shadowed them: and behold a voice for ye love the uppermost seats in the out of the cloud, which said, This is synagogues, and greetings in the markets, Luke xi. 43. And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them, xiv. 7. Beware of the Scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts; Which devour widow's houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation, xx. 46, 47. Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love; in honour preferring one another, Rom. xii. 10. I wrote unto the Church: but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the preeminence among them, receiveth us not, 3 John 9.

VER. 7.

Καὶ τοὺς ἀσπασμοὺς ἐν ταῖς ἀγοραῖς, καὶ καλεῖσθαι ὑπὸ τῶν ἀνθρώπων, Ραββί, Ραββί.

And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, a Rabbi, Rabbi.

a See on John i. ver. 38. clause 1.

my beloved Son, in whom I am well
forthwith he came to Jesus, and said,
pleased; hear ye him, xvii. 5. And
Hail, Master; and kissed him, xxvi.
49. Ye call me Master and Lord:

and ye say well; for so I am. If I
then, your Lord and Master, have
washed your feet; ye also ought to
wash one another's feet, John xiii.
13, 14. For to this end Christ both
died, and rose, and revived, that he
might be Lord both of the dead and
living. But why dost thou judge thy
brother? or why dost thou set at
nought thy brother? for we shall all
Christ, Rom. xiv. 9, 10.
stand before the judgment seat of
Now this
I say, that every one of you saith, I
am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I
of Cephas; and I of Christ. Is Christ
divided? was Paul crucified for you?
or were ye baptized in the name of
Paul ? 1 Cor. i. 12, 13. For ye are
yet carnal: for whereas there is among
you envying, and strife, and divisions,
are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
For while one saith, I am of Paul;
and another, I am of Apollos; are ye

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not carnal? Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man? iii. 3-5.

e But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren, Luke xxii. 32. Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named, Eph. iii. 15. Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timotheus our brother, To the saints and faithful brethren in Christ which are at Colosse: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, Col. i. 1, 2. I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ, Rev. i. 9. And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy, xix. 10. Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God, xxii. 9.

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.A. D. 33.

And whosoever shall exult himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

a Blessed are the poor in spirit: for their's is the kingdom of heaven, Matt. v. 3. Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven, xviii. 4. When men are cast down, then thou shalt say, There is lifting up; and he shall save the humble person, Job xxii. 29. Though the LORD be high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: but the proud he knoweth afar off, Psal. cxxxviii. 6. The fear of the LORD is the instruction of wisdom; and before honour is humility, Prov. xv. 33. Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall. Better it is to be of an humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud, xvi. 18. A man's pride shall bring him low: but honour shall uphold the humble in spirit, xxix. 23. For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones, Isa. lvii. 15. Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works are truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase, Dan. iv. 37. He hath shewed strength with his arm; he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. He hath put down the mighty from their seats, and exalted them of low degree, Luke i. 51, 52. For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abasshall be exalted, xiv. 11. And the ed; and he that humbleth himself Publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner, xviii. 13. But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble, Jam. iv. 6. Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock, 1 Pet. v. 3.

VER. 13.

Οὐαὶ δὲ ὑμῖν, Γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι,

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