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A. D. 31.
A. D. 31. but Israel doth not know, my people to thee, Bethsaida ! b for if the mighty doth not consider. Ah sinful nation, works, which were done in you, had been a people laden with iniquity, a seed done in Tyre and Sidvn, ihey would have of evil-doers, children that are cor- C repented long ago in suckcloth and rupters: they have forsaken the Lord, ashes. they have provoked the Holy One of a Woe unto the world because of Israel unto anger, they are gone offences! for it must needs be that away backward. Why should ye be offences come; but woe to that man stricken any more? ye will revolt by whom the offence cometh! Matt. more and more: the whole head is xviii. 7. The Son of man goeth as it sick, and the whole heart faint, Isa. i. is written of him: but woe unto that 2–5. Hear ye now what the LORD man by whom the Son of man is besaith; Arise, contend thou before the trayed ! it had been good for that man mountains, and let the hills hear thy if he had not been born, xxvi. 24. Woe voice. Hear ye, O mountains, the unto them! for they have gone in the Lord's controversy, and ye strong way of Cain, and ran greedily after foundations of the earth : for the LORD the error of Balaam for reward, and hath a controversy with his people, perished in the gainsaying of Core, and he will plead with Israel. O my Jude 11. people, what have I done unto thee? b The men of Nineveh shall rise in and wherein bave I wearied thee? | judgment with this generation, and testify against me. For I brought shall condemn it:. because they rethee up out of the land of Egypt, and pented at the preaching of Jonas ; redeemed thee out of the house of and, behold, a greater than Jonas is servants; and I sent before thee Mo- here. The queen of the south shall ses, Aaron, and Miriam. O my peo- rise up in the judgment with this geneple, remember now what Balak king ration; and shall condemn it : for she of Moab consulted, and what Balaam came from the uttermost parts of the the son of Beor answered him from earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; Shittim unto Gilgal; that ye may and, behold, a greater than Solomon is know the righteousness of the Lord, here, Matt. xii. 41, 42. Not to many Mic. vi. 1--5. He answereth him, people of a strange speech and of an and saith, O faithless generation, how hard language, whose words thou canst long shall I be with you? how long not understand. Surely, had I sent shall I suffer you? bring him unto thee to them, they would have hearme, Mark ix. 19. Afterward he ap- kened unto thee. But the house of peared unto the eleven as they sat Israel will not hearken unto thee; for at meat, and upbraided them with they will not hearken unto me : for their unbelief and hardness of heart, all the house of Israel are impudent because they believed not them which and hardhearted, Ezek. iii. 6,7. And had seen him after he was risen, xvi. And the next sabbath day came almost 14. If any of you lack wisdom, let the whole city together to hear the him ask of God, that giveth to all word of God. But when the Jews men liberally, and upbraideth not; saw the multitudes, they were filled and it shall be given him, Jam. i. 5. with envy, and spake against those
b The men of Nineveh shall rise in things which were spoken by Paul, judgment with this generation, and contradicting and blaspheming. Then shall condemn it: because they re- Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and pented at the preaching of Jonas; and, said, It was necessary that the word behold, a greater than Jonas is here, of God should first have been spoken Matt. ni. 41. See also on clause 1. to you: but seeing ye put it from you, ver. 2. ch. iii.
and judge yourselves unworthy of VER. 21.
everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gen
tiles. For so hath the Lord commandOủać co Xogaliv, ovai ooi Bnbraidày ed us, saying, I have set thee to be a öri til ky rúgse vai Eidãn lyéverto ai durá- light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldμεις αι γενόμεναι εν υμίν, πάλαι αν έν | est be for salvation unto the ends of σάκκω και σπoδώ μετενόησαν.
the earth. And when the Gentiles a Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe un- heard this, they were glad, and gloriA. D. 31.
MATT. XI. 21, 22.
A. D. 31.
fied the word of the Lord : and as be more tolerable for the land of Sodom many as were ordained to eternal life in the day of judgment, than for thee, believed, Acts xii. 44-48. And Matt. xi. 24. But it shall be more when they agreed not among them- tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the selves, they departed, after that Paul judgment than for you, Luke 1. 14. had spoken one word, Well spake the And that servant, which knew his Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet Lord's will, and prepared not himself, unto our fathers, Saying, Go unto this neither did according to his will, shall people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear, be beaten with many stripes. But he and shall not understand; and seeing that knew not, and did commit things ye shall see, and not perceive : for worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with the heart of this people is waxed few stripes. For unto whomsoever gross, and their ears are dull of hear. much is given, of him shall much be ing, and their eyes have they closed ; required : and to whom men have lest they should see with their eyes, committed much, of him they will ask and hear with their ears, and under- the more, xii. 47, 48. How shall we stand with their heart, and should escape, if we neglect so great salvabe converted, and I should heal them. tion; which at the first began to be spoBe it known therefore unto rou, that ken by the Lord, and was confirmed the salvation of God is sent unto the unto us by them that heard him, Heb. Gentiles, and that they will hear it, ü. 3. For it is impossible for those who Xxviii. 23-28.
were once enlightened, and have tasted c Wherefore I abhor myself, and of the heavenly gift, and were made repent in dust and ashes, Job xlii. 6. partakers of the Holy Ghost, And have So the people of Nineveh believed tasted the good word of God, and the God, and proclaimed a fast, and put powers of the world to come, If they on sackcloth, from the greatest of them shall fall away, to renew them again even to the least of them. For word unto repentance; seeing they crucify came unto the king of Nineveh, and to themselves the Son of God afresh, he arose from his throne, and he laid and put him to an open shame. For his robe from him, and covered him the earth which drinketh in the rain with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. that cometh oft upon it, and bringeth And he caused it to be proclaimed forth herbs meet for them by whom and published through Nineveh by it is dressed, receiveth blessing from the decree of the king and his nobles, God : But that which beareth thorns saying, Let neither man nor beast, and briars is rejected, and is nigh unherd nor flock, taste any thing : let to cursing ; whose end is to be burned, them not feed nor drink water: But vi. 4-8. For if we sin wilfully after let man and beast be covered with that we have received the knowledge sackcloth, and cry mightily unto of the truth, there remaineth no more God : : yea, let them turn every one sacrifice for sins, But a certain fearful from his evil way, and from the looking for of judgment and fiery indigviolence that is in their hands. Who nation, which shall devour the advercan tell if God will turn and repent, saries. He that despised Moses' law and turn away from his fierce anger, died without mercy under two or three that we perish not? And God saw witnesses : Of how much sorer putheir works, that they turned from nishment, suppose ye, shall he be their evil way; and God repented thought worthy, who hath trodden of the evil, that he had said that he under foot the Son of God, and hath would do unto them; and he did it counted the blood of the covenant, not, Jon. iii. 5-10,
wherewith he was sanctified, an unVER. 22.
holy thing, and hath done despite unΠλήν λέγω υμίν Τύρω και Σιδώνι ανεκ
to the Spirit of grace? for we know τότερον έσται εν ημέρα κρίσεως ή υμίν
him that hath said, Vengeance be
longeth unto me, I will recompense, But I say unto you, a It shall be more saith the Lord. And again, The Lord tolerable b for Tyre and Sidon at the
shall judge his people. It is a fearful day of judgment, than for you.
thing to fall into the hands of the a But I say unto you, That it shall living God, x. 26–31.
A. D. 31.
A. D. 31. b And all the kings of Tyrus, and prepared in thee in the day that thou all the kings of Zidon, and the kings wast created. Thou urt the anointed of the isles which are beyond the cherub that covereth ; and I have set sea, Jer. xxv. 22. (See also Isa. xxiii.) thee so ; thou wast upon the holy And send them to the king of Edom, mountain of God; thou hast walked up and to the king of Moab, and to and down in the midst of the stones of the king of the Ammonites, and to fire. Thou wust perfect in thy ways the king of Tyrus, and to the king of from the day that thou wast created, Zidon, by the hand of the messengers till iniquity was found in thee. By the which come to Jerusalem unto Zede- multitude of thy merchandise they kiah king of Judah, xxvii. 3. Thus saith have filled the midst of thee with viothe Lord; For three transgressions lence, and thou hast sinned : thereof Tyrus, and for four, I will
not turn fore I will cast thee as profane out of away the punishment thereof; be- the mountain of God : and I will decause they delivered up the whole stroy thee, O covering cherub, from captivity to Edom, and remembered the midst of the stones of fire. Thine not the brotherly covenant: But I heart was lifted up because of thy will send a fire on the wall of Tyrus, beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wiswhich shall devour the palaces there- dom by reason of thy brightness: I of, Amos i. 9, 10. And Hamath also will cast thee to the ground, I will shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zi. lay thee before kings, that they may don, though it be very wise. And behold thee. Thou hast defiled thy Tyrus did build herself a strong hold, sanctuaries by the multitude of thine and heaped up silver as the dust, and iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffine gold as the mire of the streets, tic; therefore will I bring forth a fire Zech. ix. 2, 3.
from the midst of thee, it shall devour c See on clause 2. ver. 15. ch. X. thee, and I will bring thee to ashes
upon the earth in the sight of all them VER. 23.
that behold thee. All they that know Και συ Καπερναούμ, και έως του ουρανού | thee among the people shall be astoifadeira, fæc dou ratabißac Onoņi őre nished at thee : thou shall be a terror, εί έν Σοδόμοις έγένοντο αι δυνάμεις αι γενό- and never shall - thou be any more, Miras év roi, queivar av méxpo tñs onus. Exod. xxviii. 12—19. I made the gov.
nations to shake at the sound of his
fall, when I cast him down to hell And thou, Capernaum, a which art eI
with them that descend into the pit : alted unto heaven, shalt be brought down and all the trees of Eden, the choice to hell : for if the mighty works, which and best of Lebanon, all that drink have been done in thee, had been done water, shall be comforted in the nebin Sodom, it would have remained un
ther parts of the earth. They also til this day.
went down into hell with him unto * How bath the Lord covered the them that he slain with the sword; daughter of Zion with a cloud in his and they that were his arm, that dwelt anger, and cast down from heaven under his shadow in the midst of unto the earth the beauty of Israel, the heathen, xxxi. 16, 17. Though and remembered not his footstool in thou exalt thyself as the eagle, and the day of his anger ! Lam. ii. 1. Son though thou set thy nest among the of man, take up a lamentation upon stars, thence will I bring thee down, the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, saith the Lord, Obad. 4. For whosoThus saith the Lord God; Thou seal- ever exalteth himself shall be abased; est up the sum, full of wisdom, and and he that humbleth himself shall be perfect in beauty: Thou hast been exalted, Luke xiv. 11. For if God spain Eden the garden of God; every red not the angels that sinned, but cast precious stone was thy covering, the them down to hell, and delivered them sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the into chains of darkness, to be reserved beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the unto judgment; And spared not the sapphire, the emerald, and the car old world, but saved Noah the eighth buncle, and gold : the workmanship person, a preacher of righteousness, of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was bringing in the flood upon the world
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MATT. XI. 23—25.
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of the ungodly; And turning the ci- | And whosoever shall not receive you, ties of Sodom and Gomorrha into nor hear you, when ye depart thence, ashes condemned them with an over- shake off the dust under your feet for throw, making them an ensample unto a testimony against them. Verily I those that after should live ungodly; say unto you, It shall be more tolerable And delivered just Lot, vexed with for Sodom and Gomorrha in the day the filthy conversation of the wicked; of judgment, than for that city, Mark (For that righteous man dwelling vi. 11. But I say unto you, that it among them, in seeing and hearing, shall be more tolerable in that day vexed his righteous soul from day to day for Sodom, than for that city, Luke with their unlawful deeds ;) The Lord 1. 12. knoweth how to deliver the godly out
VER. 25. of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be είπεν: Εξομολογούμαι σοι, πάτερ, Κύριε
'Εν εκείνα τω καιρώ αποκριθείς ο Ιησούς, punished, 2 Pet. ii. 4—9. B But the men of Sodom were wick- | ταύτα από σοφών και συνετών, και απεκά
του ουρανού και της γης, ότι απέκρυψας ed, and sinners before the LORD ex
λυψας αυτά νηπίοις. ceedingly, Gen. xiii. 13. Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon
At that time a Jesus answered and Gomorrha brimstone and fire from said, I thank thee, 0 Father, bLord of the Lord out of heaven ; And he over- heaven and earth, c because thou hast threw those cities, and all the plain, hid these things from the wise and pruand all the inhabitants of the cities, and dent, dand hast revealed them unto that which grew upon the ground, xix. babes. 24,25. As I live saith the Lord God, a In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spiSodom thy sister hath not done, she rit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, nor her daughters, as thou hast done, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou thou and thy daughters. Behold, hast hid these things from the wise this was the iniquity of thy sister and prudent, and hast revealed them Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and unto babes : even so, Father ; for so abundance of idleness was in her it seemed good in thy sight, Lukex. 21. and in her daughters, neither did she I thank thee, and praise thee, O thou strengthen the hand of the poor and God of my fathers, who hast given needy. And they were haughty, and me wisdom and might, and hast made committed abomination before me: known unto me now what we desired therefore I took them away as I saw of thee: for thou hast now made known good, Ezek. xvi. 48–50. Even as unto us the king's matter, Dan. ii. 23. Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities Then they took away the stone from about them in like manner, giving the place where the dead was laid. themselves over to fornication, and And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, going after strange flesh, are set forth Father, I thank thee that thou hast for an example, suffering the ven- heard me, John xi. 41. But we are geance of eternal fire, Jude 7. And bound to give thanks alway to God their dead bodies shall lie in the for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, street of the great city, which spiri- because God hath from the beginning tually is called Sodom and Egypt, chosen you to salvation through sancwhere also our Lord was crucified, tification of the Spirit and belief of the Rev. xi. 8.
truth : Whereunto he called you by VER. 24.
our gospel to the obtaining of the many aéyo ipeñv, örı gət zodópav årex- glory of our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 Thes.
ii, 13, 14. τότερον έσται εν ημέρα κρίσεως, η σοί.
b And he blessed him, and said, But I say unto you, That it shall be Blessed be Abram of the most high a more toleruble for the land of Sodom in God, possessor of heaven and earth : the day of judgment, than for thee. And Abram said to the king of Sodom,
a Verily I say unto you, It shall be, I have lift up mine hand unto the more tolerable for the land of Sodom LORD, the most bigh God, the possesand Gomorrha in the day of judg- sor of heaven and earth, Gen. xiv. 'ment, than for that city, Matt. X. 15. I 19. 22. Behold, the heaven and the
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MATT. XI. 25.
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heaven of heavens is the Lord's thy hath closed your eyes : the prophets God, the earth also, with all that and your rulers, the seers hath he therein is. Only the Lord had a de- covered. And the vision of all is beligbt in thy fathers to love them, and come unto you as the words of a book he chose their seed after them, even that is sealed, which men deliver to you above all people, as it is this day, one that is learned, saying, Read this, Deut. x. 14, 15. And Hezekiah prayed I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; before the LORD; and said, O LORD for it is sealed. And the book is deGod of Israel, which dwellest be- livered to him that is not learned, tween the cherubims, thou art the God, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and even thou alone, of all the kingdoms he saith, I am not learned. Whereof the earth; thou hast made heaven fore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this and earth, 2 Kings xix. 15. Thus people draw near me with their saith the Lord, The heaven is my mouth, and with their lips do honour throne, and the earth is my footstool: me, but have removed their heart far where is the house that ye build unto from me, and their fear toward me is me? and where is the place of my taught by the precept of men: Thererest? Isa. Ixvi. 1. And all the inha- fore, behold, I will proceed to do a bitants of the earth are reputed as marvellous work among this people, nothing: and he doeth according to even a marvellous work and a won. his will in the army of heaven, and der: for the wisdom of their wise among the inhabitants of the earth : men shall perish, and the understandand none can stay his hand, or say ing of their prudent men shall be hid, unto him, What doest thou? Dan. xxix. 10–14. And in that day shall iv. 35. God that made the world and the deaf hear the words of the book, all things therein, seeing that he is and the eyes of the blind shall see Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth out of obscurity, and out of darkness. not in temples made with hands, The meek also shall increase their joy Acts xvii. 24.
in the LORD, and the poor among . © He answered and said unto them, men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Because it is given unto you to know Israel, 18, 19. And when he was the mysteries of the kingdom of hea- alone, they that were about him with ven, but to them it is not given. For the twelve asked of him the parable. whosoever hath, to him shall be given, And he said unto them, Unto you it and he shall have more abundance : 1 is given to know the mystery of the but whosoever hath not, from him kingdom of God: but unto them that shall be taken away even that he hath. are without, all these things are done Therefore speak I to them in para- in parables : That seeing they may bles : because they seeing see not; see, and not perceive; and hearing and hearing they hear not, neither do they may hear, and not understand; they understand. And in them is ful- lest at any time they should be confilled the prophecy of Esaias, which verted, and their sins should be forsaith, By hearing ye shall hear, and given them, Mark iv. 10–12. Have shall not understand ; and seeing ye any of the rulers or of the Pharisees shall see, and shall not perceive: For believed on him? But this people this people's heart is waxed gross, and who knoweth not the law are cursed, their ears are dull of hearing, and John vii. 48, 49. And Jesus said, For their eyes they have closed ; lest at judgment I am come into this world, any time they should see with their that they which see not might see ; eyes, and hear with their ears, and and that they which see might bé should understand with their heart, made blind. And some of the Phaand should be converted, and I should risees which were with him heard heal them. But blessed are your eyes, these words, and said unto him, Are for they see ; and your ears, for they we blind also ? Jesus said unto them, hear, Matt. xiii. 11-16. Woe unto If ye were blind, ye should have no them that are wise in their own eyes, sin : but now ye say, We see; thereand prudent in their own sight! Isa. fore your sin remaineth, ix. 39—41. F. 21. For the Lord hath poured out That the saying of Esaias the prophet upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and I might be fulfilled, which he spake, VOL. I.