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of the Macedonian empire'. A ram is repre- CHAP. sented couched in the front. The obverse side exhibits, within an indented square, a rosary or circle of beads, to which a cross is attached. Of these rosaries, and this appendage, as symbols, (explained by converted heathens at the destruction of the temple of Serapis',) having in a former publication been explicit, it is not now necessary to expatiate. That the soul's immortality was alluded to, is a fact capable of the strictest demonstration". The Consul of Berytus also presented to the author a magnificent silver tetradrachm of Tyre, with the Tetrainscription "OF TYRE HOLY AND INVIOLATE" Tyre.

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and also this monogram, marking the year


it was struck; namely, 183 of the Seleucidan

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(1) Of this opinion is that distinguished antiquary, R. P. Knight, Esq. author of some of the most learned dissertations in our language. (2) See the Vignette to this Chapter.

(3) Socrates Scholasticus, lib. v. c. 17.

(4) See" Greek Marbles," p. 78.

(5) Ibid. A most satisfactory proof, not only of the Phænician origin of this medal, but of its relationship to Citium, is afforded by the Citiean Inscriptions published by Pococke, (Description of the East, vol. II. p. 213.) wherein more than one instance occurs of the introduction of the identical symbol, seen upon its obverse side.


Return to

We left Cyprus on the sixteenth of June, steering for the coast of Egypt, and first made the Fleet, land off Damiata. Thence passing round a head-land, called Cape Brule, we saw again the whole coast of the Delta, as far as the Rosetta branch of the Nile. We arrived in Aboukir Bay upon the morning of the twentieth. An alarm had been given at day-break, as we drew near

to the fleet, of smoke issuing from a frigate on Loss of the fire. It proved to be the Iphigenia, Captain Iphigenia. Stackpole, which ship we had so lately seen at

Cyprus. She broke from her mooring as we were sailing towards her, and, passing through all the fleet, discharged her guns as they grew hot, but without doing any mischief. Exactly at nine o'clock, the very instant we let go our anchor, she blew up, and presented a tremendous column of smoke and flame, being then close in with the shore. We beheld the explosion from our cabin windows. After it took place, not a vestige of the ship remained. We breakfasted with Captain Russel, and took leave of the crew: the Braakel's barge then coming alongside, we left the Ceres.

We had been only two days in the fleet, when, being on board the Dictator, Captain Hardy, to attend a court-martial held in consequence of the loss of the Iphigenia, Captain

Culverhouse, of the Romulus frigate, told us that he was ordered to Acre for a supply of bullocks; and asked if we were willing to accompany him. To this proposal we readily assented; happy in the favourable opportunity it offered of enabling us to visit the HOLY LAND, as well as to become acquainted with a very extraordinary man, Djezzar Pasha, tyrant of Acre, the Herod of his time, whose disregard for the Ottoman Government, and cruel mode of exercising authority among his people, rendered him the terror of all the surrounding nations. The old story of Blue Beard seemed altogether realized in the history of this hoary potentate. Sir Sidney Smith entrusted some presents for him to our care; and Captain Culverhouse' expressed a wish that the author would act as his interpreter with Djezzar's Dragoman, who could only translate the Arabic spoken in the country into the Italian language. We therefore made all things ready for another embarkation.

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(1) Neither of those excellent officers, Captain Russel, and Captain Culverhouse, are now living. Captain Russel died of the fever he caught in Cyprus; and Captain Culverhouse fell a victim in his endeavours to save a beloved wife, who was with him in a boat which was overturned off the Cape of Good Hope. He narrowly escaped a similar fate in early life, being by accident on shore when the Royal George sunk at Spithead, to which ship he then belonged, as a midshipman.

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Departure from Egypt-Course of the Romulus Frigate, in her Voyage to St. John d'Aère-Djezzar PashaImportance of the Port of Acre-Druses-Interview with Djezzar-its Consequences-Climate of Acre-Shores of the Mediterranean-Présent State of the City-its former Condition-Remains of Antient Buildings-Medals of ACRE and of SIDON-Attack upon the Long-boat of the Romulus-Appeal to the Pasha-his Conduct upon that occasion-Further Interview with Djezzar-Commerce of Acre.

CHAP ON Wednesday morning, June 24th, the Romulus having made the signal for sailing, wẻ left the Braakel, and were received by Captain


from Egypt.


Culverhouse upon his quarter-deck, at eleven CHAP. o'clock. At half-past eleven the ship's crew weighed anchor.

At twelve, the Island of

the Romu

in her

Aboukir, or Nelson's Island, bore west, distant five miles'. Our observation of latitude at that Course of time was 31°. 26', the ship's course being north- us Frigate, east, and the wind north-west and by north. Voyage to An officer, Mr. Paul, came on board from the Syria. Foudroyant, as second lieutenant of the Romulus, At three P. M. the point of Rosetta bore southwest and by south, distant five leagues. At six, Cape Brule bore south of us, distant five leagues; the Romulus steering east and half north. This day we sailed, upon the average, about seven miles an hour. At noon, Fahrenheit's thermo meter indicated 78°.

Thursday, June the 25th. It had been calm all night. About eight A. M. a light breeze sprung up from the E. S. E. and we were compelled to steer s. s. w. south, and s. s. E. until twelve o'clock: then found our latitude to be 31°. 48'. Nothing more occurred worth notice this day.

(1) For the sake of greater precision, the author has detailed the observations as taken from the ship's log-book; and as the navigation of this part of the Mediterranean is little known, they may, perhaps, not be without utility.

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