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barley loaves, and two small fishes; but what are they among so many ?"

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It is not so easy to say in what spirit St. Andrew spake this; the question, "but what are they among so many ?" might seem to imply doubt, or distrust; and yet that he should refer to the "five barley loaves and two small fishes" at all, as being in any sense or way a supply for so many, would seem to denote some faith (however faint and unformed) in our Lord's more than human power. St. Andrew had learned the Holy Scriptures of the Old Testament, he might have read in them a like miracle wrought by Elisha, (a special type of Christ, even as Elijah was a special type of St. John Baptist,) and thus might have had hope (however undefined and vague) that Christ by His power might do even yet more than Elisha had done.

Again, we find that when, on the occasion of our Lord's last entry into Jerusalem, “certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast, came to Philip, . . and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus, Philip (we read) cometh and telleth Andrew; and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus." St. Philip was of the same city, Bethsaida, as St. Andrew;

hence, probably, their names are often joined together; still the fact that St. Philip applied first to Andrew, before he applied to Christ, would seem to mark that St. Andrew had been admitted to a nearer approach to Christ than some others. And the same would seem to be the case from what we read in St. Mark's Gospel; our Lord had spoken of the coming desolation of the holy temple, "and as He sat upon the mount of Olives over against the temple, Peter, and John, and James, and Andrew, asked Him privately, Tell us when shall these things be ?"-where St. Andrew is joined with the three apostles who most certainly were admitted to a nearer approach to Christ.

After our Lord's ascension, and the descent of the Holy Ghost on the day of Pentecost, the holy apostles were scattered far and wide throughout the whole earth. St. Andrew is said to have preached the Gospel chiefly in Scythia, i. e. in the parts of Europe and Asia north of the Black Sea, where is now the empire of Russia. having preached and founded churches in this and other countries, St. Andrew is said to have suffered martyrdom at Patræ in Achaia, in Greece. Thus we read in a writer of early Church history, that as he endeavoured to convert the pro

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consul of Achaia, and to preserve his new converts from apostasy, he enraged the proconsul against him, who commanded him to be scourged, and then to be crucified: and, that his death might be more lingering, he was fastened to the cross, which was of that form which has since borne his name, not with nails, but with cords. Thus was St. Andrew a martyr for Christ, a witness in his death for that holy Gospel which he had preached in his life.

Holy and blessed is the memory of all God's saints and servants, who have departed this life in His true faith and fear, and specially holy and blessed is the memory of the apostles of Jesus Christ.

They were His true and faithful followers when He was upon earth, in the days of His flesh, chosen and called and sent by Jesus Christ Himself to preach His blessed Gospel, to be the foundation stones upon which His holy Church was to be builded; and much more, when He had been taken from them, and when the Holy Spirit had descended upon them on the day of Pentecost, were they His faithful witnesses unto all men; "their sound is gone out into all lands, and their words unto the ends of the world."

Thus, as the holy days come round to us which bear their names, they remind us of God's grace shewn forth in them, they remind us of the spiritual blessings which we have received from God through their means; and they teach us, each its lesson of Christian duty, they set forth, each its pattern of Christian holiness.

Now if we are to seek in St. Andrew, as in the other apostles, for some especial lesson, it would seem to be this; by all means in our power, and in all ways suited to our age and station, to seek to benefit the souls of others, especially of those who are near of kin to us. But to do this with Christian humility, distrust of ourselves, earnest prayer for a lowly and gentle spirit; and to remember that we can teach aright that only which we have ourselves learned; that we can point out to others that only which we have ourselves found; to remember that personal holiness, obedience, consistent piety, are necessary to all, and especially to those who would seek to lead even the youngest and weakest to Christ.

And surely this is a most necessary lesson, or, rather, a most necessary warning, for us all for we are all only too much tempted to put other

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matters before personal holiness and obedience, whereas God has given unto these the first place. We must be watchful over our hearts and over our lives, that so our words may win others to the faith of Christ, for thus only will our words reach the hearts of those with whom we are living. We must be diligent and careful in our prayers, not only that God may forgive us our sins, and visit us with His blessing, but also that He may hear us, when we intercede for others, and may bless and prosper such efforts for their good as He shall enable us by His grace to

make.

JOHN HENRY PARKER, OXFORD AND LONDON.

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