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pline, and charity; what we are to believe, what we are to do, how we are to serve God, how we are to love one another. These lessons we may learn from the Acts of the Apostles, and, as we learn them, we shall do well to bless God, who of His great mercy hath provided these lessons for us by the ministry of His servant St. Luke.
And thus, this holy day, as all others, will lead us from man to God, to bless and magnify Him in His saints, for the blessings which we have received by them, from Him, and from the riches of His grace.
JOHN HENRY PARKER, OXFORD AND LONDON.
Sermons for the Christian Seasons.
ST. SIMON AND ST. JUDE.
DANGERS OF HERESY AND SCHISM.
EPHES. ii. 20. And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief corner-stone.
THIS day we keep festival in memory of the holy apostles St. Simon and St. Jude. I will proceed to put together what we learn of the lives of these apostles from holy Scripture and from early Church writers. St. Simon is called in St. Matthew's Gospel "Simon the Canaanite," and is thus distinguished from the other Simon, who is better known to us by his other name of St. Peter. Why he was so called is not so clear. Some suppose that he was so called from the town of Cana of Galilee, as being a native or inhabitant of that town. But in St. Luke's Gospel he is called "Simon, called Zelotes," and hence writers of greatest weight have thought that by "the Canaanite," we are not to under
stand the place where he was born or lived, but that it is a Hebrew word meaning the same as the Greek word Zelotes; and so that St. Matthew, who wrote his Gospel for the Jews, kept the Hebrew word "Canaanite," whereas St. Luke, who wrote for the Gentiles, rendered it by the Greek word "Zelotes." Thus both the Hebrew and the Greek would denote one zealous and earnest in what he professed. We are not told in holy Scripture whether St. Simon had this name of Zelotes before, or only after, his call to be a disciple. If he had the name before his call, it was probably as one of a sect who professed to be zealous for the Lord, and to trace back their origin to Mattathias, the father of Judas Maccabæus. In the times which followed, (those of the war with the Romans, and of the siege of Jerusalem,) this sect of Zealots fell into great excesses, violence, cruelty, and bloodshed; but we have no reason to think that such was the case from the first. They may have been in the time of St. Simon, (as their name professed,) zealous for the law, for the worship of Almighty God, for the temple; and the holy apostle may have been of their number before his call, without thereby incurring any guilt. If, on the other hand, St. Simon had this name given to
him after his call, it would seem to denote some especial zeal and fervency of spirit, some holy jealousy for God's honour, some holy indignation against sin; such as marked out St. Simon even from among the glorious company of apostles.
We have no further notice of St. Simon in holy Scripture than that he was called and ordained to be an apostle of Jesus Christ; was one of them unto whom our Lord, after His resurrection, gave power and commission to minister in His name: "Then said Jesus unto them again, Peace be unto you; as My Father hath sent Me, even so send I you. And when He had said this, He breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost: Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained."
It should seem, from early Church writers, that Africa was the chief region of this apostle's preaching, that is, Egypt, Cyrene, Mauritania; some have thought that he also preached in this very country of Britain, and was here martyred; but it would seem more probable, from early writers, that the place of his martyrdom was some city in Persia.
Thus little do we know of the life of one who was an apostle, and distinguished, even among
apostles, for zeal and fervency of spirit. The great men of this world think it a great thing to hand down their names and their histories to future ages; yet what is earthly honour to that honour which cometh from God only? We know little, it may be, of St. Simon's life and labours for Christ and His gospel, beyond the fact that he was an apostle of Jesus Christ; yet how much is there in that one word, an apostle! one sent of Christ, even as Christ was sent of His Father; a teacher and preacher of the gospel; among the first in that spiritual line, through whom the richest gifts of the Holy Ghost have descended in unbroken succession to the present day; one of the foundation-stones whereon hath been builded Christ's One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church, "Jesus Christ Himself being the chief corner-stone."
And what has been said of St. Simon will, in great measure, apply to St. Jude also, of whom the notices in holy Scripture and early Church writers are few and scanty, although less so than in the case of St. Simon. St. Jude also bore two other names, and is thereby distinguished from Judas Iscariot, who betrayed our Lord. He is called in St. Matthew "Lebbæus, whose surname was Thaddeus." Of these, Thaddeus was pro