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Subftance of a DISCOURSE
Deliver'd to the
CLERGY of the Diocese of Cork,
Printed for and Sold by H. CLEMENTS, at
Of Drinking in Remembrance of the DEAD, &c.
HE Queftion I am now to speak to, is this:
Whether Drinking in Remembrance of the Dead, excepting only in Remembrance of Jefus Chrift, is an Action in it felf Sinful, now under the Gofpel? And whether the Cuftom of Drinking in Remembrance of Departed Monarch, is fo in particular? Aff.
I fhall, by way of Preface, only observe to you, That were it not for the Power and Prejudice of a Cuftom which has lately prevailed, thro' much Inadvertency and Want of a pious Zeal and fincere Concern for Religion, in the Hearts of Men, it wou'd be look'd upon as a very needlefs Work, to go about to prove the Affirmative of this Question.
Had we liv'd in any other Age fince Christ, the very Propofing of it wou'd have startled all good Chriftians. They wou'd immediately say, I was going about to demonftrate a felf-evident Truth, which no body doubted; I shou'd have met with no other Return, but, Who denies it? A 2 And
And it will certainly come about to this again, whenever Truth and Loyalty shall triumph over Infidelity and Faction.
The Queftion is not,
ft, Whether we have an Honourable Remembrance of great and worthy Perfons; and perpetuate the Memory of fuch as have been ufeful and exemplary in their Lives, by promoting the Honour of God and Religion, and the Good of their Country? This was the Design of the Diptychs in the Primitive Church, and is countenanced and encouraged in Scripture, which propofes it as a Reward confequent to Virtue and Goodness in this Life; and fays, That the Righteous fhall be had in everlasting Remembrance.
Nor, 2dly, Whether we are to be well affected to the late Revolution? Tho' we cannot fo far limit the Power and Wisdom of God, as to fay, that he could not have delivered us by any. other Means or Methods more advantageous; yet whofoever confiders that it was the Hand of God, a remarkable Difpenfation of his Providence, and the Method by which he chofe to work fo great a Deliverance for us, muft not only acquiefce in it, but return God the Glory of fo great and general a Bleffing. But, if we magnify it only as a Revolution, and not as it was the faving us from Deftruction; then the next Revolution may be the over-turning our whole Conftitution in Church and State.
Nor, 3dly, Whether we ought to honour the Memory of King William?" All People who
own the late great Deliverance thefe Nations have had from Popery and Arbitrary Power, muft likewife acknowledge our late Sovereign, of, Glorious Memory, to have been the Happy. Inftrument in the Hand of God for bringing all that to pafs. And one way of expreffing our Gratitude to God, is, by an Honourable Remembrance of thofe by whom his Bleffings were convey'd to us. So that if we fet up Statues, erect Trophies, raife Pyramids, ring Bells annually, and magnify him in Encomiums, Difcourfe and Hiftory, I fee nothing in all this finful in the Nature of the Thing; tho' it may become accidentally fo; as particularly, when any thing of this is done with a difloyal or factious Defign.
Nor, 4thly, Whether drinking fuch a Health is a Sacrament? or whether it is done Sacramentally? But whether the very Action it felf of Drinking, applied to the Memory of the Dead, is made Sacramental? For if the Action it felf is made Sacramental, then the Confequence is clear, that it must be a horrid Abuse of it, to prophane it to any civil or common Ufe. As clear, as that if a Houfe is dedicated' to God, we cannot apply it to common Ufe without Prophanation and Sacrilege; only with this Difference, That the Defecration of the former, is a Guilt of a much deeper Dye, and of a more abominable Nature.
Nor, 5thly, Whether we may remember any abfent Friend, or our Sovereign, by wishing them Health and Profperity when we drink, as the Cuftom is? This may be innocently'