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WITH A PORTRAIT AND
SOME ACCOUNT OF THE AUTHOR ;
A VINDICATION OF THE APAMEAN MEDAL;
Observations and Inquiries relating to various
A COMPLETE INDEX,
AND FORTY-ONE PLATES, NEATLY ENGRAVED.
PRINTED FOR J. WALKER; W. J. AND J.
R. FAULDER AND SON; R. LEA; J. NUNN; CUTHELL AND
Byw de περι
πολλὰ τον αληθη λογον τιμεμενος και το ακριδες ανιχνευσαι δια σπεδης πρεθέμην, ενθεν όρμηθεις εν τη προ ταύτης προτάξει ύλας εκπορίζων έμαυτῷ, χρονων αναγραφας συνέλεξα παντοιας. Georgius Monachus, p. 66.
IN the Mosaic history we have an account of the antediluvian world being destroyed by a deJuge, the family of one man excepted, which was providentially preserved. The manner of their preservation I have described; and have shewn,
that the ark rested upon Mount Ararat, in a province of Armenia. This was the region in which mankind first began to multiply, and from whence they afterwards proceeded to their different places of allotment. It will therefore be necessary to give some account of this country; as from such an inquiry we shall find innumerable evidences still arise in confirmation of the primæval history and there will be also many proofs obtained, in confirmation of my opinion, concerning the migration of mankind.
Armenia lay to the north of Aramea, or Mesopotamia and one might be led to think, from the similarity of terms, that Armenia and Aramea were the same name. This, however, was not the Aramea was the land of Aram: but Armenia, which was separated from it by Mount Taurus, was denominated from Ar-Men, and HarMen, the mountain where the ark rested. It was a branch of the abovementioned Taurus: and was distinguished by several appellations, each of which was significant, and afforded some evidence to the history of the deluge. It was called Ararat, Baris, 2 Barit, Luban, which last signified Mons Lunaris, or the Mountain of Selene. It
Strabo. I. 11. p. 792. 798.
had also the name of Har-Min, and Har-Men, which was precisely of the same signification. The people who lived round it were called Minni and Minyæ; and the region had the name of Armenia from the mountain, which was the great object of reverence in this country. The name is to be found in the prophet Jeremiah, where he is calling together various foreign powers, to make an invasion upon Babylon. Set up a standard in the land; blow the trumpet among the nations; prepare the nations against her. Call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat Minni, and Ashchenaz. By Ararat-Minni is signified the region about Mount Ararat, which was possessed by the Minyæ. The passage is by the Chaldee Paraphrast very justly rendered, Armini, the same as Armenia. From hence the learned Bochart infers with good reason, that the name of Armenia was taken from this Ararat of the Minni, called Ar-Mini. Videtur Armeniæ vox conflata esse ex-, Har Mini, id est Mons Mini, sive Montana Miniadis. Something similar is to be found in Amos: where the same mountain is mentioned under the name of -, Har
3 Jeremiah. c. 51. v. 27. Suscitate super eam gentes; annunciate adversus illam regibus Ararath Menni. Vulgate.