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but substituted quaintness for English. A man of really good taste will easily find the medium. "Whatever you do or leave undone," said a village pastor, "take care of your souls.' The farmers carried away the sentence, and perhaps sometimes thought of it in field or at market. Why, then, when the worthy divine preached the same sermon with revisions at the neighbouring cathedral, did he say, "Amidst all the occupations and conflicts of life, endeavour to secure your immortal interests?"
But to return to Dr. Waugh We have just seen him in the pulpit; let us now follow him in his indefatigable visitations among his flock.
"He was indefatigable in visiting the sick; and as his congregation was scattered through almost every part of London, this duty was most laborious. His first in quiry on a Sabbath evening,' says one of his daughters, if he had not been preaching in his own chapel, was,- Has any body been prayed for?' Yes, such a person.' I'll see him in the morning, poor good man,' he would reply. And no distance, so long as he was able to undergo fatigue, could detain him from this labour of love, which he was wont to perform with the wisdom, tenderness of affection, and sympathy that so eminently distinguished him.'"* pp. 200, 201.
"During the height of his public labour his family saw very little of him. He generally left his home by nine or ten in the morning, and did not return till night. This was his usual routine for each day of the week, except Saturday." p. 479.
"In his ministerial visitations he always appointed the exact hour, and would upon no account infringe it, knowing that a slight carelessness in this matter might rob a poor man of an hour's wages. One rule he made, that of visiting his poor in the evenings, in order to save them from losing their work. This was done at a vast expense of toil and inconvenience to himself; and well I remember, says one of his daughters, with what anxiety we would listen for his heavy wearied footstep returning home, between ten and eleven o'clock at night, from his visits in garrets and kitchens." p. 471.
He seems to have had a peculiarly happy manner in conducting those private ministrations, whether in instructing, consoling, or reproving. For example:
"In his ministerial visitations, his na
tionality was often strongly displayed (and that with most beneficial effect) both in sentiment and language. When, without adequate cause, any of his hearers had failed to attend public ordinances so regularly as he could have wished, and would plead their distance from the chapel as an northern dialect, which he loved on famiexcuse, he would exclaim, in the emphatic liar occasions to employ, What? you from Scotland! from Melrose! from Gala Water! from Selkirk! and it's a hard
matter to walk a mile or two to serve your Maker one day in the week! How many miles did you walk at Selkirk ?? Five.' Five! and can ye no walk twa here? Man! your father walked ten or twall out, and as mony hame, every Sunday i' the year, and your mother too, aften. I've seen a hunder folk and mair, that aye walked six or seven, men, and women, and bairns too; and at the sacraments, folk walked fifteen, and some twenty miles. How far will you walk the morn to mak half-a-crown? Fie! fie! But ye'll be out wi' a' your household next Sabbath, I ken. O, my man, mind the bairns! If you love their souls, dinna let them get into the habit of biding awa frae the kirk. All the evils amang young folk in London arise from their not attending God's house.' Such remonstrances were not often urged in vain." pp. 483, 484.
The following passages will shew that Dr. Waugh was not a man who made no sacrifice in giving
domestic enjoyment to public duties. Happy he always was, but never so happy as at home. His children sketch as follows his domestic portrait.
"He was so tender, that he fondled and sported with his children, while he always bore about him that unaffected dignity of manner, that even the youngest of us dared not take any unsuitable liberty with him. This was not the result of any harsh assumption of superiority on his part; for how often have I heard him say to us, 'My dear children, never tell people that they must respect you; leave that to them the worst inan in the world will respect you if you deserve it.' He was remarkably gentle with his children; seldom corrected us; and took no pleasure in speaking of our faults, but great delight in commending us. He often prayed with us in private. He prized, and greatly inculcated, tenderness and a forgiving spirit, and encouraged an affectionate manner at meeting and parting. He never seemed to suppose us capable of deliberately injuring each other, and was as far removed as possible from all mean jealousies and suspicions. He measured us all by his own noble nature, and we therefore bitterly felt incurring his displeasure,
forfeiture of that esteem in which we thought it our highest honour to live. But there is nothing I feel so difficult to delineate as my father surrounded by his children,—at the same moment, the playmate and the revered parent. We never could lose sight of his condescension, and this made us love him the more.'" pp. 464, 465.
"When I consider the natural frankness of his temper, I am surprised at his perfect reservedness on all matters relating to the workings of his own mind. He took no pleasure in speaking of himself; and when circumstances forced it upon him, he always did it with so much humour, and with such a happy turn of compliment to the hearer, or ridicule of himself, that no one dared, even in thought to impute vanity to him. In truth, we never were more delighted than when we could entrap him to speak of himself. His griefs were poured into the ear of Deity alone. I do not suppose that even my beloved mother so liberally shared his griefs as his joys. I never heard of my father's Christian experience in any other way than through his counsels, which were always supported by the assurance that we should find God even better than his word. His zeal, his activity, his devotedness, his love of the brethren, his charity, his tenderness for poor degraded human nature, were the tongues with which he told the world what great things God had done for his soul.'
"His tenderness of heart was proof against all his knowledge of the world and the clear light of his understanding. Saturday was his day at home, and it was usually the business of his children to carry the messages to the study. The constant succession of miserable looking objects that appealed to him on that day might have excused many an unsatisfied demand, but no one turned from his humble roof unserved. Many a known cheat presented himself, and received a aharp rebuke, and what appeared a very decisive refusal; but we had never half descended the stairs ere his heart smote him, and he would call after us,—' Here, give the poor fellow that; on his own head be the sin.' His pity, his mercy, overcame every argument. That mercy which was his darling theme in the pulpit was his darling virtue out of it. He would say, We who live by mercy, how dare we be unmerciful!'" pp. 66, 67.
"But the Sabbath was his day of delight. He was early up in the morning, and gave no rest to his household till he had rung for us all. We used to complain sometimes of being discomposed by this; and we at last got him persuaded to desist from it, upon the express condition that we should be all assembled at his stated hour. It was most amusing to see him, for the first few mornings, ready half an hour before the time, and, within
the last five minutes, standing with the bell-rope in his hand, ready to give us a hearty peal if we had been a moment beyond the time. But we took care not to break our engagement.-Two quiet hours in the vestry before the public services commenced were essential to his comfort. His spirit seemed always peculiarly sanctified on the Sabbath mornings; he spoke little, and did not appear to take his usual interest in conversation. When we met again in the evening, the expression of his holy joy was different. In the morning he was all humility and dependence, and jealous of every thing that might withdraw his soul from the near contemplation of the God whose minister he was; in the evening he was all gratitude and joy.'" pp. 471, 472.
"To matters connected with the lovely scenery of his youth, his mind always turned for refreshment when exhausted either by labour or sickness. On these occasions he spoke of it as his highest ambition to retire, when his folk grew tired of the auld man, to Auld Meuross [Melrose], where on fine sunny days (so he indulged his day-dream,) he would sit with my mother on one side, and a daughter reading to him on the other, and ‘just slip frae this world's heaven to a better.' His heart on these occasions was so overflowing with gratitude, that he would frequently burst out with such expressions as these: What a good and gracious Father we serve! Oh, my dears, love God, if you would be really happy! His family prayer was a tissue of grateful fervour. p. 473.
"On the evenings of sacramental Sabbaths he was usually much exhausted and it was not till after supper that he did more than make general and brief references to the services of the day. When he had supped, his strength returned, and he would converse cheerfully (for he was no gloomy or morose Christian) on the great subject on which we had all been engaged; and then he would add, To-day they have been celebrating the Lord's Supper at Kelso,' or 'at Hawick,' or some other place, which he would name; for he generally knew the days on which the sacrament was administered in the different congregations in the southern parts of Scotland. In a softened mood, he would continue, I shall never again break the bread of life to my countrymen in my own land, nor myself commemorate there the Saviour's dying love. O the solemnity of those tent-preachings!' 'But, father,' some of us would say, you would still make an effort to go to Stitchell Brae!' To Stitchell Brae!' his eyes kindling, and his soul lighting up with hallowed enthusiasm; 'to Stitchell Brae ay would I! I should rejoice again to preach from that tent at its base, and to see the hundreds of God's redeemed people sitting on the face of the
hill, above and around me, drinking in with joy the glad tidings of salvation. O that I could again sit among them, and hear good old Mr. Coventry give us as much sound divinity in one sermon as is now found in ten volumes! It was a scene on which God's eye might love to look. Such sermons-and such prayers! -none such to be heard now a-days. What are your cathedrals, and your choirs, and your organs? God laid the foundations of our temple on the pillars of the earth; our floor was nature's verdant carpet; our canopy was the vaulted sky; the heaven in which the Creator dwells; in the distance the Cheviot hills; around us nature in all the luxuriance of loveliness; there fields ripening unto harvest; here lowing herds in all the fulness of supply for man: on the banks of that little rivulet at our feet, lambs, the emblems of innocence, sporting in the shade, and offering to Heaven the only acknowledgment they could, in the expression of their happiness and joy; the birds around warbling praises to Him who daily provides for all their wants; the flowers and green fields offering their perfume; and, lovelier still, and infinitely dearer to Him, multitudes of redeemed souls and hearts, purified by faith, singing his praises in grave sweet melody; perhaps in the tune of Martyrs.' Martyrs' so sung on Stitchell Brae might almost arrest an angel on an errand of mercy; and would afford him more pleasure than a' the chanting, and a' the music, and a' the organs, in a' the cathedrals o' Europe.' pp. 486-488.
"His sense of the value of time was so high, that it suggested all possible means of redeeming it. No counsel was more frequently heard from his lips than, Oh! work, work, while it is day; age is cold and unlovely.' We used to reply, 'Father, that's just a poetical flourish of yours, for you are all freshness and enjoyment. Whisht, whishst, dinna flatter an auld man ; but I do bless God that his service is the last duty I am likely to tire of.'" p. 475.
With a beloved wife and ten children, his scanty purse was not large enough for his liberal heart; but there were those who rejoiced to make so good a man their almoner, among whom was the late excellent Bishop of Durham. His
disinterestedness in these matters appears strongly in the following
"Such was his devotedness to the poor, that no personal interest could make him swerve from their service. One of my brothers, says one of his daughters, was applying for a public situation, which would have been of very great importance to hin, and which it was thought the interest of Mr. Wilberforce could have secured; and as my father had been long honoured with the friendship of that excellent man, we urged exceedingly that he should apply to him. But he decidedly refused, and on this ground; That good man is one of the props that God hath put in my way for the support of my poor widows and orphans, and I dare not, for their sakes, risk the shaking of his faith in the singleness of my appeals." p. 477.
This disinterestedness was so strongly appreciated by his affectionate, though far from opulent, congregation, that they were ever more anxious than able to minister to his comforts. Among other instances of delicate attention, they insured his life, for the benefit of his family;- -an example which might be followed at little individual expense in many parishes and congregations, where a provision for the minister is scanty, to the great comfort of a faithful and affectionate pastor, who would then devote himself with renewed vigour to his duties, with the satisfaction arising from this honourable posthumous assistance to his family.
Our limits are exhausted, but there are some other particulars of this excellent man's life, with the account of his closing hours, so interesting that we feel unwilling to omit them, and therefore shall insert them in our next Number.
(To be continued.)
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GREAT BRITAIN. Mr. Seeley has published a highly useful series of twenty-one maps, with historical illustrations by Mr. Quin, engraved by Mr. Hall. They are all on the same scale, and successively point out, from the Creation to the year 1828, the progress of geographical discovery, the rise and decay of nations and empires, and their political changes: so that, by merely glancing the eye on any map, we discover the actual state of the world at its date; and, by comparison with any other, the alterations which have occurred; every place being in the same relative spot in the successive plates, and the tints and colouring being significant, and connected with the accompanying text, which contains a wellcondensed syllabus of universal history. We know of no publication which forms a more valuable and interesting companion for the historical and geographical student, or for the instruction of young
This is surely, by eminence, the age of quackery and imposition. We mentioned in our last Number the discovery of "an authentic portrait of Rehoboam;" and Mr. Bagster has just published what he calls "a very singular and expressive Portrait of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, copied from an ancient picture in worsted thread;" adding a translation of the inscription, purporting that it is "a true likeness of our Saviour, copied from the portrait carved on an emerald, by order of Tiberius Caesar, which emerald the emperor of the Turks afterwards gave to Pope Innocent the Eighth," &c. We need not inform our readers, that this is one of those well-known forgeries in which Popish ages and Popish countries have ever been prolific, but which have met with little countenance in enlightened and Protestant nations. The Rev. Basil Woodd has an old and well-executed copy, not in worsted, but oil.-We do not, of course, object to the publication as a mere matter of art or curiosity, any more than to an engraving from Raphael, or any other painter; but to invest it with an air of mystery, and to call it a "portrait," or, as it is labelled in the printshops, "an authentic portrait," of the Saviour of the world, is a trickery of trade which the sacredness of the subject ought to have forbidden.
Some curious experiments have been made, by order of the Trinity-House, to ascertain the expediency of employing, for
light-houses, telegraphs, and geodetical observations, the intense light resulting from directing upon a piece of lime, a stream of hydrogen and oxygen gas, mixed in the proportion that constitutes water. The light thus evolved is so vivid that a spherule of lime as large as a pea is stated, by Lieutenant Drummond and the other experimenters, to have caused a visible shadow of an object on a wall at a distance of ten miles. The intensity of the lime ball, it is added, is from two to three hundred times as great as that of an argand lamp, and resembles more the solar beam, in its white and vivid effulgence, than any artificial light.
"Voracious beasts," says the Journal of a Naturalist," might ravage our flocks and our herds, but could scarcely accomplish greater injuries than the seeming despicable creatures, weevils, wire-worms, thrips, aphides, or those atoms which we denominate blight. The feeble aphis, now crawling over my paper, with limbs indescribably slender, seems yet endowed with every requisite given to a larger body, joints, integuments, circulation of fluids, and every mechanical action requisite for its being; and yet the whole is so fragile as to be overturned by a puff of my breath. But smallness of bulk is no criterion of inferiority of power: an apple-tree, several feet, perhaps, in its circumference, spreading its branches over a rood of land, sickens and dies from the puncture of the aphis lanata, a creature so small as to be imperceptible on its limbs."
Mr. Abrahamson, who introduced the system of mutual instruction into Denmark, states, that from a single school, founded in 1819, seven had sprung up before it closed; in 1820, the number had increased to 11; in 1821, to 15; in 1822, to 35; in 1823, to 244; and so on to the number of 2646 in 1829.
Dr. Gerard, who has made an excursion to the Himalaya mountains and Thibet, for the purpose, it is stated, of introducing vaccination in those countries, states, that a learned linguist, named Cosmos, a Transylvanian, but long settled in Thibet, has compiled a grammar and dictionary of the language of that country. It is stated that lithography has long been known in Thibet, and employed for anatomical plates; and that many unknown treasures of ancient Oriental literature, rescued from the confusions of India, are preserved in Thibet.