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OF TRINITY TERM, in the thirty third year of the Reign of our
Sovereign LORD, GEORGE THE THIRD, now King of
Great Britain, and fo-forth, and in the year of our Lord
one thousand feven hundred and ninety-three.


County of the City of E it remembered, that the Right
Dublin, to wit,
Honorable Arthur Wolfe, Attor-
ney General of our prefent Sovereign Lord the King, who for
our faid Lord the King profecutes in this behalf, in his proper
perfon comes into the Court of our faid Lord the King, before the
King himself, at the City of Dublin, in the county of the faid
city, on the eighth day of June in this fame term, and for our
faid Lord the King, gives the Court here to underfland and be in-
formed, that Archibald Hamilton Rowan, of the city of Dublin,
Efquire, being a perfon of a wicked and turbulent difpofition,
and maliciously defigning and intending to excite and diffufe
among ft the fubjects of this realm of Ireland, difcontents, jealou-
fies, and fufpicions of our faid Lord the King and his government,
and difaffection and difloyalty to the perfon and government of
our faid Lord the King, and to raife very dangerous feditions and
tumults within this kingdom of Ireland; and to draw the govern
ment of this kingdom into great fcandal, infamy, and disgrace



and to incite the fubjects of our faid Lord the King to attempt, by force and violence, and with arms, to make alterations in the government, flate, and conflitution of this kingdom, and to incite his Majefty's faid fubjects to tumult and anarchy, and to overturn the eflablifhed conflitution of this kingdom, and to overare and intimidate the legislature of this kingdom, by an armed force, on the fixteenth day of December, in the thirty third year of the reign of our faid prefent Sovereign Lord George the Third, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, aad fo forth, with force and, arms, at Dublin aforefaid, to wit, in the parish and ward of Saint Michael the archangel, and in the county of the faid city, wickedly, malicioufly, and fediciously, did publifh, and caufe and procure to be publifed, a certain falfe, wicked, malicious, fcandalous, and Jeditious libel, of and concerning the government, flate and conftitution of this kingdom, according to the tenor and effect following, that is to fay." The Society of United Irifhmen at Dublin, to the Volunteers of Ireland. William Drennan, chairman, Archibald Hamilton Rowan, fecretary.—Citizen foldiers, you firft took up arms to protect your country from foreign enemies, and from domeftic disturbance; for the fame purposes it now becomes neceffary that you should refume them: a proclamation has been iffued in England for embodying the Militia, and a proclamation has been iffued by the Lord Lieutenant and Council in Ireland. [meaning a proclamation which iffued under the great feal of the kingdom of Ireland, the eighth day of December, one thousand feven hundred and ninety-two,] for repreffing all feditious affociations; in confequence of both thefe proclamations it is reafonable to apprehend danger from abroad and danger at home, for whence but from apprehended danger are thefe menacing preparations for war drawn through the streets of this capital [meaning the city of Dublin] or whence if not to create that internal commotion which was not found, to shake that credit which was not affected, to blaft that volunteer honor which was hitherto inviolate, are thofe terrible fuggeftions and rumours and whispers that meet us at every corner, and agitate at leaft our old men, our women, and children; whatever be the motive, or from whatever quarter it arifes, alarm has arifin; and you volunteers of Ireland are therefore fummoned to arms at the inftance of government as well as by the refponfibility attached to your character, and the permanent obligations of your inftitution. We will not at this day condefcend to quote authorities for the right of having and of ufing arms, but we will cry aloud, even amidst the form raised by the witchcraft of a proclamation, that to your formation was owing the peace and protection of this ifland, to your relaxation has been owing its relapse into impotence and infignificance, to your renovation must be owing its future freedom and its present tranquility; you are therefore fummoned to arms, in order to preferve your country in that guarded quiet which may fecure it from


external boflility, and to maintain that internal regimen throughout the lan which, fuperfeding a notorious police or a fufpected militia may preferve the bleffings of peace by a vigilant preparation jr war.-Citizen Soldiers, to arms, take up the fheild of freedom and the pledges of peace-peace, the motive and end of your virtuous inflitution-war, an occafional duty, ought never to be made an occupation; every man should become a foldier in the defence of his rights; no man ought to continue a foldier for offending the rights of others; the facrifice of life in the fervice of our country is a duty much too honourble to be entrusted to mercenaries, and at this time, when your country has, by public authority, been declared in danger, we conjure you by your intereft, your duty, and your glory, to ftand to your arms, and in fpite of a police, in fpite of a fenfible malitia, in virtue of two proclamations, to maintain good order in your vicinage, and tranquility in Ireland; it is only by the military array of men in whom they confide, whom they have been accustomed to revere as the guardians of meftic peace, the protectors of their liberties and lives, that the preagitation of the people can be filled, that tumult and licenefs can be repreffed, obedience fecured to exifting law, and cal.. confidence diffused through the public mind in the Speedy furrection of a free conflitution [meaning that the people of reland had not at the time of the publishing aforefaid a free nfti'utiou] of liberty and of equality, words which we ufe for opportunity of repelling calumny, and of faying, that by liberty never underfood unlimited freedom, nor by equality the levelof property or the deftruction of fubordination; this is a camny invented by that faction, or that gang, which misrepreents the King to the people, and the people to the King, traduces one half of the nation to cajole the other, and by keeping up fruct and divifion, wishes to continue the proud arbitrators of e fortune and fate of Ireland; liberty is the excercife of all our hts, natural and political, fecured to us and our pofterity by reul reprefentation of the people; and equality is the extenfion of e conflituent to the fullest dimenfions of the conflitution, of the lective franchife to the whole body of the people, to the end that government, which is collective power, may be guided by collective will, and that legislation may originate from public reafon, keep pace with public improvement, and terminate in public happiness. If our conflitution be imperfect, nothing but a reform in reprefentation will redify its abuses; if it be perfect, nothing but the fame reform will perpetuate its bleffings. We now addrefs you as citizens, for to be citizens you become foldiers, nor can we help wishing that all foldiers partaking the paffions and intereft of the people, would remember, that they were once citizens, that feduction made them foldiers, but nature made them


We addrefs you without any authority, fave that of reafon, and if we obtain the coincidence of public opinion, it is neither by


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