صور الصفحة
النشر الإلكتروني

In vain, did you make it death by your code to introduce any but the Roman Catholic Religion into Spain! Your Priests did not want the religion, but the influence and profit arising therefrom. You were heretics, the moment you began to apply the church-property to the national wants. All your professions of respect for the Roman Catholic Religion availed you nothing: you were denounced as Atheists, and justly so denouncd; for you ought to have known, that the Priest knows no God but his profit and power, of which you sought to deprive him. His private gospel is his rent and tithe roll, which you did not respect; and he properly proclaimed you to be heretics.

If you can again set your feet on the Spanish soil, you are intreated to think of nothing before the annihilation of priestcraft. The lands and dwellings of the Priests you should share among those who are likely to be made instruments for your overthrow; by so doing, you will secure their support, whilst the humbled priest will crouch to your influence.

Your next revolution in Spain must end in an avowed Republic; for you have had experience, that Monarchy and Freedom are words and principles not to be associated. A constitutional monarchy is a system that is at war with itself: it contains the germ of civil war, which will incessantly be bursting forth, until monarchy or freedom triumphs.

Adversity is the best school in which to acquire knowledge; in that school you are now placed; and it is hoped, that the discussions carrying on by the Press of this Island will not be lost upon you. Your attention is particularly called to the first number of this volume, in which you may learn, that you erred in making your constitution, verbose as it was, a fixture for a period of years. You will there see that all a people can possibly want in the way of Government is, wholesome laws and wholesome magistrates; and that, it is the height of absurdity to say, that the one or the other shall be placed above a periodical election and not be changed for a number of years. Such an error in your constitution appears to me, to have been a main cause of its speedy overthrow.

The fate of Riego may teach you the impropriety of having made a truce with monarchy, and with such a monarch as Ferdinand. It may show you the hollowness of such expedients as force from the mouth of such a man sentiments at variance with those which all the people of Europe and America knew him to entertain. It may show you that nothing which has its basis in deception can work for the benefit of a people, and that morality

is as essential to the well working of a Government, as to the happiness of an individual. The monarchical part of your constitution was deception throughout and a baser mind than Ferdinand's, if such could have been found, might have spurned the idea of being its instrument.

The political part of this volume clearly shews you, that monarchy, upon its plain and present construction, cannot be mixed up with popular liberty: it clearly shews you, that it is not necessary to Government; but that it is an obstruction to good Government: it clearly shews you that a people, insurgent against bad Government, should never respect it in any part of its existence; but that they should look upon themselves, as a society about to begin a new association, and calculate on what is best for the future, instead of adhering to the form of what is past. Laws and ministers of law are all that is wanted to perfect the happi-, ness of an intelligent people, provided that those laws and their ministers are the offspring of popular representation.

The theological part of this volume exhibits, in my opinion, most clearly, that there is no supernatural power, no designing power beyond the animal world and that the almighty power, or the combined powers of the universe, are not intellectual. An un derstanding of this matter strikes at the root of all religion, by shewing you, that all is idolatry: that there can be no such thing as religion separable from idolatry: that religion and idolatry are synonymous terms: that he who worships, under whatever sect or denomination, is an idolator: and that this conclusion is not so much atheism as idolism.

But the most important feature in this volume I take to be, that which shews morality uncontaminated with religion to be the great essential in all human affairs to generate human happiness. This you will find to be a leading feature in all the volumes of "The Republican," but more particularly in this eighth volume. Though they exhibit great literary defects, jointly owing to my inability and situation, as soon as you can read the English Language, I feel convinced, that you can read nothing more useful to you as individuals, or as exiled patriots, than the cight volumes of "The Republican," paying more attention to the matter than to the stile or correctness of printing.

With these recommendations, I take my leave, assuring you, that my freedom springs from a desire to see you well employed during the time of your exile, and that you may obtain a clear understanding of the best political principles for the future benefit of yourselves and your countrymen in general. I certainly do consider, that you have exhibited some defect, while the helm of affairs in Spain was in your hands; though I am not blind to the power of the priests, to the character and state of ignorance of the people among whom you dwelt, and to the many and great excuses to which you are entitled on that account.


[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

No. 1, To the Republicans of the Island of Albion, being a review
of Major Cartwright's volume, entitled the English Constitution.
produced and illustrated.

No. 2, An Address, &c.-Letters by James Hall on the Bishop
of Winchester's Charge, and on various subjects-From and to
William Butler, of Birmingham-From and to D. Nield, of Rip-
ponden-Extract of a letter from Aberdeen-Letter from James
Watson-From J. Butler Levant-Atheism no Crime, by John
Johns-Letter from Humphrey Boyle.

No. 3, An Address, &c.-On the conquest of the moral world,
a pamphlet presented to the conqueror of the physical world, Na-
poleon, Emperor of the French, by John Stewart-Article on or-
ganization and intellect--Letter to the Editor of the Hampshire
County Newspaper-The morality of Atheism contrasted with re-
ligious morality, by Aristippus-Of the religion of Deism com-
pared with the Christian religion, and the superiority of the for-
mer over the latter, by Thomas Paine.

No. 4, An Address to the Vice Society, or to the animals who
call themselves a society for the Suppression of Vice-Letters
from and to John Emmerson, of Stella, near Newcastle-John
Hewson of Leeds-William Tillotson, of Hunslet-And Edward
Nobbs, of Norwich-From G. B. G., of Boston-From and to
John Smith, of Falkirk-From William Carver, of New York-
Religious Intelligence.

No. 5, Letter to William Carver, of New York-Blue Laws of
Connecticut-Letter from and to John Smart, of Aberdeen-
And Thomas Baker, of Kensington-To Thomas Denman.

No. 6, An Address to the Republicans of the Island of Albion
-Letter Second from James Watson-From and to Squire Farrar
of Otley-Moses Colclough, of Nottingham-James Harrison, of
Preston-From James Hall.

No. 7, An Address, &c.-Letter from Harmodious on organi-
zation and intellect-Essay on Religion, by Epicurus-Monar-
chy, or Political Reflections, concluded, by Allen Davenport-Let-
ters by James Hall.

No. 8, Letter to George Harris-Letter by N. Dralloc-Letters
by James Hall-Hints towards forming a society for enquiring
into the truth or falsehood of ancient history, &c. with letters to
Messrs. Moore and Mason of New York, by Thomas Paine.

No. 9, Letter to Samuel Thompson --From and to Joseph Nich-
olson, of Dewsbury-And William Paine, of Bath-From I. G.—
Of the books of the New Testament, and remarks on a passage in

the 5th chapter of Paul's Epistle to the Romans, by Thomas Paine
-Notice of the New Temple of Reason.

No. 10, A Leader-Letter Third from James Watson-On Li-
berty and Necessity, an extract from Burdon's Materials for
Thinking-Letter to Reuben Hernshaw, of Kirkburton, by James
Penny, of Millbridge.

No. 11, Materialism versus Methodism, a Letter to Joseph But-

No. 12. Letter to William Wait of Bristol -From and to Dr.
Rudge, at Weymouth-To Lord Chancellor Eldon-From and to
the Republicans of Portsea-The Republicans of Sleaford-Cor-
respondence between the late Mr. Ricardo and John Townsend--
Correspendence with, and anecdote of, the Vicar of Cerne-Notes
to the Chaplain of Dorchester Gaol-Gaol matters, on the death
of, and inquest on, James Dare.

No. 13, Letter from Humphrey Boyle to his brother James
Boyle, of Manchester-From T. R. Bayley Potts-From J. E.
Ellerker-To the Editor of the Dorchester, Sherborne, and Taun-
ton Journal-From and to John Cameron, of Bolton-James
Penny, of Millbridge, near Halifax-Further correspondence with
the Vicar of Cerne-Extract from Burdon's Materials for Think-

No. 14, An Address to the Inhabitants of the county of Dorset,
including letters to Sheriffs, Visiting Magistrates, Gaoler, &c.—
Letter from John Smith, of Plymouth-From D. Nield, of Rip-
ponden-From H.-Letter to the Bishop of London, at Wey-

No. 15, An Address to the Republicans of the Island of Albion
-Letter from T. R. Bayley Potts, with the correspondonce be-
tween Mr. Burdon, and the Freethinking Christians-Letter from
I. G., Note by Editor---The Character of the French Physicians,
and the French Army, by Philanthropos---Notes to Correspon-

No. 16, Letter to Mrs. Fry---Notice of a visit from Mr. Rich-
man, &c.---Trial of Dr. Cleeve, of Exeter---Letter to the Vicar
of Cerne---Character of a Common Brewer, by Philanthropos---
Letters from and to T. Turton, of Sheffield---Samuel Ross, of
Leeds---And Joseph Lawton, of Salford---Extract from the Prus-
sian Code relating to punishment for blasphemies.

No. 17, An Address to the Christian Reformers of Leeds, by
Humphrey Boyle---Letter to M. A. Carlile, by an Enemy to Perse-
cution---Letter by J. E. C.---Essay on the Deity and attributes,
by Epicurus---On religion and nature, by Ditto---Letter to Charles
Byam Wollaston, Visiting Magistrate for Dorchester Gaol---An
argument against the competency of a Court of Law to try a
charge of blasphemous publication.

No. 18, Letters to Chief Justice Abbott, to the Vice Society, by
John Jones---From what authority should new political institu-
tions emanate?---A specimen of the comforts of being considered

No. 24, Further controversy on the question of attributing in-

telligence to Deity, or almighty power, in letters from and to
James Taylor, of Waterhead-mill, near Oldham, Lancashire---
Letter from J. E. C. with notes by Editor---Influence of religion,
its effects bad---On the materiality or immateriality of the mind,
by James Penny, Millbridge---Letter from I. S.---From Allen
Mac Fadyen---Further communications about the effects of long-
ings in the mother---Paper by Mr. T. Pole, copied from the Medi-
cal and Physical Journal, for June, 1800---The Rev. G. C. Smith
---To Mr. John Jones, by R. S.

No. 25, Philosophical institutions for the improvement of me-
chanics---Letter to the Rev. Edward Parsons, Jun. Calvinist
Preacher, Sion Chapel, Halifax, by George Crabtree---From and
to William Jones, Hull---From Regulator, with note by Editor---
From Epicurus---Remarks on Materialism and Deism, by W. V.
Holmes-- Notice of Pamphlets---Letter from Noli Episcopari---
From I. G.---Subscriptions.

« السابقةمتابعة »