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J. E. C. will never find that "intellect is the result of organization," any more than you will find his almighty power; both are inferences, incapable of proof, the one as much as the other. But observe: in your letter to Mrs. Fry, you say, "Organization thinks"-in your note to J. E. C. you say, intellect (thought) is the result of organization. This I am sure is not by any means clear to yourself, even in the mode of expressing it. My object cannot be mistaken by you. It is to make you strong, that you may be permanently useful. You will not, I am sure, take my ipse dixit for any thing; but will reason the matter for yourself and make your conclusions your own.

LAMENTATION FOR SPAIN!

OH! weep my muse! nor let thy tears be restrained. The heroes who have fallen in defence of the liberties of mankind deserve thy warmest sympathies. Spain, the land where freedom had planted her sacred banner, is overrun by despotic hordes. Spain, on which was placed our most sanguine expectations, is again under the dominion of tyrants and priests! Spain, where the rights of man had begun to be respected, is again to be tyrannized over by an Holy Inquisition; and brutalized by an occasional Auto da fe! Those who have not fallen in the contest, must, to escape the fate that would otherwise await them, exile themselves, and leave their country degraded, demoralized, and a prey to every thing that is base, rapacious, and tyrannical. Those who have been unfortunate enough to fall into their enemies power, must suffer a ́cruel and agonizing death; to glut the blood-thirsty disposition of the petticoat-making monster; that most contemptible thing Ferdinand; the man, who of all that was ever heard of, best deserves to be "painted upon a pole, and under-written, here you may see the tyrant.'"

"

The illustrious RIEGO, the friend of mankind, the assertor of his country's rights, the author of that glorious revolution, which we had considered as the beginning of a new era in the annals of the world, he, he too must become a victim to ignorance and intolerance, under the specious pretext of consolidating the interests of the altar and the throne! Detestable words! May they speedily be erased from the vocabulary of mankind: for they, with others of the same tendency, have been the cause of all the misery, rapine, and devastation, that have depopulated the globe. He, too, must die, to satiate the brutal appetites of those fell destroyers of the happiness of the human race; those villains, who think that man is made for their pleasures, to be their slaves, to do their will, and to receive in return all that malevolence, joined to the most

degrading ignorance, can inflict. We mourn over his fate, but shall he die unrevenged? Will tyranny always be triumphant? Must knowledge always submit to ignorance? Shall slavery always be the lot of mankind? Surely not: his death shall be revenged: the principles of liberty have taken deep root in the minds of many who will not, cannot, forget them; and at the first opportunity they will call to a severe account, all those who have sported with the lives and liberties of their fellow-creatures. ANTI-MENDAX.

November 8, 1823.

ANECDOTE OF GALILEO.

GALILEO, the astronomer, being cited before the tribunal of the Holy Inquisition and made to abjure his doctrine of the Copernican, or true system of the world, after going through the forced ceremony, indignant at the humiliating concession he had been compelled to make, stamped his foot upon the earth, saying, “It moves notwithstanding."

Note This anecdote of Galileo, whether true or not, conveys a great moral lesson. It may teach us that bowever we may dispute about words, about opinions, about metaphysical and religious systems; however we may hate and persecute each other for a difference in opinions; our disputes, our hatreds, and our persecutions, will not change one physical fact Every thing remains as before: and though we disturb ourselves by our ignorance aud folly, to dispute about what we do not understand, we cannot alter the motion of a fly that may be out of our reach. Man is certainly the most contemptible of all existing things, and is a mass of contradictions in himself. Under the pretence of avenging some power which he cannot define, and under the pretence of worshipping that power, he outrages it by persecuting those who do not say and do the same words and actions as himself! If he be grossly ignorant, he fancies that it is the will of almighty power, that all should be of his stamp! If he be weak in body, he fancies that the strength and vigour of others is the result of evil passions! In short, the visionary, ignorant fanatic, lives but as an element of perpetual hostility! the very curse of his species and of every other animal!

It is a charge upon the Anti-Christian, that he would de

prive the Christian of the hope of immortal life. The Christian cannot see that the hope is no proof of the reality; and whether he holds the hope or not, the reality will be the same. The Anti-Christian does not seek to deprive the Christian of his morality; therefore, it is clear, that he does not seek to deprive him of any thing valuable. The AntiChristian desires to increase the morality of the Christian, and, in so doing, he certainly, the better qualifies him to enjoy it, if there is to be an immortal life. But Christians will not reason with us nor with themselves. To believe or be damned is their motto; and though they know not what to believe, nor where to be damned, they damn themselves about their belief, and continually believe that they are damned, because they cannot believe; and that they do believe because they do not like to be damned! Such is a Christian! who would not be

ANTI-CHRIST?

CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MR. CARLILE AND THE LAWYERS.

TO CHIEF JUSTICE ABBOTT.

MY LORD, Dorchester Gaol, June 12, 1823. As a prisoner, under the sentence of that Court of which you were and are the Chief Justice; I address you to ask for that justice, which, I find, after sixteen months trial, I cannot otherwise obtain through the medium of any persons officially connected with the law.

Early in the last year, I saw the necessity of pressing some kind of settlement with respect to the property seized by the Sheriffs, under your writ of Levari Facias in 1819, and carried off from my premises in Fleet Street in the 24th of December of that year; that I might know the real state of the fines imposed upon me, before the expiration of my sentence of imprisonment on the 16th day of November last. As soon as I found an attorney to act, my instructions were plainly and decidedly to force the Sheriff to sell or to return such property as he had removed from my premises, as what appeared to me to be the only clear and right way of proceeding in the matter at issue. In pursuance of these instructions, Mr. Henry Cooper, after what appeared to me an unaccountable delay of a term, made a motion and obtained

a rule, calling upon the Sheriffs to shew cause. This rule was no sooner obtained than dropped, and an action instituted against the surviving Sheriff (Parkins), without any consultation with me. I do not question the motives of those who were acting for me, they might have been and likely were of the most honourable kind; and, under that impression I was silent; though their proceedings and my views of right certainly clashed; and, I acknowledge, that I did not complain, because I would not take any wrong or rash interposing step: your Lordship knowing well, that a lawyer, in the judgment of his client, always claims an infallibility.

The result of the action left me in a worse state than before. My three years imprisonment had expired, and my affairs with the Sheriff seemed more inextricable than ever. This action was tried after last Michaelmas Term. I fully intended to renew my motion for sale or return of the property in Hilary Term last. Before the term commenced, a large proportion of the property was announced for sale: that sale was deferred, and a smaller proportion, or a very small part of the whole, was announced for another day, which, I am informed, occurred on the 29th of January.

After obtaining the particulars, I had no time to do any thing in Hilary Term, and then fully determined not to lose the Easter Term. I renewed my correspondence with those who had acted for me before, and was promised attention; but I found the Term pass. I concluded, that the neglect arose from the circumstance, that any motion made in the Court of King's Bench would tend to alter the facts of a statement that had been prepared in a petition to the House of Commous: this was another inducement to be silent, or not to press the subject.

The petition was presented on the Sth ultimo, and I immediately resolved not to lose the Trinity Term, which is now passing. I pressed the subject again on the party who has acted for me throughout, and this day's post has brought me a letter to say, that it must stand over for the next term, which sounds to me like another sentence of six months imprisonment, and is a very harsh sound to my ears, after a nervous injury accumulating throughout a period of more than forty months imprisonment.

Now, here I find myself in prison, left to do the best I can for myself, like the farmer and his son in the fable of the larks! Profiting by that admirable lesson, I have resolved to trouble your Lordship with a letter as my last resource, to ask for that justice which I cannot otherwise obtain—that

you will be pleased to issue a writ of Habeas Corpus to bring me into the Court of King's Bench in person, within the present term, that I may make such motion as shall prevent the writ of Levari facias, issued from the Court of King's Bench, on my property, and consequently, my imprisonment, from being an interminable affair.

I am, my Lord,

Your Lordship's obedient Servant,
RICHARD CARLILE.

To the Right Honourable Sir
Charles Abbott, Knt. Lord⚫
Chief Justice of the Court of
King's Bench Westminster.

TO MR. RICHARD CARLILE, DORCHESTER GAOL.
SIR,
Court of King's Bench, June 14, 1823.
I AM directed by the Judges of his Majesty's Court of King's
Bench, to inform you, that they have conferred upon the subject
of your letter, addressed to the Lord Chief Justice, dated 12th of
June, and are of opinion that they cannot act upon it in the way
therein pointed out.

I am, Sir, your most obedient Servant,
PERE DEALTRY.
Secondary on the Crown side of the Court of King's Bench.

SIR, Dorchester Gaol, August 26, 1823. ARE there any means by which the unsold part of my stock, seized by the Sheriff on behalf of the Crown, can be disposed of without application to the Court of King's Bench in term? Understanding, that there is no idea of sale on the part of the Crown, or the Sheriff, would it not be better to return it to me, than to let it lie where it now lies, under the consideration that some disposition of the stock must finally take place.

There is nothing of it now saleable, but I have reprinted; and what is not now saleable, I should sell for waste paper, so that it would add nothing to the sale or circulation of what you call objectionable works, whilst the most that it do, would be to increase parts of my stock and delay the period of another reprint.

I am, Sir, your obedient Servant,
RICHARD CARLILE.

To George Maule, Esq. Solicitor to the Treasury.

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