« السابقةمتابعة »
SECT. XI.-Names of Women Remarkable.
IN THE OLD TESTAMENT.-Eve, The first woman, and Adam's wife.
Hagar, Abraham's maid, whom he took for a concubine.
Rebecca, Isaac's wife, and the mother of Jacob and Esau. Deborah, The prophetess who saved and judged Israel, and dwelt under a palm-tree.
Hannah, Samuel's mother, who prayed to God, and went away chearful.
Abigal, A very courteous woman, widow of Nabal the churl, and afterward the wife of David.
Bathsheba, First the wife of Uriah, afterwards David's wife, and Solomon's mother.
Queen of Sheba, She came from her own land to Jerusalem to see the grandeur and wisdom of Solomon.
Athaliah, A wicked woman who killed the royal family of Judah, and set herself up for queen, when the king her son was dead.
Jezebel, Ahab's wife, and queen of Israel, who killed the prophets of God.
Esther, A Jewish woman, and the queen of Persia, who saved all the Jews from being murdered.
IN THE NEW TESTAMENT.-The Virgin Mary, The mother of Jesus Christ.
Elizabeth, The mother of John the baptist, and cousin to the virgin Mary.
Herodias, Herod's brother's wife, whose daughter danced so well to please Herod, that at her request he cut off John the baptist's head.
Mary Magdalen, A great sinner who washed Christ's feet with her tears, and wiped them with her hair.
Martha, The woman who was cumbered too much in making a feast for Christ.
Mary, The sister of Martha, the woman that chose the better part, and heard Jesus preach.
Dorcas, or Tabitha, A woman who made clothes for the poor, and was raised from the dead by Peter.
SECT. XII.-Numes of Countries, Cities, Rivers, &c.
IN THE OLD TESTAMENT.-Eden, The garden where God put Adam and Eve.
Chaldea, Abraham's native country, whence he came when God called him.
Canaan, The land which God promised Abraham to give his children.
Sodom and Gomorrah, Most wicked cities which God burned with fire and brimstone from heaven.
The dead sea, The lake which arose when Sodom and Gomorrah were burned and sunk under water.
Bethel, 'The place where Jacob slept, and in his dream saw the angels of God ascending and descending.
Egypt The land where Joseph was sold for a slave, and afterwards made the ruler of it; and it was the country where all the Israelites were afterwards made slaves.
The Red Sea, A great sea that was dried up for the people of Israel to go through on foot.
Sinai, The hill were God spoke the ten commandments with thunder and lightning.
Pisgah, The hill from whence Moses saw the promised land and died.
Jordan, A river that was made dry while the people went over into Canaan.
Jericho, The first city which the Isralites took in Canaan, and the walls of it fell down at the sound of the trumpets of rams-horns.
Shiloh, The place where the tabernacle of God stood some hundreds of years after the Isralites came into Cañaan.
The great sea, That which is now called the Mediterranean, or the Levant sea, which washes the western shore of the land of Canaan.
Philistia, A country of Canaan, where many giants dwelt, and people which were very troublesome enemies to Israel.
Jerusalem, The chief city of the Jews; and it was called the holy city.
Tyre, The chief city of merchandize in ancient times, not far from the Jew's country.
Zion, The hill at Jerusalem where David placed the tabernacle of iod.
Moriah, The hill where Abraham offered his son Isaac, and on which Solomon built the temple of God at Jerusalem. Samaria, The city where many of the kings of Israel kept their court.
Lebanon, A hill on which grew a multitude of tall cedars. Assyria, A large country north of Judea, whose kings carried the Israelites captive.
Babylon, The chief city in the world, and an enemy to Israel.
IN THE NEW TESTAMENT.-Bethlehem, A town in Judea, where Jesus was born.
Judea, The chief part of the country of the Jews.
Nazareth, A town in Galilee, where Jesus was brought up.
Galilee, The meanest part of the country of the Jews, and farthest from Jerusalem.
The sea of Tiberias, A sea encompassed with land in Galilee, in the midst of the towns of Capernaum, Chorazin, Bethsaida, &c. where Christ spent much time with his disciples.
Calvary, or Golgotha, The hill were Christ was nailed to the cross.
Olivet, A hill near Jerusalem, whence Christ ascended to heaven.
Damascus, A city in Syria, whence Paul escaped by being let down from the wall in a basket.
Antioch, A city in Syria, where the disciples were first called christians.
Rome, The city that ruled over the world in our Saviour's time and since.
Greece, The country of the greatest learning among the heathens.
Athens, A city in Greece, the chief in the world for learning.
Asia, A country between Greece and Canaan, where there were many christian churches.
Lystra, A town in Asia, where Paul healed a cripple, and the people thought him to be a God.
Melita, The island where Paul was saved in shipwreck. Patmos, The place where John was banished when he wrote the Revelation.
SECT. XII.-Names of Times, and Things, &c. remarkable.
The Ark of Noah, A great vessel or kind of ship, which God taught him to build, to save his family and the living creatures in the flood.
Babel, The tower which men were building when God scattered them, by making them speak different languages.
Manna, A sort of food like seeds, which fell down from heaven every night, to maintain the Israelites forty years in the wilderness.
Ark of the Covenant, A chest of wood covered with gold, wherein the two tables of the law were kept which were written by the hand of God.,
The mercy seat, The golden cover of the ark on which God dwelt in a bright cloud.
Cherubs, The figure of creatures with wings to represent angels, between which God dwelt upon the mercy-seat.
Altar of incense, A kind of solid table made of wood, and covered with gold.
Incense, A sort of perfume burned on the altar of incense to make a sweet smoke.
Shew-bread, Twelve cakes set on a golden table in the tabernacle, fresh every week.
Altar of burnt-offering, Was made of wood covered with brass, where the sacrifice was burned, and the fire which came down from heaven was kept always burning there for holy uses.
Sacrifices, Some were offerings of corn, or wine, or oil; others were of living creatures, birds or beasts: Some were designed to be thank-offerings for mercies received, others were to atone or answer for the sins of men.
Laver, A large vessel of brass, containing a vast quantity of water for the priests to wash and purify themselves.
The Ephod, A short vest or waistcoat without sleeves, for the high-priest; on which was the breast-plate, with the names of the children of Israel.
Urim and Thummim, Something on the breast-plate by which God gave answers to the high-priest when he enquired in doubtful cases.
Mitre, A peculiar cap for the high-priest.
Tabernacle, A moveable building made of boards and curtains, in which the holy things were kept, and where God was worshipped.
The holy place, The outer part of the tabernacle, where the common priests went to burn incense daily. There stood the golden candlestick, the table of shew-bread, and the altar of incense.
Most holy place, The inner part of the tabernacle where the ark stood, and into which only the high priest entered, and that but once a year.
The veil, A curtain which divided the holy place from the most holy.
Court of the tabernacle, A large court round about the tabernacle, inclosed with a row of pillars and curtains on the four sides; There stood the altar of burnt-offering and the laver.
Sabbath-day, Every seventh day, appointed as a day of rest from worldly business.
Sabbatical year, Every seventh year, when the land was neither plowed nor sowed.
Passover, A feast upon the sacrifice of a lamb, appointed yearly in remembrance of God's passing over the families of Israel, when he destroyed all the first-born of Egypt.
Pentecost, A feast kept in remembrance of the giving of the law at mount Sinai, and also in thanksgiving at the beginning of wheat-harvest every year.
Feast of tabernacles, A feast kept towards the end of the year, wherein the Jews dwelt in booths made of boughs of trees, to keep in remembrance their dwelling in booths or tents in the wilderness.
Jubilee, One year in fifty, when the debtors and servants were all released.
The temple, A glorious building raised by king Solomon for the worship of God, and wherein God dwelt, as he did before in the tabernacle.
Sanctuary, The tabernacle or the temple.
Feast of Purim, A feast appointed to give thanks to God for the deliverance of the Jews, from a general murder in their captivity, by the intercession of queen Esther.
Feast of the dedication, Kept in remembrance of the building or restoration of the temple, and dedication of it to God.
Synagogues, Places built in several parts of the land of Canaan, and in other countries, for the Jews to meet in, and worship God.
Phylacteries, Strips of parchment with some sentence of the law written on it, and worn on the garments of the Jews.
Church, A larger or lesser collection of people who profess the true religion; as the church of the Jews of old; Acts vii. 38. Mat. xviii. 17. The christian church; Mat. xvi. 18. Eph. V. 24. The churches of Asia; Rev. i. 11. The church in Philemon's house; Philem. verse 2.
Lord's-day, Rev. i. 10. The first day of the week, whereon Christ arose from the dead, and which was appointed for public worship among christians.
Baptism, Washing with water, in token of regeneration and remission of sins
The Lord's-supper, Eating and drinking bread and wine in the church in remembrance of the death of Christ.
SECT. XIV.-Hebrew or Syriac Words, &c. used in the New Testament.
Raca, A lesser term of reproach, meaning a vain or worthless fellow; whereas the word fool signified a vile wicked fellow; Mat. v. 22.
Rabbi, A title of honour given to the Jewish doctors or teachers of the law.
Abba, Signifies father.
Corban, A gift dedicated to God.
Anathema maranatha, Accursed till the Lord come.
The Lord of sabbaoth, The Lord of hosts.
Hallelujah, The song of praise to God.
Hosanna, The song of salvation to Christ.
Amen, A hearty consent to what is said, or a wish that it
may be so as is desired.
SECT. XV.-The Names of several of the Books of Scripture,
Note. The five first books are written by Moses.
Genesis, An account of the beginning of all things, the