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36. Q. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption and sanctification?
A. The benefis which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption and sanctification, are assurance of God's love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Ghost, increase of grace, and perseverance therein to the end. Conscience. That faculty of the soul whereby we pass a judgment concerning our good or evil actions.
Joy in the Holy Ghost. Holy rejoicing wrought in us by the Spirit of God.
37. Q. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at their death? A. The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness, and do immediately pass into glory, and their bodies being still united to Christ, do rest in their graves, till the resurrection.
Glory. State of honour and happiness in heaven,
United to Christ. That is, As the members are reckoned one with the head.
38. Q. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection? A. At the resurrection, believers being raised up in glory, shall be openly acknowledged, and acquitted in the day of judgment, and made perfectly blessed in the full enjoying of God, to all eternity.
Believers. Those who receive Christ in his offices, or trust in him as a prophet, a priest, and a king.
Acknowledged. Owned for the children of God.
Acquitted. Freed from all charges of sin.
Enjoy God. See answer 1.
To all eternity. Without eud.
39. Q. What is the duty which God requireth of man?
A. The duty which God requireth of man, is obedience to his revealed will 40. Q. What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of his obedience? A. The rule which God at first revealed to man for his obedience, was the moral law.
Moral Law. The law which directs our manners, or our duty to God and man, and is a rule for all mankind.
41. Q. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?
A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the ten commandments.
42. Q. What is the sum of the ten commandments?
A. The sum of the ten commandments is to love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind, and our neighbour as ourselves.
To love our neighbour as ourselves. To do to others as we think they ought to do to us in the like case.
43. Q. What is the preface to the ten commandments?
A. The preface to the ten commandments is in these words," I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage."
Preface. One or more sentences which go before to bring in something else afterwards.
Egypt, the house of bondage. The land where the Israelites were made bondmen or slaves
44. Q. What doth the preface to the ten commandments teach us?
A. The preface to the ten commandments teacheth us, that because God is the Lord, and our God and Redeemer, therefore we are bound to keep all bis Commandments.
Redeemer. See answer 20.
45. Q. Which is the first commandment?
A. The first commandment is, "Thou shalt bave no other gods before me." 46. Q. What is required in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment requireth us to know, and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God, and to worship and glorify him accordingly.
47. Q. What is forbidden in the first commandment?
A The fist commandment forb ddeth the denying, or not worshipping and glorifying the true God, as God, and our God, and the giving that worship and glory to any other, which is due to him alone.
Glorify God. See answer 1.
48. Q. What are we especially taught by these words, " before me" in the first commandment?
A. These words," before me," in the first commandment, teach us, that God who seeth all things, taketh notice of, and is much displeased with the sia of having any other god.
49. Q Which is the second commandment?
A. The second commandment is, "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or the likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the in quity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me, and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
Graven image. The likeness of any thing fashioned with a tool, in order to worship it.
Jealous. Highly concerned for his own honour.
Visiting the iniquities. Punishing the sins.
50. Q. What is required in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment requireth the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire all such religious worship and ordinances, as God hath appointed in his word.
Ordinances. Appointments of God.
Pure. Without mixture of the inventions of men.
Entire. Without omitting any part of what God has appointed.
51. Q. What is forbidden in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment forbiddeth the worshipping of God by images,
or any other way not appointed in his word.
Images. The resemblance of any thing made by engraving, painting, or carving, or casting in a mould, or any other way whatsoever.
52. Q. What are the reasons annexed to the second command ent?
A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment are, God's sovereignty
over us, bis propriety in us, and the zeal he hath for his own worship. Ann-red. Joined.
Sovereignty. Highest dominion and authority.
Propriety. Chief right to any thing, or special interest in it.
Zeal. Warm concern.
53. Q. Which is the third commandinent?
A. The third commandment is, "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain."
Take God's name in vain. Use it in a triffing manner without seriousness.
Not hold him guiltless Condemn and punish him.
54. Q. What is required in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment requireth the holy and reverend use of God's names, titles, attributes, ordinances, words, and works.
Names of God.
Using with holy fear.
Such as, God, Lord, Jehovah, &c.
Such as, Lord of Hosts, Holy One of Israel, God and Fa
ther of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Attributes. The perfections and properties of God: Such as, truth, holiness, goodness, &c.
Ordinances. See answer 50.
55. Q. What is forbidden in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment forbiddeth all profaning or abusing of any thing whereby God makes himself known.
Profaning or abusing. Using it for any trifling or sinful purposes, or casting any dishonour upon it,
56. Q. What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the third commandment is, that however the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment.
57. Q. Which is the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment is, "Remember the sabbath-day to keep it holy, six days shalt thou labour and do all thy work, but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God, in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor the stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day; wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and ballowed it."
Sabbath day. The day of holy rest.
Hallowed. Sanctified or set apart for holy uses.
58. Q. What is required in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment requireth the keeping holy to God such set times as he hath appointed in his word, expressly one whole day in seven, to be au holy sabbath to himself.
59. Q. Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly sabbath?
A. From the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly sabbath, and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the christian sabbath.
Resurrection of Christ. His rising from the dead.
Christian sabbath. Day of rest for christians from worldly business and pleasure, and the day of the public worship of God through Christ.
60. Q. How is the sabbath to be sanctified?
A. The sabbath is to be sanctified by an holy resting all that day, even from such worldly employments and recreations, as are lawful on other days, and spending the whole time in the public and private exercises of God's worship, except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy. Sanctified. Used or spent in a holy manner.
Employment and recreation. Business and sport.
Works of necessity. Eating, drinking, taking care of health, feeding of cattle, &c.
Works of mercy. Doing kindness to the sick, the miserable, the helpless. 61. Q. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment forbiddeth the omission, or careless performance of the duties required, and the profaning the day by idleness, or doing that which is in itself sinful, or by unnecessary thoughts, words or works, about worldly employments and recreations.
Omission. The not performing.
Profaning. See answer 55.
62. Q. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment are, God's allowing us six days of the week for our own employments, his challenging a special propriety in the seventh, his own example, and his blessing the sabbath-day. Challenging. Laying claim to.
Propriety. See answer 52.
Blessing the sabbath. Appointing it to be a blessed time, or a day wherein men shall be blessed.
63. Q. Which is the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment is, "Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee." Honour thy father and thy mother. Esteema, obey them, and maintain them if needful.
64. Q. What is required in the fifth commandment ?
A. The fifth commandment requireth the preserving the honour, and performing the duties belonging to every one in their several places and relations, as superiors, inferiors, or equals.
Superiors. Those who are above us, as parents, masters, rulers.
Inferiors. Those that are below us, as sons, daughters, servants.
Equals. Those that are of our own rank, as brothers, sisters, neighbours. 65. Q. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment forbiddeth the neglecting of, or doing any thing against the honour and duty which belongeth to every one in their several places and relations.
Neglecting the honour. Not giving, or not paying due respect.
66. Q. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment is a promise of long life and prosperity, as far as it shall serve for God's glory, and their own good, to all such as keep this commandment,
Prosperity. Happiness in this world, or the blessings of this life.
67. Q. Which is the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment is, "Thou shalt not kill."
68. Q. What is required in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment requireth all lawful endeavours to preserve our own life, and the life of others.
69. Q. What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment forbiddeth the taking away of our own life, or the life of our neighbour unjustly, and whatsoever tendeth thereunto.
Unjustly. Without just and good reason.
70. Q. Which is the seventh commandment ?
A. The seventh commandment is, "Thou shalt not commit adultery."
71. Q. What is required in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment requireth the preservation of our own, and
our neighbour's chastity, in heart, speech, and behaviour,
Chastity. Modesty, freedom from lust or sinful desire.
72. Q. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts, words and actions.
Unchaste. Immodest, wanton, unclean.
73. Q. What is the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment is, "Thou shalt not steal."
74. Q. What is required in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment requireth the lawful procuring and furthering
the wealth, and outward estate of ourselves and others.
75. Q. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment ?
A. The eighth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever doth, or may unjustly hinder our own, or our neighbour's wealth or outward estate.
76. Q. Which is the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment is, "Thou shalt not bear false witness against tby neighbour."
77. Q What is required in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment requireth the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man, and of our own, and our neighbour's good name, especially in witness-bearing.
Maintaining and promoting of truth. Preserving truth and carrying it on. 78. Q. What is forbidden in the ninth commandment ?
A. The ninth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever is prejudicial to truth, or injurious to our own or our neighbour's good name.
Prejudicial, injurious. Hurtful.
79. Q. Which is the tenth commandment?*
A. The tenth commandment is, "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.” Coveting. Sinful or unreasonable desire.
80. Q. What is required in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition, with a right and charitable frame of spirit towards our neighbour, and all
that is his.
Contentment. A quiet and easy temper of mind in our own state,
81. Q. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?
A The tenth commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate, envying or grieving at the good of our neighbour, and all inordinate motions and affections to any thing that is his.
Discontentment. A temper of mind unquiet or uneasy in our own state.
Inordinate motions and affections. Unreasonable and ungoverned desires and
82. Q. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God? A. No mere man since the fall is able in this life perfectly to keep the commandments of God, but daily doth break them in thought, word, and deed.
83. Q. Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous ?
A. Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others.
Aggravation. That which makes an offence more grievous and faulty.
A. Every sin deserveth God's wrath and curse, both in this life and that which is to come.
Curse. See answer 19.
85. Q. What doth God require of us, that we may escape his wrath and curse due to us for sin?
A. To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God requireth of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life, with the diligent use of all the outward means, whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption. Faith. See answer 30, and 86,
Repentance unto life. Such sorrow for sin, such hatred of it, and forsaking it, as is necessary to eternal life. See answer 87.
Communicate. Give or bestow.
Benefits of redemption. Blessings of the gospel procured by Christ. See
86. Q. What is faith in Jesus Christ?
A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace, whereby we receive, and rest upon him alone for salvation, as he is offered to us in the gospel.
Saving grace. Principle or temper in the heart which is given us by the favour of God, and ends in the saving of the soul.
As he is offered to us in the gospel, that is, as a prophet, as a priest, as a king, as an example, &c.
87. Q. What is repentance unto life?
A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace, whereby a sinner out of a true sense of his sin, and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ, doth with grief and hatred of his sin turn from it unto God, with full purpose of, and endeavours after new obedience.
Apprehension. Perceiving, knowing.
Mercy of God in Christ. Mercy which is promised to us, or which God be, stows on us for the sake of Christ.
88. Q. What are the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption?
A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption, are his ordinances, especially the word, sacraments and prayer, all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation.
Ordinances. See answer 50.
Sacraments. See answer 92.
89. Q. How is the word made effectual to salvation?
A. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the word, an effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of building them up in holiness and comfort through faith unto salvation.
To convince sinners. To make them know and believe their sin and danger,
and the way of salvation.
Convert sinners. Turn their hearts to love God and trust in Christ.