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becca also had the word of promise, when she had con11 ceived twins by one, even by our father Isaac: for when the children were not yet born, and had done neither good nor evil, that the purpose of God according to his elec12 tion might stand, (not of works, but of Him who calleth,) it was said unto her, "The elder shall serve the younger." 13 As it is written, “I loved Jacob, and Esau I hated." 14

What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with 15 God? By no means. For he saith to Moses, "I will

have mercy on whom I will have mercy; and I will have 16 compassion on whom I will have compassion." So then

it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but 17 of God that hath mercy. For the scripture saith to Pha

raoh, "On this account I have preserved thee, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might 18 be proclaimed throughout all the earth." So then he hath mercy on whom he will; and whom he will, he hardeneth.


Thou wilt therefore say unto me; Why doth he still 20 blame us? for who resisteth his will? Nay, but, O man, who art thou that answerest again to God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou 21 made me thus? Hath not the potter power over the clay,

to make of the same lump one vessel to honour, and 22 another to dishonour? What now if God, willing to

shew his anger, and to make his power known, have endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted 23 to destruction: and have received us, that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, whom he before designed for glory; whom he hath called 24 also, even us, not from among the Jews only, but from 25 among the gentiles also? As he saith also in Hosea, "I

will call those my people, that were not my people; and 26 her beloved, that was not beloved: and it shall come to pass that, in the place where it was said unto them, 'Ye are not my people,' there they shall be called the sons of

27 the living God." Isaiah also crieth out concerning Israel, "Though the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand 28 of the sea, a residue only shall be preserved. For he will finish and cut short the account, with righteousness: because the Lord will make a short account in the land." 29 And as Isaiah hath foretold, "Unless the Lord of hosts had left us a seed, we had been as Sodom, and had been made like Gomorrah."


What shall we say then? That the gentiles, who followed not after justification, have attained to justifica31 tion; that justification however which is by faith but that Israel, who followed after a law of justification, hath 32 not attained to the law of justification. Why? because

they have not sought it by faith, but as if it were by works [of the law:] for they have struck against the stone of 33 stumbling; as it is written, "Behold, I lay in Sion a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence and yet whosoever believeth in him shall not be ashamed."

CH. X. Brethren, the desire of mine heart, and my prayer

to God, are in behalf of Israel, that they may be saved. 2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal toward 3 God*, but not according to knowledge. For being ignorant of God's method of justification, and seeking to establish their own [justification,] they have not submitted themselves to the justification appointed of God. 4 For Christ is the end of the lawt, for justification, to 5 every one who believeth. For Moses describeth the justification which is by the law, " That the man who doeth 6 those things, shall live by them." But the justification

which is by faith speaketh thus: "Say not in thine heart, Who will ascend into heaven?" (that is, to bring Christ 7 down from above:) Or, “ Who will descend into the deep pit?" (that is, to bring up Christ again from the


Endov Oy, zeal of God, i. e. great zeal. See Schoetgenius, and Macknight. +Or," an end of law."

8 dead.) But what saith it?" The word is nigh unto thee, even in thy mouth, and in thine heart:" (that is, 9 the word of faith which we preach.) For if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, 10 thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth

to justification; and with the mouth confession is made 11 to salvation. For the scripture saith, "Whosoever be12 lieveth in him, shall not be ashamed." For there is no difference between the Jew and the gentile: but the same 13 Lord of all is rich unto all who call upon him. For whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord, shall be saved."

How therefore shall men call on him, in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him, of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear 15 without a preacher? and how shall men preach, unless they be sent? as it is written, "How beautiful are the feet of those who bring glad tidings of peace, who bring 16 glad tidings of good things!" But all have not obeyed

the gospel for Isaiah saith, "Lord, who hath believed 17 on hearing our report?" (Faith then cometh by hearing; 18 but hearing, by the word of God.) But I say, Have not

all heard? Yes, truly; "their sound hath gone forth into all the earth, and their words to the ends of the 19 world." But I say, Hath not Israel known this? First, Moses saith, "I will provoke you to jealousy by those

that are not a people, and by a nation void of under20 standing I will anger you." But Isaiah useth great bold

ness, and saith, "I was found by those that sought me not: I was made manifest to those that asked not after 21 me." But to Israel he saith, "All the day I have stretched

forth my hands to a disobedient and gainsaying people." CH. XI. I say then, Hath God cast off his people? By no For I also am an Israelite; of the race of Abra2 ham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God hath not cast off



his people, whom he foreknew. Know ye not what the scripture saith by Elijah? how he addresseth God against* 3 Israel, saying, "Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I only am left, and they 4 seek my life." But what saith the answer of God to him?

"I have left to myself seven thousand men, that have not 5 bowed the knee to the image of Baal." In like manner

then, at this present time also a part is left according to 6 the election of God's favour. (And if by favour, then it is no more through works; otherwise favour is no more favourt.)

7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for but the elect have obtained it, and the rest 8 have been blinded: as it is written, "God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see,

and ears that they should not hear," even to this day. 9 And David saith, "Let their table be made a snare, and

a trap, and a stumbling-block, and a recompense unto 10 them. Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see; and bow down their back always."

11 I say then, Have they stumbled so as to fall? By no means: but rather, on occasion of their falling off, salvation is come to the gentiles, to provoke Israel to jealousy. 12 Now if their falling off be the riches of the world, and

their failure the riches of the gentiles; how much more 13 their fulness? (For I speak to you gentiles: and indeed,

as I am the apostle of the gentiles, I honour my ministry; 14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those that are 15 my flesh, and may save some of them.) For if the reject

ing of them be the reconciling of the world, what will the 16 receiving of them be, but life from the dead? Now if the

first fruits be holy, so likewise is the lump: and if the 17 root be holy, so likewise are the branches. And if some

* "concerning," N. See Rosenmuller, Macknight.

+ But if by works, then it is no more through favour: otherwise, work is no more work. R. T.

of the branches have been broken off, and thou, being a wild olive-tree, have been grafted in upon them, and with them have become partaker of the root and fatness 18 of the olive-tree; boast not against the branches. But if

thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee. 19 Thou wilt say then, "The branches have been broken 20 off, that I might be grafted in." Well: because of un

belief they have been broken off, and thou standest by 21 faith. Be not high-minded, but fear; for if God

spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he spare 22 not thee also. Behold therefore the kindness and severity of God toward those that have fallen, severity; but toward thee, kindness, if thou continue in deserving his kindness: otherwise, Thou also shalt be cut off.

And they also, if they continue not in unbelief, shall be grafted in for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if thou wert cut out of the olive-tree, which is wild


by nature, and, contrary to nature, wert grafted into a good olive-tree; how much more shall these, that are branches by nature, be grafted into their own olive-tree? 25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, (lest ye be wise in your own conceits,) that blindness hath happened in part to Israel, until the ful26 ness of the gentiles come in. And then all Israel will be saved: as it is written, "A deliverer shall come out of Sion, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob." 27 And, "This is my covenant with them, when I shall 28 take away their sins." As concerning the gospel, they are enemies because of you: but as concerning God's 29 election, they are beloved because of the fathers. For

the free gifts and the calling of God are without repen30 tance. For as ye [also] formerly believed not in God,

yet have now obtained mercy on occasion of their unbe31 lief; so these also have now believed not, on occasion of the mercy shewn to you, that they also may obtain mercy.

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