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22 mending their nets: and he called them. And immediately they left the ship and their father, and followed him.
And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the glad tidings of his kingdom, and curing every disease, and every malady, among 24 the people. And his fame went through all Syria: and they brought unto him all their sick who were seized with various diseases and torments, and those who had demons †, and those who were lunatic, and those who 25 had the palsy; and he cured them. And great multitudes followed him from Galilee, and from Decapolis, and from Jerusalem, and from Judea, and from beyond Jordan.
CH. V. And when he saw the multitudes, he went up a mountain and he sat down, and his disciples came near unto 2 him. And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying, 3 "Happy are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the king4 dom of heaven. Happy are those who mourn for they 5 shall be comforted. Happy are the meek: for they shall 6 inherit the land. Happy are those that hunger and thirst 7 after righteousness: for they shall be filled. Happy are
the compassionate for they shall obtain compassion. 8 Happy are the pure in heart : for they shall see God. Hap9 py are the peace-makers for they shall be called the 10 sons of God. Happy are those that are persecuted for righteousness' sake : for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
* preparing, N.
+ Insane and epileptic persons were supposed to be possessed by demons, or the ghosts of wicked men, who were thought to have the power of entering into the bodies of living men, and of tormenting them at pleasure. And the cure of these diseases is described as the casting out of the demons. The account which the gospel reveals of the state of the dead is so inconsistent with this hypothesis, that it was soon exploded among Christians. But, that lunatics and epileptics were possessed by devils, or fallen angels, though it is an opinion which prevailed early, is no where asserted, nor even hinted at, in the New Testament, and is totally destitute of foundation both in reason and revelation. See Farmer's Essay on the Demoniacs of the New Testament.
for their righteousness, N.
11 Happy are ye cute you, and
when men shall reproach you, and persespeak all kind of evil against you falsely, Rejoice, and be exceedingly* glad : for great shall be your reward in heaven for so men persecuted the prophets that were before you.
12 for my sake.
"Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost its savour, with what shall it be salted? it is no longer good for any thing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden un14 der foot by men. Ye are the light of the world. A 15 city which is placed on a hill cannot be hidden. Nor do
men light a lamp, and put it under a measure, but on a 16 stand: and it shineth to all that are in the house. In like manner let your light shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father that is in heaven
"Think not that I came to destroy the law or the pro18 phets I came not to destroy but to establish † them.
verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall by no means pass away from the 19 law, till all be accomplished. Whosoever therefore shall break one of the least of these commandments, and shall teach men so, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven; but whosoever shall perform and teach them, he 20 shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I say unto you, that unless your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall by no means enter into the kingdom of heaven.
"Ye have heard that it hath been said to those of old time, Thou shalt do no murther;' and Whosoever 22 shall do murther shall be liable to the judgement.' But I say unto you, that whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause, shall be liable to the judgement : and whosoever shall say to his brother, Thou vile man,' shall be liable to the council: but whosoever shall say,
23 Thou fool*,' shall be liable to hell-fire. If therefore
thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there remember that thy brother hath any matter of complaint against thee; 24 leave there thy gift before the altar, and go, first be re
conciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. 25 Agree with thine adversary quickly, while thou art in the way with him; lest the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou 26 be cast into prison. Verily I say unto thee, Thou wilt by no means come out thence, till thou have paid the uttermost farthing.
27 "Ye have heard that it hath been said, 'Thou shalt not 28 commit adultery.' But I say unto you, that whosoever
looketh on a woman in order to desire her, hath already 29 committed whoredom with her in his heart. Now if thy right eye cause thee to offend, pluck it out, and cast it from thee for it is better for thee that one of thy members perish, than that thy whole body should be cast into 30 hell. And if thy right hand cause thee to offend, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is better for thee that one of thy members perish, than that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
"Now it hath been said, 'Whosoever shall put away his 32 wife, let him give her a bill of divorcement.' But I say
unto you, that whosoever shall put away his wife, except on account of whoredom, causeth her to commit adultery and whosoever shall marry her that is put away, committeth adultery.
"Again, ye have heard that it hath been said to those of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt 34 perform unto the Lord thine oaths.' But I say unto you, Swear not in any wiset, either by the heaven, for
Rebel or apostate. Mr. Wakefield retains the original terms Raca and Moreh,
for want of proper corresponding words in the English language.
↑ that ye swear not at all, N. See Wakefield. It is a prohibition not of judicial oaths, but of swearing upon trifling occasions, and by trifling objects.
35 it is God's throne; or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great king. 36 Neither shalt thou swear by thine head; because thou 37 canst not make one hair white or black. But let your
discourse be, Yes, yes; No, no: for whatsoever is more
than these, proceedeth from evil.
38 "Ye have heard that it hath been said, 'An eye for an 39 eye, and a tooth for a tooth.' But I say unto you, that
ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall strike thee on thy 40 right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if any man choose to sue thee at law, and to take away thy vest, let 41 him have thy mantle also. And whosoever shall compel 42 thee to go one mile, go with him two. Give to him that asketh thee; and from him that would borrow of thee, turn not away.
"Ye have heard that it hath been said, 'Thou shalt love 44 thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.' But I say unto you, Love your enemies, [bless those that curse you, do good to those that hate you,] and pray for those that in45 juriously treat you, and persecute you: that ye may be the sons of your Father that is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth 46 rain on the righteous and on the unrighteous. For if ye
love those who love you, what reward have ye ? do not 47 even the publicans the same? And if ye salute your
brethren only, what do ye which is excellent? do not 48 even the gentiles in like manner? Be ye therefore perfect, as your Father that is in heaven is perfect.
CH. VI. "Take heed that ye do not your acts of righteousness before men, in order to be seen by them otherwise, ye have no reward with your Father that is in heaven.
"When therefore thou doest thine alms, sound not a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may receive honour from men. Verily I say unto you, they have their re3 ward. But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand
4 know what thy right hand doeth: that thine alms may be in secret and thy Father who seeth in secret [himself] will reward thee [openly].
"And when thou prayest, be not as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Verily I say unto you, [that] they have their reward. 6 But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father that is in secret and thy Father, that seeth in secret, shall re7 ward thee [openly]. But when ye pray, use not many idle words, as the gentiles do: for they think that they 8 will be heard for their much speaking. Be not therefore like them for your Father knoweth what things ye have 9 need of before ye ask him. In this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father, whof art in heaven, sanctified be thy 10 name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth, 11 as it is in heaven. Give us this day the food sufficient 12 for us. And forgive us our trespasses, as we also forgive 13 those who trespass against us. And bring us not into 14 temptation, but preserve us from evil.' For if ye for
give men their offences, your heavenly Father will for15 give you also: but if ye forgive not men [their offences,] neither will your Father forgive your offences.
"Moreover, when ye fast, be not as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. 17 you, [that] they have their reward.
Verily I say unto
18 fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy face; that thou appear not unto men to fast, but unto thy Father whof is in secret and thy Father whot seeth in secret shall reward theell.
*See Newcome's note. "Babbling repetitions." W.
+ that. N.
The received text adds, "for thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen." This doxology is wanting in manuscripts of the best authority, and is not cited by the most ancient ecclesiastical writers. It is found, however, in some of the ancient versions. openly. R. T.