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led the New Hampshire grants, now offered liber al subscriptions, both of lands and money, to encourage the institution. And to render more certain its permanency, in so central a situation, in relation to both of those States, some tracts were given to the school, and others to the college.
As a testimonial of respect for that illustrious and noble Lord, William, Earl of Dartmouth, one of the first patrons and benefactors of the school, in England, it was named Dartmouth College.
In Forbes' life of Dr. Beattie is the following colloquy, between the King of England and Dr. Beattie. His Majesty asked what I thought of my acquaintance, Lord Dartmouth, I said, there was something in his air and manner, which I thought not only agreeable, but enchanting, and that he seemed to me to be one of the best of men. A sentiment in which both their Majesties, the Queen being present, heartily joined. They say that Lord Dartmouth is an enthusiast, said the King, but surely he says nothing on the subject of religion, but what every christian may and ought to say. How honorable was this declaration to Lord Dartmouth; how honorable for the royal personage, who has, for more than half a century swayed the sceptre of Britain. What a contrast between his pious language, and the blasphemies of those who have waded to empire through the blood of their country. The following instructive anecdote, is related of Lord Dartmouth. The King and some Noblemen had agreed to take an early morning ride. They waited a few minutes for the arrival of Lord Dartmouth. One of the company gently reminded him of his delay; his Lordship replied,
"I have learned to wait on the King of Kings, "before I wait on my earthly sovereign."
In the spring of 1770, Doctor Wheelock, accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Pomroy, and Samuel Gilbert, Esq. set out to explore the western parts of New Hampshire, which were then a mere wilderness, to fix upon the most eligible place for the school and college. They travelled more than two hundred miles up the river Connecticut and made various excursions, of fifty and sixty miles from it, to towns which were proposed. After a fatiguing tour of eight weeks, he finally gave the preference to Hanover, where the institution now continues. The Board of Trustees of the college, confirmed his choice, but a removal was still to be effected.
Doctor Wheelock was at this time, in the sixty first year of his age; a period of life when a man usually wishes for retirement from busy scenes, to enjoy repose. But the same zeal for the glory of God, in the conversion of the heathen, and the diffusion of religion and useful science, which at first excited him to begin the school, now animated him to encounter untried labors and hardships. He believed God called him to proceed, and had confidence he would carry him through his work.
Soon after his return from his exploring tour, an ecclesiastical council was convened, at the request of Doctor Wheelock, and his church, at Lebanon, to dissolve his pastoral relation to them, which had subsisted in great harmony, more than thirty years. So clear was the call for his removal, that all objections were silenced. The parting scene was afflictive, both to the worthy pastor and his flock. They loved and reverenced him, their spiritual father and friend, who had
so long continued their faithful instructor in the school of Christ, and taught them by doctrines and example, the path to heaven.
Several families in the place, afterwards removed and settled around him, to enjoy the happiness they derived from his friendship and in
REMOVAL TO HANOVER-HARDSHIPS-LANDS CLEARED.
POSSESSING a competence of property, by patrimony and by marriage, and in the full enjoyment of social and domestic comforts, Doctor Wheelock exhibited uncommon fortitude, at such an advanced age, to travel one hundred and seventy miles, and take up his abode in a dreary wilderness. This he did from no other motive than to be useful to mankind. This instance of disinterested zeal is rarely equalled.
A.short time previous to the departure of the school from Lebanon, two Oneida Indians arrived at Lebanon, sent by the head men of their nation, to bring home their boys, ostensibly for the purpose of visiting their friends; but, as it afterwards appeared, really from an apprehension that they were on the verge of war with the English. The dreams of their chiefs; noises in the air of peculiar tone, either real or imaginary, and other appearances of nature, were construed by them into signs and omens of bloodshed. Such is the superstition of pagans.
This event was at first unwelcome and perplexing to Doctor Wheelock, especially as there was then a general attention to the subject of religion, among his pupils. He however, viewed it a providential occurrence, favoring the removal of the institution, liberating him for a season, from that care of them, which, in his unsettled state, would have been difficult, faithfully to exercise.
In the month of August, 1770, entrusting the care of their removal to Mr. Woodward, who then officiated as a tutor, he set out for Hanover, to
provide the necessary accommodation for his family and school. They soon after followed him. A part of his family travelled in a coach, presented him by a very respectable friend in London; his pupils performed the tour on foot. The roads, as they advanced northward, were found in a very rough and unfinished state, and in many places it was with difficulty they passed. On their arrival, he welcomed them to the spot where he was to begin his labors, and where he expected to terminate his days. It was an extensive plain, shaded by lofty pines, with no accommodations, except two or three small huts, composed of logs, and no house on that side of the river, within two miles, through one continued, dreary wood.
The Doctor, like a venerable patriarch, surrounded by his affectionate family and pupils, looked around him, and the serenity of his countenance dispelled the gloom. His mind rose to the level of the difficulties before him, and with the activity and enterprize of youth, he laid out plans of buildings, selected their sites, and with his presence and advice animated the laborers, hastening their operations, that his dependants might be sheltered against the approaching severity of the season. The number of souls then with him was about seventy. A few acres of pines had been felled before their arrival. Log houses were soon constructed, and a small framed house was begun, designed for the reception of Doctor Wheelock and his family. The frame of a college, eighty feet in length, and two stories in height, was soon after raised, and partially covered; a hall, and two or three rooms in it were considerably advanced, when the autumnal storms, setting in earlier than usual, put a stop to the work of the builders.