« السابقةمتابعة »
and the air are full of devils. They hunt me by
were fixed on the ground, he never once raised
It is to be lamented that some method, more successful has not been discovered to christianize such savages. In almost every part of the christian world, the labors at different times have been immensely great; the effect has been comparatively inconsiderable. The efforts made by the first fathers of New England were noble, but not permanently successful. The labor of Dr. Wheelock was immense; his scheme in theory was most flattering, but in a great degree it disappointed his hopes. The good men, from the London Missionary Society, scattered over the islands of the Pacific Ocean, receive no harvest from their long continued work.
* Soon after the commencement of the revolutionary war, information was received, that Logan, at the head of a party af Indian warriors, fell upon the back settlements, and murdered, scalped, and captivated thirteen of the defenceless inhabitants. Thus, this ferocious barbarian, satiated his vengeance, for the unjustifiable murder of his women, which a late writer represents him as lamenting in high oriental strains.
Perhaps we shall yet discover that the best method to make savages christians, is for christians first to make them comfortable and happy. Instead of employing their young men in our seminaries in reading the Latin andGreek poets, which has a tendency to make pagans of christians, let them be taught the useful arts, and the first rudiments of religion. Let them return to their tribes, and erect more commodious dwellings than their neighbors and brethren; let them better cultivate their gardens, and provoke emulation around them. Let our missionaries be men of business; let them be farmers, mechanics, and physicians. The people of Otaheite say to their missionaries, "you tell us of our salvation, and behold we are dying." They point to their sick and ask their preachers whether they can heal them. Were they physicians they would rise superior to the conjurers, who are always hostile to the gospel, and who alone pretend to the healing art. Let the missionaries show them how to build and plant. Thus, by relieving the distresses of the sick, and increasing the comforts of all, they may win their hearts and command their confidence. Let them begin their instructions with the evident first principles of natural religion; "tell them what they themselves do know," before they exhibit orthodox creeds or abstruse catechisms. In these ways perhaps a new era may mark the history of missionary societies, and new success encourage and reward their benevolent sacrifices.
When the college was removed to Hanover, there were about twenty families, living in as many log huts; now there are in the town about two thousand inhabitants, residing in comfortable houses, many of them handsome and elegant.
The college has been repeatedly favored with remarkable religious impressions on the minds of the students. Particularly were the years 1771, 1775, 1782, 1788, distinguished by these special tokens of divine favor. These showers of divine grace have produced streams, which have refreshed the garden of the Lord, and made glad the city of our God. The young men in this school of the prophets, have, at these seasons, been powerfully and lastingly affected; they have gone forth as angels of the churches;" the work of God has prospered in their hands; many of their people have been turned to righteousness.
Why should it be thought a strange thing that God should revive his work at particular times and places? If, as many suppose, God himself, by his immediate agency, governs the world, producing every thought and emotion of the mind, and that Providence is nothing less than creation continued, there is no difficulty in believing, and even in accounting for those seasons, denominated revivals of religion. Strictly speaking, no new operation takes place; but that same Almighty power, which is constantly operating, in these instances, works in a peculiar and glorious manner.
If, as some others suppose, God does not govern the world, by his own immediate agency, but leaves second causes to operate in a uniform course, why is it incredible or strange, that such religious operations should be temporary and local? Does not a certain combination of circumstances produce a zeal for science in a whole neighborhood, or a political agitation through the land? Why then may not a certain combination of events produce an affecting religious attention, through the neighborhood or the land 3
However irreligious the world may be, they have the belief and the convictions of divine truth, which lay a broad basis to sustain the most pow erful religious impressions. If the erection of a new school, may animate a whole district; if a particular act of government may inflame the country, why may not a new and affecting preacher, or a new and wonderful providence, afarm a whole neighborhood? Without insisting on our particular views of these seasons, we see not that the philosopher need enter his veto against them.
The benefits of the institution are increasing; they are inconceivably important. The sons of Dartmouth have, perhaps, had an equal share of distinction, as teachers in academies and colleges, as advocates at the bar, judges on the bench, preachers in the pulpit, and soldiers in
From the founding of the college to the present time, the conduct of the students, with very few exceptions, has been uninterruptedly regular and amiable. The pupils have very uniformly the respect and affection of children for the President and Professors, who have always exercised the tenderness and solicitude of fathers toward the students. The government of the college has always been strictly parental.
For more than half a century, thirteen persons on an average, have been supported by the funds of the school, as missionaries, as school masters, or as students, preparing for missions. The expence of maintaining so many persons; the removal and settlement of the school and college in a dismal wilderness; the erecting of various necessary buildings; the clearing and cultivating of new lands, for the perpetual support of Moor's School, occasioned immense expences,
and account for the expenditure of the fund in England, and the debts which have been con⚫tracted.
It would doubtless have been pleasant to many readers, to have seen some of the private religious exercises of so eminent a servant of God as Dr. Wheelock; but whether the crowd of business, which constantly pressed upon him, or the fear of ostentation, or other reasons prevented, nothing by way of diary or journal of his private meditations has been found. But his labors exhibit his character; their vastness shows the powers of his mind; their godlike tendency, the goodness of his heart. "His profession and practice evinced the governing principle of his life, which was to live in the fear of God and to subserve his glory." The want of a journal is in a great degree supplied by his letters to christian friends at the close of this volume.
In 1809, the college experienced an immense loss in the death of Dr. Smith. He had devoted his life chiefly to the study of languages. No other professor in any college of the continent, had so long sustained the office of instructor; none had been more happy, useful, or diligent. Though indefatigable in his studies, he was always social and pleasant with his friends, entirely free from · that reserve and melancholy, not infrequent with men of letters. At an early age he obtained the honors of this seminary, and even while a young man was appointed professor of the oriental languages. These were the smallest moiety of his merit and his fame. Without that intuitive genius, which catches the relation of things at a glance, by diligence, by laborious study, by invincible perseverence, which set all difficulties at defiance, he rose in his professorship with unrivalled lustre. He, like a marble pillar, support