« السابقةمتابعة »
then, declared by the Governor and Council to be forfeited. Afterwards it was granted to the college; but after the revolution the first gran tees renewed their claim, alledging that the adjudication of the forfeiture was irregular. One or two cases of the kind were tried by the proper judicature, and the lands awarded to the first proprietors. The Trustees yielding on principles of law to a prior title, have constantly confided in the justice of the State to indemnify them for their loss. More especially do they continue their confidence in the government, as this donation was a principal condition of establishing the college in New Hampshire. Large sums were expended by the institution for the settlement of that town, in building mills, opening roads, clearing lands, and erecting buildings. The principal obstacles had been surmounted, when they were compelled to abandon all their improvements. A large farm, designed to be retained for the college, with suitable buildings, was in an advanced state of cultivation. Beginnings had been made on several others. With this township the college seemed to lose its principal resource. It had been estimated with judgment, as equal to a capital of fifty thousand dollars.
The government of New Hampshire, in 1789, generously granted to the college a valuable tract of land, lying on Connecticut river, above the Upper Coos; but new and remote, it falls short of Landaff in value to the institution. They have also lately manifested a laudable disposition to patronize this seminary. Having discovered that its present income is inadequate to the accomplishment of several important objects, which the Corporation were striving, with much diffi
culty to attain, the General Court, in 1805, granted nine hundred dollars to aid them the following year. From the cheerful manner in
which this favor was conferred, there is reason to expect, that future legislators will be impressed with the importance of the institution to their government, and its powerful tendency to ameliorate the condition of man.
FUNDS OF THE COLLEGE AND SCHOOL-FUND IN SCOTLANDINDIANS IN MOOR'S SCHOOL-REVIVALS OF RELIGION-NUMBERS-SITUATION FRIENDLY TO MORALS, AND PROGRESS IN LITERATURE-PROFESSOR SMITH, &c.
THE funds of the college and school are chiefly in lands, amounting to about fifty thousand acres. The President and Trustees have disposed of the greater part of those granted by the State of New Hampshire. Twelve thousand acres, the most valuable part, they still hold. The college lands, which are funded, are leased, and yield a rent from 2 to 10% for a hundred acres per annum, according to situation and quality. The present income from college land is about 1333 dollars, a year. This with the tuition makes a revenue of about 3500 dollars. The fund of Moor's school in this country consists almost whol ly of land in the township of Wheelock, which was given by the State of Vermont. The income from this will amount to nearly two hundred pounds per annum; to which will be added the interest of a thousand acres in the town, and other considerable tracts of wild land, which are not yet. leased.
By a settlement made with the society in Scotland, in 1791, it appears that the money in their hands amounted to 11,333 dollars, which is upon interest at four per cent. This has continued with little variation. It will be continued, and the interest annually expended for the support of Indian scholars. Four Indian lads, between nine and fourteen years of age, belonging to the St. Francis tribe, are now members of Moor's school. They are supported by the interest of the fund in Scotland. It is expected that generally about this number may be supported. The boys have good abilities, and make
laudable progress in their studies. The fund derived from the township of Wheelock, as may be expected by the grantors, will be chiefly applied to lighten the burden of our own youth in the course of their education. In a year or two it is probable that the funded interest of the school will cancel the remainder of the debts, contracted in former years, excepting what is on the credit of the fund in Scotland. The school and college have happily answered the hopes of their founder and benefactors. The state of society among the Six Nations has been essentially improved. Other Indians have experienced important advantages; the door is now open to render them great service in Upper and Lower Canada,
The vast importance of these things will be acknowledged by all, who have only a slight knowledge of the ferocity and superstition of savages. Their belief of witchcraft, their fear of evil spirits, and their consequent subjection to the arts of their conjurors often render their days miserable. Not only their women and common people, but their Sachems and bloody warriors tremble at the threat of their powows, and the idea of malignant demons. Who has not heard of Logan? The following anecdote of him, we think must be interesting. It is extracted from the journal of a missionary, who visited the Indians on the Muskingum, in the summer of 1772.
"Saw, at several times at Pittsburgh, the celebrated Mingo or Seneca Chief, Capt. Logan. He is tall, straight, and well proportioned; his appearance martial, and his countenance ferocious. Was informed that during the last French war, he was an active leader of a band of savages, who desolated the defenceless frontiers ; killing, scalping, and captivating a number of
poor men women and children. After the said war, a murder and robbery of a white man was committed on the Allegany Mountain. From circumstances, suspicion fixed the crime upon Logan, though no particular proof could be had
to convict him.
I tarried about three weeks at Pittsburgh, and preached several times to the people of the vil lage, who lived in about thirty log houses; and also to the British garrison, in the fort, a few rods distance, at the request of the commanding officer, Major Edminstone.
Set out for Muskingum, in company with my interpreter, a christian Indian, one of the converts of the late excellent and pious David Brainard. Major Edminstone, at my request, politely gave leave to his interpreter at the fort, to accompany me. He was a young man well acquainted with the customs, manners and language of the Indians, having been some years a prisoner among them. These men were provided with guns and ammu+ nition, principally for the sake of wild game, on which we depended for subsistance in our journey.
The second day after our departure, we unex pectedly came upon Capt. Logan. I did not ob serve him, until my interpreter hailed me, and said Capt. Logan wished to speak with me. He was standing a few rods from the path, under a tree, with another Indian by him, each having a rifle; they were painted and in warlike dress. I rode up to him, and addressing him by name, asked him what he wished to say to me; he looked pale, appeared to be agitated, and after a pause, pointing to his breast, said, "I feel bad here. Wherever I go the evil Monethoes (devils) are pursuing me. If I go into my cabin, my cabin is full of devils. If I go into the woods, the trees