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AUL, an apostle (not from one thing of you. Did ye receive CHAP.

men, nor by any man living the spirit from the performance of The ad- upon the earth, but by Jesus the law, or from obedience to faith? riority of

Christ after his ascension into Are ye so unwise as to look for the gospel
heaven, and God the Father, who perfection from the flesh, after
2 raised him from the dead) and all beginning in the spirit ? Have 4

the brethren that are with me to so many things been done for you
3 the churches of Galatia: Favour be in vain? if indeed they have been
to you, and peace froin God our in vain. Now, did we, who sup- 5

Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, plied you with the spirit, and
4 who gave himself for our sins, that wrought miracles among you, do
he might take us to himself, out these things from a performance of
of the present wicked age, accord- the law, or an obedience to faith,

ing to the will of God our Father: as Abraham believed God, and it 6 5 to whom be glory for ever and ever. was reckoned unto him for righteAmen.

ousness. Understand, therefore, 7 I wonder that ye are so soon that those who are of faith, are the The apos- transferring yourselves from him only sons of Abraham : and the 3 Le is sure who called you into the favour of scripture, foreseeing that God would he unstea- Christ, to a different gospel; which justify the Gentiles by faith, gave liness of indeed is not sometimes one thing this joyful promise long ago to

and sometimes another; but there Abraham, “ All the Gentilcs will Genesis are some who trouble you, and be blessed in thee.” So those wish to alter the gospel of Christ. who are of faith are blessed with 9 8 But if even we, or an angel from bea- faithful Abraham. For as many 10 ven, should preach any gospel unto as profess a performance of the law you, besides that which we have are liable to acurse; for it is written,

preached unto you, let him be reject" Cursed be every one that conti- Deuter, 3 ed. As we told you before, so I now tinueth not in the performance of xxvii, 26. tell you again, if any one preach all the precepts of this book of the any gospel to you, besides that law.” (Moreover, that no one can 11 which ye have received, let him be be righteous before God by the rejected.

law, is plain from this scripture) CHAP.

O unwise Galatians! who hath "The righteous by faith shall live." Hab. bewitched you from obedience to But the law is not of faith, for it the truth ? 'before whose eyes Jesus saith, “ The man who performeth Levit..

Christ crucified, was so clearly re- these things shall live by them.” xvii. 5. pieat supe- presented. I wish to know this Now Christ hath bought us from 13

is con


xii. 3.


ji. 4

Reasons with them

pon the

1 Some Judaizing Christians had incul- Christians were not bound to observe the cated on the Galatians the necessity of con- ceremonial law. forming to the law of Moses, and had thus

• The gospel. perverted them from the true gospel. The 3 The carnal ordinances of the law. Apostle's main object in this epistle, which 4 The religion of Christ, which is in its was written from Corinth o. Ephesus, in own nature spiritual, and was confirmed by the latter part of A. D. 52, or the begin the gifts of the spirit of God. ning of the following year, is to show that


them to mutual

xxi. 23.

xix. 18.


CHAP. this curse of the law, by being indeed, brethren, called unto li- CHAP.

made a curse for 'us; for it is berty, only use not liberty as an
14 written, “ Cursed is every one that occasion for the flesh ; but serve Exhorts

hangeth on a tree,” that the bles- each other in love. For the whole
sing of Abraham might come on law relating to one another, is love ;
the Gentiles, through Jesus Christ, fully performed in one command. 14
that we might receive the promise ment, even in this, “ Thou shalt Levit

. of the spirit by faith.

love thy neighbour as thyself.” The law was our conductor unto But if ye bite and devour one ano- 15 The gos- Christ, that we might be justified by ther, take heed that ye be not conpel renders other dis

faith : but now this faith is come, sumed by one another. tinctio is of we are no longer under a conduc- Now I say,

walk spiritually, and 16 no value. tor, for ye are all the sons of God, practise not fleshly lusts; for the to abstain

27 by faith in Christ Jesus. For as desire of the flesh is in opposition lusts of the

many of you as were baptized unto to the spirit ; and that of the spirit flesh; 28 Christ, have put on Christ. There to the flesh; and these things are 17

is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither so contrary to each other, that ye slave nor freeman, neither male do not what ye could wish. But 18

nor female ; for ye are all one in if ye be spiritually led, ye are not 29 Christ Jesus. And if ye are Christ's, under the law. Now the works 19

then are ye Abraham's offspring, of the flesh are manifest, they are

and heirs according to promise. adultery, fornication, uncleanness, CHAP.

Brethren, I beseech you, be as lasciviousness, idolatry, poisoning, 20 I am; for I also am · as ye are. enmities, strifes, rivalries, wrath, Now ye know with what weakness disputes, divisions, heresies, envy

of the flesh I preached the gospel ings, murders, drunkenness, re- 21 their f r. to you at first, and that 3 trial of vellings, and such like, concernmer kind- mine in the flesh, ye did not scorn ing which I tell you beforehand,

or disdainfully reject, but received as indeed I told you before, that

me as a messenger of God, as the practisers of such things will
15 Christ Jesus himself. How happy not inherit the kingdom of God.

were we then in each other ! for But the fruit of the spirit is love, 22
I declare unto you, that had it joy, peace, long suffering, kind- and to live
been possible, ye would have pluck-ness, *goodness, faithfulness, meek- spiritually.

ed out your very eyes, and given ness, temperance: against such 23 16 them to me. Am I therefore be-there is no law. Now they who 24

come your enemy, when I tell you are Christ's have crucified the flesh, 17 the truth? The zeal of some for with its passions and desires.

you is not for your good, but from Since we are alive from a state of 25 a wish to shut you out from us, sin through the spirit, let us walk

that ye may be zealous of them. also by the spirit. Let us not be 26 18 It is good indeed to have a zeal at vain-glorious, provoking one ano

all times for a good person ; and ther, envying one another.
not only when I am present with Brethren, if a man be overtaken
in any fault, do ye, that are spiri-

I wish that they who are unset- tual, restore him to a sense of his mildness

, tling you may lament it. Ye were duty in the spirit of meekness, and other


He re

minds them of

ness to him.




Treated by men as if he had committed a crime worthy of death.

• Disposed to accord with you in the most friendly manner.

3 Some bodily infirmity, thought to be of a paralytic nature.

* A disposition to acts of beneficence.


commend ed.

Circumci. sion of no value to

CHAP. each of you considering himself, lest they should be ' persecuted for CHAP.

lest he also be overtaken. Bear the cross of Christ. For neither virtues re. one another's burdens, and thus do they that are circumcised keep fulfil the law of Christ. Now let the law ; but wish to have


cirhim who is taught the word, make cumcised, that they may glory in Christiana

him that teacheth partaker in all your flesh. But far be it that I 14 7 bis good things. Be not deceived, should glory, except in the cross

God is not to be imposed on; for of our Lord Jesus Christ ; by

whatever a man may sow, that will whom the world is crucified unto
8 he also reap. He who soweth to me, and I unto the world. For in 15

the flesh, will from the flesh reap Christ Jesus neither circumcision
destruction; but he who soweth to availeth any thing, nor uncircum-

the spirit, will from the spirit reap cision; but a new creature. And 16
9 everlasting life. But let us not be as many of you as shall walk by this
weary in well-doing ; for in due rule, peace and mercy be upon
season we shall

if we faint not. them, and


the ? Israel of God. 10 As therefore we have opportunity, Finally, let no man trouble

let us do good to all men, but es- for I bear in my body the ‘marks of

pecially to the household of faith. being a sufferer in the cause of the 12 As many as wish to make a fair Lord Jesus. The favour of our Lord

show in the flesh, such would com- Jesus Christ be with your spirits.
pel you to be circumcised, only. Amen.

me, 17

Concluso sion.




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AUL, an apostle of Jesus Christ, dispensation by Christ, according CHAP.

by a divine appointment, to the as he chose Sus for himself in him, The ad- saints, and faithful in Jesus Christ, before the foundation of the Jewish the Gen

tiles, that are at Ephesus : Favour be to state ; that we might be holy, and 2 you, and peace from God our Fa- without spot before him. He having 5

ther, and our Lord Jesus Christ. long ago in his love appointed us

3 Blessed be the God and Father of his adopted sons, through Jesus The apos- our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath Christ, according to the good pleaGod for his

liberally bestowed upon us every sure of his will, to the praise of goodness to spiritual blessing in the heavenly that glorious kindness, with which 6

1 The Jews were at this time allowed to A. D. 61. He was carried prisoner to exercise their religion in all parts of the Rome, and during the first year of his conRoman empire, without molestation : cir- finement there, which was not very close, cumcised Christians were considered as Jews; he wrote this epistle to confirm the Epheif uncircumcised, they were persecuted. sians in the religion of Christ, in which he • All genuine Christians.

had instructed them, and to keep them • The marks of stripes and stoning, which from submitting to the Mosaical rites, by plainly denoted him io be a' film and zeal- giving them the noblest, and most glorious ous follower of Christ.

views of the gospel. The latter end of the 4 Ephesus was a celebrated and much epistle, according to the apostle's usual mefrequented city of the Lesser Asia, in which hod, contains practical directions and exthe apostle, having resided three years, had hortations. completed a very flourishing church of 5 The apostle often affectionately speaks Christians. See Acts xix, 10. and xx, 31. I of the Gentiles under the terms we and us.


CHAP. he graciously favoured us through heritance, which he hath given CHAP.

that beloved son, in whom we have you among the saints; and what is
7 redemption, even the remission of that extraordinary greatness of his 19

sins through his blood, according power towards us believers, ac-
8 to the riches of his favour, which cording to the working of his

he hath made to overflow on us, in mighty strength, which he showed

all wisdom and understanding. in Christ, by raising him from the 20

9 Making known to us that mys-dead, and setting him at his own in offering tery of his will, according to the right hand in the heavenly dispenblessings of gracious intention, long ago deter-sation, above all empire and autho- 21 the gospel, mined in himself, concerning a rity, and power, and dominion,

10 dispensation to take place at the and every name that is named, not

accomplishment of the proper time, only in this but also in the future
to collect unto himself, under one age, and hath put all things in sub- 22
head, all things both in 'heaven and jection under his feet, and hath ap-

upon the earth, in Christ; in whom pointed him a head over all things
11 we also obtained our lot, under an to the church, which is his body,

appointment made long since, ac- the fullness of him who com- 23
cording to a purpose of him who pletely filleth all things.
performeth all things by the deter- And God hath given life to you,

CHAP. 12 mination of his own will, that we who are now dead to trespasses and

who have hoped in Christ from the sins, in which ye once walked, ac- The gospeł

first, might be to the praise of his glo- cording to the manners of this site is 13 ry. In whom ye also who heard and world, in conformity to the ruler life to men,

believed the doctrine of the truth, of this empire of darkness, the or creates even the gospel of your salvation, spirit that now showeth its power fesh

were sealed by the holy spirit of in the sons of disobedience; among
14 promise, which is an earnest of our whom we all likewise formerly led 3

inheritance, for a deliverance of our lives, in the lusts of our flesh,
those whom he hath gained out of performing the inclinations of the
the world for himself, unto the flesh, and of our perverse minds,
praise of his glory.

and were on account of our actual

Therefore, upon hearing the vices true children of punishment, He praces faith, which is among you in the even as the rest of the Gentiles.

Lord Jesus, and your love to all the But God, in his abundant mercy, 4.
fully sensi-saints, I cease not giving thanks in on account of the great love with
ble of the your behalf, by making mention which he loved us, made us, who 5



my prayers, that the God are now dead to sins, alive together received. of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Fa- with Christ (by favour ye are deli

17 ther of glory; would give you a vered); and raised us up together, 6

spirit of wisdom, and of an under- and placed us together in the hea

standing of revealed truths, by a venly dispensation in Christ Jesus,
18 knowledge of himself, having the that he might show to the ages 7

eyes of your minds enlightened, so that are coming, the extraordinary
as to know what is the hope arising riches of his favour in his kind-
from his having called you, and ness to us through Jesus Christ.
what the glorious riches of that in- By favour, I say, ye are delivered 8

may be

they had

cessary, spiritual, and heavenly gifts. This The Gențiles.

? The Jews.

is to be understood only of the time of 3 Christ, who supplieth the members of the extraordinary gifts of the holy spirit. his spiritual body, the church, with ail ne. 4 The prevalent temper of the world.



may be du.


CHAP. through faith, and this not of your-dation of the apostles and pro- CHAP,

selves, it is the gift of God: not phets, Jesus Christ himself being
9 by works; so that no man can the chief corner-stone, by which
10 boast: for we are God's workman- the whole building, fitly joined to-21

ship, created in Christ Jesus unto gether, is growing up into a holy
good works, for which God pre- temple in the Lord, by which ye 22
pared us long since, that we might also are built up together into a
walk in them.

spiritual habitation of God. Wherefore, remember that ye For this cause I Paul am the pri- CHAP. Contrast were once Gentiles in the flesh, soner of Christ Jesus in behalf of between

called uncircumcision, by that the Gentiles, inasmuch as ye have He prays Gentile and which is called circumcision in the heard of the dispensation of that that they flesh, a circumcision made with kindness of God, which hath been

ly sensible sate of the hands : and were at that time shown meon youraccount. Where- of the love liphesians. without Christ, aliens from the fore I pray that I may not faint in of God and

12 community of Israel, and strangers these my tribulations for you, which

to the 'covenants : having no hope are your glory, as being endured

of the promise, and without God; for your sukes, and for the same 14 13 men of this world. But now ye, cause I bend my

knees to the Fawho were once afar off, are come ther, by whose name the whole fa- 15

near through the blood of Christ. mily in heaven and earth is called,
14 For he is our reconciliation ; be that he would grant you, according 16

hath made both parties one, and to his glorious riches, to be strength-
destroyed that sign of enmity, the ened with power through his spi-

'partition wall which kept them rit, in the inward man, so that 17 15 asunder, having abolished through Christ may dwell through faith in

his body the cause of enmity, even your hearts; and that being root-
the law of the commandments con- ed, and founded in love, ye and all 18
sisting in ordinances, so as to cre- the saints may be able to compre-
ate of the two one new man in hend the 'breadth, and length, and

himself, by making peace between depth, and height of the goodness of 16 Jews and Gentiles ; and so as to God in calling the Gentiles, and to

reconcile them both, now become know the love of Christ, which in- 19

one body unto God, after slaying deed surpasseth knowledge; so that 17 the enmity by the cross, and com- ye may be filled with all the fulness

ing to preach glad tidings of peace of God. Now unto him who 'is 20

to you afar off, and to them at able to do very abundantly above 18 hand; for through him we both all that we ask or think, according

have this admission to the Father to the power displayed in us, to 21
by one 'spirit.

him be glory in the church by Christ 19 So then ye are no longer strangers | Jesus, through all generations for Christians and sojourners, but fellow-citizens ever. Amen. beautifully with the saints, and of the house- I therefore, a prisoner on account CHAP. to a temple, hold of God, built upon the foun- of the Lord, bescech you, that ye


1 The patriarchal and Mosaic covenants, 4 This language, as in the former pawhich promised the Messiah.

ragraph, is taken from architecture. The • Alluding to the wall in the temple, foundations of stately buildings, like the which the Gentiles were not permitted to temples at Jerusalem and Ephesus, were pass.

deeply laid. 3 The spiritual dispensation of the gos- 5 Every perfection which God can compel, which was one and the same to Jews municate. and Gentiles.

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