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ind a right

decline this right,

if he hought roper.


ance with

of a Chris

Accordingly, to the Jews I be- 20 came as a Jew, that I might gain Compli the Jews; even to those that are others in under the law, as under the law, indifferent that I might gain those under the matters law; to those that, are without is worthy the law, as without the law, (being tian. not without law to God, but under law to Christ) that I might gain those that are without the law; to the weak 22 I became as weak, that I might gain the weak. I became all things to all men, that I may by all means save some. And all this I 23 do for the sake of the gospel, that may become a joint-partaker

Do ye not observe of the run- 24


CHAP. is treading out the corn." Doth I made myself a slave to all, that CHAP. God take care for the ox only? I might gain the more. 10 Or doth he certainly say this for Our sakes also? For our sakes, no doubt, it was written, because the ploughman should plough in hope, and the thresher 11 be in hope of partaking. If we have sown in you spiritual things, is it a great thing if we shall 12 reap your worldly things? If others partake of this right over you, ought not we rather? Nevertheless we have not used but we endure all things, lest we should give any hindrance to the gospel of Christ. 13 Know ye not that they who per-I form the services of the temple, with others of the rewards of it. live by the temple, and that they who attend at the altar, are par-ners in a race, that all run, but one In the takers with the altar. And after only receiveth the prize. So run race all may the same manner the Lord hath ye also that ye may win. And win the appointed that the preachers of the every man who contendeth in the prize. gospel should live by the gos-game, is temperate in all things; 25 15 pel. But I have used none of now they do it to obtain a corrupthese things; nor do I write thus, tible crown, but we an incorruptithat it should be so done unto ble one. I therefore so run, as one 26 me; for it were better for me to not doubtful of the prize. I so 27 die than that any one should de-fight as not vainly striking the air, prive me of the satisfaction which but I bruise my body, and keep it I feel from acting as I have under; lest by any means after 16 done. I cannot glory indeed 'in preaching to others, I myself should thus preaching the gospel, for be rejected. necessity is laid upon me: alas! for me, if I preach not the gospel. 17 For if I do this willingly, I have a reward: but if I am entrusted with an office without my consent, what is my reward then? 18-1 can expect none but by being willing to make the gospel of Christ, whilst I preach it, without charge, in not using to the utmost my privilege in the gospel. 19 For when I was free from all men,



are of no

Moreover, brethren, I wish you CHAP. to observe, that all our fathers were under the cloud which miracuously Outward covered and guided them, and all priveleges were baptized into Moses in the avail withcloud, and in the sea, and all ate out obedithe same spiritual food, and all ence. drank the same spiritual drink; for 4 they drank of the spiritual rock, the water of which followed them, and that rock was a representation of Christ. With most of them, 5


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Now these things are patterns for us, that we may not lust after hurtful things, as they also lusted, nor like some of them worship an image, as is written, "The people sat down to eat, and to drink, and rose up to dance before the idol." Neither let us commit forxxxii. 6. nication, as some of them commit8 ted, and fell in one day three and 9 twenty thousand. Nor let us try God, as some of them also tried him, and perished by serpents. 10 Neither do ye murmur as some of them also murmured, and perished 11 by the destroyer. Now all these things befel them, and were written to admonish us upon whom the 12 ends of the ages are come: wherefore, let him who thinketh that he 13 standeth, beware lest he fall. No trial hath come upon you, but such as is common to man; and God may be relied on, that he will not suffer you to be tried above your ability, but with the trial will also give you power to bear its effects. 14 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, flee froin idolatry. I speak as to wise men, judge ye what

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I praise you not when I declare CHAP this, that your assemblies are not for the better, but for the worse Wrong For first, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there are di- Lord's visions among you; and I partly supper, believe it; for indeed, there


taking the


must be parties among you, that 19 the approved among you may become manifest. So then, when ye 20 meet together, it is not to eat the supper of the Lord; because at the 21 eating of it, each taketh his own supper before others, and one is hungry, and another indulges to excess. Have ye not houses to eat 22 and to drink in? Or do ye despise the house of God, and shame the poor? What can I say unto you? Shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.

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For I have received from the 23 Lord, what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus, on the night in which he was delivered up, took bread, and when he had given 24 thanks, brake it, and said, “Take, eat, this is the representation of my body, which is given for you; do this in remembrance of me." In 25 the same manner he took the cup after supper,and said, "This cup is the representation of the new covenant, confirmed by the shedding Whether ve eat, or whether ye of my blood; this do in rememdrink, or whatsoever ye do, do all brance of me." For as often as ye 26 to the glory of God. Give no cause eat this bread, and drink this cup, of offending to the Jews, or to the ye make a declaration of the Lord's Gentiles, or to the church of God; death until he come. Wherefore, 27 even as I please all men in all law-whosoever shall eat this bread, or 33 ful things, not seeking my own ad- drink this cup of the Lord unworvantage, but the advantage of all, thily, he is blameable on account of CHAP. that they may be saved. Be ye the body and blood of the Lord. imitators of me, as I also am of But let a man try himself, whether 28 Christ. he rightly understand the nature

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CHAP of the ordinance, and eat accord-1writings of Moses and the pro- CHAP. ingly of that bread, and drink of phets; and to another by the same


29 that cup; for he that eateth and
drinketh unworthily, eateth and
drinketh punishment to himself,
not distinguishing the Lord's
30 body; for this cause many of you
are weakly and sick, and not a few
31 sleep in death. For if ye your-and to another prophecy; and to
selves had made a difference, ye
would not have been so punished;
32 but this punishment from the Lord
is a lesson to us, that we may not
be condemned with the world.
33 Wherefore, my beloved brethren,
when ye come together to eat this
34 supper, wait for each other; and if
any one be hungry, let him eat at

spirit, faith, or an unshaken confi- 9
dence in delivering and confirming
the doctrines of the gospel, and to
another gifts of healing by the same
spirit; and to another workings of 10
miracles, of various other kinds;


another discernment of the spirits,
or minds of men; and to another
different kinds of languages; and
to another the interptetation of lan-
guages. But all these operations 11
are from this one same spirit, dis-
tributing severally to each, as it


for the

For as the body is one, and hath 12 many members, and all the mem- and all as CHAP. Now, concerning spiritual things, bers of that one body, though ma- necessary brethren, I would not have you ig-ny, are but one body, so also is church, as All spiri- norant. Ye know that ye were Gen-Christ; for we were all baptized in the memal gifts tiles carried away to dumb idols, one spirit into one body, whether even as ye were led. Wherefore I Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or body. 3 declare unto you, that no one speak-freemen, and all received drink from 14

ire from





ing with a divine spirit saith, that the pouring out of the gifts of this Jesus should be rejected, and no one spirit. For indeed the body is 15 one can say that Jesus is the Lord, not one member, but many, so 4' but by a holy spirit. Now there that, if the foot should say, "Beare various distributions of gifts, cause I am not a hand, I am not 5 but the same * spirit; and there are of the body;" is it therefore not of various distributions of offices, but the body? And if the ear shall 16 6 the same Lord; and there are vari- say, "Because I am 'not an eye, I ous distributions of operations, but am not of the body;" is it therethe same God causeth all these ope- fore not of the body? If the whole 17 7 rations in all. And the manifesta-body were an eye, where would be tion of the spirit is given to every the hearing; or if the whole were 8 man as it is expedient; for unto hearing, where would be the smell? one is given by the spirit a word of Accordingly, therefore, God dis- 13 wisdom, or a power of declaring posed the members severally in the the real nature of the Christian re- body, as he pleased. And if all the 19 ligion in its full extent, to ano-parts were one member, where ther, according to the same spirit, a word of knowledge, or a power of confirming and enforcing the truths of Christianity, from the

'The bread which was the representation
of the Lord s body from a common meal.
* The true Messiah.

Unless he be virtuously disposed, and
have a sincere love of truth.

The same divine energy or power.

would be the body? But as it is, 20 there are many members, but only one body. So an eye cannot say 21 to the hand, I have no need of

Or acts of power which the spirit of God enabled men to perform.

6 Or an extraordinary power of speaking to the edification, exhortation and consolation of men.

CHAP. thee; nor again, the head to the feet, I have no need of you.


his own


Now, ye are Christ's body, and Each severally members thereof; and God hath appointed in the church, gift, for the first apostles, secondly prophets, benefit of thirdly teachers, then workers of the whole. miracles, then persons endowed 28 with gifts of healing, helpers of the apostles, regulators of Christian assemblies, persons speaking diffe29 rent kinds of tongues. Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Have all miracles? 30 Have all gifts of healing? Do all speak with different languages? Do all interpret ?



Love ex

plained, and recom.


our prophesying is imperfect; but CHAP.
when perfection is come, then will
these imperfections be done away. 10
So whilst I was a child, I talked like 11
a child, I had the dispositions of a
child, I reasoned like a child; but
when I became a man, I left off the
manners of a child. And in this 12
life we may well be compared to
children, for now we see as through
a dim glass, darkly; but then we
shall see face to face: now I know
in part; but then shall I know,
even as I am known. And now 13
remaineth in the church faith, hope,
love, these three, but the greatest of

these is love.



tle had

the death

Now, I wish you to consider, CHAP. brethren! to what purpose I preached those glad tidings which I did The apospreach unto you, which also you re- preached, ceived, and on which ye stand, and as princiby which ye must be saved; for if pal points, ye maintain them not, then ye and resurbelieved in vain. For I delivered rection of unto you as a principal thing, such Christ. as I indeed received it, that Christ. Jesus died for our sins according to Daniel, the scriptures, and that he was ix. 24. buried, and that he was raised to life on the third day, accord- 4 ing to the scriptures; and that he Psalm was seen by Cephas, and then xvi. 10. by the whole number of apostles. ii. 10. Afterward he was seen by above five 6


liii. 5.

Now ye are ambitious of the greater gifts; I will show you, therefore, a much better way for CHAP. your ambition: for though I speak with the languages of men and of angels, and have not love, I am but sounding brass or a tinkling mended. cymbal. And though I have the 2 gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge, and though I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, 3 I am nothing; yea, though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and give my body to be burned, and have not love, it profiteth me 4 nothing. Love is forbearing and kind; love envieth not; love is not 5 rash, nor puffeth itself up, nor be-hundred brethren at once, of whom haveth unbecomingly, nor seeketh the greater part is yet alive, though 6 its own advantage; nor is easily some are fallen asleep. Afterwards 7 provoked, nor thinketh upon evil, he was seen by James, and then by nor rejoiceth in falsehood, but re- all the apostles; and last of all he 8 7 joiceth in the truth; is contented was seen by me also, as by one at all times, full of trust at all times, born out of due time; for I am the 9 full of hope at all times, patient at least of the apostles, unworthy to 8 all times. This love will never be called an apostle, because I perfail, whereas prophecy will be done secuted the church of God; but by 10 away, languages will be silent, and extraordinary favour I am what I 9 knowledge will be destroyed. For am; and this favour of God toour knowledge is imperfect, and ward me was not in vain, because I

With a clearness proportioned to that by which I am known by superior beings.



CHAP. laboured more abundantly than they all, yet not I, but the favour of 11 God, which was with me. Whether, however, I or they have laboured, such is our preaching, and such was your belief.





nence, and all authority and power; CHAP.
for he will reign until all enemies
are put under his feet. The great-26
est enemy, even death, shall be de- 27
stroyed; for all things are put under Psalm,
the feet of Christ. But when it is cx. 1.
said, "all things are put under
him," it is plain that this is in addi-
tion to their being subject to God,
who put all things under Christ.
And the son himself, when all 28
these things are put under him, will
also be subject to God, who put all
things under him, that God may
be every thing among all.

if there be no resurrec- 29

will be the

all men, if

Since then the resurrection of Folly of Christ from the dead, is thus proenying a claimed, why say some among you that there is no resurrection of the 13 dead? Now, if there be no 'resurrection of the dead, then Christ 14 hath not been raised; and if Christ has not been raised, then is our preaching vain, and your belief is 15 also vain. Nay, we are detected But now, also of false testimony concerning tion, what shall they do that are Christians God; because we testified of God baptized in the place of those that most dethat he raised up Christ, whom he are dead? If the dead rise not at ceived raised not up, if the dead rise not; all, why then are they baptized in and disap16 for if the dead be not raised up, their place? And why stand we al- pointed of neither hath Christ been raised; so in danger every hour? I pro- there be no 17 and if Christ have not been raised, test I die daily, on account of the resurrec your belief is vain; ye are yet in boastful confidence which I have tion, 18 your sins. Then they also, who in Christ Jesus our Lord. And 32 are fallen asleep in Christ are lost; though I fought, as far as a man 19 and we, since in this life we have could, with men fierce as beasts at no hope but in Christ, are more Ephesus, what advantage shall I wretched than all other men. have? If the dead will not be raisBut, indeed, Christ hath beened, let us eat and drink, for to-morResurrec raised from the dead, and become row we die. Be not deceived; evil 33 the first fruits of them who sleep; conversations corrupt good manpledge of for since by a man came death, by ners. Be thoughtful as ye ought a man also cometh a resurrection of to be, and sin not: for some have the dead; for as by means of Adam no knowledge of God. I speak Xxii. 10. all die, even so by means of Christ this to your shame. 23 will all be made alive; but each in But some will say, Why are the 35 his own order,Christ the first fruits, dead raised up? and with what He shows next they that are Christ's, at his body are they to come! they to come! Inconsi- why men 24 appearance. Then will come the derate man! That which thou again; end of Christ's kingdom, when he sowest is not brought to life unless 36 shall have delivered up that king-it die: and that which thou sow- 37 dom to his God and Father, after est, is not sown the body which it he shall have put down all pre-emi- will be, but a bare grain, of wheat

tion of


Christ is a



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family: Christ was the representative of a
spiritual, heavenly, and immortal race.

3 The answer which the apostle gives to
this question, is in effect, "That they may
have other bodies ;" and to the next question,
"That they may have spiritual and incorrup
tible bodies."

to live


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