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VIII.

the great

,

VIIL

CHAP: over you; for ye are not under law, count of sin, in the likeness of a CHAP. but under a covenant of1 favour. sinful body, condemned sin by that 15 What then, shall we sin because body which was preserved holy and the at- we are not under the law, but un- and undefiled; that the righteous 4 tainment of der a covenant of favour? By no precepts of the law may be fully est moral means. Know ye not, that to performed by us, who walk not afgoodness. whom ye yield yourselves servants ter the flesh, but after the spirit; to obey, his servants ye are whom and this righteousness cannot be 5 16 ye obey; whether of sin unto death, fulfilled in others, for they of the or of obedience unto justification; flesh, mind the things of the flesh; 17 but thanks be to God, that though and they of the spirit, the things of ye were the servants of sin, ye are the spirit; for to be carnally mind- 6 become obedient from the heart to ed is death, but to be spiritually a form of doctrine unto which ye minded is life and peace: because 7 18 were transferred; and have left the the inclinations of the flesh are at service of sin to become the ser- enmity with God, since they do 19 vants of righteousness; (I speak not submit themselves to the law of in the familiar language of men, God; nor indeed can they ; so that 8 because of the weakness of your they of the flesh cannot please God. flesh): for to continue the same me- However, ye are not of the flesh, but 9 thod of speaking, as ye have yield- of the spirit; in as much as the spied your members servants of un-rit of God dwelleth in you. But if cleanness to iniquity, so now ye any one hath not the spirit of God, have made your members servants he is none of his. But if Christ be 10 20 of righteousness unto holiness. For in you, the body is dead as to sin, when ye were the servants of sin, but the spirit is life as to righteousye were free with regard to righte-ness. 21 ousness. Now, what fruit had ye from those things at that time, of which ye are now ashamed? for the 22 end of those things is death. But, now ye have been made free from the service of sin, and are become So then, brethren, we are not 12 servants to God, ye have your fruit debtors to the flesh, to live after the and leading unto holiness, and the end ever-flesh; for if ye live after the flesh, 23 lasting life; for the wages of sin ye must die hereafter: but if ye will be death, but the gracious gift mortify the deeds of the body by of God will be everlasting life the spirit, ye will live; for as ma- 14 through Jesus Christ our Lord. ny as are led by the spirit of God, these are the sons of God: for ye 15 have not received again the spirit of bondage, as at Mount Sinai, unto fear, but a spirit of adoption, by which we cry out unto God, O my Father. This very spirit beareth 16 testimony with our spirit, that we are childrenof God; but if children,

CHAP.
VIII.

3

There is, therefore, now no condemnation to them that are in Blessedness Christ Jesus; for the spiritual law of a Chris- of life hath made me free from the *law of sin and death. For what the promoting law could not do, because it was weak through the flesh, God hath done, who by sending his own son on ac

tian temper, in

holiness in this life;

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Now, if the spirit of him 11
who raised Jesus from the dead,
dwell in you, he who raised Christ
from the dead will also give life to
your mortal bodies, through his spi-
rit that dwelleth in you.

to immortal glory.

And therefore bound by stronger ties of gratitude, to be obedient.

Your carnal, unenlightened minds. • Future punishment.

The law of Moses, which from the difficulty of obeying it, occasioned sin, and threatened death as the penalty.

CHAP. then heirs; heirs of God, and joint VIII. heirs with Christ; if we suffer with 17 him, so as to be glorified with him also.

Present

persecu

ing sons and heirs of God.

called, he also justified by pardon- CHAP ing all their past offences; and XI. those whom he justified, he hath in purpose glorified also.

18 Now, I look upon the suffer- What shall we say then to these 31 ings of this present time, as of no things? If God be for us, who whom notions, no consequence with respect to the shall be against us? He who spar- thing shall objection glory that is going to be displayed not his own son, but permitted their duty. to our be- ed to us. For the creation is look- him to be delivered up for us all, ing out with an anxious expecta- how will he not also with him freetion for this' discovery to the sons ly give us all things? Shall any 33 20 of God; for though the creation one bring an accusation against the hath become subject to vanity, (not chosen people of God? God will willingly, but through him who acquit them. Shall any condemn 34 21 subjected it) it is in hope, that this them? Christ hath died for us, or very creation will be set free from rather hath been raised again; he is this bondage of corruption by the also at the right hand of God; he glorious liberty of the children of manageth our concerns for us, by 22 God; for we know that the whole the spirit which he hath poured creation groaneth, and travaileth in upon us. Who shall separate us 35 23 pain until now; nay, not only so, from the love of Christ? Shall but we too, who have received the tribulation, or imprisonment, or first fruits of the spirit, even we our-persecution, or famine, or nakedselves groan within ourselves, look-ness, or danger of the sword? (As ing for our adoption, even the re-it is written, " For thy sake we 36 demption of our body from cor- are killed all the day long: we are Psalm 24 ruption; for we are saved in hope accounted as sheep for the slaughonly but hope which is attained ter.") Nay, in all these things we 37 is not hope for how can a man are more than conquerors through hope for what he hath attained? God that loved us, For I am per- 38 25 So then, as we can hope only for suaded that neither fear of death, what we have not attained, let us nor desire of life, nor angels, nor wait with patience. principalities, nor any of the powNow, we know that all things ers of this world, nor things preThe bless work together for good, to those sent, nor things to come, nor 39 ings of the who love God, who are called ac- height of prosperity, nor depth of gospel meant only cording to his purpose of admitting adversity, nor any other thing will for the well all mankind into the Christian co-be able to separate us from the love disposed; venant. For those whom he fore- of God, in Jesus Christ our Lord. 29 knew to be sincere and well dis- I say then, hath God wholly re- CHAP. posed, he foreordained also to be jected his own people? By no conformed to the resemblance of means. Have they stumbled so as Temporary his son, that this son might be a to fall irrecoverably? By no means: the Jews. 30 first-born of many brethren; more-but by their stumbling, salvation is over those whom he foreordained, come to the Gentiles, to provoke he also called by the preachers of Israel to jealousy. Now, if their 12 the gospel, and those whom he stumbling be an advantage to the

28

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xliv. 22.

XI.

apostacy

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* Such a manifestation of a future state of glory as is worthy of the sons of God.

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God, who in his unsearchable wisdom so appointed it.

That love which we have for God, in consideration of his great goodness in the religion of Christ.

XI.

1

XI.

Isaiah,

CHAP. world, and their loss a gain to the may these natural branches be CHAP. Gentiles, how much more will their grafted into their own olive tree. 13 future full conversion be. (For I For I wish you to understand, bre- 25 speak to you, Gentiles and in-thren, this hitherto hidden truth, deed as I am the apostle of the lest ye be wise in your own con14 Gentiles, I honour my ministry; if ceits, that blindness hath happenby any means I may provoke my ed to part of Israel, but will conJewish brethren to jealousy, and tinue only until the fulness of the 15 save some of them.) For if the re- Gentiles be come in; and then all 26 jection of them be the reconcilia- Israel will be saved, as it is writtion of the world, what will the ten, "The deliverer will come out Isaiah, acceptance of them be, but life of Sion, and turn away ungodliness lix. 20. 16 from the dead? Now, if the first from Jacob." And this is my xxvii.g. fruits be holy, so likewise is the covenant with them, when I take 27 lump; and if the root be holy, so away their sins." So then as to 28 17 are the branches. And if some of the gospel, the Israelites are in the the branches have been broken off, condition of enemies for your and thou, a wild olive, hast been sakes; but as to the choice of God grafted in, and become a partaker are beloved for their fathers' sakes, of the root and fatness of the olive because the kindness of God to 29 tree, boast not over these branch- them and their calling by him are es; for though thou shouldst boast not repented of. For as ye also were 30 over them, thou bearest not the once disobedient to God, but have root, but the root thee. now obtained mercy during their Thou wilt say then, "The disobedience, so have they now dis- 31 Gentiles branches were broken off, that I obeyed the mercy shown to you, triumph might be grafted on. Well they and will hereafter obtain mercy. were broken off for their want of For God hath, in the course of his 32 faith, and thou standest by thy dispensations to mankind, suffered faith. Be not high-minded, but all, both Jews and Gentiles, to 21 afraid. For if God spared not the be alike included in unbelief, that natural branches, perhaps he will he may have mercy upon all, in 22 not spare thee. Behold, there-their conversion to Christianity. fore, the kindness and severity of God: towards those who fell, severity; but kindness towards thee, if thou persevere under that kindness; otherwise thou also wilt be cut off. 23

must not

Over the

Jews;

18

19

the divine

O! the deep riches of wisdom 33 and knowledge, that are in God! Inscruta How unsearchable are his determi- bility of nations, and his ways not to be councils. traced out! for who hath known 34 the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor? And who 35 hath given him first, so as to receive only a recompence in return? For of him as the source of all be- 36 ing, and through him as the origi anal cause of all things, and to him as subservient to his will, are all

And they also, if they continue who will not in unbelief, will be grafted in; for one day be God is able to graft them in again; converted to Christi- for if thou wert cut out of thy natural wild olive tree, and hast been 24 grafted against thy nature, into good olive tree, how much more

anity.

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For by the authority which hath Every one been graciously given unto me, I charge every one among you not perly to the to think of himself more highly peculiar than he ought to think, but to think duties of with sober mindedness, as God hath distributed to each his measure of 4 spiritual gifts for as we have many members in one body, but all these members have not the same 5 office; so we, though many, are but one body in Christ, and all of us severally fellow-members there6 of. And as we have different gifts according to the favour shown unto us, if our gift be to explain the scripture, let it be exercised agree7 ably to the measure of it; if it be a ministering to others, let us attend to this ministry: let the 8 teacher attend to his teaching, he that exhorteth, to his exhortation; let him that bestoweth, bestow liberally; him, that ruleth, rule with diligence; him that showeth mercy, show it with cheerfulness.

XIII.

using opportunity wisely, rejoicing CHAP. in hope, patient in tribulation, constant in prayer, sharing the neces- 13. sities of the saints, seeking occasions of hospitality to the poor and friendless. Give good words to 14 them who rail at you; give good words, and curse not. Rejoice 15 with the joyful, and weep with them that weep, having the same dispositions to each other. Set not your 16 mind on high things, but be guided by humility. Be not wise in your 17 own conceits. Render no one evil for evil. Attend, if ye can, to what is honourable in the sight of all men. As much as lieth in you, be 18 at peace with all men. Beloved, 19 avenge not yourselves, but give way to the anger of another; for it is written, Vengeance belongeth Deut. unto me, I will saith the repay, Lord." Therefore, if thy enemy 20 be hungry, give him food, if he be thirsty, give him drink; for by doing thus, thou mayest heap coals of fire on his head, and melt him down to kindness. Be not over- 21 come by evil, but overcome evil with good.

xxxii. 35

XIII.

and the

Let every man submit himself to CHAP. the supreme powers; for as there is no power but from God, these pow- Duties of ers are appointed by God. Who- governors soever therefore setteth himself governed. against the power, he opposeth the 2 appointment of God; and such opposers will bring merited punishment upon themselves. For rulers 3 are not a terror to good works, but Let your love be without dissi- to evil. Dost thou wish therefore Enumera- mulation, abhor evil, cleave to that not to be afraid of their power? tion of which is good; let your affection Do what is right, and thou wilt tian duties. for each other be the fondness of have praise from it; for a ruler is 4 10 abrother; strive to be more for- a minister of God to thee for good; ward than each other in mutual re-but if thou do evil, be afraid, be11 spect; not slothful in matters of cause he beareth not the sword in serious concern, of an active mind, vain; but is an avenging minister

9

rious Chris

As they are manifestly for the good of mankind, they may fairly be supposed to be agreeable to the will of God.

Opposition to the civil power, and to the abuse of it, are two very different things; the former is here forbidden,

XIII.

XV..

unity.

CHAP. of God for the punishment of every ¡ were written that we, through sub- CHAP. wicked person; wherefore it is ne- mission to the exhortation of those 5 cessary that ye submit yourselves, scriptures, might have hope. Now Exhorta not only because of punishment, may the divine author of this sub- tion to 6 but even for conscience sake. And mission and this exhortation, grant, for the same reason, ye pay tribute that ye may be so disposed to each 5 also, for they who attend to this other, after the example of Jesus business are public servants of God. Christ, that with one mind and 6 7 Render, therefore, to all their dues; one mouth, ye may glorify the God tribute, to whom tribute is due, and Father of our Lord Jesus custom to whom custom, reve- Christ. rence to whom reverence, honour to whom honour is due.

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And I myself am also persuaded 14 you, my brethren, that ye are The apos Owe no one any thing but mu- even of yourselves full of goodness, gizes for Love will tual love; for he who loveth his filled with all knowledge, able also the freeensure the neighbour hath fulfilled an import- to admonish one another. Never-dom which formance ant branch of the law. For these theless, brethren, by way of reof all du- commandments, "Thou shalt not minding you, I have written to commit adultery,' "Thou shalt you rather freely upon some points, 15 9 do no murder," "Thou shalt not through the authority given me by steal," "Thou shalt not bear false God, in making me a public ser- 16 witness," and every other such com- vant of Jesus Christ unto the Genmandment, is comprehended in this tiles, a ministering priest of this precept," Thou shalt love thy gospel of God, that the offering of 10 neighbour as thyself." As love the Gentiles may be acceptable, then doeth no ill to its neigh- sanctified by holiness of spirit. I 17 bour, it is the fulfilling of the law, have, therefore, cause of boasting relating to our fellow creatures. in Christ Jesus towards God; for I 18 11 And we should do this consider will only presume to speak of what The gospel ing the season, that it is now time Christ hath done through me, for to arise from sleep, for our deli-the conviction of the Gentiles, by motives to verance from the present world word and deed, by mighty signs boliness, is nearer than we first believed. and wonders, by a powerful display 12 The night is far spent, and the of the spirit of God; so that from 19 day is at hand; let us lay aside Jerusalem, and round about even therefore the works of darkness, to Illyricum, I have fully preachand put upon us the garments of ed the gospel of Christ, So am- 20 13 light. Let us walk orderly, as in bitious have I been in publishing the day-time; not in revellings and the gospel; not where the name of drunkenness, not in wantonness Christ had already reached, lest and impurities, not in strife and I should build upon the founda14 envying; but put on yourselves the tion of another, but as it is written, 21 Lord Jesus Christ, and make not" They who have not been told provision for the flesh to fulfil the of him shall see, and they who lusts of it. have not heard shall understand."

strongest

CHAP.

XV.

3

Whatsoever things were written aforetime for our instruction, they

A tax levied on merchandize.
Not even in omitting to do him the
kind offices which are in our power,

The dark state of this world, in which |

Therefore, though I have been 22

the good and the bad are promiscuously
blended together.

A country on the eastern coast of the
Adriatic sea.

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