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CHAP. ness, and temperance, and a judg- I now standing at the judgment-seat CIAP. ment to come, Felix was alarmed, of Cesar, where I ought to be and said, "Go thy ways for the tried. To the Jews I have done present, and when I find an op- no wrong, as thou also knowest portunity, I will send for thee." very well. For if I have done 11 26 He hoped also, that money would wrong, or have committed any have been given him by Paul for his thing worthy of death, I refuse not liberty; and for this reason, he to die; but if there be nothing in sent for him oftener, and conversed what they accuse me, no man 27 with him. But after two years should give me up to gratify them. Felix was succeeded by Porcius I appeal unto Cesar." Then Fes- 12 Festus; and Felix wishing to gra- tus, after a conference with the tify the Jews, left Paul bound. council, answered, "Thou hast appealed unto Cesar; unto Cesar shalt thou go.'


fuses to

have him



lates Faul's case to

Now when Festus came into the province, after three days he went Festus re- up from Cesarea to Jerusalem. Now in the course of some days, 13 Then the high priest, and the chief king Agrippa and Bernice came Festus rebrought to of the Jews, brought an accusation to Česarea, to pay their respects to Jerusalem. before him against Paul, and en- Festus; and as they continued Agrippa. 3 treated him to favour them by there several days, Festus laid sending for Paul to Jerusalem, in- Paul's case before the king, saytending to lie in wait on the roading, "There is a man left in 15 4 to kill him. But Festus answered, prison by Felix, against whom, that Paul was in custody at Cesarea, when I was at Jerusalem, the chief and that himself was going thither priests and elders laid an informa5 from Jerusalem very soon. "Let tion, requiring his condemnation. those of you, therefore," said he, To whom I answered, that it is 16 "who are able to bring any charge not a custom with the Romans to against this man, go down with gratify any man with the condem6 me to accuse him." So after a nation of another; but that the stay of eight or ten days longer, he accused must have the accusers went down to Cesarea; and the face to face, and have an opporvery next day, sat on the judgment-tunity of making his defence, conseat, and commanded Paul to be cerning the crime laid to hischarge. 7 brought. And when he appeared, Accordingly they came hither, and 17 the Jews who had come down from the day after, without loss of time, Jerusalem stood round, and brought I sat on the judgment-seat, and many and heavy accusations against ordered the man to be brought; Paul, which they could not prove; against whom, his accusers, on 18 9 whilst he answered for himself, their appearance, brought no ca"Neither against the law of the pital charge, as I expected; but 19 Jews, nor against the temple, nor had against him some questions against Cesar, have I done any concerning their own religion, wrong." and concerning one Jesus, who had died, but was affirmed by Paul to be alive.

Paul appeals to Cesar.


But Festus, wishing to gratify the Jews, said to Paul," Art thou willing to go up to Jerusalem, and there be tried for these things be10 fore me?" But Paul said, I am

Son of that Herod Agrippa who is mentioned xii. 1.

"Now because I was doubtful 20 about an enquiry into such matters, I asked, if he were willing

Sister to king Agrippa, with whom she is said to have lived in a state of incest.

brought be


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Now as to my life; since my youth, CHAP
which I spent from the first among XXVI.
mine own nation, at Jerusalem, all 4
these Jews, who were acquainted 5
with me many years ago, know, if
they would own it, that after the
strictest sect of our religion, I lived

CHAP to go to Jerusalem, and there be XXVI. tried for these things. But as Paul 21 appealed to be reserved for the determination of the august emperor, I commanded him to be kept until 22 I could send him to Cesar." Then Agrippa said to Festus, "I also could have liked to hear this mana Pharisee. And now I stand to G myself." "To-morrow," said be judged for the hope of that 'prohe," thou shalt hear him." mise, which God made to our fa23 Accordingly, on the morrow, thers; which our twelve tribes, 7 Paul is Agrippa and Bernice came with serving God with earnestness day Forest, great pomp, and entered the judg- and night, hope to obtain. On Agrippa ment-hall with the commanders, account of this hope, king Agripand Bernice and principal men of the city, pa, I am accused by the Jews. being pre- when Festus gave orders for Paul What! It is esteemed then among $ to be brought. And Festus said, you a thing incredible that God 21 King Agrippa, and all ye that should raise the dead! And I in- 9 are here present, behold this man, deed was of opinion once, that I' against whom the whole multitude ought to make great opposition to of the Jews applied to me both at the name of Jesus of Nazareth, Jerusalem, and here also, crying who taught this doctrine from out that he ought not to live any God; and after procuring the au- 10 25 longer. But when I found that he thority of the chief priests, I shut had done nothing worthy of death, up many of the saints in prison, and he himself appealed to the au- and gave my vote against those gust emperor, I determined to send who were put to death; and by 11 26 him thither, and as I have nothing punishing them throughout the certain to write to our sovereign, synagogues, I often compelled I have brought him forth before them to revile the name of Jesus; you, and especially before thee king and through excessive rage against Agrippa, that after examination I them, even to madness, I pursued27 may have something to write; for I them to foreign cities also. think it foolish to send a prisoner, "As I was going to Damascus 12 without signifying also the charges upon this business, with the autholaid against him." rity and permission of the chief Upon this, Agrippa said to Paul, priests, at mid-day, as I was on the 13 "Thou art permitted to speak for road, I saw, O king! a light from thyself." Then Paul stretched forth heaven, above the brightness of the his hand, and began his defence: sun, shine around me, and my fel2"I think myself happy, king Agrip-low-travellers. And after we had 14 pa, in making my defence before all fallen to the earth, I heard a thee this day, against all the ac-voice speaking unto me and say3 cusations of the Jews; especially asing, in the Hebrew tongue, Saul, thou art acquainted with all the Saul, why persecutest thou me? customs and questions which are It is hard for thee to kick against among the Jews; wherefore, I be-goads.' Then I said, Who art 15 seech thee to hear me patiently. thou, Sir?' and he said, 'Iam Jesus,


His detence.

1 Of being raised from the dead.

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by which they are driven, and thus wound
• A manner of speaking taken from re-themselves more deeply.
fractory oxen, who kick against the goads,

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21 ance.


hath not been done in a corner. CHAP. King Agrippa, believest thou the prophets? I know that thou be- 27 lievest them."

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feels a sud

Then Agrippa said to Paul: 28 Thou almost persuadest me to Agrippa become a Christian.' And Paul den imsaid, "I would to God, that not pulse of only thou, but all likewise who conviction. hear me this day, were both almost, and altogether, such as I am, except these bonds." And when 30 Paul had thus spoken, the king, and the governor, and Bernice, and those who were sitting with them, went aside, and conferred with each other, saying, "This man is 31 doing nothing worthy of death or of bonds."

Then Agrippa said 32 unto Festus, "This man might have been set at liberty, if he had not appealed unto Cesar."

CHAP. whom thou persecutest; but arise,
and stand upon thy feet; for I have
16 appeared unto thee for this purpose,
to appoint thee a minister, and a
witness of what thou hast seen, and
17 of what I will show thee; and I
will deliver thee from this people,
and from the Gentiles, unto whom
18 I am now sending thee, to open
their eyes, that they may turn from
darkness unto light, and from the
power of Satan unto God; that
they may receive forgiveness of
sins, and inheritance among those
that are sanctified by faith in me.'
19 Wherefore, king Agrippa! I was
not disobedient to the heavenly vi-
20 sion, but declared first to those in
Damascus, and in Jerusalem, and
through all the country of Judea;
and then to the Gentiles, that they
should repent, and turn to God by
doing works worthy of repent-
Because of these things, the
Jews, in a body, seized me in the
temple, and were preparing to kill
22 me; but having obtained help
from God, I continue to this day
witnessing both to small and great,
saying nothing but what the pro-ing by Asia, we bore away, with
phets and Moses spake of, as about Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thes-
23 to come, that the Christ would salonica, in our company. And 3
suffer death, and would be the first the next day we reached Sidon;
to proclaim salvation to the people and Julius treated Paul with much
of the Jews, and to the Gentiles, kindness, and gave him leave to
by a resurrection from the dead." go to his friends for refreshment.
And we bore away thence, and 4
sailed under Cyprus, because the
winds were contrary; and when 5
we had sailed over the sea of Ci-
licia, and Pamphylia, we came to
Myra, a city of Lycia; and the 6
centurion finding there a ship of
Alexandria bound for Italy; put
us on board, and after sailing 7
slowly for many days, and having
scarcely come over against Cnidus,
the wind not suffering us, we sail-
ed under Crete, by Salmone; and s


Now whilst he was in this part Paul reof his defence, Festus said with a plies to loud voice, "Paul thou art beside Festus's charge of thyself; much learning hath made madness. thee mad." But Paul said, "I am 25 not mad, most excellent Festus, but utter the words of truth and of 26 a sound mind: for these things are well understood by the king, before whom, for this reason, I speak with confidence; and I persuade myself that none of these things are unknown to him; for this affair

Now, when it was determined CHAP. that we should sail to Italy, Paul XXVII. and some other prisoners were de- Paul and livered to a centurion of the Au- his friends gustan 'band, named Julius; and Cesarea. having gone on board a ship of 2 Adramyttium, with a view of coast

A cohort of the Augustan legion. tioned in this chapter, the reader is re-
For this and the other places men-quested to consult his map.

sail from




named Lasea.


horts them to take

CHAP. having passed by with difficulty, all hopes of safety at length fail- CHAP. we came to a place called Fair-ed us. havens, near which was a city But after long abstinence, Paul 21 stood up in the midst of them, and Paul exNow, as much time had been said, "Sirs, ye should have followPassing spent, and sailing was become dan-ed my advice, and not have loosed courage; the north, gerous at this season (for the Jew from Crete, to get this damage and they come ish' fast was now ended) Paul ad- loss; now, however, I exhort you 22 to Crete. vised them, saying, "Sirs, I per- to take courage: for there will be 10 ceive that this voyage will be at- no loss of life among you, but of tended with damage, and great loss, the ship only; for an angel of that 23 not to the lading and the ship on- God to whom I belong, and whom 11 ly, but to ourselves." But the I serve, stood by me this very centurion paid more regard to the night, and said, Fear not, Paul! pilot and the master of the ship, thou must be brought before Cesar; 24 12 than to the advice of Paul. Now, and behold! God hath graciously this harbour of Fairhavens, being given thee the lives of all that are unfit to winter in, the greater part sailing with thee.' Wherefore, 25 advised to bear away thence also, if Sirs, be of good courage; for I by any means they might reach trust God that it will be as I was Phenice, to winter there, a haven of told. However, we must be cast 26 Crete lying toward the south-west on a certain island." and west.


Soon after

Crete, they



Accordingly, upon the springing of a gentle south wind, supposleaving ing that they should obtain their are over- purpose, they weighed anchor, and taken by a passed close by Crete. But not violent long after, a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon, beat against 15 them; so the ship being forced away with it, and unable to face the wind, we gave her up, and 16 were driven along. Now as we ran under a little island called Clauda, we were scarcely able to make ourselves masters of the boat: 17 but at last the sailors took her, and employed all in assisting to undergird the ship, and being afraid of striking on the quick sands, slackened sail, and thus 18 were driven but on the next day, the tempest continuing very violent, we began to lighten the ship; 19 and on the third day, cast out with our own hands the lading of the 20 ship. Then, as neither sun, nor stars had appeared for several days, and no small tempest lay upon us,

The day of atonement, in September.
Lev, xvi. 29,

that if the

none of

So, on the fourteenth night, as we 27 were driven backwards, and for- assures the wards in the Adriatic sea, about centurion, midnight, the sailors began to sus- sailors left pect that they were drawing near to the ship, some land, and upon sounding them could found twenty fathoms depth of be saved. water, and sounding again soon after, found fifteen fathoms. Then, 29 being afraid of falling upon rocks, they cast four anchors astern, and wished for day. Now, the sailors 30 being desirous to quit the ship, and letting down the boat into the sea, under pretence of casting out anchors from the foreship, Paul 31 said to the centurion, and to the soldiers, "Unless these stay in the ship, ye cannot be saved" then 32 the soldiers cut off the ropes of the boat, and let her go.

vice, and

after his

Now, while the day was coming 33 on, Paul exhorted thein all to take By his ad some nourishment, saying, "It is the fourteenth day of the tempest, example, during which ye have remained in they take suspence, almost without food: wherefore I exhort you to partake

• With cables, or chains brought round, to prevent the sides from starting.




CHAP. of food, for this concerns your
safety; and not a hair shall fall
from the head of any among you."
35 So, when he had thus spoken, he
took bread, and gave thanks to
God in the presence of them all,
and broke it, and began to eat:
36 then were all encouraged, and took
37 nourishment themselves. Now we
were in the ship two hundred
three score
and sixteen persons.
38 And when they had satisfied them-
selves with food, they began to
lighten the ship, by casting out the


The vessel is wrecked,

but the

corn into the sea.

And when it was day, they knew not the land, but observed a bay with an even shore; in which they resolved, if possible, to save the


Melita, and the barbarians showed CHAP. XXVIII. us no common humanity, for they kindled a fire, and brought us all to They are it, because of the present rain, and kindly treated by because of the cold. And when the natives Paul had gathered a bundle of of Melita. sticks, and laid it on the fire, a vi- 3 per, driven out by the heat, fastened on his hand. Now, when the 4 barbarians saw the viper hanging from his hand, they said to each other, "No doubt this man is a murderer; and though he hath escaped from the sea, vengeance will not suffer him to live." But ō he shook off the viper into the fire, and felt no harm, while they were 6 expecting that he was going to swell, or to fall down dead sudden

while, and seeing nothing amiss be-
fall him, they changed their minds,
and said that he was a god.

Now, in the neighbourhood of 7
that place, were possessions of the
chief man of the island, whose
name was Publius; who received

rew saved. ship. So they cut away, the an-ly: after waiting, however, a good
40 chors, and left them in the sea, and
loosing the bands of the rudders
at the same time, and hoisting up
the main sail to the wind, they
41 made toward shore. But having
reached a place, where two currents
met, they ran the ship aground, and
the fore part stuck fast, and re-us, and entertained us kindly. And 8
mained immoveable, but the stern it happened that the father of Publius
was broken with the violence of lay sick of a fever, and a bloody
42 the winds. Now it was the advice flux: into whose house Paul went,
of the soldiers to kill the prisoners, and prayed, and laid his hands on
lest any of them should swim away him, and cured him; and upon 9
43 and escape; but the centurion this, others also in the island, who
wishing to preserve Paul, kept had diseases, came to Paul, and
them from their purpose, and or- were cured; and they showed us 10
dered those who could swim, to great respect, and when we set sail,
throw themselves first from the put for us necessaries on board.
vessel into the sea, and get to land:
44 and the rest to place themselves,
some on planks, and some on
things belonging to the ship. And
thus they all contrived to escape
safe to land.

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safe to

Now, after three months, we put 11 to sea in a ship of Alexandria, that They get had wintered in the island, the sign Rome. of which vessel was Castor and Pollux; and having landed at Sy- 12 racuse, we remained there three days, and thence we coasted round, 13 and came to Rhegium; and a day

1 Which had been fastened when the vessel was left to drive before the wind. These were now loosed in order to steer the ship. The ships of those times had usually two


• In the Adriatic sea, between Corcyra and Illyria.

3 Imaginary sons of Jupiter, images of whom were fixed on the prow of the ship.

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