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Statutes, the Daily Service in the chapel, which, partly from the circumstance of there being at this time daily prayers in the church, partly from the declining health of his predecessor, had been intermitted. To this end, some repairs were necessary in the chapel, which was in such a state of damp and mouldy decay, as to be quite unfit for Christian worship. But as from the first the Warden contemplated the erection of a new chapel, he contented himself with a few absolutely essential alterations; and no decorations were introduced, excepting those which-as tiles, for example-would not only conduce to the dryness of the old building, but would be subservient to and available in the new one.
"His next aim was to establish a dinner every Sunday, of which all the members of the College should partake in the Hall. This portion of the building had been in occupation as a scullery, as a visitor might judge from the sink in the north-east corner, and the stewing erection in the north-west, and the fixed dresser along the southern wall it was, therefore, necessary that some partial restoration and improvement should be effected before his aim could be carried out. The funds for these dinners have always been provided by the Warden, assisted by the occasional contributions of friends and visitors to the alms-box. They were commenced on Whit-Sunday, 1846, and have been continued to the present time.
"The present well-house was erected from a design of Mr. Butterfield in February, 1847, at the sole expense of the Warden, in place of a pump presented to the College by that Mrs. Mary Knight, whose longevity has been already mentioned.
"In April, 1848, the Patrons having assigned a piece of ground to serve as a kitchen garden to the College, various improvements were made in connection with its arrangement.
"Dilapidation had proceeded to a fearful extent in the hall, which was in the last stage of ruin; the roof was plastered and pinned together; the wall-plates in such a condition that they were afterwards dug up with spades; the gallery ruinous; the screen painted white; the fire-place blocked, and stewing places erected in its stead. This being the most immediately pressing of the restorations, the Patrons agreed to undertake it first: and it was carried out by them most liberally. The works were commenced on May 15th, and the scaffolding struck from the belfry on December 8th, 1848. But on September 27th, the hall was opened on which occasion the Earl and Countess De La Warr, with their family, and some of the surrounding gentry, dined with the Collegians there; the workmen dined together in the school-room. The restorations, which were under the direction of William Butterfield, Esq., were as follows: the south wall taken down and rebuilt; the roof entirely new, on the type of the old; the gallery entirely new; the paint removed from the screen; the walls panelled with oak, taken, by permission of the Patrons, from one of their houses in the town; appropriate Scriptures introduced; and eventually four bells hung in the belfry, instead of one that was cracked. The restoration, which cost about £400, was at the expense of the Patrons, except the tiles, a present from the Marchioness of Salisbury, and the bells, given by the Warden. In
the great storm of the 28th of February, 1849, the cross and vane were blown down.
"The next thing to which the Warden turned his attention, was the admission of additional inmates into the vacant and ruinous rooms. When he came into residence, there were five on the ground-floor in which wood was stacked, and these had not been otherwise appropriated in the memory of any of the aged inmates. But as there is not a sufficient surplus from the funds to meet the necessary repairs, it was impossible to get these 'waste places' restored without the assistance of some who had poor people to put in, for whom they were specially interested. In this way all have been restored, and four of them boarded.
"These restorations cost altogether £105. Four other rooms on the ground-floor have also been boarded-five remain to be so. Besides these restorations and improvements on the ground-floor, five of the upper rooms have been thoroughly repaired, papered, and otherwise improved by the application of the same principle.
"In 1850, the entire restoration of the chapel was commenced, under the direction of the Warden. The Patrons undertook the substantial and necessary repairs; the Warden himself, with the assistance of his friends, providing the funds for the interior and decorative portions of the building. It was gutted in the beginning of May, service being carried on in the school-room. On July 25th, being S. James's day, the demolition of the chapel was begun; on August 1st, (the foundation having been carried out eight feet further to the east,) at 2 p. m., the first stone was laid; the rafters were set up August 24th; on September 13th the exterior, and on October 30th the interior scaffolding was struck; and on Saturday, November 23rd, evening prayers were, for the first time, said in the new chapel. The total expense was about £700, of which the Patrons contributed £250.
"On February 25th, 1851, an Anti-Popery riot took place, into the details of which it is needless to enter. Seven of the rioters were committed by the magistrates; a true bill having been found against them, they traversed till the next Assizes, and then pleaded guilty. An apology having been previously signed by them, and posted in the town, they were bound over to come up for judgment whenever they should be called upon.
"In October, 1852, the porch was restored; the panelling being formed from the pews of the old chapel. And this is the last restoration that has at present been effected. The whole sum laid out on the college, (exclusive of law proceedings,) during the last seven years may be estimated at about £1800,"
THE CHURCH CLOCK.
LIST thou, my soul, the heavenly teacher,
The Twelfth hour chimeth soft and slow:
For Christian soul this hour will show
The hour of One, great truths proclaims :
Within CHRIST's holy Church are found Two Sacraments of might:
Think, when the hour of Two doth sound, Thy LORD doth thee invite.
The wondrous faith of TRINITY,
CHRIST'S four Evangelists reveal
When Four, from tower and steeple peal,
Five blessed wounds that SAVIOUR bore: Do Five hours slowly chime?
Praise Him the crown of thorns who wore, Eternity made Time.
Six days creation's wonders made,
And Six the hour of prayer:
The Seventh, our holiest hour and best,
When sin and shame shall be at rest,
Eight hours proclaim God's mercy mild :
As nine were raised from the grave,
So Nine declares CHRIST's power to save,
Ten lepers, in the days of yore,
Eleven comes with solemn toll;
CHRIST knocketh at the door;
The Children's Corner.
THE BUTTERFLY CHASE.
TRAVELLING through the beautiful lake district of Cumberland and Westmoreland, I one day found myself at the little town of Penrith. It was a lovely summer's morn; the sun's heat tempered by a fresh, pure, mountain breeze; such a day as gives that peculiar buoyancy of feeling only to be met with in our temperate clime. I ascended a high hill, overlooking the town, which lay basking in sunshine below; the grey church tower, rising from the midst of a cluster of houses, with a protective, guardian-like air; while ever and anon came the sweet chimes borne upon the breeze, bringing to memory the long past happy days of childhood.
The ruins of an ancient castle, the form of which was barely discernible, stood on a little eminence,—all its pomp and pride long since passed away. Who knows what spirits looked from out the windows, and gazed on those lofty hills, rising in silent majesty one beyond another in the distance; what ardent hopes-what pro
jects of ambition-sprang into being beneath those now mouldering walls! Perhaps some border chieftain may here have recounted tales of daring adventure, of knightly enterprise, and planned schemes to be realized in far-off years-health, strength, and beauty, giving promise of fulfilment. Where are now the memorials of all these worldly hopes and fears? A few stones, which tell no tale, open to the dew of heaven, and fast crumbling into dust. Still ever came the clear church bells, with their silvery tones, whispering that all is not so to pass away. Those eternal hills are but emblems of the Christian's hope the Christian's ambition: disappointment cannot cloud his brow,-Death may not shatter his projects. The glorious beauty of this material world, he knows to be but a foreshadowing of the ineffable brightness to which he is an heir: "his FATHER made them all."
This thoughtful mood stole over me as I lay on a mossy bank, sheep grazing around me, and the whole landscape possessing that peaceful and fertile appearance characteristic of English scenery, redeemed from the charge of tameness, by the hills to which I have before alluded. My attention was attracted by a little boy passing along the high road not far off. He was an urchin of about seven years old, with a pair of mischievous black eyes, tidily dressed, and carrying a can and bundle, which he laid down very frequently, as I at first thought, to rest himself. Curiosity induced me to follow him, and to find out the cause of the frequent pauses in his walk. A gaily painted butterfly, with spotted wings like a peacock's tail, was hovering over a flower; the child endeavoured to seize it, but it eluded its grasp at the moment his hand was closing over it. The can and bundle were more frequently on the pathway than before, yet still his efforts to secure the bright insect were unavailing. At last it settled on a spot a little below the road, apparently afford ing a firm footing, where it spread its wings, and fluttered in the sunshine. The little truant again deposited his burden on the road, and was off in pursuit, but at the first step down the bank, the treacherous moss and weeds gave way, and precipitated him head-foremost to the bottom.
This discomfiture I thought would have abated his