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20 For the "invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead;" so that they are without excuse :


21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became ovain in their imaginations,13 and their foolish heart was darkened.

22 P Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

23 And changed the glory of the uncor

"So that his invisible things, that is to say, his eternal power and Godhead, are understood and seen by the works from the creation of the world, &c. Ma. 12 that they may be. A. V. 13 reasonings. Br. Dod. We. Pu.


JOHN, i. 9: That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.

n See on ACTS, xiv. 17.

• 2 KINGS, xvii. 15, 29: And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that were round about them, concerning whom the LORD had charged them, that they should not do like them. Every nation made gods of their own. Ps. cvi. 20: Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass. JER. ii. 5: Thus saith the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me, that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity, and are become vain? See on ACTs, xiv. 15.

P JER. viii. 8, 9: How do ye say, We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he it; the pen of the scribes is in vain. The wise men are ashamed, they are dismayed and taken: lo, they have rejected the word of the LORD; and what wisdom is in them? do. x. 14: Every man is brutish in his knowledge: every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them.

4. DEUT. iv. 16, &c: Lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female. Isa. xl. 18, 26: To whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness will ye compare unto him? Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these

ruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.14

24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to $dishonour their own bodies between themselves:

25 Who changed 15 the "truth of God 'into a

14 serpents. Wi. Ma. 15 As many as have transformed. Ham. things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth. JER. ii. 11: Hath a nation changed their gods, which are yet no gods? but my people have changed their glory for that which doth not profit. EZEK. viii. 10: So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, pourtrayed upon the wall round about. ACTS, xvii. 29: Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device.


EPH. iv. 18, 19: Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart: who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness. See on ACTS, vii. 42.

See on 1 COR. vi. 18.

* LEV. xviii. 22, 23: Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind: it is abomination. Neither shalt thou lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto : it is confusion. COR. vi. 9, 10: Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind-shall inherit the kingdom of God.

U 1 THES. i. 9: Ye turned to God from idols, to serve the living and true God. 1 JOHN, v. 20: And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.

▾ ISA. xxviii. 15: We have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves. do. xliv. 20: He feedeth on ashes a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot

lie, 16 and worshipped and served the creature more than" the Creator, who is blessed 18 for ever. Amen.19

26 For this cause God gave them up unto w vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:

27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.

28 And even as they did not like 20 to retain God in their knowledge,21 God gave them over to a reprobate mind, 22 to do those things which are not convenient ;23

29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, 24 covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate,25 deceit, malignity;26 whisperers,

16 falsehood. Br. "rather. A. V. 18 to be praised. Cr. Bi. 19 So let it be. Pu. 20 were not solicitous. Dod. 21 to have God in knowledge. Ham. to acknowledge. A. V. 22 a mind void of judgment. A. V. 23 not fit. Pu. spite. Pu. 25 contention. Rh. 26 depravity. Pu.


deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand? JER. X. 14: Every man is brutish in his knowledge: every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them. do. xiii. 25: This is thy lot, the portion of thy measures from me, saith the LORD; because thou hast forgotten me, and trusted in falsehood. AMOS, ii. 4: Their lies caused them to err, after the which their fathers have walked.

" LEV. xviii. 22, 23: The words under ver. 24. EPH. v. 12: It is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret. JUDE, 10: What they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.

* WISD. xiv. 22, 23, &c: Moreover this was not enough for them, that they erred in the knowledge of God; but whereas they lived in the great war of ignorance, those so great plagues called they peace. For whilst they slew their children in sacrifices, or used secret ceremonies, &c.



30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful," proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,

31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, 29 implacable, unmerciful:


32 Who'knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them 30 that do them.


1 They that sin, though they condemn it in others, cannot excuse themselves, 6 and much less escape the judgment of God, 9 whether they be Jews or Gentiles: 14 the Gentiles cannot escape, 17 nor yet the Jews, 25 whom their circumcision shall not profit, if they keep not the law.

THEREFORE thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou 'judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things.

27 despisers of God. Co.

28 contentious. Ham. 29 unsociable. A. V. 30 consent with them. A. V.

YEPH. v. 4: Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks. See on 2 Cor. xii. 20.

Z ROM. ii. 2.

a ROM. vi. 21: What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.

b Ps. 1. 18: When thou sawest a thief, then thou consentedst with him, and hast been partaker with adulterers. Hos. vii. 3: They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies.

a Rom. i. 20.


2 SAM. xii. 5-7; And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, As the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die and he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity. And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. JOHN, viii. 9: And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, begin

2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things.

3 And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?


4 Or despisest thou the riches of his good

ning at the eldest, even unto the last : and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst. See on MAT. vii. 1, 2. © ECCLES. viii. 11: Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.

EXOD. xxxiv. 6: And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God," merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth. ISA. xxx. 18: Therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you. JONAH, iv. 2: And he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I pray thee, O LORD, was not this my saying, when I was yet in my country? Therefore I fled before unto Tarshish: for I knew that thou art a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repentest thee of the evil. 2 ESDR. vii. 64: He is patient, and long suffereth those that have sinned, as his creatures. Rom. iii. 25 : Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God. do. ix. 23: That he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy. do. x. 12: The same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. EPH. i. 7: In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace. do. ii. 4, 7: But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us. That in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. do. iii. 8, 16: That I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ. That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man, PHI. iv. 19: My God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus. COL. i. 27: To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles, 1 PET. iii. 20: Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing. 2 PET. iii. 9, 15: The Lord-is longsuffering to

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