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F Mr. Voltaire's injuries to Jofephus. page 1
Of his faying in chapter twenty-fourth of his Phi-
lofophy of History, that the Jews called their city
Hershalaïm, and that the Greeks altered it to Je-
rufalem, according to Jofephus.
Of his faying in chapter twenty-fifth of the fame,
that Jofephus owns Minos received his laws from
a god; where alfo Dr. Middleton's affertion, that
he does not infift on any divine authority of Mo-
fes, nay, that he had no inward conviction of it,
Of his lame and defective account of Jofephus's pre-
diction to Vespasian in chapter thirty-first.
Of his mifreprefentations in chapter forty-fifth;
where he affirms that Jofephus makes Daniel go-
vernor of three hundred and fixty provinces, and
Zorobabel a Jewish flave, an intimate friend of the
king of kings, and very imperfectly relates his ac-
count of Darius's queftion, and of the answers of
gether with his unjuft reflection on Rollin.
Of his affertion, that Jofephus does not include the book of Job among the writings of the Hebrew canon, in chapter forty-feventh. 30 Of his concluding, in chapter forty-ninth, that the Jews did not call Jacob, Ifrael, nor themfelves Ifraelites, till they were flaves in Chaldaea, from a paffage of Philo.—And of his faying, that Josephus owns the practice of circumcifion was learned from the Egyptians, agreeably to the teftimony of Herodotus.--That he ascribes their being unknown by the Greeks, to their omiffion to cultivate letters.---That he makes the tranflators of the law into Greek, tell fome ftories to Philadelphus, which he does not.---And of his wrong in
ference from thefe ftories.
Of Mr. Voltaire's mifreprefentations of the facred books.
CHA P. I.
Of his mifrepresentations of fcripture, for which he may plead the authority of the Vulgate version. 50 SEC. 1. Of his faying in chapter thirty-fourth of the Philofophy of History, that the fecond temple is represented in the book of Efdras, to have had only three rows of rough stone. 251
SEC. II. Of his representing in chapter fortieth of the fame, and in other pieces, that Mofes commandéd the Levites to kill twenty-three thoufand, on occafion of the golden calf.
ntations of the facred
of fcripture, for which he of the Vulgate verfion. 50 chapter thirty-fourth of the y, that the fecond temple is ook of Efdras, to have had ugh ftone. ting in chapter fortieth of the ieces, that Mofes command
twenty-three thoufand, on
SEC. III. Of his making, in chapter forty-third, God direct Ezekiel to cover his bread with human excrement, and thereafter with the excrement of
SEC. IV. Of his faying in the fame chapter, that the Lord threatens by Amos, that the cows of Samaria fhall be put into the caldron. 64
SEC. V. Of his inference from certain pfalms, that the Jews were of a fanguinary difpofition; and of his mifquoting one paffage, and perverting another, in their Pfalter, to prove that they were a carnal people, in chapter forty-fourth. 66 SEC. VI. Of his affirming in his Treatife on Toleration, that Ezekiel speaks of pigmies, persons not above a cubit high.
SEC. VII. That the Vulgate translation favours these
accounts, which Mr. Voltaire hath given, is no
fufficient apology for his fairness and candour. 83 CHA P. II.
Of his misrepresentations of fcripture, for which he
cannot plead the authority of any tranflation. 89 SEC. I. Of his faying that the Jews are reproached for copulation with he and she-goats in the defert, and forbidden the fame, in chapter fecond of his Philofophy of History. 99 SEC. II. Of his making Jephtha and Jeremiah acknowledge the divinity of Melcom and Chamos, in chapter fifth of his Philosophy of Hiftory, and in other works. 98 SEC. III. Of his afferting there and elsewhere, that the Jews, for forty years in the defert, worshipped no other God than idol deities.
SEC. IV. Of his faying also, in chapter fifth of the b 3
was the prophet of another God,—that Jeremiah, Ifaiah, &c. were ill-treated, because it was difficult to distinguish between falfe and true pretenders to the prophetic character,-that Hofea declares the prophets fools,----that the prophets treated one another as vifionaries, there being no other method to separate the true from the falfe, but by waiting for the accomplishment of the predictions.
229 SEC. XVI. Of his ill-founded reflexion in the fame chapter, that Elifha's reply to Benhadad's fervants was equivocal, That he might recover, but that ' he would die.' 237 SEC. XVII. Of his saying that 'little innocents' were devoured at Bethel for words which they faid to Elifha in laughing.'----That Ifaiah walked three years quite naked in Jerufalem.----That Jeremiah was only fourteen years old when he was employed as a prophet, and that he prophefied in favour of Nebuchadnezzar.---And of a mistake in his account of God's order to Hofea. 244 SEC. XVIII. Of his enumeration, in chapter fortyfeventh, of popular prejudices, to which the facred writers conformed,---That the Scripture calls the rainbow the ark of God,---That Mofes erected a brazen ferpent, a God whofe look cured,----That Christ fays, new wine fhould never be put into old casks,---That Paul fays, the feed is not quickened, except it die,----and that Chrift grants, the Pharifees difpoffeffed devils. 253 SEC. XIX. Animadverfions on his forty-eighth chapter, where he writes, that Satan appears in Job mafter of the earth, fubordinate to God; and that
Satan is a Chaldaean word, and the Arimanius of the Perfians. 260
SEC. XX. Of his afferting in the fame chapter, that fome have imagined Enoch left a written history of fallen angels,---That the falfe Enoch is cited by St. Jude,---and that the book of Enoch and Genefis agree perfectly in the copulations of the fons of God with the daughters of men, and in the race of giants their iffue. 266 SEC. XXI. Of his faying in the forty-ninth chapter of the fame work, that the Jews, according to their own confeffion, were not circumcifed till the time of Jofhua; upon which occafion alfo, the affertion by this writer and others, that the Jews borrowed circumcifion from the Egyptians, is examined.
SEC. XXII. Of his affertion in his Philofophical Dictionary, that it was cuftomary among the patriarchs to use an obfcene rite in making a promise. 325 SEC. XXIII. Of his misrepresentation of Paul and
Peter's conduct at Antioch, in the fame work. 327 SEC. XXIV. Of his falfe relation there of Peter's behaviour to Ananias and his wife, and his cenfures thereof, together with the obfervation he afcribes to Erafmus, that the head of the Christian religion began his apostleship by denying Jefus Chrift. 332 SEC. XXV. Of his account, in the fame piece, under the article Refurrection, of James's advice to Paul about observing all the ceremonies in the temple, that he might perfuade every perfon he ftill continued to conform to the law, and of the effect of it. 342