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cxix. 25.

Verily, verily, I say unto you, the hour cometh, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and they that hear shall live.-John v. 25.

Hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good; and let your soul delight itself in fatness.-Isa. lv. 2.

O! satisfy us early with thy mercy, that we may rejoice and be glad all our days.Psa. xc. 14.

I will satiate the soul of the priest with fatness, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness, saith the Lord.-Jer. xxxi. 14.

Thou, Solomon, my son, know thou the God of thy father.-1 Chron. xxviii. 9. Shew me now thy way, that I may know thee.-Exod. xxxiii. 13.

They shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them, to the greatest of them, saith the Lord.-Jer. xxxi. 34.

Seek ye the Lord while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near.-Isaiah ly. 6.

O that I knew where I might find him! that I might come even to his seat!-Job xxiii. 3.

Ye shall seek me, and shall find me, when ye shall search for me with all your heart; and I will be found of you.-Jer. xxix. 13, 14.

Anoint thine eyes with eye-salve, that thou mayest see.-Rev. iii. 18.

Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law.-Psalm cxix. 18.

The eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness.—Isaiah xxix. 18.

Thus saith the Lord, stand in the ways, and see, ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein.-Jer.

vi. 16.

See if there be any wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.-Psa. cxxxix. 24.

They shall they ask the way to Zion, with their faces thitherward.-Jer. 1. 5.

Receive, I pray thee, the law from his mouth, and lay up his word in thine heart, -Job xxii. 22.

Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, and not unto covetousness.-Ps. cxix. 36. I will put my law in their inward parts; and write it in their hearts.-Jer. xxxi. 33.

Keep thy heart with all diligence. Prov. iv. 23.

O keep my soul, and deliver me.-Psa. xxv. 20.

I the Lord do keep it :-lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day.—Isa. xxvii. 3.

Keep my commandments, and live.Prov. vii. 2.

Deal bountifully with thy servant, that I may live, and keep thy word.-Psalm cxix. 17.

I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes: and ye shall keep my judgments and do them.Eze. xxxvi. 27.

Believe in the Lord your God.-2 Chron. xx. 20.

Lord, I believe; help thou mine unbelief.-Mark ix. 24.

They shall trust in the name of the Lord. -Zeph. iii. 12.

Thus saith the Lord, Consider your ways.-Hag. i. 5.

O! that my ways were directed, to keep thy statutes.-Ps. cxix. 5.

Ye shall remember your own evil ways, and your doings that were not good, and shall loathe yourselves.-Eze. xxxvi. 31.

Come my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee; hide thyself, as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast.-Isaiah xxvi. 20.

Keep me as the apple of thine eye: hide me under the shadow of thy wing.-Psalm xvii. 8.

Thou shalt be hid from the scourge of the tongue : neither shalt thou be afraid of destruction when it cometh.-Job. v. 21.

Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden.-Matt. xi. 28.


ning nearly parallel to each other. The valleys between are very fertile, and the sides of the mountains are covered with trees, formerly chiefly cedars, of which some few still remain of a large size; but the highest ridges are covered with snow throughout the year. Several large rivers flow from these mountains, and among the rest, the Jordan. This country formed the northern boundary of the Holy Land.

Luz, a city of the Canaanites, called by Jacob, Bethel. Gen. xxviii. 19.

Lybia, a part of Africa, west of Egypt, bounded by the Mediterranean on the north, and by the Sandy Desart south. The Lybians, or Lubims, were celebrated for their horses and chariots. 2 Chron. xvi. 8. Acts ii. 10.

Lycaonia, a province of Asia Minor; its chief cities, Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe. Acts xiv. 1, 6.

Lydda, a city of Judah, about a day's journey west from Jerusalem, on the road to Joppa. Acts ix, 33.

Lydia, a province of Asia Minor. Ezek.

xxx. 5.

Lystra, a city of Lycaonia, rendered memorable by a miracle there wrought by Paul and Barnabas. Acts xiv. 8—18.

Macedonia, a kingdom of Greece, anciently called Emathia; rendered famous by Alexander the Great, who derived it from his father, Philip, King of Macedon. It was bounded on the north by Thrace, south by Thessaly, east by the Egean, and west by the lonian and Adriatic Seas. Thessalonica, in Paul's time, was the metropolis, whither he was invited by a vision. Acts xvi. 9.

Machpelah, the cave which Abraham bought for a family burying-place. Gen. xxiii. 9.

Magdala, a town of Galilee, from which it is supposed that Mary Magdalen derived her surname. Matt. xv. 39.

Mahanaim, a city between mount Gilead and the Jabbok, where Jacob had a divine vision. Gen. xxxii. 3.

Mamre, a plain near Hebron, where Abraham dwelt. Gen. xiii. 18; xxxv. 27. Mara. See Exod. xv. 23-25.

Media, a province of Asia, the kingdom of Darius, but united with Persia by Cyrus, his successor. Its capital was Ecbatana. Judith i. 1.

Mediterranean, the great sea west of Palestine and Syria.

Melita, now Malta, the island on which Paul was shipwrecked, Acts xxviii. 1—10; where see our Exposition. It is now in possession of the English, and a Missionary station for the Levant.

Mesopotamia, a country of Asia, between the Tigris and Euphrates, as its name im

plies; and sometimes called Padan-aram, whereJacob dwelt with Laban. Gen.xxvii,

Midian, a country on the eastern shore of the Red Sea, to which Moses fled, and where he lived with Jethro, his fatherlaw, till he was sent back to deliver Ind Exodus ii. 15, &c.

Miletus, a sea-port of Caria, in Asia Minor, whence St. Paul sent for the elders of the church of Ephesus to meet him. Acts xx. 18, 35. But Paul mentions a other Miletus, in Crete. 2 Tim. iv. 10.

Millo, a building erected upon a part of the valley between Zion and Acra, which had been filled up by David and Solomon 1 Kings xi. 27.

Mitylene, a celebrated city of the island Lesbos, visited by St. Paul. Acts xx. 14 Mizar, a little hill to which David fed from Hermon. See Ps. xlii. 6.

Mizpeh, a city of Judah; Josh. xv.38: but there were four other cities of the same


Moabites, the descendants of Moab, the son of Lot, whose residence was beyond Jordan and the Dead Sea, on both sides the brook Arnon. Its capital was Ar, of Are polis, i. e. the city of Ar.

Moriah, the mountain on which Abra ham offered up his son, and on which So lomon built his temple. Gen. xxii. ?;

2 Chron. iii. 1.

Mysia, a province of Asia Minor, bounded north by Bithynia, south by the river He mus, ou the east by Phrygia, and on the west by Troas. It was visited by Paul. Acts xvi. 7, 8.

Nain, a city at the foot of Mount Her mon (about six miles from Tabor, where our Lord restored to life the widow's Luke vii. 11.


Nazareth, a town of Galilee, where out Lord was brought up and long resided Matt. ii. 23; Luke iv. 16. It was about six miles west from Tabor.

Neapolis, a city of Thrace. Acts xvi. Il. Also a new name given to Shechem when rebuilt. See Shechem.

Nebo, a mountain of Moab, opposite dericho, which Moses ascended to view the promised land, and there died. Deut xxxii. 49; xxxiv. 1. Also the name of a city in Moab, and another in Judah.

Nicopolis, a city of Thrace, where Paul directed Titus to meet him. Titus iii. 12.

Nile (in Heb. Sihor), a well known rivet of Egypt, famous for fructifying the land by its overflowing. Isa. xxiii. 3. On its brink Moses was preserved in an ark of

rushes. Exod. ii. 1-6.

Nineveh, a city built by Ashur, on the east side of the Tigris; Gen. x. 11, 12; and which afterwards became one of the most populous and extensive in the world.

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The Period in which the SACRED Writers flourished, and the most celebrated of the HEATHEN Poets, Historians, Orators, and Philosophers, contemporary with them; compiled from Dr. Enfield's History of Philosophy, Dr. A. Clarke's "Bibliographical Dictionary" and " Sacred Literature," &c. &c.

It not being possible, at this distance of time, to ascertain the births and dates of these very early writers, we have contented ourselves with marking the dates at which they wrote or flourished.


B. C.

Inspired Writers.





Heathen Writers.

There is no Pagan writer that can be traced nearly to the age of this Sacred Historian and Legislator.

Samuel the Prophet. Orpheus, Musæus, and Linus, are placed by some in



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this century, but on very doubtful authority.
Homer, the father of Greek poetry.

Hesiod, Poet. Some place him before Homer.
Lycurgus, the Spartan Legislator.
Zoroaster, Chaldean Philosopher.

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Romulus, founder and first King of Rome.
Numa Pompilius, second King of Rome.

Thales, chief of the seven Sages of Greece, and founder
of the Ionic Philosophy.

Epimenides, of Crete, Philosopher and Poet.

Solon, Legislator of Athens, and one of the seven
Greek Sages.

Sappho, Greek female Poet.

Auacharsis, Scythian Philosopher.

Esop, Phrygian Philosopher, and celebrated Fabulist. Pythagorus, founder of the Pythagorean Philosophy. Heraclitus, a Pythagorean Philosopher, of atheistical principles, and of so melancholy a turn, that he was called" the weeping Philosopher."

Democritus, the laughing Philosopher, who made a jest of every thing.

Anacreon, a beautiful but licentious Greek Poet. Herodotus, of Halycarnassus, the father of history among the Greeks.

Pindar, of Thebes, the prince of lyric poets.

Cato, of Utica, Roman patriot and stoic philosopher;
but who ended his days by suicide.

Thucydides, Greek historian of the Peloponesian war.
Eschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles, three celebrated
Greek tragic poets.


statue, 70 cubits high, across its harbour, admitting vessels to sail between its legs. Paul called there. Acts xxi. 1.

Rimmon, the name of several cities in different tribes, but neither of them very remarkable.

Rome, a well known city of Europe, boasting herself the mistress of the world, and typified by Babylon. See Rev. xviii.

Salamis, a chief city of Cyprus. Acts xiii. 4-6.

Salem, the city of Melchisedec, generally believed to be Jebus, or the ancient Jerusalem. Gen. xiv. 18.

Salmon, a mountainous district, referred to Ps. lxviii. 14. See our Note there.

Samaria, a city and country of Israel, built by Omri; 1 Kings xvi. 24-besieged by Benhadad, King of Syria, 2 Kings vi. 24-33; vii. 1-20-afterwards taken by Shalmanezer, who carried away the ten tribes of Israel, and replaced them by a mixed people, 2 Kings xvii. 1-6. The Maccabees afterwards drove out these nations, and destroyed the city; but Herod rebuilt it, and called it Sebastos, in Greek (or Augustus, in Latin), in honour of the Emperor. See "Historical Connection," p. 734,5.

Surdis, the royal city of Lydia, in Asia Minor, and the seat of another of the Apocalyptic churches. See Exposition on Rev. iii. 1-6.

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Sarepta. See Zurephath.

Seir, a mountain of Edom, between the sea of Sodom and Egypt; but the same name is applied to some other places.

Seleucia, a city and district of Syria, near the river Orontes. Acts xiii. 3, 4.

Sharon,a region of remarkably fine pasturage. 1 Chron. xxvii. 29; Sol. Song ii. I.

Shechem (or Sichem), a city of high antiquity, where Abraham sojourned, aud where Jacob's sons slew Hamor. Gen. xii. 6; xxxiv. 1, &c. It was built at the foot of Mount Gerizim, but destroyed by the Maccabees; and when rebuilt by Herod, was called Neapolis (or the New City), now corrupted to Naplosa. See our Historical Connection, p. 729.

Shiloh, a city of Ephraim, about ten miles south from Shechem, and 25 north from Jerusalem. Here the ark abode 300 years. See Judges xxi. 19; 1 Sam. i. 3, 24; ii. 14.

Shinar, land of, the valley in which runs the Tigris, including the city of Babylon, and many others. Gen. x. 10.

Shushan, the metropolis of Persia, containing the royal palace. Esther i. 2; Dan.

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the four other cities which were destroyed by fire from heaven, and now form the Salt Sea, or Lake of Sodom.

Sidon (or Zidon), a very ancient city of Phoenicia, of which Tyre is called the daughter. Isa. xxiii. 12. It still subsists under the name of Seyde, a sea-port to on the Mediterranean.

Sihon, an ancient kingdom, of which Heshbon was the capital. Deut.i.4

Siloam, Pool of, where our Lord sent the blind man he cured to wash his eyes. John ix. 7. This was doubtless connected with the fountain of Shiloah, which had its origin just under the wal of Jerusalem. See Isa. viii. 6.

or Siloam,

Sin (or Seen), a desert between Elin and Sinai. Exod. xvi. 1. Also a front city of Egypt. Ezek. xxx. 15, 18.

Sinai, a mountain in Arabia Petra, where Moses received from God the laws of Israel. Exod. xix.

Sion. See Zion.

Smyrna, a city of Asia Minor, still a isting; and one of the seven churche mentioned by St. John. Rev. ii. 8-12.

Sodom, the chief of the five cities awfully destroyed by fire from heaven. Gen. xi. 1-30. See Siddim.

Spain, a well known country in Europe. Rom. xv. 24, 28.

Susiana, the country of Elam, or Persia, of which Shushan was the capital.

Syracuse, an ancient city on the east coast of Sicily. Acts xxviii. 11, 12.

Syria, in Hebrew called Aram, from the son of Shem. Gen. x. 22. It lay east and north-east of the Holy Land; having Phoenicia and the Mediterranean west, anu

the Euphrates east. The part which lay between Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon, was called Calo-Syria; and that which joined Phoenicia, Syro-Phanicia. Mark vii. 2. Syria of Damascus-of Zobath, &c, means those parts of Syria of which Damascus, or Zobali, was the capital.

Tabor, a high mountain in Galilee, and generally believed to be that on which our Lord was transfigured. Matt. xvii. 1–8 Tabor is described by travellers, as a mile in height, and a mile and a half in diameter. It stands in the midst of a great plain, in the form of a truncated cone, on the top of which are the remains of a castle, and a Christian church, still visited by Pilgrims.

Tadmor in the Wilderness, a city built by Solomon, 2 Chron. viii. 4; and called by the Greeks Palmyra, of which only a heap of magnificient ruins now remains.

Tarshish, distinguishes two places of great note: 1. Tarshish of Cilicia, where the son of Javan settled, Gen. x. 4; and where St. Paul was boru, Acts xxi. 39.



2. Tarshish on the coast of Spain (now called Tartessus), whither, as Michaelis clars thinks, Solomon traded, 1 Kings x. 22; La and Jonah probably meant to flee, Jonah i. 3. But others think that Solomon traded to India; and Mr. Bruce earnestly contends that it was to Africa. See our Note on 1 Kings ix. 28.

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Tekoa, according to Jerom, a small place, about 12 miles from Jerusalem; noted for a wise woman, whom Joab employed to intercede for Absalom with King David. 2 Sam. xiv. 1, &c.

Thessalonica, the chief city of Macedonia; which see.

Three Taverns, a town in Italy, so called, perhaps from its containing three houses of entertainment for travellers. Hither the Christians of Rome came to meet Paul. Acts xxviii. 15.

Thyatira, an ancient city of Lydia, between Sardis and Pergamos. See Rev. ii. 18, with our Note.

Tiberias, a city of Galilee, which gave its name to the lake, on the western shore of which it stood. The city was rebuilt by Herod Agrippa, and named after the Emperor Tiberias. After the destruction of Jerusalem, it became the chief city of Judea.

Tirzah, a beautiful city of Ephraim, referred to in Sol. Song, vi. 4. It was in Israel the royal city, before Omri built


Tob, a region of Syria, near Gilead. Judges xi. 3.

Tophet. See Gehinnom.

Trachonitis, a rough and mountainous ountry, east of Iturea, and belonging to e Tetrarchy of Herod Antipas. Luke i. 1.

Troas, a province and city of Lesser ia. Acts xvi. 8, &c.; 2 Cor. ii. 12. Sʊmenes the name is used to include the ole country of the Trojaus; and many rned men have supposed the city of oas to have been the ancient Troy, parilarly Strabo.

yre, a celebrated city of Phoenicia. Its brew name, Tsor, signifies a rock (its designation); but it became a place reat trade and opulence, and conse tly of great luxury and vice. Isa. 1, &c.

Ulai, a river of Susiana, which passed the city and palace of Shushan. Dan. viii. 2, 16.

Ur, a city of Chaldea; the country of Terah and Abraham. Gen xi. 28-32.

Uz, the land of Job, which is placed by commentators in various parts of Sandy and Stony Arabia. Bochart, Spanheim, and the learned authors of Universal History, place it on the north-east of Judea, as high up as Bozra, or the land of Tub: but Eusebius, and, among the moderns, Bishop Lowth, and Dr. Mason Good, place it in Stony Arabia, near the south-east corner of the Dead Sea. The point is of no great importance; but the arguments on both sides may be seen in the authors above named.

Zalmon. See Salmon.

Zarephath (or Sarepta), a town between Tyre and Sidon, where Elijah lodged with a poor widow, whom he miraculously sustained during a severe famine. 1 Kings xvii. 9, &c.; also Luke iv. 26.

Ziklag, a city which Achish gave to David for his residence. 1 Sam. xxvii. 5-7.

Zin, a wilderness in the south-east of Canaan, along the boundary of Edom. Numb. xxxiv. 3, 4. This must be distinguished from the wilderness of Sin, above mentioned.

Zion, a mountain fortified by the Jebusites; but on which David, having taken it, built his palace, and called it "the city of David."

Ziph, the wilderness of, whither David removed from Keilah. 1 Sam. xxiii. 14. Also a town, probably in its borders. Josh. xv. 55. Jerone says this was eight miles from Hebron.

Zoan, a royal city of Egypt, and one of the most ancient. Numb. xiii. 22.

Zoar, a small city in the neighbourhood of Sodom, in which Lot was suffered to take refuge for a time. Gen. xix. 22, 30.

Zobah, city and kingdom of; a part of Syria, adjoining the Ammonites. 2 Sam. x. 6, 8; 1 Chron. xviii. 3.

Zuph, the land of, supposed to intend that part of Mount Ephraim where stood Ramah, the city of Samuel. 1 Sam. i. 1; ix. 5.

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