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come, and maketh idols against herself to defile herself.

4 Thou art become guilty in thy blood that thou hast shed; and hast defiled thyself in thine idols which thou hast made; and thou hast caused thy days to draw near, and art come even unto thy years: therefore have I made thee a reproach unto the heathen, and a mocking to all countries.

5 Those that be near, and those that be far from thee, shall mock thee, which art infamous and much vexed.

6 Behold the princes of Israel, every one were in thee to their power to shed blood.

7 In thee have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger : in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.

8 Thou hast despised mine holy things, and hast profaned my sabbaths. 9 In thee are men that carry tales to shed blood and in thee they eat upon the mountains: in the midst of thee they commit lewdness.

10 In thee have they discovered their father's nakedness: in thee have they humbled her that was set apart for pollution.

11 And one hath committed abo mination with his neighbour's wife; and another hath lewdly defiled his daughter in law; and another in thee hath humbled his sister, his father's daughter.

12 In thee, have they taken gifts to shed blood; thou hast taken usury and increase, and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion, and hast forgotten me, saith the Lord God. 13 Behold, therefore I have smitten

[transgressions.

mine hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast made, and at thý blood which hath been in the midst of thee.

14 Can thine heart endure, or can thine hands be strong, in the days that I shall deal with thee? I the LORD have spoken it, and will do it.

15 And I will scatter thee among the heathen, and disperse thee in the countries, and will consume thy filthiness out of thee.

16 And thou shalt take thine inheritance in thyself in the sight of the heathen, and thou shalt know that I am the LorD.

17 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

18 Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross all they are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are even the dross of silver.

19 Therefore thus saith the Lord Gon; Because ye are all become dross, behold, therefore I will gather you into the midst of Jerusalem.

20 As they gather silver, and brass, and iron, and lead, and tin, into thie midst of the furnace, to blow the fire upon it, to melt it; so will I gather you in mine anger and in my fury, and I will leave you there, and melt you.

21 Yea, I will gather you, and blow upon you in the fire of my wrath, and ye shall be melted in the midst thereof.

22 As silver is melted in the midst of the furnace, so shall ye be melted in the midst thereof; and ye shall know that I the LORD have poured out my fury upon you.

23 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

NOTES.

Ver. 3. That her time may come - that is, her idolatries will be sure to hasten her destruction, as in the next verse.

Ver. 5. Infamous, &e.-Newcome, "Whose name is defiled, and (who art) much troubled."

Ver. 16. And thou shalt take thine inheritance in thyself-Newcome, "I will be profaned of thee is the sight," &c. So Margin.

Ver. 6. To their power - that is, to the utmost of crucible. their power-Heb. "Arm."

Ver. 9. Men that carry tales

slander."

.Heb. " Men of

Ver. 10. Uncovered, &c.—that is, "By defiling his wife." Newcome.

Ver. 13. I have smitten mine hand. See chap, xxi. 14, 17.

Ver. 18. Become dross, &c.-See Jer. vi. 28-30. Ver. 19. Jerusalem - is here considered as the Ver. 24. Unto ker-that is, Jerusalem. Ver. 26. Her priests.-Compare Zeph. iii, 4. Ver. 28. Daubed them.-Comp. cb. xiv. 10–12, Ver. 29. Wrongfully-Heb. Without right." Ver. 30. Make up the hedge. See Jer. v. 1, and chap. xiii. 5.

The conspiracy of]

CHAP. XXIII. [her priests and prophets.

24 Son of man, say unto her, Thou art the land that is not cleansed, nor rained upon in the day of indignation. 25 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the treasure and precious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof.

26 Her priests have violated my law, and have profaned mine holy things: they have put no difference between the holy and profane, neither have they shewed difference between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them.

27 Her princes in the midst thereof are like wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, and to destroy souls, to get dishonest gain.

28 And her prophets have daubed them with untempered morter, seeing vanity, and divining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith the Lord GoD, when the LORD hath not spoken.

29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully.

30 And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for

CHAP. XXII.

the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.

31 Therefore have I poured out mine indignation upon them; I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath; their own way have I recompensed upon their heads, saith the Lord GoD. (Z)

CHAP. XXIII.

[Omit in Family Reading.]· THE word of the LORD came again unto me, saying, 2 Son of man, there were two women, the daughters of one mother: 3 And they committed whoredoms in Egypt; they committed whorebreasts pressed, and there they bruised the doms in their youth: there were their teats of their virginity. 4 And the names of them were Aholah the elder, and Aholibah her sister: and they were mine, and their names; Samaria is Aholah, and Jethey bare sons and daughters. Thus were rusalem Abolibah. 5 And Aholah played the harlot when she was mine; and she doted on her lovers, on the Assyrians her blue, captains and rulers, all of them deneighbours, sirable young men, horsemen riding upon

6 Which were clothed with

horses. 7 Thus she committed her

whoredoms with them, with all them that were the chosen men of Assyria, and with all on whom she doted: with all their idols

she defiled herself. 8 Neither left she her whoredoms brought from Egypt; for in her youth they lay with her, and they bruised the breasts of her virginity, and poured their whoredom upon her. Wherefore I have delivered her into the hand of her lovers, into the hand of the

EXPOSITION.

(Z) The sin and punishment of Jerusalem recapitulated.-The corruption is stated to be universal, including all classes, princes, prophets, priests and people; and the ruin is stated to be no less so. Those who conspire together to work wickedness inust expect to be classed together in their sufferings, when God arises to execute judgment. The case of Judah appears in this instance

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to have been worse than that of Sodom, which was destroyed for the want of ten righteous here were not half the number: "I sought for a man (says God), but I found none" for the few faithful prophets who might have interposed were persecuted and imprisoned. Her punishment was also worse than that of Sodom, Lam. iv. 6. For it is better to fall into the hand of God than into the hand of man. (2 Sam. xxiv. 14.)

NOTES.

CHAP. XXIII. Ver. 2. Two women.-The idolatries of Samaria and Jerusalem are here compared to the lewd practices of two common harlots, who were sisters, and rivalled each other in wickedness. The allegory is similar to that of chap. xvi., and omitted in our family reading for the same reason. Ver. 3. In Egypt-See chap. xx. 8.

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Ver. 4. Aholah-that is," Her tent."-. Aholibah, my tent is in her." Samaria had a tabernacle of

her own; but God pitched his tabernacle in Judah. Ver. 5. When she was mine—that is, before she set up a separate form of worship.

Ver. 7. Committed her whoredoms- Heb. "Bestowed her whoredoms upon them."The chosen men-Heb. "The choice of the sons of Ashur."

Ver. 8. Lay with her. This is to be taken allegorically, in reference to their idolatries.

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Assyrians, upon whom she doted. 10 These discovered her nakedness: they took her sons and her daughters, and slew her with the sword: and she became famous among women; for they had executed judgment upon her. 11 And when her sister Aholibah saw this she was more corrupt in her inordinate love than she, and in her whoredoms more than her sister in her whoredoms.

12 She doted upon the Assyrians her neighbours, captains and rulers clothed most gorgeously, horsemen riding upon horses, all of them desirable young men. 13 Then I saw that she was defiled, that they took both one way, 14

And that she increased her whoredoms: for when she saw men pourtrayed upon the wall, the images of the Chaldeans pourtrayed with vermillion, 15 Girded with girdles upon their loins, exceeding in dyed attire upon their heads, all of them princes to look to, after the manner of the Babylonians of Chaldea, the land of their nativity:

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16 And as soon as she saw them with her eyes, she doted upon them, and sent messengers unto them into Chaldea. 17 And the Babylonians came to her into the bed of love, and they defiled her with their whoredom, and she was polluted with them, and her mind was alienated from them. 18 So she discovered her whoredoms, and discovered her nakedness: then my mind was alienated from her, like as my mind was alienated from her sister. Yet she multiplied her whoredoms, in calling to remembrance the days of her youth, wherein she had played the harlot in the land of Egypt. 20 For she doted upon their paramours, whose flesh is as the flesh of asses, and whose issue is like the issue of horses. 21 Thus thou calledst to remembrance the lewdness of thy youth, in bruising thy teats by the Egyptians for the paps of thy youth. 22 Therefore, O Aholibah, thus saith the Lord Gov; Behold, I will raise up thy lovers against thee, from whom thy mind is alienated, and I will bring them against thee on every side; 23 The Babylonians, and all the Chaldeans, Pekød, and Shoa, and Koa, and all the Assyrians with them: all of them de

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sirable young men, captains and rulers, great lords and renowned, all of them riding upon horses. 24 And they shall come against thee with chariots, wagons, and wheels, and with an assembly of people, which shall set against thee buckler and shield and helmet round about: and I will set judgment before them, and they shall judge thee according to their judgments. 25 And I will set my jealousy against thee, and they shall deal furiously with thee: they shall take away thy nose, and thine ears; and thy remnant shall fall by the sword: they shall take thy sons and thy daughters; and thy residue shall be devoured by the fire. 26 They shall also strip thee out of thy clothes, and take away thy fair jewels. 27 Thus will I make thy lewdness to cease from thee, and thy whoredom brought from the land of Egypt: so that thou shalt not lift up thine eyes unto them, nor remember Egypt any more. 28 For thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I will deliver thee into the hand of them whom thou hatest, into the hand of them from whom thy mind is alienated: And they shall deal with thee hatefully, and shall take away all thy labour, and shall leave thee naked and bare: and the nakedness of thy whoredoms shall be discovered, both thy lewdness and thy whoredoms.

29

32

30 I will do these things unto thee, because thou hast gone a whoring after the heathen, and because thou art polluted with their idols. 31 Thou hast walked in the way of thy sister; therefore will I give her cup into thine hand. Thus saith the Lord God; Thou shalt drink of. thy sister's cup, deep and large: thou shalt be laughed to scorn and had in derision; it containeth much. 33 Thou shalt be filled with drunkenness and sor row, with the cup of astonishment and de solation, with the cup of thy sister Samaria. 34 Thou shalt even drink it and suck it out, and thou shalt break the sherds thereof, and pluck off thine own breasts: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord God. Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Because thou hast forgotten me, and cast me behind thy back, therefore bear thou

NOTES-Chap. XXIII. Cou.

Ver. 15. Pourtrayed upon the wall.-Mr. Maurice says, this exactly answers to the manner in which their idols were painted and decorated; and so the Brahmins of India dress themselves and their idols to the present day. Ind. Antiq. vol. v. p. 233, &c. Ver. 15. In dyed attire, &c.-This alludes to their beautiful and flowing turbans.

Ver.20. Flesh of asses.... horses-that is, very hardy and very lustful.

Ver. 22, Thy lovers, &c.-This refers to the Chaldeans, whom she had offended by her rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar,

Ver. 23. Pekod and Shoa-names of places. See Jer. 1. 21. All the Assyrians.-The Assyrians were now under the Babylonians, and served in their armies. Newcome.

35

Ver. 24. With chariots, wagons, and wheels — Newcome," With scythed cars, chariots, and (w brei) carriages." So Boothroyd. Cars with scythes at tached to their wheels, were terrible instruments of destruction in war, before the invention of gunpowder.

Ver. 25. Take away thy nose and thine ears-St. Jerome mentions this as a common punishment of adulterers. See also Martial and Virgil. Orient. Lit. No. 1024.

Ver. 27. Fair Jewels- Heb. "Instruments of thy decking."

Ver. 34. Thou shalt even drink, &c.-This is very strong language, and intimates, after drinking fram the cup, that she should break the cup, and tear her breasts with its fragments.

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also thy lewdness and thy whoredoms. 36 The LORD said moreover unto me; Son of man, wilt thou Judge Aholah and Aholibah? yea, declare unto them their abominations; 37 That they have committed adultery, and blood is in their hands, and with their idols have they committed adultery, and have also caused their sons, whom they bare unto me, to pass for them through the fire, to devour them.

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Moreover this they have done unto me: they have defiled my sanctuary in the same day, and have profaned my sabbaths. 39 For when they had slain their children to their idols, then they came the same day into my sanctuary to profane it; and, lo, thus have they done in the midst of mine house. 40 And furthermore, that ye have sent for men to come from far, anto whom a messenger was sent; and, lo, they came, for whom thou didst wash thyself, paintedst thy eyes, and deckedst thyself with ornaments, 41 And satest upon a stately bed, and a table prepared before it, whereupon thou hast set mine incense and mine oil. 42 And a voice of a multitude being at ease was with her: and with the men of the common sort were brought Sabeans from the wilderness, which put bracelets upon their hands, and beautiful crowns upon their heads. 43 Then said I unto her that was old in adulteries, Will they now commit whoredoms with her, and she with them? 44 Yet they went in unto her, as they go in unto a woman that playeth the harlot: so went they in unto Aholah and unto Aholibah, the lewd women. 45 And the righteous men, they shall judge them after the manner of adulteresses, and after the manner of women that shed blood; because they are adulteresses, and blood is in their hands. 46 For thus saith the Lord Gon; I will bring up a company upon them, and will give them to be removed and spoiled. 47 And the company shall stone them with s.ones, and dispatch them with their swords; they shall slay their Sous and their daughters, and burn up their houses with fire. 48 Thus will

Ver. 36. Wilt thou judge.-See ch. xx. 4.

[the seething pot.

cause ewdness to cease out of the land, that all women may be taught not to do after your lewdness. 49 And they shall recompense your lewdness upon you, and ye shall bear the sins of your idols: and ye shall know that I am the Lord GOD.

CHAP. XXIV.

GAIN in the ninth year, in the A tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

2 Son of man, write thee the name of the day, even of this same day: the king of Babylon set himself against Jerusalem this same day.

3 And utter a parable unto the rebellious house, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; set on a pot, set it on, and also pour water into it:

4 Gather the pieces thereof into it, even every good piece, the thigh, and the shoulder; fill it with the choice bones.

5 Take the choice of the flock, and burn also the bones under it, and make it boil well, and let them seethe the bones of it therein.

6 Wherefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the bloody city, to the pot whose scum is therein, and whose scum is not gone out of it! bring it out upon it. piece by piece; let no lot fall

7 For her blood is in the midst of her; she set it upon the top of a rock; she poured it not upon the ground, to cover it with dust;

8 That it might cause fury to come up to take vengeance; I have set her

NOTES.

Ver. 37. To devour them.-By this it appears that, though passing through the fire might be often no more than an idolatrous ceremony, in other cases it was fatal. Comp. Expos. of 2 Kings xvi., and Note on Ezek. xvi. 21.

Ver. 40. Paintedst thy eyes.-See Isa, iii. 16.

Ver. 41. A stately bed Heb. "Honourable," or "glorious."Prepared-for an idolatrous feast. Ver. 42. Men of the common sort-Heb. " Of the multitude of men;" that is, of the lower classes. -Sabeans from the wilderness, or desert: which put bracelets, &c.-that is, which wore coronets and bracelets. Newcome.

Ver. 47. Stone them with stones. Jewish punishment, John viii. 5. with swords.-See chap. xvi. 40.

This was a

-Dispatch them

CHAP. XXIV. Ver. 1. In the ninth year, &c.— Compare Jer. lii. 4; also Ezek. xi. 3, 7, &c.

Ver. 4. Gather the pieces.-It appears from this and other texts, that a part of the sacrifices were seethed, (or boiled) in a pot, or caldron. See 1 Sam. ii. 1.- The thigh, or leg," namely, of a sheep, or kid. Choice bones-Newcome, "Joints." Ver 5. And burn- Marg. "Heap." Newcome, "Pile" the bones. This Newcome understands of the useless bones deprived of meat, (see ver. 10.) those containing meat were to be boiled in it.

Ver. 6. Whose scum, &c.-"Scum denotes wickedness." Newcome.-Let no lot, &c.—that is, let no chance screen it.

Ver. 8. I have set it (her blood) upon the top of a rock-that is, have exposed all her guilt-that it shall not be covered, or concealed.

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blood upon the top of a rock, that it should not be covered.

9 Therefore, thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the bloody city! I will even make the pile for fire great.

10 Heap on wood, kindle the fire, consume the flesh, and spice it well, and let the bones be burned.

11 Then set it empty upon the coals thereof, that the brass of it may be hot, and may burn, and that the filthiness of it may be molten in it, that the scum of it may be consumed.

12 She hath wearied herself with lies, and her great scum went not forth out of her: her scum shall be in the fire.

13 In thy filthiness is lewdness: because I have purged thee, and thou wast not purged, thou shalt not be purged from thy filthiness any more, till I have caused my fury to rest upon thee.

14 I the LORD have spoken it: it shall come to pass, and I will do it ; I will not go back, neither will I spare, neither will I repent; according to thy ways, and according to thy doings, shall they judge thee, saith the Lord GOD.

15 Also the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

16 Son of man, behold, I take away from thee the desire of thine eyes with a stroke: yet neither shalt thou mourn nor weep, neither shall thy tears run down.

17 Forbear to cry, make no mourning for the dead, bind the tire of thine head upon thee, and put on thy shoes upon thy feet, and cover not thy lips, and eat not the bread of men.

18 So I spake unto the people in the

[Ezekiel's wife.

morning and at even my wife died; and I did in the morning as I was commanded.

19 And the people said unto me, Wilt thou not tell us what these things are to us, that thou doest so?

20 Then I answered them, The word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

21 Speak unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord Gon; Behold, I will profane my sanctuary, the excellency of your strength, the desire of your eyes, and that which your soul pitieth; and your sons and your daugh ters whom ye have left shall fall by the sword.

22 And ye shall do as I have done: ye shall not cover your lips, nor eat the bread of men.

23 And your tires shall be upon your heads, and your shoes upon your feet: ye shall not mourn nor weep; but ye shall pine away for your iniquities, and mourn one toward another.

24 Thus Ezekiel is unto you a sign: according to all that he hath done shall ye do: and when this cometh, ye shall know that I am the Lord GOD.

25 Also, thou son of man, shall it not be in the day when I take from them their strength, the joy of their glory, the desire of their eyes, and that whereupon they set their minds, their sons and their daughters,

26 That he that escapeth in that day shall come unto thee, to cause thee to hear it with thine ears?

27 In that day shall thy mouth be opened to him which is escaped, and thou shalt speak, and be no more dumb: and thou shalt be a sign unto

NOTES-Chap. XXIV. Con.

Ver. 10. Spice it well- Heh. "Spice it with a compound of spices." The same term is applied to perfumes, &c. Exod. xxx. 25-35.

Ver. 13. I have purged thee, and thou wast not purged-that is, purified; all the means used have failed.

Ver. 16. The desire of thine eyes-that is, his wife, (Gen. iv. 7.) with a stroke: in hot countries, diseases are often fatal in a very few hours.

Ver. 17. Bind the tire - Newcome, "The ornament" of thy head; that is, the turban. Dean Addison in his account of the Jews in Barbary, says

that during their time of mourning for the dens they wear no shoes, even if compelled to go abroad; and bind up their jaws, as they do those of the dead. Ver. 18. I did in the morning—that is, the muching following.

Ver. 21. That which your soul pitieth – Heb. "The pity of your soul."

Ver. 23. Mourn one toward another, &c.—leb. "Moan every man to his brother; i. e secrety. Ver. 26. That whereupon they set their mistsHeb. "The lifting up of the soul," this revers the temple. See ver. 21.

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